Publications by authors named "Yoann Maitre"

3 Publications

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A qualitative study on experiences of persons with schizophrenia in oral-health-related quality of life.

Braz Oral Res 2021 22;35:e050. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France.

Our study aimed to explore the views and experiences in oral health and oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of persons with schizophrenia (PWS) in order to expand the understanding of the factors that either limit or facilitate their healthcare pathway, which can ultimately optimize their oral health and/or OHRQoL. A qualitative study was conducted in France in the Côte d'Or department (530 000 in habitants) centered on PWS's perceived meanings regarding oral health or OHRQoL, and semi-structured individual interviews were used. A conventional content analysis approach was chosen in order to highlight unrevealed themes. A sample of 20 PWS (12 males; 8 females) with a median age was 45.8 (± 9.5) were recruited to assess views and experiences regarding OHRQoL, which were focused on three dimensions: an individual dimension related to experience of "oral symptoms", a second dimension related to experience of "stress and its management", and a third related to "Autonomy dimension in oral health". We showed that PWS clearly expressed their mental representations of oral health and OHRQoL. This study supports that PWS were able to define their needs and had the ability to discuss their oral health and OHRQoL. These finding could be used to support specific interventions for this population to better manage the negative impact of antipsychotics and help them to consult dentists on a regular basis.
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March 2021

Did the Brain and Oral Microbiota Talk to Each Other? A Review of the Literature.

J Clin Med 2020 Nov 28;9(12). Epub 2020 Nov 28.

Department of Odontology, Tours University Hospital, 37261 Tours, France.

This systematic review aims to investigate the role of the oral microbiome in the pathophysiology of mental health disorders and to appraise the methodological quality of research of the oral-brain axis which is a growing interest area. The PRISMA guideline was adopted, to carry out an electronic search through the MEDLINE database, to identify studies that have explored the role of the oral microbiome in the pathophysiology of mental health disorders published from 2000 up to June 2020. The search resulted in 140 records; after exclusions, a total of 22 papers were included in the present review. In accordance with the role of the oral microbiome in the pathophysiology of mental disorders, four mental disorders were identified: Alzheimer's disease, dementia, and cognitive disorders; autism spectrum disorder; Down's syndrome and mental retardation; and Bipolar disorders. Studies argue for correlations between oral microbiota and Alzheimer's disease, autism spectrum disorders, Down's syndrome, and bipolar disorders. This field is still under-studied, and studies are needed to clarify the biological links and interconnections between the oral microbiota and the pathophysiology of all mental health disorders. Researchers should focus their efforts to develop research on the oral-brain axis in the future.
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November 2020

Perception of Dental Caries and Parental Difficulties in Implementing Oral Hygiene for Children Aged Less Than 6 Years: A Qualitative Study.

Dent J (Basel) 2020 Jun 30;8(3). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Paedriatric Dentistry, Hospital and University of Montpellier, 34080 Montpellier, France.

Background: Despite extensive prevention programs, dental hygiene remains inadequate, particularly among children under the age of six, and early childhood caries (ECC) are still a concern. Oral hygiene behavior and preventive practices seem difficult to change at a family level.

Aim: The present study aimed to better understand the reasons behind this behavior and to identify the different barriers to the implementation of adequate preventive measures.

Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in the pediatric dentistry service of the Montpellier University Hospital (France) in 2019. A thematic analysis concerning three domains was performed: family environment, dental literacy, and oral hygiene.

Results: The main barriers encountered by the parents were, respectively, (1) a weakness in the organization of familial life, together with a low-medium family income and a lack of authority, (2) ignorance of the necessity of treating carious primary teeth, and (3) a lack of time for brushing or supervising their children's teeth.

Conclusion: These results showed that oral hygiene and primary teeth care could not be easily achieved in the family environment of the participants, and oral health strategies should be focused not only on children but also on their parents.
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June 2020