Publications by authors named "Yongming Zhou"

84 Publications

Deep Adaptive Blending Network for 3D Magnetic Resonance Image Denoising.

IEEE J Biomed Health Inform 2021 Jun 8;PP. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

The visual quality of magnetic resonance images (MRIs) is crucial for clinical diagnosis and scientific research. The main source of quality degradation is the noise generated during MRI acquisition. Although denoising MRI by deep learning methods shows great superiority compared with traditional methods, the deep learning methods reported to date in the literature cannot simultaneously leverage long-range and hierarchical information, and cannot adequately utilize the similarity in 3D MRI. In this paper, we address the two issues by proposing a deep adaptive blending network (DABN) characterized by a large receptive field residual dense block and an adaptive blending method. We first propose the large receptive field residual dense block that can capture long-range information and fuse hierarchical features simultaneously. Then we propose the adaptive blending method that produces denoised pixels by adaptively filtering 3D MRI, which explicitly utilizes the similarity in 3D MRI. Residual is also considered as a compensating item after adaptive filtering. The blending adaptive filters and residual are predicted by a network consisting of several large receptive field residual dense blocks. Experimental results show that the proposed DABN outperforms state-of-the-art denoising methods in both clinical and simulated MRI data.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JBHI.2021.3087407DOI Listing
June 2021

Depleting long noncoding RNA HOTAIR attenuates chronic myelocytic leukemia progression by binding to DNA methyltransferase 1 and inhibiting PTEN gene promoter methylation.

Cell Death Dis 2021 May 3;12(5):440. Epub 2021 May 3.

Institute of Hematology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to play a key role in chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) development, and we aimed to identify the involvement of the lncRNA HOX antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) in CML via binding to DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) to accelerate methylation of the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) gene promoter. Bone marrow samples from CML patients and normal bone marrow samples from healthy controls were collected. HOTAIR, DNMT1, DNMT3A, DNMT3B, and PTEN expression was detected. The biological characteristics of CML cells were detected. The relationship among HOTAIR, DNMT1, and PTEN was verified. Tumor volume and weight in mice injected with CML cells were tested. We found that HOTAIR and DNMT1 expression was increased and PTEN expression was decreased in CML. We also investigated whether downregulated HOTAIR or DNMT1 reduced proliferation, colony formation, invasion, and migration and increased the apoptosis rate of CML cells. Moreover, we tested whether low expression of HOTAIR or DNMT1 reduced the volume and weight of tumors in mice with CML. Collectively, the results of this studied showed that depleted HOTAIR demonstrated reduced binding to DNMT1 to suppress CML progression, which may be related to methylation of the PTEN promoter.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41419-021-03637-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8093289PMC
May 2021

Fine mapping and candidate gene analysis of a major locus controlling ovule abortion and seed number per silique in Brassica napus L.

Theor Appl Genet 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

Key Message: A major QTL controlling ovule abortion and SN was fine-mapped to a 80.1-kb region on A8 in rapeseed, and BnaA08g07940D and BnaA08g07950D are the most likely candidate genes. The seed number per silique (SN), an important yield determining trait of rapeseed, is the final consequence of a complex developmental process including ovule initiation and the subsequent ovule/seed development. To explore the genetic mechanism regulating the natural variation of SN and its related components, quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping was conducted using a doubled haploid (DH) population derived from the cross between C4-146 and C4-58B, which showed significant differences in SN and aborted ovule number (AON), but no obvious differences in ovule number (ON). QTL analysis identified 19 consensus QTLs for six SN-related traits across three environments. A novel QTL on chromosome A8, un.A8, which associates with multiple traits, except for ON, was stably detected across the three environments. This QTL explained more than 50% of the SN, AON and percentage of aborted ovules (PAO) variations as well as a moderate contribution on silique length (SL) and thousand seed weight (TSW). The C4-146 allele at the locus increases SN and SL but decreases AON, PAO and TSW. Further fine mapping narrowed down this locus into an 80.1-kb interval flanked by markers BM1668 and BM1672, and six predicted genes were annotated in the delimited region. Expression analyses and DNA sequencing showed that two homologs of Arabidopsis photosystem I subunit F (BnaA08g07940D) and zinc transporter 10 precursor (BnaA08g07950D) were the most promising candidate genes underlying this locus. These results provide a solid basis for cloning un.A8 to reduce the ovule abortion and increase SN in the yield improvement of rapeseed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-021-03839-6DOI Listing
April 2021

microRNA-1246-containing extracellular vesicles from acute myeloid leukemia cells promote the survival of leukemia stem cells via the LRIG1-meditated STAT3 pathway.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 04 23;13(10):13644-13662. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Institute of Hematology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China.

Cancer cells-secreted extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged as important mediators of intercellular communication in local and distant microenvironment. Our initial GEO database analysis identified the presence of differentially-expressed microRNA-1246 (miR-1246) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell-derived EVs. Consequently, the current study set out to investigate the role of AML-derived EVs-packaged miR-1246 in leukemia stem cells (LSCs) bioactivities. The predicted binding between miR-1246 and LRIG1 was verified using dual luciferase reporter assay. Then, gain- and loss-of-function assays were performed in LSCs, where LSCs were co-cultured with AML cell-derived EVs to characterize the effects of miR-1246-containing EVs, miR-1246, LRIG1 and STAT3 pathway in LSCs. Our findings revealed, in AML cell-derived EVs, miR-1246 was highly-expressed and directly-targeted LRIG1 to activate the STAT3 pathway. MiR-1246 inhibitor or EV-encapsulated miR-1246 inhibitor was found to suppress the viability and colony formation abilities but promoted the apoptosis and differentiation of LSCs through inactivation of STAT3 pathway by up-regulating LRIG1. In addition, the inhibitory effects of AML cell-derived EVs carrying miR-1246 inhibitor on LSCs were substantiated by experiments. Collectively, our findings reveal that the repression of AML cell-derived EVs containing miR-1246 inhibitor alters the survival of LSCs by inactivating the LRIG1-mediated STAT3 pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/aging.202893DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8202884PMC
April 2021

Increased expression of fatty acid and ABC transporters enhances seed oil production in camelina.

Biotechnol Biofuels 2021 Feb 27;14(1):49. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Biology, University of Missouri, St. Louis, MO, 63121, USA.

Background: Lipid transporters play an essential role in lipid delivery and distribution, but their influence on seed oil production in oilseed crops is not well studied.

Results: Here, we examined the effect of two lipid transporters, FAX1 (fatty acid export1) and ABCA9 (ATP-binding cassette transporter subfamily A9) on oil production and lipid metabolism in the oilseed plant Camelina sativa. Overexpression (OE) of FAX1 and ABCA9 increased seed weight and size, with FAX1-OEs and ABCA9-OEs increasing seed length and width, respectively, whereas FAX1/ABCA9-OEs increasing both. FAX1-OE and ABCA9-OE displayed additive effects on seed oil content and seed yield. Also, OE of FAX1 and ABCA9 affected membrane lipid composition in developing pods, especially on phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylglycerol. The expression of some genes involved in seed oil synthesis, such as DGAT2, PDAT1, and LEC1, was increased in developing seeds of FAX1- and/or ABCA9-OEs.

Conclusion: These results indicate that increased expression of FAX1 and ABCA9 can potentially be applied to improving camelina oil production.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13068-021-01899-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7913393PMC
February 2021

Genome- and transcriptome-wide association studies provide insights into the genetic basis of natural variation of seed oil content in Brassica napus.

Mol Plant 2021 03 10;14(3):470-487. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

Seed oil content (SOC) is a highly important and complex trait in oil crops. Here, we decipher the genetic basis of natural variation in SOC of Brassica napus by genome- and transcriptome-wide association studies using 505 inbred lines. We mapped reliable quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that control SOC in eight environments, evaluated the effect of each QTL on SOC, and analyzed selection in QTL regions during breeding. Six-hundred and ninety-two genes and four gene modules significantly associated with SOC were identified by analyzing population transcriptomes from seeds. A gene prioritization framework, POCKET (prioritizing the candidate genes by incorporating information on knowledge-based gene sets, effects of variants, genome-wide association studies, and transcriptome-wide association studies), was implemented to determine the causal genes in the QTL regions based on multi-omic datasets. A pair of homologous genes, BnPMT6s, in two QTLs were identified and experimentally demonstrated to negatively regulate SOC. This study provides rich genetic resources for improving SOC and valuable insights toward understanding the complex machinery that directs oil accumulation in the seeds of B. napus and other oil crops.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2020.12.003DOI Listing
March 2021

Targeted mutagenesis of EOD3 gene in Brassica napus L. regulates seed production.

J Cell Physiol 2021 Mar 25;236(3):1996-2007. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Seed size and number are central to the evolutionary fitness of plants and are also crucial for seed production of crops. However, the molecular mechanisms of seed production control are poorly understood in Brassica crops. Here, we report the gene cloning, expression analysis, and functional characterization of the EOD3/CYP78A6 gene in rapeseed. BnaEOD3 has four copies located in two subgenomes, which exhibited a steady higher expression during seed development with differential expression among copies. The targeted mutations of BnaEOD3 gene were efficiently generated by stable transformation of the CRISPR/Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat) vector. These mutations were stably transmitted to T and T generations and a large collection of homozygous mutants with combined loss-of-function alleles across four BnaEOD3 copies were created for phenotyping. All mutant T lines had shorter siliques, smaller seeds, and an increased number of seeds per silique, in which the quadrable mutants showed the most significant changes in these traits. Consequently, the seed weight per plant in the quadrable mutants increased by 13.9% on average compared with that of wild type, indicating that these BnaEOD3 copies have redundant functions in seed development in rapeseed. The phenotypes of the different allelic combinations of BnaEOD3 copies also revealed gene functional differentiation among the two subgenomes. Cytological observations indicated that the BnaEOD3 could act maternally to promote cotyledon cell expansion and proliferation to regulate seed growth in rapeseed. Collectively, our findings reveal the quantitative involvement of the different BnaEOD3 copies function in seed development, but also provided valuable resources for rapeseed breeding programs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.29986DOI Listing
March 2021

BnA10.RCO, a homeobox gene, positively regulates leaf lobe formation in Brassica napus L.

Theor Appl Genet 2020 Dec 20;133(12):3333-3343. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

Key Message: BnA10.RCO positively regulates the development of leaf lobes in Brassica napus, and cis-regulatory divergences cause the different allele effects. The functional importance of lobed leaves in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) has been identified with potential advantages for high-density planting and hybrid production. Our previous studies indicated that the tandemly duplicated LMI1-like genes BnA10. RCO and BnA10.LMI1 are candidate genes of an incompletely dominant locus, which is responsible for the lobed-leaf shape in rapeseed. We provided strong evidence that BnA10.LMI1 positively regulates leaf lobe formation. Here, we show that BnA10.RCO is a nucleus-specific protein, encoding an HD-ZIP I transcription factor, which is responsible for the lobed-leaf shape in rapeseed. Sequence analysis of parental alleles revealed that no vital sequence variation was detected in the coding sequence of BnA10.RCO, whereas abundant variations were identified in the regulatory regions. Consistent with this finding, the expression level of BnRCO was substantially elevated in the lobed-leaved parent HY compared with its near-isogenic line. Moreover, the altered expression of BnA10.RCO in transgenic lines showed a positive connection with leaf complexity without a substantial change in BnLMI1 transcript level. Furthermore, CRISPR/Cas9-induced null mutations of BnA10.RCO in the lobed-leaved parent HY were sufficient to produce an unlobed leaf without alteration in BnLMI1 transcript level. Our results indicate that BnA10.RCO functions together with BnA10.LMI1 to positively determine the lobed-leaf development, providing a fundamental basis for crop improvement by targeting leaf shape in rapeseed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-020-03672-3DOI Listing
December 2020

Identification of QTLs Containing Resistance Genes for Sclerotinia Stem Rot in Using Comparative Transcriptomic Studies.

Front Plant Sci 2020 10;11:776. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Sclerotinia stem rot is a major disease in that causes yield losses of 10-20% and reaching 80% in severely infected fields. SSR not only causes yield reduction but also causes low oil quality by reducing fatty acid content. There is a need to identify resistant genetic sources with functional significance for the breeding of SSR-resistant cultivars. In this study, we identified 17 QTLs involved in SSR resistance in three different seasons using SNP markers and disease lesion development after artificial inoculation. There were no common QTLs in all 3 years, but there were three QTLs that appeared in two seasons covering all seasons with a shared QTL. The QTLs identified in the 2 years were , and with phenotypic effect variances of 14.75 and 11.57% for , 7.49 and 10.38% for and 7.73 and 6.81% for in their 2 years, respectively. The flowering time was also found to have a negative correlation with disease resistance, i.e., early-maturing lines were more susceptible to disease. The stem width has shown a notably weak effect on disease development, causing researchers to ignore its effect. Given that flowering time is an important factor in disease resistance, we used comparative RNA-sequencing analysis of resistant and susceptible lines with consistent performance in 3 years with almost the same flowering time to identify the resistance genes directly involved in resistance within the QTL regions. Overall, there were more genes differentially expressed in resistant lines 19,970 than in susceptible lines 3936 compared to their mock-inoculated lines, demonstrating their tendency to cope with disease. We identified 36 putative candidate genes from the resistant lines that were upregulated in resistant lines compared to resistant mock and susceptible lines that might be involved in resistance to SSR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00776DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325899PMC
June 2020

miR-532-3p Inhibits Proliferation and Promotes Apoptosis of Lymphoma Cells by Targeting β-Catenin.

J Cancer 2020 6;11(16):4762-4770. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Department of Hematology, Yueyang Hospital of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200437, China.

Dysregulated expression of miR-532-3p has been observed in several types of cancer and plays a key role in tumor progression and metastasis. In this study, we analyzed the role and molecular mechanism of miR-532-3p in lymphoma progression. The expression of miR-532-3p in lymphoma sample tissues was analyzed using the GEO database and in cell lines by quantitative reverse transcription (qRT)-PCR. The functions of miR-532-3p in lymphoma cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed by CCK-8 assay and Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide staining, respectively. , the tumor weight and volume were measured. The target gene of miR-532-3p was predicted using miRanda software, and then luciferase, qRT-PCR, and western blot assays were performed to verify that β-catenin was the downstream target gene of miR-532-3p. miR-532-3p was decreased in lymphoma tissues and cell lines. and experiments showed that overexpression of miR-532-3p inhibited lymphoma cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that β-catenin was a functional target gene of miR-532-3p. Furthermore, we found that overexpression of β-catenin reversed the tumor-suppression activities caused by overexpression of miR-532-3p in lymphoma proliferation and apoptosis. This study demonstrates that miR-532-3p functions as a tumor inhibitor in lymphoma progression by targeting β-catenin, suggesting miR-532-3p/β-catenin as a new diagnosis marker or potential therapeutic target in lymphoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/jca.45684DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330684PMC
June 2020

In-Situ Combination of Bipolar Membrane Electrodialysis with Monovalent Selective Anion-Exchange Membrane for the Valorization of Mixed Salts into Relatively High-Purity Monoprotic and Diprotic Acids.

Membranes (Basel) 2020 Jun 26;10(6). Epub 2020 Jun 26.

CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, School of Chemistry and Material Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China.

The crystalized mixed salts from the zero liquid discharge process are a hazardous threat to the environment. In this study, we developed a novel electrodialysis (SBMED) method by assembling the monovalent selective anion-exchange membrane (MSAEM) into the bipolar membrane electrodialysis (BMED) stack. By taking the advantages of water splitting in the bipolar membrane and high perm-selectivity of MSAEM for the Cl ions against the SO ions, this combination allows the concurrent separation of Cl/SO and conversion of mixed salts into relatively high-purity monoprotic and diprotic acids. The current density has a significant impact on the acid purity. Both the monoprotic and diprotic acid purities were higher than 80% at a low current density of 10 mA/cm. The purities of the monoprotic acids decreased with an increase in the current density, indicating that the perm-selectivity of MSAEM decreases with increasing current density. An increase in the ratio of monovalent to divalent anions in the feed was beneficial to increase the purity of monoprotic acids. High-purity monoprotic acids in the range of 93.9-96.1% were obtained using this novel SBMED stack for treating simulated seawater. Therefore, it is feasible for SBMED to valorize the mixed salts into relatively high-purity monoprotic and diprotic acids in one step.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/membranes10060135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7345200PMC
June 2020

Modifications of fatty acid profile through targeted mutation at BnaFAD2 gene with CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing in Brassica napus.

Theor Appl Genet 2020 Aug 24;133(8):2401-2411. Epub 2020 May 24.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

Key Message: Genomic editing with CRISPR/Cas9 system can simultaneously modify multiple copies of theBnaFAD2 gene to develop novel variations in fatty acids profiles in polyploidy rapeseed. Fatty acid composition affects edible and processing quality of vegetable oil and has been one of the primary targets for genetic modification in oilseed crops including rapeseed (Brassica napus). Fatty acid desaturase 2 gene, FAD2, is a key player that affects three major fatty acids, namely oleic, linoleic and linolenic acid, in oilseed plants. Previously, we showed that there are four copies of BnaFAD2 in allotetraploid rapeseed. In this study, we further established spatiotemporal expression pattern of each copy of BnaFAD2 using published RNA-seq data. Genomic editing technology based on CRISPR/Cas9 system was used to mutate all the copies of BnaFAD2 to create novel allelic variations in oleic acid and other fatty acid levels. A number of mutants at two targeting sites were identified, and the phenotypic variation in the mutants was systematically evaluated. The oleic acid content in the seed of the mutants increased significantly with the highest exceeding 80% compared with wild type of 66.43%, while linoleic and linolenic acid contents decreased accordingly. Mutations on BnaFAD2.A5 caused more dramatic changes of fatty acid profile than the mutations on BnaFAD2.C5 alleles that were identified with gene editing technique for the first time. Moreover, combining different mutated alleles of BnaFAD2 can even broaden the variation more dramatically. It was found that effects of different mutation types at BnaFAD2 alleles on oleic levels varied, indicating a possibility to manipulate fatty acid levels by precise mutation at specific region of a gene.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-020-03607-yDOI Listing
August 2020

Transcriptional Regulation of Lipid Catabolism during Seedling Establishment.

Mol Plant 2020 07 22;13(7):984-1000. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Biology, University of Missouri, St. Louis, MO 63121, USA; Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, St. Louis, MO 63132, USA. Electronic address:

Lipid catabolism in germinating seeds provides energy and substrates for initial seedling growth, but how this process is regulated is not well understood. Here, we show that an AT-hook motif-containing nuclear localized (AHL) protein regulates lipid mobilization and fatty acid β-oxidation during seed germination and seedling establishment. AHL4 was identified to directly interact with the lipid mediator phosphatidic acid (PA). Knockout (KO) of AHL4 enhanced, but overexpression (OE) of AHL4 attenuated, triacylglycerol (TAG) degradation and seedling growth. Normal seedling growth of the OE lines was restored by sucrose supplementation to the growth medium. AHL4-OE seedlings displayed decreased expression of genes involved in TAG hydrolysis and fatty acid oxidation, whereas the opposite was observed in AHL4-KOs. These genes contained AHL4-binding cis elements, and AHL4 was shown to bind to the promoter regions of genes encoding the TAG lipases SDP1 and DALL5 and acyl-thioesterase KAT5. These AHL4-DNA interactions were suppressed by PA species that bound to AHL4. These results indicate that AHL4 suppresses lipid catabolism by repressing the expression of specific genes involved in TAG hydrolysis and fatty acid oxidation, and that PA relieves AHL4-mediated suppression and promotes TAG degradation. Thus, AHL4 and PA together regulate lipid degradation during seed germination and seedling establishment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2020.04.007DOI Listing
July 2020

Nonspecific phospholipase C6 increases seed oil production in oilseed Brassicaceae plants.

New Phytol 2020 05 16;226(4):1055-1073. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Biology, University of Missouri, St Louis, MO, 63121, USA.

Plant oils are valuable commodities for food, feed, renewable industrial feedstocks and biofuels. To increase vegetable oil production, here we show that the nonspecific phospholipase C6 (NPC6) promotes seed oil production in the Brassicaceae seed oil species Arabidopsis, Camelina and oilseed rape. Overexpression of NPC6 increased seed oil content, seed weight and oil yield both in Arabidopsis and Camelina, whereas knockout of NPC6 decreased seed oil content and seed size. NPC6 is associated with the chloroplasts and microsomal membranes, and hydrolyzes phosphatidylcholine and galactolipids to produce diacylglycerol. Knockout and overexpression of NPC6 decreased and increased, respectively, the flux of fatty acids from phospholipids and galactolipids into triacylglycerol production. Candidate-gene association study in oilseed rape indicates that only BnNPC6.C01 of the four homeologues NPC6s is associated with seed oil content and yield. Haplotypic analysis indicates that the BnNPC6.C01 favorable haplotype can increase both seed oil content and seed yield. These results indicate that NPC6 promotes membrane glycerolipid turnover to accumulate TAG production in oil seeds and that NPC6 has a great application potential for oil yield improvement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.16473DOI Listing
May 2020

Dissection of genetic architecture for glucosinolate accumulations in leaves and seeds of Brassica napus by genome-wide association study.

Plant Biotechnol J 2020 06 25;18(6):1472-1484. Epub 2019 Dec 25.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Glucosinolates (GSLs), whose degradation products have been shown to be increasingly important for human health and plant defence, compose important secondary metabolites found in the order Brassicales. It is highly desired to enhance pest and disease resistance by increasing the leaf GSL content while keeping the content low in seeds of Brassica napus, one of the most important oil crops worldwide. Little is known about the regulation of GSL accumulation in the leaves. We quantified the levels of 9 different GSLs and 15 related traits in the leaves of 366 accessions and found that the seed and leaf GSL content were highly correlated (r = 0.79). A total of 78 loci were associated with GSL traits, and five common and eleven tissue-specific associated loci were related to total leaf and seed GSL content. Thirty-six candidate genes were inferred to be involved in GSL biosynthesis. The candidate gene BnaA03g40190D (BnaA3.MYB28) was validated by DNA polymorphisms and gene expression analysis. This gene was responsible for high leaf/low seed GSL content and could explain 30.62% of the total leaf GSL variation in the low seed GSL panel and was not fixed during double-low rapeseed breeding. Our results provide new insights into the genetic basis of GSL variation in leaves and seeds and may facilitate the metabolic engineering of GSLs and the breeding of high leaf/low seed GSL content in B. napus.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206990PMC
June 2020

Identification of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli by a new multiplex PCR assay and capillary electrophoresis.

Mol Cell Probes 2020 02 1;49:101477. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control. National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 155 Changbai Road, Changping District, Beijing, 102206, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou, 310003, China. Electronic address:

Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) is a set of the most common pathogens causing diarrhea. DEC strains are classified into five pathotypes based on the possession of different virulence genes: enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) or Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC), enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), and enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC). The development of an easy-to-use method to detect the specific virulence genes and distinguish the pathotypes is essential for the diagnosis and surveillance of DEC infections. In this study, a multiplex PCR assay (mPCR) specific to nine virulence genes and an internal control was designed for the identification of five DEC pathotypes. A temperature switch PCR (TSP) strategy was used in the PCR amplification. The PCR products were detected by capillary electrophoresis. The limit of detection (LOD) of the 10-plex reaction was 5 × 10 copies/reaction for stx2 and 5 × 10 copies/reaction for the other targets. The mPCR showed very high specificity, and inclusivity and exclusivity were both 100%. When the mPCR assay was used for the detection of 221 cryopreserved diarrhea specimens, DEC colonies were detected from 49 specimens, and the positive rate was 22.2%. The mPCR assay was sensitive and specific, and the amplified product could be analyzed easily. Thus, this method could be used effectively to identify the suspected colonies of DEC in the primary culture of the specimen.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mcp.2019.101477DOI Listing
February 2020

Targeted mutagenesis of BnTT8 homologs controls yellow seed coat development for effective oil production in Brassica napus L.

Plant Biotechnol J 2020 05 11;18(5):1153-1168. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Yellow seed is a desirable trait with great potential for improving seed quality in Brassica crops. Unfortunately, no natural or induced yellow seed germplasms have been found in Brassica napus, an important oil crop, which likely reflects its genome complexity and the difficulty of the simultaneous random mutagenesis of multiple gene copies with functional redundancy. Here, we demonstrate the first application of CRISPR/Cas9 for creating yellow-seeded mutants in rapeseed. The targeted mutations of the BnTT8 gene were stably transmitted to successive generations, and a range of homozygous mutants with loss-of-function alleles of the target genes were obtained for phenotyping. The yellow-seeded phenotype could be recovered only in targeted mutants of both BnTT8 functional copies, indicating that the redundant roles of BnA09.TT8 and BnC09.TT8b are vital for seed colour. The BnTT8 double mutants produced seeds with elevated seed oil and protein content and altered fatty acid (FA) composition without any serious defects in the yield-related traits, making it a valuable resource for rapeseed breeding programmes. Chemical staining and histological analysis showed that the targeted mutations of BnTT8 completely blocked the proanthocyanidin (PA)-specific deposition in the seed coat. Further, transcriptomic profiling revealed that the targeted mutations of BnTT8 resulted in the broad suppression of phenylpropanoid/flavonoid biosynthesis genes, which indicated a much more complex molecular mechanism underlying seed colour formation in rapeseed than in Arabidopsis and other Brassica species. In addition, gene expression analysis revealed the possible mechanism through which BnTT8 altered the oil content and fatty acid composition in seeds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7152602PMC
May 2020

A novel quantitative trait locus on chromosome A9 controlling oleic acid content in Brassica napus.

Plant Biotechnol J 2019 12 16;17(12):2313-2324. Epub 2019 May 16.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

One of the most important goals in the breeding of oilseed crops, including Brassica napus, is to improve the quality of edible vegetable oil, which is mainly determined by the seed fatty acid composition, particularly the C18:1 content. Previous studies have indicated that the C18:1 content is a polygenic trait, and no stable quantitative trait loci (QTLs) except for FAD2 have been reported. By performing a GWAS using 375 low erucic acid B. napus accessions genotyped with the Brassica 60K SNP array and constructing a high-density SNP-based genetic map of a 150 DH population, we identified a novel QTL on the A9 chromosome. The novel locus could explain 11.25%, 5.72% and 6.29% of phenotypic variation during three consecutive seasons and increased the C18:1 content by approximately 3%-5%. By fine mapping and gene expression analysis, we found three potential candidate genes and verified the fatty acids in a homologous gene mutant of Arabidopsis. A metal ion-binding protein was found to be the most likely candidate gene in the region. Thus, the C18:1 content can be further increased to about 80% with this novel locus together with FAD2 mutant allele without compromise of agronomic performance. A closely linked marker, BnA129, for this novel QTL (OLEA9) was developed so that we can effectively identify materials with high C18:1 content at an early growth stage by marker-assisted selection. Our results may also provide new insight for understanding the complex genetic mechanism of fatty acid metabolism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6835171PMC
December 2019

Comparative Transcriptome Analysis of Developing Seeds and Silique Wall Reveals Dynamic Transcription Networks for Effective Oil Production in L.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 23;20(8). Epub 2019 Apr 23.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.

Vegetable oil is an essential constituent of the human diet and renewable raw material for industrial applications. Enhancing oil production by increasing seed oil content in oil crops is the most viable, environmentally friendly, and sustainable approach to meet the continuous demand for the supply of vegetable oil globally. An in-depth understanding of the gene networks involved in oil biosynthesis during seed development is a prerequisite for breeding high-oil-content varieties. Rapeseed () is one of the most important oil crops cultivated on multiple continents, contributing more than 15% of the world's edible oil supply. To understand the phasic nature of oil biosynthesis and the dynamic regulation of key pathways for effective oil accumulation in , comparative transcriptomic profiling was performed with developing seeds and silique wall (SW) tissues of two contrasting inbred lines with ~13% difference in seed oil content. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between high- and low-oil content lines were identified across six key developmental stages, and gene enrichment analysis revealed that genes related to photosynthesis, metabolism, carbohydrates, lipids, phytohormones, transporters, and triacylglycerol and fatty acid synthesis tended to be upregulated in the high-oil-content line. Differentially regulated DEG patterns were revealed for the control of metabolite and photosynthate production in SW and oil biosynthesis and accumulation in seeds. Quantitative assays of carbohydrates and hormones during seed development together with gene expression profiling of relevant pathways revealed their fundamental effects on effective oil accumulation. Our results thus provide insights into the molecular basis of high seed oil content (SOC) and a new direction for developing high-SOC rapeseed and other oil crops.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081982DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6515390PMC
April 2019

CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing reveals differences in the contribution of INDEHISCENT homologues to pod shatter resistance in Brassica napus L.

Theor Appl Genet 2019 Jul 12;132(7):2111-2123. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

The INDEHISCENT (IND) and ALCATRAZ (ALC) gene homologues have been reported to be essential for dehiscence of fruits in Brassica species. But their functions for pod shatter resistance in Brassica napus, an important oil crops, are not well understood. Here, we assessed the functions of these two genes in rapeseed using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. The induced mutations were stably transmitted to successive generations, and a variety of homozygous mutants with loss-of-function alleles of the target genes were obtained for phenotyping. The results showed that the function of BnIND gene is essential for pod shatter and highly conserved in Brassica species, whereas the BnALC gene appears to have limited potential for rapeseed shatter resistance. The homoeologous copies of the BnIND gene have partially redundant roles in rapeseed pod shatter, with BnA03.IND exhibiting higher contributions than BnC03.IND. Analysis of data obtained from the gene expression and sequence variations of gene copies revealed that cis-regulatory divergences alter gene expression and underlie the functional differentiation of BnIND homologues. Collectively, our results generate valuable resources for rapeseed breeding programs, and more importantly provide a strategy to improve polyploid crops.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-019-03341-0DOI Listing
July 2019

Promoter variations in a homeobox gene, BnA10.LMI1, determine lobed leaves in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.).

Theor Appl Genet 2018 Dec 15;131(12):2699-2708. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

Key Message: BnA10.LMI1 positively regulates the development of leaf lobes in Brassica napus, and cis-regulatory divergences cause the different allele effects. Leaf shape is an important agronomic trait, and large variations in this trait exist within the Brassica germplasm. The lobed leaf is a unique morphological characteristic for Brassica improvement. Nevertheless, the molecular basis of leaf lobing in Brassica is poorly understood. Here, we show that an incompletely dominant locus, BnLLA10, is responsible for the lobed-leaf shape in rapeseed. A LATE MERISTEM IDENTITY1 (LMI1)-like gene (BnA10.LMI1) encoding an HD-Zip I transcription factor is the causal gene underlying the BnLLA10 locus. Sequence analysis of parental alleles revealed no sequence variations in the coding sequences, whereas abundant variations were identified in the regulatory region. Consistent with this finding, the expression levels of BnLMI1 were substantially elevated in the lobed-leaf parent compared with its near-isogenic line. The knockout mutations of BnA10.LMI1 gene were induced using the CRISPR/Cas9 system in both HY (the lobed-leaf parent) and J9707 (serrated leaf) genetic backgrounds. BnA10.LMI1 null mutations in the HY background were sufficient to produce unlobed leaves, whereas null mutations in the J9707 background showed no obvious changes in leaf shape compared with the control. Collectively, our results indicate that BnA10.LMI1 positively regulates the development of leaf lobes in B. napus, with cis-regulatory divergences causing the different allelic effects, providing new insights into the molecular mechanism of leaf lobe formation in Brassica crops.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-018-3184-5DOI Listing
December 2018

Bacterial pathogen spectrum of acute diarrheal outpatients in an urbanized rural district in Southwest China.

Int J Infect Dis 2018 May 5;70:59-64. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou 310003, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: To conduct a one-year pathogen surveillance of acute diarrheal disease based on outpatient clinics in township hospitals in rural Hongta District of Yunnan Province, China.

Methods: Fecal specimens of acute diarrhea cases and relevant epidemiological information were collected. Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio, Aeromonas, Plesiomonas shigelloides and diarrheogenic Escherichia coli (DEC) were examined.

Results: Among the 797 stool specimens sampled, 198 samples (24.8%) were positive in pathogen isolation, and 223 strains were isolated. The order of isolation rates from high to low were DEC, Aeromonas, P. shigelloides, Salmonella, Shigella and Vibrio. The overall positive rate in middle school students and preschool children was relatively high; while the overall positive rate of less than 1-year-old infants and above 55 years olds was relatively low. The isolates were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Some cases had the same or very close onset time, and the isolates had similar PFGE patterns, suggesting a possible outbreak once occurred but was not detected by the current infectious disease reporting system.

Conclusions: Pathogen infection and transmission in rapidly urbanized rural areas is a serious issue. There is a great need for a more sensitive and accurate mode of monitoring, reporting and outbreak identification of diarrheal disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.02.022DOI Listing
May 2018

Arabidopsis ICK/KRP cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors function to ensure the formation of one megaspore mother cell and one functional megaspore per ovule.

PLoS Genet 2018 03 7;14(3):e1007230. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Dept. of Biochemistry, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

In most plants, the female germline starts with the differentiation of one megaspore mother cell (MMC) in each ovule that produces four megaspores through meiosis, one of which survives to become the functional megaspore (FM). The FM further develops into an embryo sac. Little is known regarding the control of MMC formation to one per ovule and the selective survival of the FM. The ICK/KRPs (interactor/inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)/Kip-related proteins) are plant CDK inhibitors and cell cycle regulators. Here we report that in the ovules of Arabidopsis mutant with all seven ICK/KRP genes inactivated, supernumerary MMCs, FMs and embryo sacs were formed and the two embryo sacs could be fertilized to form two embryos with separate endosperm compartments. Twin seedlings were observed in about 2% seeds. Further, in the mutant ovules the number and position of surviving megaspores from one MMC were variable, indicating that the positional signal for determining the survival of megaspore was affected. Strikingly, ICK4 fusion protein with yellow fluorescence protein was strongly present in the degenerative megaspores but absent in the FM, suggesting an important role of ICKs in the degeneration of non-functional megaspores. The absence of or much weaker phenotypes in lower orders of mutants and complementation of the septuple mutant by ICK4 or ICK7 indicate that multiple ICK/KRPs function redundantly in restricting the formation of more than one MMC and in the selective survival of FM, which are critical to ensure the development of one embryo sac and one embryo per ovule.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1007230DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5858843PMC
March 2018

Precise editing of CLAVATA genes in Brassica napus L. regulates multilocular silique development.

Plant Biotechnol J 2018 07 19;16(7):1322-1335. Epub 2018 Jan 19.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Multilocular silique is a desirable agricultural trait with great potential for the development of high-yield varieties of Brassica. To date, no spontaneous or induced multilocular mutants have been reported in Brassica napus, which likely reflects its allotetraploid nature and the extremely low probability of the simultaneous random mutagenesis of multiple gene copies with functional redundancy. Here, we present evidence for the efficient knockout of rapeseed homologues of CLAVATA3 (CLV3) for a secreted peptide and its related receptors CLV1 and CLV2 in the CLV signalling pathway using the CRISPR/Cas9 system and achieved stable transmission of the mutations across three generations. Each BnCLV gene has two copies located in two subgenomes. The multilocular phenotype can be recovered only in knockout mutations of both copies of each BnCLV gene, illustrating that the simultaneous alteration of multiple gene copies by CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis has great potential in generating agronomically important mutations in rapeseed. The mutagenesis efficiency varied widely from 0% to 48.65% in T with different single-guide RNAs (sgRNAs), indicating that the appropriate selection of the sgRNA is important for effectively generating indels in rapeseed. The double mutation of BnCLV3 produced more leaves and multilocular siliques with a significantly higher number of seeds per silique and a higher seed weight than the wild-type and single mutant plants, potentially contributing to increased seed production. We also assessed the efficiency of the horizontal transfer of Cas9/gRNA cassettes by pollination. Our findings reveal the potential for plant breeding strategies to improve yield traits in currently cultivated rapeseed varieties.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12872DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5999189PMC
July 2018

Sirtuin 1 activation and cardioprotective role: Thy eternal summer shall not fade.

Int J Cardiol 2017 11;247:29

Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430060, PR China; Cardiovascular Research Institute, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430060, PR China; Hubei Key Laboratory of Cardiology, Wuhan 430060, PR China. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2017.03.140DOI Listing
November 2017

The high-quality genome of Brassica napus cultivar 'ZS11' reveals the introgression history in semi-winter morphotype.

Plant J 2017 Nov 9;92(3):452-468. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

Beijing Genome Institute-Shenzhen, Shenzhen, 518083, China.

Allotetraploid oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) is an agriculturally important crop. Cultivation and breeding of B. napus by humans has resulted in numerous genetically diverse morphotypes with optimized agronomic traits and ecophysiological adaptation. To further understand the genetic basis of diversification and adaptation, we report a draft genome of an Asian semi-winter oilseed rape cultivar 'ZS11' and its comprehensive genomic comparison with the genomes of the winter-type cultivar 'Darmor-bzh' as well as two progenitors. The integrated BAC-to-BAC and whole-genome shotgun sequencing strategies were effective in the assembly of repetitive regions (especially young long terminal repeats) and resulted in a high-quality genome assembly of B. napus 'ZS11'. Within a short evolutionary period (~6700 years ago), semi-winter-type 'ZS11' and the winter-type 'Darmor-bzh' maintained highly genomic collinearity. Even so, certain genetic differences were also detected in two morphotypes. Relative to 'Darmor-bzh', both two subgenomes of 'ZS11' are closely related to its progenitors, and the 'ZS11' genome harbored several specific segmental homoeologous exchanges (HEs). Furthermore, the semi-winter-type 'ZS11' underwent potential genomic introgressions with B. rapa (A ). Some of these genetic differences were associated with key agronomic traits. A key gene of A03.FLC3 regulating vernalization-responsive flowering time in 'ZS11' was first experienced HE, and then underwent genomic introgression event with A , which potentially has led to genetic differences in controlling vernalization in the semi-winter types. Our observations improved our understanding of the genetic diversity of different B. napus morphotypes and the cultivation history of semi-winter oilseed rape in Asia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13669DOI Listing
November 2017

Development of iFOX-hunting as a functional genomic tool and demonstration of its use to identify early senescence-related genes in the polyploid Brassica napus.

Plant Biotechnol J 2018 02 22;16(2):591-602. Epub 2017 Aug 22.

National Research Centre of Rapeseed Engineering and Technology, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Functional genomic studies of many polyploid crops, including rapeseed (Brassica napus), are constrained by limited tool sets. Here we report development of a gain-of-function platform, termed 'iFOX (inducible Full-length cDNA OvereXpressor gene)-Hunting', for inducible expression of B. napus seed cDNAs in Arabidopsis. A Gateway-compatible plant gene expression vector containing a methoxyfenozide-inducible constitutive promoter for transgene expression was developed. This vector was used for cloning of random cDNAs from developing B. napus seeds and subsequent Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Arabidopsis. The inducible promoter of this vector enabled identification of genes upon induction that are otherwise lethal when constitutively overexpressed and to control developmental timing of transgene expression. Evaluation of a subset of the resulting ~6000 Arabidopsis transformants revealed a high percentage of lines with full-length B. napus transgene insertions. Upon induction, numerous iFOX lines with visible phenotypes were identified, including one that displayed early leaf senescence. Phenotypic analysis of this line (rsl-1327) after methoxyfenozide induction indicated high degree of leaf chlorosis. The integrated B. napuscDNA was identified as a homolog of an Arabidopsis acyl-CoA binding protein (ACBP) gene designated BnACBP1-like. The early senescence phenotype conferred by BnACBP1-like was confirmed by constitutive expression of this gene in Arabidopsis and B. napus. Use of the inducible promoter in the iFOX line coupled with RNA-Seq analyses allowed mechanistic clues and a working model for the phenotype associated with BnACBP1-like expression. Our results demonstrate the utility of iFOX-Hunting as a tool for gene discovery and functional characterization of Brassica napus genome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12799DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5787830PMC
February 2018

Prevalence of enteroviruses in healthy populations and excretion of pathogens in patients with hand, foot, and mouth disease in a highly endemic area of southwest China.

PLoS One 2017 13;12(7):e0181234. Epub 2017 Jul 13.

Yunnan Provincial Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kunming, Yunnan, People's Republic of China.

Etiological carriers and the excretion of the pathogens causing hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in healthy persons, patients, and asymptomatic persons infected with HFMD as ongoing infection sources may play an important role in perpetuating and spreading epidemics of HFMD. The aims of this study were to determine the carrier status of EV-A71 and CV-A16 in healthy populations, as well as the duration of EV-A71 and CV-A16 shedding in the stools of HFMD patients in an epidemic area of southwest China. A cross-sectional study and a follow-up study were conducted in three HFMD endemic counties of Yunnan Province. Six hundred sixty-seven healthy subjects were recruited to participate in the cross-sectional study, and two stool specimens were collected from each subject. Among the healthy subjects, 90 (13.5%) tested positive for viral isolation, but neither EV-A71 nor CV-A16 was detected in healthy individuals. Of the 150 patients with probable HFMD, 55.3% (83/150) tested positive for viral isolation with presented serotypes such as EV-A71 (51.81%, 43/83), CV-A16 (32.53%, 27/83), other EVs (13.25%, 11/83), and mixed EV-A71 and CV-A16 (2.41%, 2/83). The longest duration of EV-A71 and CV-A16 shedding in stool specimens from patients with HFMD was >46 days after onset. The positive rate of EV-A71 in the stool specimens of confirmed patients dropped to 50% by the end of the third week, and the same occurred with CV-A16 by the end of approximately the seventh week after onset. Although carriers of major causative agents of HFMD in healthy populations are fewer in number, the prolonged shedding of pathogens in patients with HFMD may serve as an important factor in perpetuating and spreading HFMD epidemics.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0181234PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5509318PMC
September 2017

Evening versus morning dosing regimen drug therapy for chronic kidney disease patients with hypertension in blood pressure patterns: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Intern Med J 2017 Aug;47(8):900-906

Department of Nephrology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Evening dosing regimen drug therapy on blood pressure (BP) control is used widely, but its clinical benefits and preservation or re-establishment of the normal 24-h BP dipping pattern in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is not known.

Aims: To investigate the effect of an evening dosing regimen of antihypertensive drugs on BP patterns of CKD patients with hypertension.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted by searching PUBMED, EMBASE, ASN-ONLINE, the Cochrane Library and the reference lists of relevant articles of published papers. All trials designed to evaluate the effects of evening versus morning dosing regimen drug therapy for CKD patients with hypertension were included. Meta-analysis was performed using random or fixed effects models.

Results: Five randomised controlled trials and one comparative study, including 3732 patients, met the inclusion criteria. Compared with morning dosing regimen drug therapy, evening administration of antihypertensive medication was associated with a significant reduction of 40% in non-dipper BP patterns (risk ratio (RR), 95% CI, (0.43, 0.84)). We noted a significant decrease in nocturnal systolic blood pressure (SBP) (MD -3.17 mmHg, 95% CI (-5.41, -0.94)), a significant reduction in nocturnal diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (MD -1.37 mmHg, 95% CI (-2.05, -0.69)) and a significant increase in awake SBP (MD 1.15 mmHg, 95% CI (0.10, 2.19)) in patients assigned to the evening dosing regimen drug therapy group. Patients showed no significant differences for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality.

Conclusion: This review shows that evening dosing regimen drug therapy could reverse non-dipper BP patterns in hypertensive CKD patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imj.13490DOI Listing
August 2017

Cytological and morphological analysis of hybrids between Brassicoraphanus, and Brassica napus for introgression of clubroot resistant trait into Brassica napus L.

PLoS One 2017 15;12(5):e0177470. Epub 2017 May 15.

National Research Center of Rapeseed Engineering and Technology and College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Interspecific hybridization is a powerful tool for improvement of crop species, it has the potential to broaden the genetic base and create new plant forms for breeding programs. Synthetic allopolyploid is a widely-used model for the study of genetic recombination and fixed heterosis in Brassica. In Brassica napus breeding, identification and introgression of new sources of clubroot resistance trait from wild or related species into it by hybridization is a long-term crop management strategy for clubroot disease. Radish (Raphanus sativus L.) is a close relative of the Brassica and most radish accessions are immune to the clubroot disease. A synthesized allotetraploid Brassicoraphanus (RRCC, 2n = 36) between R. sativus cv. HQ-04 (2n = 18, RR) and Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra (L.H Bailey) (2n = 18, CC) proved resistant of multiple clubroot disease pathogen P. brassicae. To predict the possibility to transfer the clubroot resistance trait from the RR subgenome of allotetraploid Brassicoraphanus (RRCC, 2n = 36) into Brassica napus (AACC, 2n = 38), we analyzed the frequency of chromosome pairings in the F1 hybrids produced from a cross between B. napus cv. HS5 and the allotetraploid, characterize the genomic composition of some backcrossed progeny (BC1) using GISH, BAC-FISH and AFLP techniques. The level of intergenomic pairing between A and R genomes in the F1 hybrid was high, allosyndetic bivalents formed in 73.53% PMCs indicative of significant level of homeologous recombination between two genomes and high probability of incorporating chromosomal segments/genes from R-genome into A/C-genomes. The BC1 plants inherited variant extra R chromosomes or fragments from allotetraploid as revealed by GISH and AFLP analysis. 13.51% BC2 individuals were resistant to clubroot disease, and several resistance lines had high pollen fertility, Overall, the genetic material presented in this work represents a potential new genetic resource for practical use in breeding B. napus clubroot resistant cultivars.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0177470PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5432170PMC
September 2017