Publications by authors named "Yingyi Cao"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

NLK suppresses MAVS-mediated signaling in black carp antiviral innate immunity.

Dev Comp Immunol 2021 Apr 17;122:104105. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

State Key Laboratory of Developmental Biology of Freshwater Fish, College of Life Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081, China. Electronic address:

Mammalian Nemo-like kinase (NLK) plays important roles in multiple biological processes including immune response; however, the roles of teleost NLK remain largely unknown. In the present study, the NLK homolog (bcNLK) of black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) has been cloned and characterized. The coding region of bcNLK consists of 1427 nucleotides and encodes 476 amino acid, including two low complexity region (LCR) domains at the N-terminus and a serine/threonine protein kinase catalytic (S-TKc) domain in the middle region. The transcription of bcNLK are promoted after spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) infection and poly (I:C) stimulation in host cells, but not post LPS treatment. bcNLK exhibits weak impact on the transcription of interferon (IFN) promoter in the reporter assay, however, black carp MAVS (bcMAVS)-mediated IFN promoter transcription is remarkably dampened by bcNLK. The interaction between bcNLK and bcMAVS is detected through the co-immunoprecipitation assay. Accordingly, the plaque assay results show that bcMAVS-mediated antiviral ability is impaired by bcNLK. Moreover, knockdown of bcNLK in host cells leads to the enhanced antiviral ability against SVCV. All these data support the conclusion that black carp NLK associates with MAVS and inhibited MAVS-mediated antiviral signaling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dci.2021.104105DOI Listing
April 2021

Black carp TRADD suppresses MAVS/IFN signaling during the innate immune activation.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2021 Apr 26;111:83-93. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

State Key Laboratory of Developmental Biology of Freshwater Fish, College of Life Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081, China. Electronic address:

Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) associated death domain protein (TRADD) is a pivotal adaptor in TNF signaling pathway and up-regulates MAVS/IFN signaling pathway in human and mammal. However, the role of TRADD in teleost fish remains obscure. To reveal the function of teleost TRADD in the innate immune response, the TRADD homologue (bcTRADD) of black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) has been cloned and the function of bcTRADD is investigated in this study, which shares similar functional domain to its mammalian counterpart. bcTRADD mRNA expression level increased in response to different stimuli, including LPS, poly (I:C) and virus infection in host cells. bcTRADD activated the transcriptional activity of NF-κB promoter in the reporter assay; however, showed hardly any effect on the transcriptional activity of IFN promoter. It was interesting that black carp mitochondria antiviral signaling protein (bcMAVS)-activated IFN promoter transcription were dramatically depressed by bcTRADD and the C-terminal death domain of bcTRADD was indispensable for its regulation of bcMAVS. Accordingly, the plaque assay result showed that EPC cells co-expressing bcMAVS and bcTRADD presented much attenuated antiviral activity than EPC cells expressing bcMAVS alone. Knockdown of bcTRADD slightly promoted the antiviral ability of the host cells against SVCV. The current data support the conclusion that bcTRADD suppresses MAVS-mediated antiviral signaling, which is different to its mammalian counterpart.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2021.01.006DOI Listing
April 2021

Black carp RIPK1 negatively regulates MAVS-mediated antiviral signaling during the innate immune activation.

Dev Comp Immunol 2020 08 4;109:103726. Epub 2020 May 4.

State Key Laboratory of Developmental Biology of Freshwater Fish, College of Life Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081, China. Electronic address:

Receptor-interacting serine/threonine protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) is an important regulator of necroptosis and involved in innate immune response in human and mammal; however, its function in teleost fish mains largely unknown. In this paper, the RIPK1 homologue of black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) has been cloned and characterized to explore its role in immunity. Black carp RIPK1 (bcRIPK1) possesses the similar structure to its mammalian counterpart, which has been identified as a cytosolic protein by immunofluorescence staining. Overexpressed bcRIPK1 in host cells led to the decreased transcription of interferon (IFN) and interferon stimulated genes, and exogenous bcRIPK1 in EPC cells led to the decreased transcription of interferon promoters in reporter assay. Our previous study has identified that black carp MAVS (bcMAVS) functions as an antiviral adaptor protein against both grass carp reovirus (GCRV) and spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV). The reporter assay showed that the IFN-inducing ability of bcMAVS was dampened by bcRIPK1 and the plaque assay demonstrated that the antiviral activity of bcMAVS was inhibited by bcRIPK1. The immunofluorescent staining and co-immunoprecipitation identified the interaction between these two molecules. Thus, the data generated in this paper support the conclusion that bcRIPK1 interacts with bcMAVS and negatively regulates bcMAVS-mediated antiviral signaling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dci.2020.103726DOI Listing
August 2020

Black carp TRAFD1 restrains MAVS-mediated antiviral signaling during the innate immune activation.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2020 Aug 22;103:66-72. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

State Key Laboratory of Developmental Biology of Freshwater Fish, College of Life Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081, China. Electronic address:

TRAFD1 negatively regulates TLR and RLR signaling in human and mammal; however, its role in teleost fish remains unknown. In this paper, the TRAFD1 homologue has been cloned and characterized from black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus). Black carp TRAFD1 (bcTRAFD1) consists of 567 amino acids and shows low similarity to that of mammalian TRAFD1, which has been identified as a cytosolic protein through immunofluorescence staining. When co-expressed with bcTRAFD1, the IFN promoter-inducing ability of black carp MAVS (bcMAVS) was obviously dampened in the luciferase reporter assay. Accordingly, bcMAVS-mediated antiviral activity against grass carp reovirus (GCRV) and spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) was potently repressed by bcTRAFD1 in plaque assay. And the co-immunoprecipitation assay between bcTRAFD1 and bcMAVS has identified the association between these two molecules. Thus, our data supports the conclusion that bcTRAFD1 interacts with bcMAVS and negatively regulates bcMAVS-mediated antiviral signaling during the innate immune activation, which sheds a light on the regulation of MAVS in teleost.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2020.04.045DOI Listing
August 2020

Black carp PRMT6 inhibits TBK1-IRF3/7 signaling during the antiviral innate immune activation.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2019 Oct 18;93:108-115. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

State Key Laboratory of Developmental Biology of Freshwater Fish, College of Life Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081, China. Electronic address:

Protein arginine methylation is a prevalent posttranslational modification and protein arginine methyltransferases 6 (PRMT6) has been identified as a suppressor of TBK1/IRF3 in human and mammals. To explore the role of PRMT6 in teleost fish, PRMT6 homologue of black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) has been cloned and characterized in this study. Black carp PRMT6 (bcPRMT6) transcription in host cells varies in response to different stimuli and bcPRMT6 migrates around 43 kDa in the immunoblot assay. Like its mammalian counterpart, bcPRMT6 has been identified to distribute majorly in the nucleus through the immunofluorescent staining assay. bcPRMT6 shows little interferon (IFN) promoter-inducing activity in the reporter assay and bcPRMT6 shows no antiviral activity against either grass carp reovirus (GCRV) or spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) in plaque assay. When co-expressed with bcPRMT6, the IFN promoter-inducing abilities of black carp TBK1 (bcTBK1) and IRF3/7 (bcIRF3/7) are fiercely attenuated. Accordingly, bcTBK1-mediated antiviral activity in EPC cells is obviously dampened by bcPRMT6. The interaction between bcPRMT6 and bcIRF3/7 has been identified by co-immunoprecipitation assay; however, no direct association between bcPRMT6 and bcTBK1 has been detected. Taken together, our data elucidates for the first time in teleost fish that PRMT6 suppresses TBK1-IRF3/7 signaling during host antiviral innate immune activation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2019.07.044DOI Listing
October 2019