Publications by authors named "Yongrong Liao"

2 Publications

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A PKD-MFF signaling axis couples mitochondrial fission to mitotic progression.

Cell Rep 2021 May;35(7):109129

Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Illkirch, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 7104, Strasbourg, France; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U964, Strasbourg, France; Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France. Electronic address:

Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles subjected to fission and fusion events. During mitosis, mitochondrial fission ensures equal distribution of mitochondria to daughter cells. If and how this process can actively drive mitotic progression remains largely unknown. Here, we discover a pathway linking mitochondrial fission to mitotic progression in mammalian cells. The mitochondrial fission factor (MFF), the main mitochondrial receptor for the Dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1), is directly phosphorylated by Protein Kinase D (PKD) specifically during mitosis. PKD-dependent MFF phosphorylation is required and sufficient for mitochondrial fission in mitotic but not in interphasic cells. Phosphorylation of MFF is crucial for chromosome segregation and promotes cell survival by inhibiting adaptation of the mitotic checkpoint. Thus, PKD/MFF-dependent mitochondrial fission is critical for the maintenance of genome integrity during cell division.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2021.109129DOI Listing
May 2021

Deubiquitylase UCHL3 regulates bi-orientation and segregation of chromosomes during mitosis.

FASEB J 2020 09 1;34(9):12751-12767. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Department of development and stem cells, Illkirch, France.

Equal segregation of chromosomes during mitosis ensures euploidy of daughter cells. Defects in this process may result in an imbalance in the chromosomal composition and cellular transformation. Proteolytic and non-proteolytic ubiquitylation pathways ensure directionality and fidelity of mitotic progression but specific mitotic functions of deubiquitylating enzymes (DUBs) remain less studied. Here we describe the role of the DUB ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase isozyme L3 (UCHL3) in the regulation of chromosome bi-orientation and segregation during mitosis. Downregulation or inhibition of UCHL3 leads to chromosome alignment defects during metaphase. Frequent segregation errors during anaphase are also observed upon inactivation of UCHL3. Mechanistically, UCHL3 interacts with and deubiquitylates Aurora B, the catalytic subunit of chromosome passenger complex (CPC), known to be critically involved in the regulation of chromosome alignment and segregation. UCHL3 does not regulate protein levels of Aurora B or the binding of Aurora B to other CPC subunits. Instead, UCHL3 promotes localization of Aurora B to kinetochores, suggesting its role in the error correction mechanism monitoring bi-orientation of chromosomes during metaphase. Thus, UCHL3 contributes to the regulation of faithful genome segregation and maintenance of euploidy in human cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1096/fj.202000769RDOI Listing
September 2020