Publications by authors named "Yong-Tao Xu"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel dual inhibitors targeting lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) and histone deacetylases (HDAC) for treatment of gastric cancer.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Aug 25;220:113453. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

School of Pharmacy, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, Henan, 453003, China. Electronic address:

LSD1 and HDAC are physical and functional related to each other in various human cancers and simultaneous pharmacological inhibition of LSD1 and HDAC exerts synergistic anti-cancer effects. In this work, a series of novel LSD1/HDAC bifunctional inhibitors with a styrylpyridine skeleton were designed and synthesized based on our previously reported LSD1 inhibitors. The representative compounds 5d and 5m showed potent activity against LSD1 and HDAC at both molecular and cellular level and displayed high selectivity against MAO-A/B. Moreover, compounds 5d and 5m demonstrated potent antiproliferative activities against MGC-803 and HCT-116 cancer cell lines. Notably, compound 5m showed superior in vitro anticancer potency against a panel of gastric cancer cell lines than ORY-1001 and SP-2509 with IC values ranging from 0.23 to 1.56 μM. Compounds 5d and 5m significantly modulated the expression of Bcl-2, Bax, Vimentin, ZO-1 and E-cadherin, induced apoptosis, reduced colony formation and suppressed migration in MGC-803 cancer cells. In addition, preliminary absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) studies revealed that compounds 5d and 5m showed acceptable metabolic stability in human liver microsomes with minimal inhibition of cytochrome P450s (CYPs). Those results indicated that compound 5m could be a promising lead compound for further development as a therapeutic agent in gastric cancers via LSD1 and HDAC dual inhibition.
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August 2021

Carboplatin-based Nanomedicine to Enhance the Anticancer Effect in SK-NEP-1 WilmsꞌTumor Cells.

Iran J Pharm Res 2017 ;16(4):1305-1311

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, 107#, Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, 250000 P.R. China.

Wilms tumor (WT) is the most common pediatric malignant primary renal tumor. Carboplatin (CRB), a platinum compound is widely used in the treatment of multiple cancers including ovarian, lung, head and neck, and wilm's tumor. However, lower uptake of CRB in cancer cells and toxicity concerns in healthy cells often limited its clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate the antitumor effect of CRB on SK-NEP-1 wilm's cancer cells. Earlier, CRB was formulated in nanoparticulate formulations and characterized its biophysical parameters. SK-NEP-1 cell growth in vitro was assessed by MTT. Then, apoptosis potential was investigated by TUNEL, Hoechst, and colony formation assay. CRB treatment resulted in inhibition of cell proliferation of SK-NEP-1cells in a dose-dependent manner. TUNEL, Hoechst, and colony formation assay demonstrated that CRB was more effective in killing wilm's cancer cell when encapsulated in nanoparticle formulations. Overall, the present study demonstrates that CRB treatment resulted in marked inhibition of cell proliferation and cell apoptosis. These results may pave way for the effective treatment of wilm's tumor in clinical models.
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January 2017