Publications by authors named "Yong-Min Liu"

86 Publications

Is obstructive sleep apnoea associated with hypoxaemia and prolonged ICU stay after type A aortic dissection repair? A retrospective study in Chinese population.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 09 6;21(1):421. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Although obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is prevalent among patients with aortic dissection, its prognostic impact is not yet determined in patients undergoing major vascular surgery. We aimed to investigate the association of OSA with hypoxaemia and with prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay after type A aortic dissection (TAAD) repair.

Methods: This retrospective study continuously enrolled 83 patients who underwent TAAD repair from January 1 to December 31, 2018. OSA was diagnosed by sleep test and defined as an apnoea hypopnea index (AHI) of ≥ 15/h, while an AHI of > 30/h was defined severe OSA. Hypoxaemia was defined as an oxygenation index (OI) of < 200 mmHg. Prolonged ICU stay referred to an ICU stay of > 72 h. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive value of postoperative OI for prolonged ICU stay. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to assess the association of OSA with hypoxaemia and prolonged ICU stay.

Results: A total of 41 (49.4%) patients were diagnosed with OSA using the sleep test. Hypoxaemia occurred postoperatively in 56 patients (67.5%). Postoperatively hypoxaemia developed mostly in patients with OSA (52.4% vs. 83.0%, p = 0.003), and particularly in those with severe OSA (52.4% vs. 90.5%, p = 0.003). The postoperative OI could fairly predict a prolonged ICU stay (area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve, 0.72; 95% confidence intervals [CI] 0.60-0.84; p = 0.002). Severe OSA was associated with both postoperative hypoxaemia (odds ratio [OR] 6.65; 95% CI 1.56-46.26, p = 0.008) and prolonged ICU stay (OR 5.58; 95% CI 1.54-20.24, p = 0.009).

Conclusions: OSA was common in patients with TAAD. Severe OSA was associated with postoperative hypoxaemia and prolonged ICU stay following TAAD repair.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12872-021-02226-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8422665PMC
September 2021

Blood Transfusion and Acute Kidney Injury After Total Aortic Arch Replacement for Acute Stanford Type A Aortic Dissection.

Heart Lung Circ 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Aim: To evaluate the effect of packed red blood cells (pRBCs), fresh frozen plasma (FFP), and platelet concentrate (PC) transfusions on acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) with total arch replacement (TAR).

Method: From December 2015 to October 2017, 421 consecutive patients with ATAAD undergoing TAR were included in the study. The clinical data of the patients and the amount of pRBCs, FFP, and PC were collected. Acute kidney injury was defined using the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. Logistic regression was used to identify whether pRBCs, FFP, and platelet transfusions were risk factors for KDIGO AKI, stage 3 AKI, and AKI requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT).

Results: The mean ± standard deviation age of the patients was 47.67±10.82 years; 77.7% were men; and the median time from aortic dissection onset to operation was 1 day (range, 0-2 days). The median transfusion amount was 8 units (range, 4-14 units) for pRBCs, 400 mL (range, 0-800 mL) for FFP, and no units (range, 0-2 units) for PC. Forty-one (41; 9.7%) patients did not receive any blood products. The rates of pRBC, PC, and FFP transfusions were 86.9%, 49.2%, and 72.9%, respectively. The incidence of AKI was 54.2%. Considering AKI as the endpoint, multivariate logistic regression showed that pRBCs (odds ratio [OR], 1.11; p<0.001) and PC transfusions (OR, 1.28; p=0.007) were independent risk factors. Considering KDIGO stage 3 AKI as the endpoint, multivariate logistic regression showed that pRBC transfusion (OR, 1.15; p<0.001), PC transfusion (OR, 1.28; p<0.001), a duration of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) ≥293 minutes (OR, 2.95; p=0.04), and a creatinine clearance rate of ≤85 mL/minute (OR, 2.12; p=0.01) were independent risk factors. Considering RRT as the endpoint, multivariate logistic regression showed that pRBC transfusion (OR, 1.12; p<0.001), PC transfusion (OR, 1.33; p=0.001), a duration of CPB ≥293 minutes (OR, 3.79; p=0.02), and a creatinine clearance rate of ≤85 mL/minute (OR, 3.34; p<0.001) were independent risk factors.

Conclusions: Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes-defined stage AKI was common after TAR for ATAAD. Transfusions of pRBCs and PC increased the incidence of AKI, stage 3 AKI, and RRT. Fresh frozen plasma transfusion was not a risk factor for AKI.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2021.05.087DOI Listing
June 2021

Mild hypothermic circulatory arrest with selective cerebral perfusion in open arch surgery.

J Thorac Dis 2021 Feb;13(2):1151-1161

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, and Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung, and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China.

Background: This study aimed to evaluate whether the use of mild hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) with selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) in open arch procedure provides comparable perioperative results to moderate HCA for patients with dissected or degenerative arch pathologies.

Methods: Between January 2017 and September 2020, a total of 88 consecutive patients (mean age 47±11 years, 71 males) underwent open arch repair under a single surgeon at our institution with mild or moderate systemic hypothermia assisted by unilateral or bilateral SCP. Patients were divided into groups according to the nasopharyngeal temperature at the beginning of HCA: a moderate HCA group (n=47, 53.4%) and a mild HCA group (n=41, 46.6%). The postoperative mortality, morbidity, and visceral organ functions between these groups were analyzed retrospectively.

Results: Compared to the moderate HCA group, the mild HCA group had a significantly higher core temperature (nasopharynx: 24.4±0.8 28.5±2, P<0.001; bladder 25.9±0.9 30±1.2, P<0.001), and the incidence of major adverse events (MAE) in this group was markedly lower (21.3% 4.9%, P=0.031). No differences were identified between the two groups refer to in-hospital mortality, permanent neurological deficit (PND), temporary neurological deficit (TND), and paraplegia (8.5% 2.4%, P=0.366; 8.5% 0, P=0.120; 6.4% 7.3%, P=1.0; 4.3% 2.4%, P=1.0, respectively). In the moderate HCA group, 6 patients (12.8%) developed acute renal failure needing replacement therapy, which did not occur in the mild HCA group (P=0.028). The duration of ventilator support and intensive care unit stay was shorter in the mild HCA group, as well as a decreased volume of drainage during the first 24 h and reduced platelet transfusion.

Conclusions: The preliminary results of the mild HCA group with SCP applied in open arch repair, mainly in total arch replacement (TAR) and stented elephant trunk (SET) implantation for aortic dissection, were satisfactory. Furthermore, comparable inferior outcomes were obtained with mild HCA compared with that of the conventional moderate HCA strategy. These encouraging surgical and postoperative results favor this more aggressive hypothermia strategy in open arch repair.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd-20-3550DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7947532PMC
February 2021

Cardiopulmonary bypass duration is an independent predictor of adverse outcome in surgical repair for acute type A aortic dissection.

J Int Med Res 2020 Nov;48(11):300060520968450

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, and Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the duration of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and stroke or early death in patients with acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) receiving total aortic arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk procedure (TAR with FET).

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 258 consecutive patients was conducted at Beijing Anzhen Hospital from December 2014 to June 2016. Patients who received TAR with FET for ATAAD were included. An adverse outcome (AO) was defined as 30-day mortality or stroke. Additionally, an AO was compared using propensity score matching.

Results: The incidence of AO was 13.6% (n = 35). The 30-day mortality rate was 10.8% and the stroke rate was 9.3%. Patients were aged 47.9 ± 10.6 years old. The duration of CPB was an independent predictor of occurrence of AO after adjusting for confounding factors by multivariable logistic regression analysis (odds ratio 1.101, 95% confidence interval 1.003-1.208). In matched analysis, CPB duration remained a risk factor of AO.

Conclusions: The duration of CPB is an independent predictor of AO in surgical repair for ATAAD. The underlying mechanisms of this association are important for developing improved prevention strategies.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060520968450DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7683928PMC
November 2020

Management of acute type A aortic dissection during COVID-19 outbreak: Experience from Anzhen.

J Card Surg 2021 May 16;36(5):1659-1664. Epub 2020 Sep 16.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China.

Objectives: We seek to report our management protocol and early outcomes of acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) repair during the early phase of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Methods: From January 23 to April 30, 2020, we performed ATAAD repair for 33 patients, including three with pregnancy-related TAADs. Confirmation of COVID-19 depended on the results of two nucleic acid tests and pulmonary computed tomography scan. Based on testing results and hemodynamic stability, patients were triaged to an isolated intensive care unit or negative pressure operating room for emergency surgery.

Results: Mean age 50.2 ± 13.3 years and 20 were male (60.1%) and 8 patients were febrile (>37.3°C; 24.2%) and 17 were lymphopenic (51.5%). No patient was excluded from COVID-19 infection preoperatively. Extensive aortic repair with total arch replacement (TAR) was performed in 24 (72.7%), and limited proximal repair in 9 patients (27.3%). Cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamp times averaged 177 ± 34 and 88 ± 20 min for TAR, and 150 ± 30 and 83 ± 18 min for hemiarch, respectively. The mean operation time was 410 ± 68.3 min. Operative mortality was 6.1% (2/33). Complications included reintubation in four (12.1%), acute kidney failure in two (6.1%), and cerebral infarction in one (3.0%). No paraplegia nor re-exploration for bleeding occurred. COVID-19 was excluded in 100% eventually. No nosocomial infection occurred. Nor did any patient/surgical staff develop fever or test positive during the study period.

Conclusions: The results of this study show that our management protocol based on testing results and hemodynamic stability in patients with ATAAD during the COVID-19 pandemic was effective and achieved favorable early surgical outcomes.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.15041DOI Listing
May 2021

Different hypothermic and cerebral perfusion strategies in extended arch replacement for acute type a aortic dissection: a retrospective comparative study.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2020 Sep 7;15(1):236. Epub 2020 Sep 7.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, and Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, 100029, China.

Background: The optimal hypothermic level in total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation for acute type A aortic dissection (aTAAD) has not been established, and the superiority of unilateral or bilateral cerebral perfusion remains a controversial issue. Therefore, we evaluated the application of moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest (MHCA) with a core temperature of 29 °C and bilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion in aTAAD treated by total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation.

Methods: From July 2019 to January 2020, 25 aTAAD patients underwent total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation via MHCA (29 °C) and bilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (modified group). Thirty-six patients treated by the same procedure with MHCA (25 °C) and unilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion during this period were selected as controls.

Results: There were no differences between the two groups of patients in terms of age, sex, incidence of hypertension, malperfusion, and pericardial effusion, although the incidence of cardiac tamponade was higher in the modified group (control 2.8%, modified 20%; P = 0.038). The lowest mean circulatory arrest temperature was 24.6 ± 0.9 °C in the control group, and 29 ± 0.8 °C in the modified group (P <  0.001). In-hospital mortality was 4.9% (3/61) for the entire cohort (control 8.3%, modified 0; P = 0.262). The incidence of permanent neurologic deficit was 4.9% (control 8.3%, modified 0; P = 0.262). There were no significant differences in the occurrence of temporary neurological deficit, renal failure, and paraplegia between groups. The rate of major adverse events in the modified group was lower (30.6% vs. 4%, P = 0.019). A shorter duration of ventilation and ICU stay was identified in the modified group, as well as a reduced volume of drainage within the first 48 h and red blood cell transfusion.

Conclusions: The early results of MHCA (29 °C) and bilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion applied in total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation for aTAAD were acceptable, providing similar inferior cerebral and visceral protection compared with that of the conventional strategy. A higher core temperature may account for the shorter duration of ventilation and ICU stay, as well as a reduced volume of drainage and red blood cell transfusion.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-020-01284-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7487476PMC
September 2020

Relationship Between Renal Function and Renal Artery Involvement in Acute Debakey Type I Aortic Dissection.

Heart Surg Forum 2020 Jul 7;23(4):E465-E469. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: The aim of this study was to analyse the differences in renal function among various types of renal artery involvement in acute Debakey Type I aortic dissection.

Methods: From January 2016 to January 2018, 304 consecutive patients with acute Debakey type I aortic dissection with renal artery involvement were included. According to computed tomography angiography (CTA) findings, renal artery involvement on one side can be classified into four types: type A, in which a large intimal tear is near the renal artery orifice; type B, the orifice of the renal artery originates entirely from the false lumen; type C, the orifice of the renal artery originates entirely from the true lumen; and type D, a renal artery dissection is observed. All patients underwent aortic repair.

Results: The average age was 46.98±10.64 years. The types of bilateral renal artery involvement were as follows: AB type, four patients (1.32%); AC type, 38 patients (12.50%); AD type, three patients (0.99%); BB type, 13 patients (4.28%); BC type, 140 patients (46.05%); BD type, four patients (1.32%); CC type, 76 patients (25.00%); and CD type, 26 patients (8.55%). One-way ANOVA showed that there was no significant difference in serum creatinine (P = .57) and creatinine clearance rate (P = .08) between the groups. A statistically significant difference in age, gender, body mass index, hypertension history and aortic dissection onset time also was not observed (P > .05). The overall incidence of KDIGO acute kidney injury (AKI) was 49.67%. There was no significant difference in AKI incidence between different types of renal artery involvement after aortic surgery (P = .39). For patients needing renal replacement therapy, CTA showed that enhancement of renal cortex in the arterial phase was low and the boundary between the cortex and medulla was unclear in bilateral kidneys.

Conclusion: The types of renal artery involvement did not affect renal function in the acute phase.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1532/hsf.3023DOI Listing
July 2020

Is the frozen elephant trunk technique justified for chronic type A aortic dissection in Marfan syndrome?

Ann Cardiothorac Surg 2020 May;9(3):197-208

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, and Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing 100029, China.

Background: Chronic type A aortic dissection (cTAAD) in Marfan syndrome (MFS) is rare. Surgical experience is limited and the role of frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique remains undefined. We seek to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the total arch replacement (TAR) and FET technique for cTAAD in MFS.

Methods: The clinical data of sixty-eight patients with MFS undergoing FET and TAR for cTAAD were analyzed.

Results: Mean age was 35.8±9.7 years and thirty-nine were male (57.4%). Operative mortality was 10.3% (7/68). Stroke occurred in one (1.5%), re-exploration for bleeding in five (7.3%), low cardiac output in four (5.9%), and acute renal failure in two (2.9%). Follow-up was complete in 100% (61/61) at mean 7.3±4.0 years. The false lumen was obliterated in 73.5% across FET and 50.0% in unstented descending aorta (DAo). Distal dilation occurred in twenty patients, six of whom underwent thoracoabdominal aortic replacement, one abdominal aortic replacement and one thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Late death occurred in five. At ten years, 59.8% were free from distal aortic dilation, and the incidences were 23.2% for death, 14.4% for distal reoperation, and 62.4% for reoperation-free survival. Predictors for operative mortality were extra-anatomic bypass [odds ratio (OR), 229.592; P=0.036], preoperative maximal size (DMax) of aortic sinuses (mm) (OR, 1.134; P=0.032) and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time (minute) (OR, 1.061; P=0.041). Risk factors for aortic dilatation included patent false lumen at diaphragmatic hiatus [hazard ratio (HR), 5.374; P=0.008], preoperative DMax (mm) of proximal DAo (HR, 1.068; P=0.001) and renal arteries (HR, 1.102; P=0.005) which also predicted distal reoperation (HR, 1.149; P=0.001). The time from onset to operation (day) (HR, 1.002; P=0.004) and CPB time (minute) (HR, 1.032; P=0.036) predicted late death.

Conclusions: This study shows that the TAR and FET technique is a safe and durable approach to cTAAD in patients with MFS. The operation should be performed as early as possible to optimize clinical outcomes.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/acs.2020.03.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298250PMC
May 2020

Clinical characteristics and risk factors for fatal outcome of patients receiving Sun's procedure after previous cardiac surgery.

Asian J Surg 2021 Jan 30;44(1):87-92. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, 100029, Beijing, China.

Background: Cardiac reoperation has always been a difficult problem in clinical practice. Because of the difficulty of operation, the incidence of complications and mortality rate is high. Secondary aortic surgery, especially the reoperation involving arch, has higher risk and is more difficult for patients with renal failure. Sun's operation (total arch replacement + stent elephant nose) has achieved good results in the treatment of diseases involving aortic arch, and occupies an important position in the treatment of patients with secondary arch lesions after cardiac surgery.

Methods: A total of 395 patients with a history of cardiac surgery were recorded in our center from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2017, among whom 118 (30.1%) patients underwent aortic reoperation via the original incision using Sun's aortic procedure owing to postoperative great vessel disease. We analyzed the clinical data and survival time, and used Cox regression to analyze the risk factors for 30-day mortality as well as long term mortality.

Results: The interval between the last operation and the present operation was 0.08-19 years. Sixteen patients died within 30 days after operation and the average mortality rate was 13.6%. During the follow-up period, 28 patients died, with the mortality rate of 23.7%. As of December 31, 2017, the longest survival time was 9.36 years, and the survival time of 70 patients was more than 3.05 years. The main risk factor associated with the 30-day survival was cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time. The longer the CPB time was, the greater the risk of death was. The main risk factors associated with the long-term survival were CPB time and 24-h bleeding volume. The longer the CPB time was, the more the 24-h bleeding volume was, the higher long-term mortality rate was.

Conclusion: The second Sun's operation, as a surgical treatment after cardiac surgery, showed a high survival rate, with long survival time and good curative effect. CPB is the main risk factor for the 30-day survival state after operation, and CPB time and 24-h bleeding volume are the main risk factors for the long-term survival state after operation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2020.03.014DOI Listing
January 2021

Aortic dissection during pregnancy and postpartum in patients with Marfan syndrome: a 21-year clinical experience in 30 patients.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2020 08;58(2):294-301

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objectives: Pregnancy-related aortic dissection (AoD) in Marfan syndrome is a lethal catastrophe. Due to its rarity and limited clinical experience, there is no consensus regarding the optimal management strategy. We seek to present our 21-year experience in such patients , focusing on management strategies and early and late outcomes.

Methods: Between 1998 and 2019, we managed 30 pregnant women with Marfan syndrome (mean age 30.7 ± 4.3 years) who sustained AoD at a mean of 28.3 ± 8.8 weeks of gestation (GWs). AoD was acute in 21 (70%), type A (TAAD) in 24 (80%) and type B (TBAD) in 6 (20%). Fourteen TAADs (58.3%, 14/24) and 2 TBADs (33.3%, 2/6) occurred in the third trimester or postpartum. The maximal aortic size was < 45 mm in 26.7% (8/30; 3 TAADs, 5 TBADs). Management strategy was based on the types of dissection and GWs (i.e. surgical versus medical treatment, surgery or delivery first).

Results: TAADs were treated medically in 1 and surgically in 23. The timing of delivery and surgery were caesarean first at 35.4 ± 6.1 GWs in 7 (29.2%), followed by surgery after mean 46 days; single-stage C-section and surgery at 32.0 ± 5.0 GWs in 10 (41.7%); and surgery first at 18.0 ± 5.8 GWs in 6 (25%), followed by C-section after 20 days. Maternal and foetal mortality were 28.6% (2/7) and 14.3% (1/7), 10.0% (1/10) and 20.0% (2/10) and 16.7% (1/6) and 83.3% (5/6), respectively. Five TBADs (83.3%) were managed with C-section followed by surgery in 2 and medical treatment in 3. The respective maternal and foetal mortality were 50% (1/2) and 100% (2/2) and 33.3% (1/3) and 33.3% (1/3), respectively. One TBAD was managed surgically first followed by C-section, resulting in maternal survival and foetal death. Follow-up was complete in 95.8% (23/24) at 3.7 ± 2.9 years. Four late deaths occurred and reoperation was performed in 1 patient. Maternal and foetal survival were 64.3% and 54.1% at 6 years, respectively.

Conclusions: Management of AoD in pregnant women with Marfan syndrome should be based on types of dissection (surgical versus medical) and gestational age (delivery or surgery first), which largely determine maternal and foetal survival. Aortic repair should be considered prior to conception in women with Marfan syndrome even at diameters smaller than recommended by current guidelines.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezaa048DOI Listing
August 2020

Repair of Type Ia Endoleaks Involving the Distal Arch Using Left Subclavian Artery-Left Common Carotid Artery Transposition with a Stented Elephant Trunk.

Ann Vasc Surg 2020 Aug 21;67:332-337. Epub 2020 Mar 21.

Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases & Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Type Ia endoleaks are common after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). However, the repair of type Ia endoleaks involving the distal arch is challenging because of the presence of the interventional endografts, potential damage to the aortic arch vessels, and the location and size of the aneurysmal body. We retrospectively reviewed our experience of the surgical treatment of type Ia endoleaks with distal arch involvement using left subclavian artery (LSCA)-left common carotid artery (LCCA) transposition with a stented elephant trunk.

Methods: Sixteen patients (male = 16; mean age, 47 ± 9 years, range 31-63 years) with type Ia endoleaks involving the distal arch underwent LSCA-LCCA transposition with a stented elephant trunk from July 2010 to July 2018. TEVAR failure occurred in 12 patients, re-TEVAR was performed in two patients, hybrid aortic arch repair in one patient, and the chimney technique in one patient.

Results: There were no in-hospital deaths. Fourteen patients required mechanical ventilation for <24 h and one for <48 h. One patient required reintubation after mechanical ventilation for 19 h and continuous renal replacement therapy because of renal failure. One patient received pericardial drainage, and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury occurred in one patient. Three patients died during follow-up.

Conclusions: The LSCA-LCCA transposition with a stented elephant trunk can produce satisfactory results in patients with a type Ia endoleak involving the distal arch. Using this technique, it is possible to exclude the aneurysm sac distal to the LCCA origin and seclude the failed interventional endograft. These encouraging outcomes suggested that this technique could be a suitable surgical treatment for this type of lesion.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2020.03.015DOI Listing
August 2020

Extended repair for acute type A aortic dissection: long-term outcomes of the frozen elephant trunk technique beyond 10 years.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2020 Jun 18;61(3):292-300. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Long-term data are scarce regarding the efficacy of extended repair for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) using the frozen elephant trunk and total arch replacement (FET + TAR) technique. We seek to evaluate our single-center experience with the FET + TAR technique in patients with ATAAD, focusing on early and long-term survival and reoperation.

Methods: The early and long-term outcomes of FET + TAR were analyzed for 518 patients with ATAAD operated on between April 2003 and December 2012. Mean age 46.2±10.5 years and 426 were male (82.2%). The mean time from symptomatic onset to surgery was 4.8±3.7 days. Malperfusion occurred in 66 (12.7%) and Marfan syndrome (MFS) in 51 (9.8%). Bentall procedure was performed in 153 (29.5%), aortic cusp resuspension in 82 (15.8%), root remodeling (uni- or bi-Yacoub) in 19 (3.7%), ascending aortic replacement in 22 (4.2%) and extra-anatomic bypass in 15 patients (2.9%). The times of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), cross-clamp and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion were 201±50, 112±34, and 26±10 minutes, respectively.

Results: Operative mortality rate was 7.5% (39/518). Spinal cord injury occurred in 2.5% (13/518), stroke in 2.9% (15/518), re-exploration for bleeding in 2.5% (13/518) and acute kidney injury in 4.6% (24/518). Early reintervention with thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) was performed in 3 (0.6%). Follow-up was complete in 98.7% (473/479) at mean 9.0±4.8 years (range 0.2-16.2). Late death occurred in 74, distal dilation in 31 and distal new entry in 9 patients. Late reoperation was performed in 31 patients, including TEVAR in 12, thoracoabdominal aortic replacement in 9, abdominal aortic replacement in 2, and anastomotic leak repair in 5. Survival and freedom from distal reoperation were 77.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] 72.9-81.1%) and 69.8% (95% CI 63.4-75.3%), and 92.9% (95% CI 89.9-95.0%) and 92.9% (95% CI 89.9-95.0%) at 10 and 15 years, respectively. Competing risks analysis showed that at 12 years, the incidence was 28.0% for death, 8.5% for distal reoperation, and 63.5% of patients were alive without reoperation. Multivariable analyses found that CPB time (in minutes) (odds ratio [OR], 1.011; 95% CI 1.006-1.017; P<0.001) and malperfusion syndrome (binary) (OR 2.291; 95% CI 1.283-6.650; P=0.011) were predictive of operative mortality, while multiple malperfusion predicted late death (hazard ratio, HR 6.815; 95% CI 2.447-18.984; P<0.001). Risk factors for late death and distal reoperation included MFS (HR, 1.824; 95% CI 1.078-3.087; P=0.025) and malperfusion (HR, 1.787; 95% CI 1.042-3.064; P=0.035).

Conclusions: In this large series of patients with ATAAD, the FET + TAR technique has achieved favorable early and long-term survival and freedom from reoperation up to 15 years. Marfan syndrome and malperfusion syndrome were risk factors for early and late mortality and distal reoperation. This study adds long-term evidence supporting the use of the FET + TAR technique in patients with ATAAD involving the arch and descending aorta.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.20.11293-XDOI Listing
June 2020

Total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk for aortic dissection in aberrant right subclavian artery.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2020 07;58(1):104-111

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China.

Objectives: Aortic dissection (AoD) in the presence of an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) is very rare. Clinical experience is limited, and there is no consensus regarding the optimal management strategy. We seek to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the total arch replacement (TAR) and frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique as an approach to AoD in patients with ARSA by retrospectively analysing our single-centre experience.

Methods: From 2009 to 2017, we performed TAR + FET for 22 patients with ARSA sustaining AoD (13 acute, 59.1%). The mean age was 46.0 years [standard deviation (SD) 8.3], and 19 patients were male (86.4%). ARSA orifice was dilated in 15 (68.2%) patients, and a Kommerall diverticulum was diagnosed in 13 (59.1%) patients with a mean diameter of 21.8 mm (SD 7.7; range 15-40). Surgery was performed via femoral and right/left carotid cannulation under hypothermic circulatory arrest at 25°C. The ARSA was reconstructed using a separate branched graft.

Results: ARSA was closed proximally by ligation in 16 (72.7%) patients, direct suture in 4 (18.2%) patients and both in 2 (9.1%) patients. Operative mortality was 13.6% (3/22). Type Ib endoleak occurred in 1 (4.5%) patient at 8 days. Follow-up was complete in 100% at mean 4.2 years (SD 2.0), during which 3 late deaths and 1 reintervention for type II endoleak occurred. Survival was 81.8% and 76.4% at 3 and 5 years, respectively. Freedom from reoperation was 89.2% up to 8 years. In competing risks analysis, the incidence was 22.1% for death, 10.8% for reoperation and 67.1% for event-free survival at 5 years. The false lumen, ARSA orifice and Kommerall diverticulum were obliterated in 100%. Grafts were patent in 100%. No patients experienced cerebral ischaemia and upper extremity claudication. Hypothermic circulatory arrest time (min) was sole predictor for death and aortic reintervention (hazard ratio 1.168, 95% confidence interval 1.011-1.348; P = 0.034).

Conclusions: The TAR and FET technique is a safe and efficacious approach to AoD in patients with ARSA. Modifications of routine TAR + FET techniques are essential to successful repair, including femoral and right/left carotid artery cannulation, ligation of ARSA on the right side of the trachea and ARSA reconstruction with a separate graft.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezaa029DOI Listing
July 2020

Can Frozen Elephant Trunk Cure Type I Dissection Confined to Thoracic Aorta in Marfan Syndrome?

Ann Thorac Surg 2020 04 5;109(4):1174-1182. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, and the Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China; Fu Wai Hospital and Cardiovascular Institute, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: This study sought to evaluate the long-term impact of frozen elephant trunk (FET) on the distal aorta of patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) who had type I dissection confined to the thoracic aorta (above the diaphragmatic hiatus).

Methods: Between 2003 and 2016, 42 patients with MFS (Ghent or revised Ghent criteria) (age 33.3 ± 8.9 years; 27 men; 64.3%) sustaining type I dissection above the diaphragmatic hiatus involving the aortic arch (22 acute; 52.4%) underwent total arch replacement and FET. Dissection extended distally to the mid-descending aorta in 32 (76%) and to above the diaphragmatic hiatus in 10 (24%) patients. Operative mortality was 4.8% (2 of 42). Follow-up was 100% at 6.3 ± 3.0 years.

Results: Maximal aortic sizes at the mid-descending aorta, diaphragmatic hiatus, renal arteries, and largest segment of abdominal aorta were 22.8, 21.1, 19.1, and 19.9 mm preoperatively and 23.1, 22.0, 19.8, and 22.4 mm on the latest computed tomographic angiography. Dilation and complete remodeling of the distal aorta occurred in 10.0% (4 of 40) and 90% (36 of 40) of patients, respectively. One late death occurred, and 3 distal reoperations were performed. Preoperative abdominal aortic maximal aortic size was predictive of distal dilatation (mm) (hazard ratio, 1.78; P = .021) and reoperation (≥25 mm vs <25 mm) (hazard ratio, 12.88; P = .037). At 10 years, freedom from dilation, reoperation, and death were 69.8%, 78.1%, and 90.0%, respectively. At 8 years, the rates of death, reoperation, and reoperation-free survival were 10%, 11%, and 79%, respectively.

Conclusions: The FET technique has a positive remodeling impact on type I dissection confined to the thoracic aorta in patients with MFS. This study adds evidence supporting the safety and durability of this extended approach for type I aortic dissection in MFS.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2019.07.051DOI Listing
April 2020

Surgical repair of cervical aortic arch: An alternative classification scheme based on experience in 35 patients.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2020 06 18;159(6):2202-2213.e4. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing Engineering Research Center of Vascular Prostheses, Beijing, China.

Objective: Cervical aortic arch (CAA) is rare and difficult to repair. Clinical experience is limited. We report the surgical techniques and midterm outcomes in 35 patients with CAA based on an alternative classification scheme.

Methods: Of 35 patients with CAA, 30 (85.7%) had left-sided aortic arch and 5 had (14.3%) right-sided aortic arch (all 5 had a vascular ring). Mean age was 34.2 ± 13.1 years, 23 were female (65.7%), and 18 were asymptomatic (51.4%). Surgical access and procedure were chosen according to an alternative classification scheme that is based on the presence or absence of vascular ring and relationship of descending aorta to the side of the aortic arch. In the left-sided aortic arch group, aortic arch reconstruction though median sternotomy was performed in 15 patients, and distal arch and descending thoracic aortic replacement via left thoracotomy in 15 patients. In the right-sided aortic arch group, ascending-to-descending aortic bypass was done via median sternotomy in 2 patients and right thoracotomy in 1, and distal arch and descending thoracic aortic replacement via right thoracotomy in 2 patients.

Results: Neither death nor spinal cord injury occurred. Left recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, prolonged ventilation, and reexploration for bleeding occurred in 1 each. In 11 patients with coarctation, the upper-lower limb gradient decreased significantly postoperatively (from 34.0 ± 12.7 to 10.2 ± 2.7 mm Hg; P < .01). The diseased aortic segment was excluded in 34 patients, except 1 with residual aneurysm in the proximal descending thoracic aorta. Follow-up was complete in 100% at mean 4.4 ± 2.0 years. No late death, limb ischemia, or stroke occurred. Endovascular repair was performed in 1 patient, and ascending aortic dilation occurred in 1 patient. The residual aorta remained nondilated in 33 patients. Aortic grafts were patent in 100%, with no anastomotic leak or pseudoaneurysm. At 6 years, the incidences of death, aortic events, and event-free survival were 0%, 6.5%, and 93.5%, respectively.

Conclusions: Open repair of CAA can achieve favorable early and midterm outcomes. Surgical accesses and procedures should be chosen based on type of CAA, anatomic variations and associated anomalies. Our alternative categorization scheme of CAA is intuitive and comprehensive, which may facilitate classification and surgical decision making.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2019.03.143DOI Listing
June 2020

Analysis of perioperative outcome and long-term survival rate of thoracic endovascular aortic repair in uncomplicated type B dissection: single-centre experience with 751 patients.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Dec;56(6):1090-1096

Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung & Vascular Diseases, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objectives: To study the perioperative outcomes and long-term survival rates in patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for uncomplicated type B dissection.

Methods: A total of 751 patients with uncomplicated type B dissection who underwent TEVAR at our centre between May 2001 and December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age of all patients (619 males and 132 females) was 52.8 ± 10.9 years. The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 170 months (median 70 months).

Results: Five patients died during the perioperative period (mortality rate 0.7%). Four patients (0.5%) developed retrograde type A dissection. Two patients (0.3%) developed paraplegia and 1 patient developed incomplete paralysis (0.1%). There were no postoperative cerebral infarctions. The 5- and 10-year survival rates were 96.5% [95% confidence interval (CI) 95.0-98.0%] and 83.0% (95% CI 77.9-88.4%), respectively. The 5- and 10-year reintervention rates were 4.6% (95% CI 3.0-6.2%) and 7.9% (95% CI 5.3-10.5%), respectively.

Conclusions: Although the application of TEVAR for patients with uncomplicated dissection is still under debate, many patients who have undergone TEVAR have benefitted substantially from the treatment. Our data showed that TEVAR had low mortality and complication rates both in the short- and long-term follow-up periods. TEVAR may be considered as a first choice for patients with uncomplicated type B dissection.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezz131DOI Listing
December 2019

Acute Aortic Dissection in Young Adult Patients: Clinical Characteristics, Management, and Perioperative Outcomes.

J Invest Surg 2020 Mar 25;33(3):211-217. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, and Beijing Engineering Research Center of Vascular Prostheses, Beijing, China.

Acute aorta dissection (AD) is a fatal emergency, however, studies addressing the clinical characteristics, management, and outcome of acute AD in young adult patients aged under 45 years in China are very few. A retrospective study including 490 patients with acute AD as the final diagnosis was conducted. Patients' demographics, clinical characteristics, medical history, and laboratory and diagnostic imaging findings were retrieved from medical records. The median age of young adult patients with acute AD was 38 years old with an interquartile range from 33 to 41. Male and smoker constituted 84.49% and 50.61% of the cohort, respectively. Hypertension was found in 54.49%, while Marfan syndrome was seen in 4.29% of the patients. Abrupt onset of chest or back pain was the most common symptoms (85.31%), while altered consciousness, coma and oliguria were less reported. Most patients (89.39%) were managed with surgical interventions. Typical complications (central nervous system complications, spinal cord ischemia, myocardial ischemia/infarction, mesenteric ischemia/infarction and acute renal failure) were seen in a small portion of treated patients during perioperative period. For in-hospital mortality there were 24 (∼5%) cases recorded. Correlation analysis indicated that perioperative complications were associated with the length of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) ( < 0.0001), and mortality after surgery correlated history of prior cardiac surgery ( = 0.043). CPB and prior cardiac surgery were associated with perioperative complications and mortality after surgery, respectively. The findings are valuable to the further refinement of diagnosis and surgical management of patients with acute aortic dissection.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08941939.2018.1489916DOI Listing
March 2020

Renal malperfusion affects operative mortality rather than late death following acute type A aortic dissection repair.

Asian J Surg 2020 Jan 14;43(1):213-219. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing Engineering Research Center of Vascular Prostheses, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of our study was to assess how much renal malperfusion increases the risk of early and late mortality in patients with acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) undergoing surgical repair.

Methods: This study included 218 patients with ATAAD undergoing surgical repair using the total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk technique. Mean age was 47.8 ± 10.7 years and 170 were male (78.0%). Based on clinical symptoms and computed tomographic angiography (CTA) findings, 48 patients were diagnosed with preoperative renal malperfusion (22.0%). Clinical data were compared between two groups. The impact of renal malperfusion on operative and late mortality were evaluated with Cox regression.

Results: Patients with renal malperfusion experienced significantly higher incidences of persistent postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI; 10/48, 20.8% vs 7/170, 4.1%; p < 0.001) and transient AKI (10/48, 20.8% vs 8/170, 4.7%; p = 0.001) as well as operative mortality (22.9%, 11/48 vs 8.3%, 14/170; p = 0.023). Five-year survival was significantly lower in the renal malperfusion group (72.9% vs 87.0%, p = 0.003). Renal malperfusion was the risk factor for operative mortality (hazard ratio, HR, 2.74; 95% CI, 1.07-6.99; p = 0.035) and overall mortality (HR, 2.64; 95% CI, 1.23-5.67; p = 0.013) but did not predict late death (HR, 2.46; 95% CI, 0.65-9.35; p = 0.187).

Conclusion: Renal malperfusion increases the risk of operative mortality by 3 times but did not affect late death in patients undergoing acute type A dissection repair.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2019.02.004DOI Listing
January 2020

Application of the "branch-first technique" in Sun's procedure.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb;132(4):495-497

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, China.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6595728PMC
February 2019

Fate of distal aorta after frozen elephant trunk and total arch replacement for type A aortic dissection in Marfan syndrome.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Mar 24;157(3):835-849. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, and Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China; Fu Wai Hospital and Cardiovascular Institute, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The use of the frozen elephant trunk technique for type A aortic dissection in Marfan syndrome is limited by the lack of imaging evidence for long-term aortic remodeling. We seek to evaluate the changes of the distal aorta and late outcomes after frozen elephant trunk and total arch replacement for type A aortic dissection in patients with Marfan syndrome.

Methods: Between 2003 and 2015, we performed frozen elephant trunk + total arch replacement for 172 patients with Marfan syndrome suffering from type A aortic dissection (94 acute; 78 chronic). Mean age was 34.6 ± 9.3 years, and 121 were male (70.3%). Early mortality was 8.1% (14/172), and follow-up was complete in 98.7% (156/158) at a mean of 6.2 ± 3.3 years. Aortic dilatation was defined as a maximal diameter of greater than 50 mm or an average growth rate of greater than 5 mm/year at any segment detected by computed tomographic angiography. Temporal changes in the false and true lumens and maximal aortic size were analyzed with linear mixed modeling.

Results: After surgery, false lumen obliteration occurred in 86%, 39%, 26%, and 21% at the frozen elephant trunk, unstented descending aorta, diaphragm, and renal artery, respectively. The true lumen expanded significantly over time at all segments (P < .001), whereas the false lumen shrank at the frozen elephant trunk (P < .001) and was stable at distal levels (P > .05). Maximal aortic size was stable at the frozen elephant trunk and renal artery (P > .05), but grew at the descending aorta (P = .001) and diaphragm (P < .001). Respective maximal aortic sizes before discharge were 40.2 mm, 32.1 mm, 31.6 mm, and 26.9 mm, and growth rate was 0.4 mm/year, 2.8 mm/year, 3.6 mm/year, and 2.6 mm/year. By the latest follow-up, distal maximal aortic size was stable in 63.5% (99/156), and complete remodeling down to the mid-descending aorta occurred in 28.8% (45/156). There were 22 late deaths and 23 distal reoperations. Eight-year incidence of death was 15%, reoperation rate was 20%, and event-free survival was 65%. Preoperative distal maximal aortic size (mm) predicted dilatation (hazard ratio, 1.11; P < .001) and reoperation (hazard ratio, 1.07; P < .001). A patent false lumen in the descending aorta predicted dilatation (hazard ratio, 3.88; P < .001), reoperation (hazard ratio, 3.36; P = .014), and late death (hazard ratio, 3.31; P = .045).

Conclusions: The frozen elephant trunk technique can expand the true lumen across the aorta, decrease or stabilize the false lumen, and stabilize the distal aorta in patients with Marfan syndrome with type A aortic dissection, thereby inducing favorable remodeling in the distal aorta. This study adds long-term clinical and radiologic evidence supporting the use of the frozen elephant trunk technique for type A dissection in Marfan syndrome.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.07.096DOI Listing
March 2019

Distal Stent Graft-Induced New Entry After TEVAR of Type B Aortic Dissection: Experience in 15 Years.

Ann Thorac Surg 2019 03 4;107(3):718-724. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University and Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Bejing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Experience is limited with distal stent graft-induced new entry (SINE) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) of type B dissection (TBAD). We report the management strategy and outcomes in such patients.

Methods: Clinical data were analyzed for 95 patients (age, 53.2 ± 10.9 years; 82 men) who presented with distal SINE after TEVAR for TBAD.

Results: Follow-up was 100% for 7.2 ± 3 years after primary TEVAR. Distal SINE occurred at a mean of 2.7 ± 2.4 years. Re-TEVAR was performed for 78, with routine stent grafts in 64 and a more tapered graft in 14. Three patients were managed surgically and 14 medically. Two patients died after re-TEVAR. During follow-up at 5.8 ± 2.9 years, late death occurred in 19 patients, 7 with medical therapy and 12 with re-TEVAR. Distal SINE recurred in 11 at 3.5 ± 1.7 years after re-TEVAR. Reintervention significantly improved survival up to 8 years compared with medical therapy (88.3% vs 63.5%, p = 0.001). In 64 patients with routine stent grafts, mortality was 24%, distal SINE recurred in 20%, and recurrence-free survival was 56% at 6 years. Neither death nor recurrence of SINE occurred in 14 patients with a more tapered stent graft. Predictors for distal SINE after primary TEVAR were stent graft length (hazard ratio, 0.984; p = 0.037) and chronic phase (hazard ratio, 1.725; p = 0.049).

Conclusions: In TBAD patients with distal SINE after TEVAR, reintervention with re-TEVAR could improve long-term survival significantly. Recurrence of distal SINE was high after re-TEVAR using routine stent grafts. More tapered stent grafts may be helpful in preventing the recurrence of distal SINE.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2018.09.043DOI Listing
March 2019

One-Stage Repair of Adult Aortic Coarctation and Concomitant Cardiac Diseases: Ascending to Abdominal Aorta Extra-Anatomical Bypass Combined with Cardiac Surgery.

Heart Lung Circ 2019 Nov 22;28(11):1740-1746. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: To evaluate one-stage repair with ascending to abdominal aorta extra-anatomical bypass combined with cardiac surgery for adult aortic coarctation (COA) concomitant with cardiac diseases.

Methods: Between February 2009 and September 2016, 24 consecutive patients (79.17% male, mean age 36.04±13.67years) with COA and concomitant cardiac diseases underwent one-stage repair (ascending to abdominal aorta extra-anatomical bypass combined with cardiac surgery). Two (2) patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery surgery combined with ascending to abdominal aorta bypass did not require cardiopulmonary bypass. Twenty-two (22) patients underwent one-stage repair under cardiopulmonary bypass.

Results: No in-hospital mortality was observed. There was a significant reduction in baseline systolic blood pressure from 159.80±23.58 to 127.0±6.86mmHg. Mean upper-lower limb blood gradient pressure decreased significantly from 37.80±8.73 to 11.47±2.12mmHg after surgery. Two (2) patients required prolonged mechanical ventilation for respiratory dysfunction. One patient needed temporary continuous renal replacement therapy. No re-exploration for bleeding and gastrointestinal complications was needed. There was no postoperative paraplegia or permanent neurological abnormalities. Grafts were patent for all patients and no graft-related complications were observed in the hospital. Median follow-up was 41.50 months (interquartile range [IQR] 16.75-64.50 months) and 6-year survival was 76.39%. Median number of antihypertensive drugs was 0 (IQR 0-1), which was a significant reduction compared with preoperative drugs (2, IQR 1-3).

Conclusions: Ascending to abdominal extra-anatomical aorta bypass combined with cardiac surgery is a safe and effective one-stage repair technique for patients with COA concomitant with cardiac diseases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2018.08.024DOI Listing
November 2019

Total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk for type A aortic dissection after Bentall procedure in Marfan syndrome.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Apr;10(4):2377-2387

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing Engineering Research Center of Vascular Prostheses, Beijing 100029, China.

Background: We seek to report the long-term outcomes of the total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk (TAR + FET) technique for type A aortic dissection (TAAD) following prior Bentall procedure in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS).

Methods: Between 2003 and 2015, we performed TAR + FET for 26 patients with MFS who developed TAAD following a prior Bentall procedure. Mean age at FET 36.9±9.7 years and 24 were males. TAAD was acute in 8 (30.8%, all new dissections from precious root aneurysm) and chronic in 18 (69.2%, 15 residual and 3 new). The interval from Bentall procedure to FET averaged 6.4±5.8 years, which was significantly longer in the acute group (10.3±6.3 4.6±4.9, P=0.021). The early and long-term outcomes were compared between two groups and risk factors identified for late adverse events.

Results: Operative mortality was 11.5% (3/26). Stroke, lower limb ischemia and reexploration for bleeding occurred in 1 patient each (3.8%). Follow-up was complete in 100% (23/23) at mean 5.1±2.3 years (range, 0.9-11.2 years). The maximal diameter (DMax) of distal aorta in the chronic group was significantly greater at the unstented descending aorta [DA, (56.4±15.5 35.6±12.2 mm, P=0.006)] compared to acute patients. The false lumen was obliterated in 95.7% across the FET and 56.5% in the unstented DA. Distal aortic dilation occurred in 13 patients (11 chronic, 68.8%). Of those 11 patients, 4 underwent an open thoracoabdominal aortic repair and 3 died of distal aortic rupture. Late death occurred in 7 patients at mean 3.9±2.5 years. At 6 years, the incidence was 18% for death, 11% for distal aortic reoperation, and 71% for reoperation-free survival. Survival did not differ between two groups (75.0% 71.3%, P=0.851), while acute patients had significantly higher freedom from late rupture and reoperation at 6 years (100% . 61.9%, P=0.046). Hypertension was the sole risk factor for distal aortic dilatation [hazard ratio (HR) =7.271; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.814-29.143; P=0.005]. Risk factors for late adverse events were hypertension (HR =6.712; 95% CI, 1.201-37.503; P=0.030) and age <35 years (HR =6.760; 95% CI, 1.154-39.587; P=0.034).

Conclusions: The TAR and FET technique was feasible and efficacious for TAAD following previous Bentall procedure in patients with MFS. Early and late survival did not differ with acute and chronic dissections, while freedom from late rupture and reoperation is significantly higher in patients with acute TAAD. Patients with hypertension and aged <35 years are at higher risk for late distal aortic dilation, reoperation and death.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.03.79DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5949446PMC
April 2018

Acute Ischemic Pancreatitis Secondary to Aortic Dissection.

Ann Vasc Surg 2018 Oct 17;52:85-89. Epub 2018 May 17.

Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases and Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Acute ischemic pancreatitis secondary to aortic dissection is very rare with an unclarified mechanism. We retrospectively reviewed 6 such cases in our center and present their outcomes herein.

Methods: Between February 2009 and April 2017, 6 patients (male = 2 and female = 4; mean age, 58 ± 8 years [range, 47-70 years]) with acute aortic dissection associated with pancreatitis were admitted to our center. There were 3 type A and 3 type B dissections. One patient developed renal dysfunction and visceral organ ischemia, and 1 developed renal failure and ischemia of the lower extremity. Five patients had a history of hypertension, and 1 had diabetes mellitus.

Results: After aggressive medical treatment, 5 patients survived the acute phase of aortic dissection and acute ischemic pancreatitis. Surgery was required in 4 patients and thoracic endovascular aortic repair in 1 patient. There were no severe postoperative complications, and all 5 were discharged. One patient with acute type B dissection refused treatment and died from multiple organ failure. No complications or deaths occurred in the postoperative follow-up period.

Conclusions: Acute ischemic pancreatitis after aortic dissection is a very unusual complication. The potential for this concomitant diagnosis should always be considered during the diagnostic stages. There is no clear consensus regarding the management of aortic dissection associated with acute pancreatitis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.03.007DOI Listing
October 2018

Unexpected role of the human cytomegalovirus contribute to essential hypertension in the Kazakh Chinese population of Xinjiang.

Biosci Rep 2018 06 27;38(3). Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Pathophysiology/Key Laboratory of Education Ministry of Xinjiang Endemic and Ethnic Diseases, Medical College of Shihezi University, Shihezi, China

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection, chronic inflammation and oxidative stress, the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), endothelial function, and DNA methylation play roles in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension (EH); however, the mechanism by which HCMV predisposes patients to hypertension remain unclear. Our group previously demonstrated an association between EH and HCMV infection in Kazakh Chinese. Here, we investigated the relationship between HCMV infection and other clinicopathological features in 720 Kazakh individuals with or without hypertension (=360 each; age: 18-80). Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses were used to determine the associations between HCMV infection, clinical characteristics, and EH. Notably, patients with EH, particularly those with HCMV infection, exhibited a marked increase in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHDG) levels, but a decrease in endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and renin levels. Similarly, elevated TNF-α and 8-OHDG levels were independent predictors of increased HCMV antibody titers, whereas eNOS and renin were negatively correlated with the latter. Moreover, serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (sACE, ) methylation was increased, whereas 11-β hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (HSD11β2; ) methylation was decreased in patients with EH who were also infected with HCMV. A positive correlation between methylation and HCMV IgG titer and blood pressure was additionally observed, whereas angiotensin-converting enzyme () methylation was inversely correlated with blood pressure. Collectively, these data indicate that HCMV may contribute to EH development in the Kazakh Chinese by increasing TNF-α and 8-OHDG levels, suppressing eNOS and renin, and manipulating and methylation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BSR20171522DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6019381PMC
June 2018

Frozen Elephant Trunk for Acute Type B Dissection Involving the Distal Arch in the Hybrid Repair Era.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 10 8;106(4):1182-1188. Epub 2018 May 8.

Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases and Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Hybrid repair of complicated acute type B aortic dissection (ATBAD) with aortic arch involvement is associated with a high rate of endoleak, stroke, and retrograde aortic dissection. Optimal management of this lesion remains uncertain. In this hybrid repair era, surgical results of ATBAD with distal aortic arch involvement using a frozen elephant trunk procedure with transposition of the left subclavian artery (LSCA) to left common carotid artery (LCCA) is reported.

Methods: From April 2011 to April 2016, 53 patients with complicated ATBAD with distal aortic arch involvement underwent a frozen elephant trunk procedure with LSCA-LCCA transposition. Preoperative organ malperfusion included renal ischemia in 10 subjects, renal infarction in 2, lower limb ischemia in 6, and visceral ischemia in 5.

Results: There was no inhospital death. Continuous renal replacement therapy was required in 1 patient. Permanent neurologic injury was observed in 1 patient and temporary neurologic dysfunction in 1 patient. Ischemia of the lower limb and viscera was ameliorated after frozen elephant trunk implantation. During follow-up, thoracoabdominal aortic replacement was required in 1 patient, and the Wheat procedure in 1 other patient. The patency rate of the anastomotic site between the LSCA and LCCA was 100%, and shrinkage of the descending aorta occurred in 90.4% of patients (47 of 52) as demonstrated by computed tomography.

Conclusions: Open repair of ATBAD with distal aortic arch involvement using the frozen elephant trunk procedure with LSCA-LCCA transposition obtained satisfactory outcomes. Avoidance of complications using hybrid repair, good postoperative recovery, and a low prevalence of late reintervention were achieved. The satisfactory results favored this technique for this lesion in this hybrid repair era.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2018.04.011DOI Listing
October 2018

Distal Arch Aneurysm Repair Using Left Subclavian Artery Transposition With Stented Elephant Trunk in the Hybrid Repair Era.

Heart Lung Circ 2019 May 27;28(5):814-819. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases and Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Hybrid aortic arch repair is an invasive approach to the surgical management of distal aortic arch aneurysm. The complications associated with hybrid aortic arch repair, such as stroke and endoleaks, are not uncommon and late reintervention is frequent. We retrospectively reviewed our experience of distal aortic arch aneurysm repair using the stented elephant trunk procedure with left subclavian artery (LSCA)-left common carotid artery (LCCA) transposition in the hybrid repair era.

Methods: Between May 2009 and September 2016, 19 patients with distal aortic arch aneurysm underwent LSCA-LCCA transposition with stented elephant trunk implantation under hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass with selective antegrade cerebral perfusion. All patients were males with a median age of 51±14 (range 20-69) years.

Results: There were no in-hospital deaths. Continuous renal replacement therapy was not required in patients with preoperative renal dysfunction after surgery. No neurologic deficits were observed in any patients prior to hospital discharge. One patient underwent concomitant thoracic endovascular aortic repair after this technique. One case required reoperation due to bleeding. One patient required debridement due to poor wound healing. During a mean follow-up of 33±21months, one patient died.

Conclusions: Satisfactory results were obtained in suitable patients undergoing surgery for distal aortic arch aneurysm using LSCA-LCCA transposition with stented elephant trunk implantation in the hybrid repair era. The straightforward nature of the surgical approach, with avoidance of the complications related to hybrid aortic arch repair and reduction of late re-intervention favours this technique for treating distal aortic arch aneurysm.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2018.03.014DOI Listing
May 2019

The repair of a type Ia endoleak following thoracic endovascular aortic repair using a stented elephant trunk procedure.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 04 14;155(4):1391-1396. Epub 2017 Dec 14.

Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases and Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Type Ia endoleaks are not uncommon complications that occur after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Because aortic arch vessels prevent extension of the landing zone, it is very difficult to manipulate a type Ia endoleak using an extension cuff or stent-graft, especially when the aortic arch is involved. Here, we retrospectively review our experience of surgical treatment of type Ia endoleak after TEVAR using a stented elephant trunk procedure.

Methods: From July 2010 to August 2016, we treated 17 patients diagnosed with a type Ia endoleak following TEVAR using stented elephant trunk procedure. The mean age of our patients was 52 ± 8 years. The mean interval between TEVAR and the open surgical repair was 38 ± 43 months.

Results: All cases of type Ia endoleak (100%) were repaired successfully. There were no in-hospital deaths. One case required reintubation and continuous renal replacement therapy due to renal failure; this patient recovered smoothly before discharge. One other patient suffered a stroke and renal failure and did not fully recover following discharge, or follow-up. During follow-up, there were 3 deaths.

Conclusions: Acceptable results were obtained using a stented elephant trunk procedure in patients with a type Ia endoleak after TEVAR. This technique allowed us to repair the proximal aortic arch lesions, surgically correct the type Ia endoleak, and promote false lumen thrombosis in the distal aorta. Implantation of a stented elephant trunk, with or without a concomitant aortic arch procedure, is an alternative approach for this type of lesion.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2017.11.088DOI Listing
April 2018

High anti-human cytomegalovirus antibody levels are associated with the progression of essential hypertension and target organ damage in Han Chinese population.

PLoS One 2017 24;12(8):e0181440. Epub 2017 Aug 24.

Department of Pathophysiology/Key Laboratory of Education Ministry of Xinjiang Endemic and Ethnic Diseases, Medical College of Shihezi University, Shihezi, China.

Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is associated with hypertension and has been linked with the pathogenesis of increased arterial blood pressure (BP). Currently, whether CMV infection is associated with the progression of hypertension and hypertensive target organ damage (TOD) remains to be identified. We aimed to examine the relationship between CMV infection and the progression of hypertension and hypertensive TOD, which could provide clues on the possible mediating mechanisms, in the Han Chinese population. A total of 372 patients with hypertension and 191 healthy controls (Han participants from Xinjiang, China) were included in the study. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and qPCR were used to detect CMV infection. C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) titers were also analyzed using an ELISA kit. Moreover, cardiovascular disease markers were evaluated by echocardiography, carotid ultrasonography, and tomographic scans. Essential hypertension (EH) patients exhibited a marked increase in CMV IgG antibody, CRP, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels. Higher grade of hypertension and hypertensive TOD had higher CMV IgG antibody and CRP levels. The CMV IgG antibody titers were positively correlated with arterial BP, greater grade of hypertension and hypertensive TOD, and CRP and IL-6 levels. The higher quartile of CMV IgG titer and CRP level were associated with the incidence of hypertension and the progression of hypertension and hypertensive TOD. In the Han Chinese population, high CMV IgG titers are associated with the progression of hypertension and hypertensive TOD. CMV IgG titer >4.25 U could be an independent predictor of hypertension and progression of hypertension, while that >4.85 U could be an independent risk factor for hypertensive TOD. The underlying mechanism may be largely mediated by chronic inflammation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0181440PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5570371PMC
October 2017

Long-term outcomes of frozen elephant trunk for type A aortic dissection in patients with Marfan syndrome.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2017 10 16;154(4):1175-1189.e2. Epub 2017 Jun 16.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Aortic Disease Center, Beijing Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, and Beijing Engineering Research Center of Vascular Prostheses, Beijing, China; Fu Wai Hospital and Cardiovascular Institute, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The use of the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique for repair of type A aortic dissection (TAAD) in Marfan syndrome (MFS) is controversial. We seek to evaluate the efficacy of FET and total arch replacement (TAR) for TAAD in patients with MFS.

Methods: The early and long-term outcomes were analyzed for 106 patients with MFS (mean age, 34.5 ± 9.7 years) undergoing FET + TAR for TAAD.

Results: Operative mortality was 6.6% (7 of 106). Spinal cord injury and stroke occurred in 1 patient each (0.9%), and reexploration for bleeding occurred in 6 patients (5.7%). Extra-anatomic bypass was the sole risk factor for operative mortality and morbidity (odds ratio [OR], 7.120; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.018-49.790; P = .048). Follow-up was complete in 97.0% (96 of 99), averaging 6.3 ± 2.8 years. Late death occurred in 17 patients. Patients with acute TAAD were less prone to late death than those with chronic TAAD (OR, 0.112; 95% CI, 0.021-0.587; P = .048). Twelve patients required late reoperation, including thoracoabdominal aortic repair in 8, thoracic endovascular aortic repair for distal new entry in 3, and coronary anastomotic repair in 1. At 5 years, survival was 86.6% (95% CI, 77.9%-92.0%) and freedom from reoperation was 88.8% (95% CI, 80.1%-93.4%), and at 8 years, survival was 74.1% (95% CI, 61.9%-83.0%) and freedom from reoperation was 84.2% (95% CI, 72.4%-91.2%). In competing risks analysis, mortality was 4% at 5 years, 18% at 8 years, and 25% at 10 years; the respective rates of reoperation were 10%, 15%, and 15%; and the respective rates of survival without reoperation were 86%, 67%, and 60%. Survival was significantly higher in patients who underwent root procedures during FET + TAR (P = .047). Risk factors for reoperation were days from diagnosis to surgery (OR, 1.160; 95% CI, 1.043-1.289; P = .006) and Bentall procedure (OR, 12.012; 95% CI, 1.041-138.606; P = .046).

Conclusions: The frozen elephant trunk and total arch replacement procedure can be safely performed for TAAD in MFS with low operative mortality, favorable long-term survival and freedom from reoperation. A concomitant Bentall procedure was predictive of better long-term survival and increased risk for late reoperation. These results argue favorably for the use of the FET + TAR technique in the management of TAAD in patients with MFS.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2017.04.088DOI Listing
October 2017
-->