Publications by authors named "Yiwei Shan"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Nanocellulose-derived carbon/g-CN heterojunction with a hybrid electron transfer pathway for highly photocatalytic hydrogen peroxide production.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Oct 24;599:507-518. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

College of Material Engineering, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350108, China.

Using oxygen reduction for the photocatalytic production of hydrogen peroxide (HO) has been considered a green and sustainable route. In the present study, to achieve high efficiency, graphitic carbon nitride (g-CN) was obtained using thermal polymerization from a bi-component precursor and was then assembled with cellulose nanofibers. It was found that a small quantity of cellulose nanofibers that generates carbon fibers upon pyrolysis greatly improves the photocatalytic activity compared with that of g-CN alone. The well-defined carbon/g-CN heterojunction-type material exhibits as high as 1.10 mmol Lh of photo-production of HO under visible light, which is 4.2 times higher than that yielded by pristine g-CN from a single precursor. A comprehensive characterization of the photocatalyst enables us to delineate the effect of the carbon nanofiber with respect to porosity, electron-hole separation, band gap regulation, and especially the electron transfer pathway. Our results demonstrate that nanocellulose-derived carbon, when precisely assembled with other functional material such as a photocatalyst, is a promising promoter of their activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2021.04.111DOI Listing
October 2021

C-nanocoated ZnO by TEMPO-oxidized cellulose templating for improved photocatalytic performance.

Carbohydr Polym 2020 May 8;235:115958. Epub 2020 Feb 8.

College of Material Engineering, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 350108, China. Electronic address:

Ultrafine C-doped ZnO/carbon nanocomposites with different photocatalytic activities have been prepared using TEMPO-oxidized cellulose as a template but also as the source of carbon. The result is an enhancement of the photocatalytic activity ascribed to different phenomena: a high mesoporosity beneficial to mass transport, a thin carbon layer onto ZnO increasing the charge transfer and hydrophobicity of ZnO, a narrowing of ZnO band gap and an increase of the zinc (V) and oxygen (V) vacancies effectively suppressing of the charge recombination. These are evidenced by photocatalytic test of photodegradation of methyl orange (MO) achieved to assess and compared the different photocatalysts. The highest rate constant value of photodegradation of MO is 0.0254 min, three times higher than that of ZnO prepared without templates (0.0087 min). The present results introduce a new vision of the use of template with multiple roles in the preparation of inorganic materials and specially photocatalysts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2020.115958DOI Listing
May 2020

Identification of H209 as Essential for pH 8-Triggered Receptor-Independent Syncytium Formation by S Protein of Mouse Hepatitis Virus A59.

J Virol 2018 06 14;92(11). Epub 2018 May 14.

MOH Key Laboratory of Systems Biology of Pathogens, Institute of Pathogen Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China

The spike glycoprotein (S) of murine coronavirus mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) strain A59 uses murine carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1a as its receptor for cell entry, but S protein can also be triggered in the absence of receptor by pH 8.0 alone at 37°C. The mechanism by which conformational changes of this S glycoprotein can be triggered by pH 8.0 has not yet been determined. Here, we show that MHV-A59 S protein is triggered by pH 8.0 at 37°C to induce receptor-independent syncytium (RIS) formation on 293T cells, and that the conformational changes in S proteins triggered by pH 8.0 are very similar to those triggered by receptor binding. We systemically mutated each of 15 histidine residues in S protein and found that H209 is essential for pH 8.0-triggered RIS formation, while H179, H441, H643, and H759 also play important roles in this process. Replacement of H209 with Ala had no effect on receptor binding, but in murine 17Cl.1 cells mutant H209A MHV-A59 showed delayed growth kinetics and was readily outcompeted by wild-type virus when mixed together, indicating that the H209A mutation caused a defect in virus fitness. Finally, the H209A mutation significantly increased the thermostability of S protein in its prefusion conformation, which may raise the energy barrier for conformational change of S protein required for membrane fusion and lead to a decrease in virus fitness in cell culture. Thus, MHV-A59 may have evolved to lower the stability of its S protein in order to increase virus fitness. Enveloped viruses enter cells through fusion of viral and cellular membranes, and the process is mediated by interactions between viral envelope proteins and their host receptors. In the prefusion conformation, viral envelope proteins are metastable, and activation to the fusion conformation is tightly regulated, since premature activation would lead to loss of viral infectivity. The stability of viral envelope proteins greatly influences their activation and virus fitness. Here, we report that, similar to the A82V mutation in Ebola glycoprotein, in the S glycoprotein of murine coronavirus MHV-A59, the histidine residue at position of 209 significantly affects the thermal stability of the S protein, determines whether S protein can be activated at 37°C by either pH 8.0 alone or by receptor binding, and affects viral fitness in cell culture. Thus, the spike glycoprotein of MHV-A59 has evolved to retain histidine at position 209 to optimize virus fitness.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00209-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5952161PMC
June 2018

Identification of the Fusion Peptide-Containing Region in Betacoronavirus Spike Glycoproteins.

J Virol 2016 06 27;90(12):5586-5600. Epub 2016 May 27.

MOH Key Laboratory of Systems Biology of Pathogens, Institute of Pathogen Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China

Unlabelled: The fusion peptides (FP) play an essential role in fusion of viral envelope with cellular membranes. The location and properties of the FPs in the spike (S) glycoproteins of different coronaviruses (CoV) have not yet been determined. Through amino acid sequence analysis of S proteins of representative CoVs, we identified a common region as a possible FP (pFP) that shares the characteristics of FPs of class I viral fusion proteins, including high Ala/Gly content, intermediate hydrophobicity, and few charged residues. To test the hypothesis that this region contains the CoV FP, we systemically mutated every residue in the pFP of Middle East respiratory syndrome betacoronavirus (MERS-CoV) and found that 11 of the 22 residues in the pFP (from G953 to L964, except for A956) were essential for S protein-mediated cell-cell fusion and virus entry. The synthetic MERS-CoV pFP core peptide (955IAGVGWTAGL964) induced extensive fusion of liposome membranes, while mutant peptide failed to induce any lipid mixing. We also selectively mutated residues in pFPs of two other β-CoVs, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and mouse hepatitis virus (MHV). Although the amino acid sequences of these two pFPs differed significantly from that of MERS-CoV and each other, most of the pFP mutants of SARS-CoV and MHV also failed to mediate membrane fusion, suggesting that these pFPs are also the functional FPs. Thus, the FPs of 3 different lineages of β-CoVs are conserved in location within the S glycoproteins and in their functions, although their amino acid sequences have diverged significantly during CoV evolution.

Importance: Within the class I viral fusion proteins of many enveloped viruses, the FP is the critical mediator of fusion of the viral envelope with host cell membranes leading to virus infection. FPs from within a virus family, like influenza viruses or human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV), tend to share high amino acid sequence identity. In this study, we determined the location and amino acid sequences of the FPs of S glycoproteins of 3 β-CoVs, MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV, and MHV, and demonstrated that they were essential for mediating cell-cell fusion and virus entry. Interestingly, in marked contrast to the FPs of influenza and HIV, the primary amino acid sequences of the FPs of β-CoVs in 3 different lineages differed significantly. Thus, during evolution the FPs of β-CoVs have diverged significantly in their primary sequences while maintaining the same essential biological functions. Our findings identify a potential new target for development of drugs against CoVs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00015-16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4886789PMC
June 2016