Publications by authors named "Yong-Soo Beak"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Ivabradine-Induced Torsade de Pointes in Patients with Heart Failure Reduced Ejection Fraction.

Int Heart J 2020 Sep 12;61(5):1044-1048. Epub 2020 Sep 12.

Department of Cardiology, Inha University Hospital Cardiovascular Center.

Ivabradine is a selective inhibitor of the sinoatrial node "funny" current, prolonging the slow diastolic depolarization. As it has the ability to block the heart rate selectively, it is more effective at a faster heart rate. It is recommended for the treatment of heart failure reduced ejection fraction in the presence of beta-blocker therapy for the further reduction of the heart rate. However, previous reports have shown the association of Torsade de pointes (TdP) with concurrent use of ivabradine and drugs resulting in QT prolongation or blockage of the metabolic breakdown of ivabradine. In this article, we report two cases of patients with heart failure reduced ejection fraction who developed TdP after ivabradine use. Our report highlights the need to exercise caution with the administration of ivabradine in the presence of a reduced repolarization reserve, such as QT prolongation or metabolic insufficiency.
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September 2020

Impact of gender on heart failure presentation in non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Heart Vessels 2020 Feb 3;35(2):214-222. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University Hospital, 27, Inhang-ro, Jung-gu, Incheon, 400-711, Republic of Korea.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic cardiac disease that represents a broad spectrum of morphologic features and clinical presentations. However, little is known about the impact of gender differences in heart failure (HF) development in non-obstructive HCM. We assessed clinical and echocardiographic parameters according to gender in patients with non-obstructive HCM and evaluated the impact of gender on HF presentation and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in this population. We investigated 202 consecutive patients with non-obstructive HCM. Clinical parameters and conventional echocardiographic measurements including tissue Doppler measurements were evaluated and compared according to gender. Additionally, left ventricular (LV) deformation was assessed with global longitudinal strain (GLS) utilizing 2D speckle tracking software. Of the 202 patients (age = 63 ± 14 years, male: female = 141: 61), 51 patients (24.8%) presented with HF and female patients had HF more frequently (52.5% vs. 12.8%, P < 0.001). Females were older, had a higher prevalence of atrial fibrillation, had increased left atrial volume (LAV), and a higher ratio of early diastolic mitral inflow to early annular velocity (E/e') than males (70 ± 12 years vs. 59 ± 14 years, P < 0.001 for age; 51.4 ± 19.3 mL/m vs. 40.0 [Formula: see text] 13.4 mL/m, P < 0.001 for indexed LAV; 17.2 [Formula: see text] 6.0 vs. 13.0 [Formula: see text] 4.3, P < 0.001 for E/e'). While LV maximal thickness and LV ejection fraction were comparable between men and women, GLS was decreased significantly in female patients (- 13.5 [Formula: see text] 3.4% vs. - 15.6 [Formula: see text] 4.0%, P = 0.001 for GLS). Even after adjusting for clinical factors, female was independently associated with HF presentation (Odd ratio 5.19, 95% CI 2.24-12.03, P < 0.001). During a median follow-up duration 34.0 months, 20 patients (9.9%) had HF hospitalization or CV death. In a multivariable analysis, female gender was associated with higher risk of the composite of HF hospitalization or CV death and HF hospitalization alone than male (Adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 3.31, 95% CI 1.17-9.35, P = 0.024 for primary composite outcome of HF hospitalization or CV death; adjusted HR = 4.78, 95% CI 1.53-14.96, P = 0.007 for HF hospitalization). In patients with non-obstructive HCM, female patients presented with HF more frequently and showed a higher risk of CV events than male patients. LA volume, E/e' and LV mechanics were different between the genders, suggesting that these might contribute to greater susceptibility to HF in women with HCM.
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February 2020