Publications by authors named "Yong-Wei Wu"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Changes in local bone mineral density can guide the treatment plan for patients with rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Jun 31;10(6):6388-6398. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Traumatic Orthopedics, Wuxi Ninth People's Hospital affiliated to Soochow University, Wuxi, China.

Background: Many factors affect the outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery. However, few studies have examined the effects of local bone conditions on the reconstruction of the ACL. This study investigated the changes in the local bone mineral density (BMD) of the knee after rupture of the ACL with the view of using this information to guide treatment options.

Methods: Patients with ACL rupture treated in our department from January 2017 to April 2019 were enrolled in this study. Prior to surgery, local BMD measurements were obtained from all patients and used to determine the appropriate method of ligament fixation. If the local BMD of the affected knee was not significantly lower than that of the healthy side, extrusion fixation was conducted. If the BMD was significantly lower than that of the healthy knee, suspension fixation was applied. The conditions of tunnel cutting or screw splitting, and tunnel enlargement or screw pull-out were observed during the surgery. The post-surgical function of the knee joint was evaluated regularly by physical examination, imaging data, the IKDC scale score, and the Lysholm score.

Results: A total of 80 patients with unilateral ACL rupture were included. There were 64 males and 16 females. Decreased BMD was observed in the affected knee compared to the healthy knee for 68 patients. Patients with an ACL history of more than 3 months had lower BMD compared to patients with a history of less than 3 months. Tunnel enlargement and screw pull-out occurred in 2 patients, screw splitting occurred in 1 patient. The fixation mode was adjusted in real-time during the surgery for 3 patients. All patients were followed up for at least 12 months (mean 20.65±5.12 months). The IKDC score increased from 43.07±2.66 pre-surgery to 89.17±3.28 at the final follow-up, and similarly, the Lysholm score increased from 43.49±2.38 pre-surgery to 89.67±2.97 post-surgery.

Conclusions: The measurement of local BMD before surgery may play a significant role in guiding the type of graft fixation. It is recommended that patients undergo surgical reconstruction within 3 months after injury.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/apm-21-741DOI Listing
June 2021

Clinical observation of C3-type patellar fractures treated by operation methods with or without a turned-over patella.

Injury 2019 Apr 18;50(4):966-972. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Orthopaedics, Wuxi the Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Suzhou University, 214062, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of operation methods with or without a turned-over patella for treatment of C3-type patellar fractures.

Methods: A total of 68 patients with C3-type patellar fractures undergoing open reduction and internal fixation were retrospectively selected and treated with a turned-over patella surgery (turned-over patella group, n = 30) or conventional therapy without turning over the patella (conventional group, n = 38). The intraoperative and postoperative indicators of the two groups were assessed and comparatively analyzed.

Results: The bedridden time was significantly shorter in the turned-over patella group than in the conventional group (P = 0.002), while the range of motion (ROM) of knee joint was significantly higher in the turned-over patella group (P = 0.044). The Lysholm score was slightly higher in the turned-over patella group than in the conventional group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.055). No significant difference was observed between the two groups in terms of the operation time (P = 0.096), intraoperative blood loss (P = 0.543), time of weight bearing (P = 0.312), fracture healing time (P = 0.272), or complications (P = 1).

Conclusion: The turned-over patella operation method exhibited some superiority to conventional reduction-fixation approach for treatment of C3-type patellar fractures in terms of efficacy and safety by enlarging the ROM of the knee joint and promoting functional recovery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2019.03.028DOI Listing
April 2019

Synthesis, Anti-Varicella-Zoster Virus and Anti-Cytomegalovirus Activity of 4,5-Disubstituted 1,2,3-(1H)-Triazoles.

Med Chem 2019 ;15(7):801-812

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China.

Background: Clinical drugs for herpesvirus exhibit high toxicity and suffer from significant drug resistance. The development of new, effective, and safe anti-herpesvirus agents with different mechanisms of action is greatly required.

Objective: Novel inhibitors against herpesvirus with different mechanisms of action from that of clinical drugs.

Methods: A series of novel 5-(benzylamino)-1H-1,2,3-triazole-4-carboxamides were efficiently synthesized and EC50 values against Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV), Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV) and Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) were evaluated in vitro.

Results: Some compounds present antiviral activity. Compounds 5s and 5t are potent against both HCMV and VZV. Compounds 5m, 5n, 5s, and 5t show similar EC50 values against both TK+ and TK- VZV strains.

Conclusion: 5-(Benzylamino)-1H-1, 2,3-triazole-4-carboxamides are active against herpesviruses and their activity is remarkably affected by the nature and the position of substituents in the benzene ring. The results indicate that these derivatives are independent of the viral thymidine kinase (TK) for activation, which is indispensable for current drugs. Their mechanisms of action may differ from those of the clinic anti-herpesvirus drugs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573406414666181109095239DOI Listing
December 2019

[Application of serial tightening of reserved suture threads in delayed incision closure].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2014 Nov;27(11):952-4

Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People's Hospital of Wuxi, Jiangsu, China.

Objective: To study clinical outcomes of serial tightening of reserved suture threads in delayed incision closure.

Methods: From January 2005 to June 2013, 67 patients with delayed incision closure were treated with serial tightening of reserved suture threads. There were 37 males and 30 females, with an average age of 40 years old (ranged from 12 to 75 years old). Among them, 36 patients suffering from leg or forearm double fractures had the incision difficult to those primarily due to high tension or mergency; 13 patients had open wound which lasted for more than routine time for debridement and closure; 9 patients had wound infection; 9 patients had decompression incisions owing to compartment syndrome. The No. 4 suture thread was used to sew up the incision, and the 4 to 6 cm long thread was reserved at two ends of each thread. The reserved thread was tightened gradually from 2 to 4 days after operation according to conditions of swelling relieving. Finally, the reserved thread was not tied until the incision was completely closed.

Results: After operation, the reserved threads were tightened and tied for 1 time in 6 patients, 2 times in 23 patients, 3 times in 27 patients, 4 times in 11 patients. Postoperative closure time ranged from 3 to 9 days, with an average of 6.2 days. All the incisions got delayed primary healing.

Conclusion: The method of serial tightening of reserved suture threads to close delayed incision closure avoids a second operation, which is simple and obtains a fine result.
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November 2014

[The application of Delphi method in improving the score table for the hygienic quantifying and classification of hotels].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2009 Apr;43(4):287-92

School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: By means of Delphi method and expert panel consultations, to choose suitable indicators and improve the score table for classifying the hygienic condition of hotels so that it can be widely used at nationwide.

Methods: A two-round Delphi consultation was held to choose suitable indicators among 78 experts from 18 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions. The suitable indicators were selected according to the importance recognized by experts.

Results: The average length of service in public health of the experts was (21.08 +/- 5.78) years and the average coefficient of experts' authorities C(r) was 0.89 +/- 0.07. The response rates of the two-round consultation were 98.72% (77/78) and 100.00% (77/77). The average feedback time were (8.49 +/- 4.48) d, (5.86 +/- 2.28) d, and the difference between two rounds was statistically significant (t = 4.60, P < 0.01). Kendall's coefficient were 0.26 (chi(2) = 723.63, P < 0.01), 0.32 (chi(2) = 635.65, P < 0.01) and opinions among experts became consistent. The score table for the hygienic quantifying and classification of hotels was composed of three first-class indicators (hygienic management, hygienic facilities and hygienic practices) and 36 second-class indicators. The weight coefficients of the three first-class indicators were 0.35, 0.34, 0.31.

Conclusion: Delphi method might be used in a large-scale consultation among experts and be propitious to improve the score table for the hygienic quantifying and classification.
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April 2009

Characterization of copper binding to the peptide amyloid-beta(1-16) associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Biopolymers 2006 Sep;83(1):20-31

Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry and Chemical Biology (Ministry of Education), Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China.

Amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) is the principal constituent of plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is thought to be responsible for the neurotoxicity associated with the disease. Copper binding to Abeta has been hypothesized to play an important role in the neruotoxicity of Abeta and free radical damage, and Cu2+ chelators represent a possible therapy for AD. However, many properties of copper binding to Abeta have not been elucidated clearly, and the location of copper binding sites on Abeta is also in controversy. Here we have used a range of spectroscopic techniques to characterize the coordination of Cu2+ to Abeta(1-16) in solution. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry shows that copper binds to Abeta(1-16) at pH 6.0 and 7.0. The mode of copper binding is highly pH dependent. Circular dichroism results indicate that copper chelation causes a structural transition of Abeta(1-16). UV-visible absorption spectra suggest that three nitrogen donor ligands and one oxygen donor ligand (3N1O) in Abeta(1-16) may form a type II square-planar coordination geometry with Cu2+. By means of fluorescence spectroscopy, competition studies with glycine and L-histidine show that copper binds to Abeta(1-16) with an affinity of Ka approximately 10(7) M(-1) at pH 7.8. Besides His6, His13, and His14, Tyr10 is also involved in the coordination of Abeta(1-16) with Cu2+, which is supported by 1H NMR and UV-visible absorption spectra. Evidence for the link between Cu2+ and AD is growing, and this work has made a significant contribution to understanding the mode of copper binding to Abeta(1-16) in solution.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bip.20523DOI Listing
September 2006
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