Publications by authors named "Yoshie Kiribayashi"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Family pharmacy participation in homecare medicine].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2013 Dec;40 Suppl 2:173-6

Creation of social structures for super-aged society is urgent task, because of the advent of a rapidly aging society. In the past, responsibility of pharmacies was only to dispense prescriptions for outpatient in local medical care. However, it is now essential that they participate in home medical care, and they are continuing to search for ways to support elderly people who live alone, people with dementia, and end-of-life care. Therefore we will report field investigations and case of at-home services by group pharmacies at community.
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December 2013

Increased erythrocyte distribution of valproic acid in pharmacokinetic interaction with carbapenem antibiotics in rat and human.

J Pharm Sci 2005 Aug;94(8):1685-93

Department of Pharmaceutics and Therapeutics, Programs for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan.

Carbapenem antibiotics cause pharmacokinetic interaction with valproic acid (VPA) in clinical pharmacotherapy. Here, we investigated the mechanism of interaction from the viewpoint of erythrocyte distribution of VPA in rats and humans. Imipenem or panipenem was administered intravenously and then VPA intravenously or into the intestinal lumen in rats. Both imipenem and panipenem significantly decreased plasma VPA levels. In contrast, these antibiotics did not affect, or rather increased, VPA levels in whole blood, and increased the erythrocyte distribution of VPA in vivo. In clinical, two patients receiving VPA were given imipenem intravenously, because of intractable infectious diseases. Imipenem lowered plasma VPA levels by approximately 40%-60% of original levels, and increased the erythrocyte distribution of VPA, as observed in rats. In conclusion, the pharmacokinetic interaction between VPA and carbapenem antibiotics, in which plasma VPA levels were markedly reduced, may partly be derived from the increased erythrocyte distribution of VPA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jps.20338DOI Listing
August 2005

Role of organic anion transporting polypeptide 2 in pharmacokinetics of digoxin and beta-methyldigoxin in rats.

J Pharm Sci 2005 Jun;94(6):1196-203

Department of Pharmaceutics and Therapeutics, Programs for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan.

Recently, we found that potent P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitors, such as verapamil and cyclosporin A, markedly modulated the pharmacokinetics of digoxin in rats, whereas they did not affect beta-methyldigoxin pharmacokinetics significantly. Digoxin is also a substrate of rat organic anion transporting polypeptide 2 (Oatp2). Here, we compared the magnitude of Oatp2-mediated drug interaction of digoxin and beta-methyldigoxin using amiodarone as an Oatp2 inhibitor in rats. Amiodarone (20 mg/kg) given intravenously significantly increased plasma levels and decreased biliary excretion, liver distribution, and intestinal distribution of digoxin administered intravenously at a dose of 10 mug/kg. Amiodarone also significantly decreased biliary excretion and liver distribution of beta-methyldigoxin, but the change in plasma levels of beta-methyldigoxin was quite small. These findings may give a clue in selecting these cardiac glycosides in clinical pharmacotherapy for patients receiving multiple drugs towards escape from Oatp2-mediated drug interactions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jps.20346DOI Listing
June 2005

Prevention of irinotecan-induced diarrhoea by oral carbonaceous adsorbent (Kremezin) in cancer patients.

Oncol Rep 2004 Sep;12(3):581-5

Department of Pharmacy, Chugoku-Rousai General Hospital, 1-5-1 Hiro-Tagaya, Kure City, Hiroshima 737-0193, Japan.

Irinotecan (CPT-11) treatments induce severe diarrhoea at a rate of >40%. In clinical trials, we evaluated the preventing effects of oral alkalization, which has been reported previously, and oral carbonaceous adsorbent (Kremezin trade mark ) on diarrhoea possibly induced by CPT-11. Evaluation was made by counting the maximum number of bowel motions in each patient. Five patients out of 7 treated with CPT-11 had bowel motions of >5 times daily, and maximum number of bowel motions reached 20 times in 1 patient. Oral alkalization (2 g sodium bicarbonate, 2 g magnesium oxide and 300 mg ursodeoxycholic acid daily for 4 days) decreased bowel motions from 20 to 8 thereafter in the patient. Maximum number of bowel motions in other 3 patients treated in a combination of CPT-11 and oral alkalization was <3. Oral adsorbent (2 g Kremezin x 3 times, during and after CPT-11 treatment) also decreased maximum number of bowel motions from 7 (without oral adsorbent) to 3 in 1 patient. Also, the maximum number of bowel motions in other 3 patients treated with oral adsorbent was <3 (p<0.05, vs CPT-11 alone). Effect of oral Kremezin on plasma concentrations of CPT-11 and its related compounds after a 1-h CPT-11 infusion, evaluated in a patient, was small. These results suggested that the oral Kremezin is effective in ameliorating CPT-11-induced diarrhoea without decreasing much the plasma clearance of CPT-11.
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September 2004

Dosage adjustment of ribavirin based on renal function in Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C.

Ther Drug Monit 2004 Feb;26(1):9-15

Department of Pharmacy, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

The daily dose of ribavirin is currently determined based on body weight. In the present study, the authors examined factors influencing total plasma clearance (CL(total)) and the toxic level on red blood cells of ribavirin in such body weight-based dosage adjustment in Japanese chronic hepatitis C patients (13 male and 6 female). Patients received ribavirin (600 or 800 mg/d) orally, depending on their body weights, together with interferon alpha-2b (6 million units) intramuscularly. A steady-state trough plasma concentration (C(pss)) was achieved approximately 4 weeks after the initiation of treatment, but the value was scattered among patients in a range from 1100 to 4200 ng/mL. The high C(pss) of ribavirin of approximately 4000 ng/mL decreased hemoglobin concentrations to less than 8.5 g/dL. The individual CL(total), estimated by dividing dose normalized by body weight by C(pss), of ribavirin correlated significantly with the patient's creatinine clearance. In contrast, no relationship was observed with other parameters such as age, body weight, serum creatinine concentration, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) concentration, or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) concentration, though ALT and AST concentrations decreased with ribavirin treatment in most patients. These results indicate that CL(total) of ribavirin is dependent on renal function (creatinine clearance), and hemolysis is induced by high ribavirin concentrations in plasma. Dosage adjustment of ribavirin based on renal function and body weight would provide effective and safer treatment without causing hemolysis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00007691-200402000-00004DOI Listing
February 2004

Role of P-glycoprotein in pharmacokinetics and drug interactions of digoxin and beta-methyldigoxin in rats.

J Pharm Sci 2003 Jul;92(7):1455-63

Department of Pharmaceutics and Therapeutics, Programs for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan.

Digoxin and beta-methyldigoxin were evaluated pharmacokinetically in terms of P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated drug interactions in rats. Evaluation was made by measuring the effects of a potent P-gp inhibitor (verapamil, cyclosporin A) on in vitro efflux transport of these compounds across the everted small intestine, on in situ absorption from the small intestine, and on in vivo total plasma clearance (CL(total)) as well as biliary and urinary excretions after intravenous administration. Both the intestinal efflux transport and absorption of beta-methyldigoxin were approximately 1.5-fold greater than those of digoxin, probably due to its higher lipophilicity. Addition of verapamil (300 microM) significantly decreased the intestinal efflux transport and increased the intestinal absorption of digoxin. In contrast, the influence of verapamil on beta-methyldigoxin was small. Intravenous cyclosporin A (30 mg/kg) significantly decreased in vivo CL(total) and biliary excretion of digoxin, but affected little on beta-methyldigoxin clearances. These results suggest that P-gp-mediated drug interactions can easily occur in digoxin, but hardly in beta-methyldigoxin. These findings may give a clue in selecting these digitalis compounds in clinical use, towards escape from P-gp-mediated drug interactions or reduction of interindividual variations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jps.10416DOI Listing
July 2003
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