Publications by authors named "Yi-Tao Zhang"

5 Publications

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[Effect of Rainfall Intensity on the Content of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Components in Plateau Areas: A Case Study of the Fengyu River Watershed].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2019 Dec;40(12):5375-5383

Key Laboratory of Nonpoint Source Pollution Control, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China.

The runoff formed by rainfall carrying various land surface materials into rivers and lakes is an important factor leading to a change in water quality, and the characteristics of nitrogen and phosphorus output of rivers under different rainfall intensities are different. This study explores the impact of rainfall intensity on the water quality of the Fengyu River Watershed in the plateau agricultural region, based on the water quality monitoring data of the export section of the Fengyu River Watershed from 2011 to 2013, combined with local rainfall monitoring. The effects of four rainfall intensities (light rain, moderate rain, heavy rain, and torrential rain) on the content of different nitrogen and phosphorus components in water were analyzed. The results show that the rainfall intensity has a significant effect on the nitrogen and phosphorus emissions of the Fengyu River Watershed. The average nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations of all components are lower in light rain (<10 mm) and moderate rain (10-25 mm), and higher in heavy rain (25-50 mm) and torrential rain (50-100 mm). The percentage of NH-N (57.14%-76.85%) to TN is larger than that of PN (23.15%-42.86%), and the percentage of TDP (22.73%-28.00%) to TP is smaller than that of PP (72.00%-77.27%). The nitrogen concentration of different forms is:TN > NH-N > PN; the phosphorus concentration of different forms is:TP > PP > TDP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13227/j.hjkx.201901094DOI Listing
December 2019

Dehydroepiandrosterone attenuates pulmonary artery and right ventricular remodeling in a rat model of pulmonary hypertension due to left heart failure.

Life Sci 2019 Feb 31;219:82-89. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Cardiovascular Department of the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Electronic address:

Aim: Pulmonary hypertension due to left heart failure (PH-LHF) is the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension. However, therapies for PH-LHF are lacking. Therefore, we investigated the effects and potential mechanism of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) treatment in an experimental model of PH-LHF.

Main Method: PH-LHF was induced in rats via ascending aortic banding. The rats then received daily DHEA from Day 1 to Day 63 for the prevention protocol or from Day 49 to Day 63 for the reversal protocol. Other ascending aortic banding rats were left untreated to allow development of PH and right ventricular (RV) failure. Sham ascending aortic banding rats served as controls.

Key Finding: Significant increases in mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and right ventricular end-diastolic diameter (RVEDD) were observed in the PH-LHF group. Therapy with DHEA prevented LHF-induced PH and RV failure by preserving mPAP and preventing RV hypertrophy and pulmonary artery remodeling. In preexisting severe PH, DHEA attenuated most lung and RV abnormalities. The beneficial effects of DHEA in PH-LHF seem to result from depression of the STAT3 signaling pathway in the lung.

Significant: DHEA not only prevents the development of PH-LHF and RV failure but also rescues severe preexisting PH-LHF.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2018.12.056DOI Listing
February 2019

Efficacy and role of inulin in mitigation of enteric sulfur-containing odor in pigs.

J Sci Food Agric 2017 Jun 18;97(8):2382-2391. Epub 2016 Oct 18.

College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China.

Background: The efficacy and role of inulin in the mitigation of enteric sulfur-containing odor gases hydrogen sulfide (H S) and methyl mercaptan (CH SH) in pigs were examined in this study. Twelve Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire male finisher pigs (60.7 ± 1.9 kg), housed individually in open-circuit respiration chambers, were randomly assigned to two dietary groups, namely basal diet (control) and basal diet supplemented with 1% (w/w) inulin. At the end of the 45 day experiment, pigs were slaughtered and volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration, sulfate radical (SO ) concentration, population of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and expression of methionine gamma-lyase (MGL) gene were determined in contents from the caecum, colon (two segments) and rectum. Metabonomic analysis was used to compare differences in biochemical composition, and the Illumina MiSeq procedure to investigate differences in bacterial components, in the different parts of the large intestine between inulin-supplemented and inulin-free (control) groups.

Results: Inulin decreased (P < 0.05) the average daily enteric H S and CH SH production by 12.4 and 12.1% respectively. The concentrations of acetate, propionate and butyrate in the large intestinal content were significantly increased (P < 0.05) with inulin treatment, whereas valerate concentration and MGL mRNA expression decreased (P < 0.05). The growth of Lactobacillus, Butyrivibrio, Pseudobutyrivibrio, Bifidobacterium and Clostridium butyricum was stimulated, while that of Desulfovibrio, the dominant SRB, was inhibited, and there was an accumulation of SO in the large intestinal content of the inulin-supplemented pigs, suggesting that inulin mitigates H S generation from the SO reduction pathway by reducing the growth of SRB.

Conclusion: The results showed that inulin mitigates CH SH generation via three methionine degradation metabolic pathways and H S generation from two cysteine degradation metabolic pathways, thus resulting in increased synthesis of these two sulfur-containing amino acids in the pig large intestine. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.8050DOI Listing
June 2017

The Effects and Mechanism of Atorvastatin on Pulmonary Hypertension Due to Left Heart Disease.

PLoS One 2016 7;11(7):e0157171. Epub 2016 Jul 7.

Department of Cardiology, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background: Pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease (PH-LHD) is one of the most common forms of PH, termed group 2 PH. Atorvastatin exerts beneficial effects on the structural remodeling of the lung in ischemic heart failure. However, few studies have investigated the effects of atorvastatin on PH due to left heart failure induced by overload.

Methods: Group 2 PH was induced in animals by aortic banding. Rats (n = 20) were randomly divided into four groups: a control group (C), an aortic banding group (AOB63), an atorvastatin prevention group (AOB63/ATOR63) and an atorvastatin reversal group (AOB63/ATOR50-63). Atorvastatin was administered for 63 days after banding to the rats in the AOB63/ATOR63 group and from days 50 to 63 to the rats in the AOB63/ATOR50-63 group.

Results: Compared with the controls, significant increases in the mean pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary arteriolar medial thickening, biventricular cardiac hypertrophy, wet and dry weights of the right middle lung, percentage of PCNA-positive vascular smooth muscle cells, inflammatory infiltration and expression of RhoA and Rho-kinase II were observed in the AOB63 group, and these changes concomitant with significant decreases in the percentage of TUNEL-positive vascular smooth muscle cells. Treatment of the rats in the AOB63/ATOR63 group with atorvastatin at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day significantly decreased the mean pulmonary arterial pressure, right ventricular hypertrophy, pulmonary arteriolar medial thickness, inflammatory infiltration, percentage of PCNA-positive cells and pulmonary expression of RhoA and Rho-kinase II and significantly augmented the percentage of TUNEL-positive cells compared with the AOB63 group. However, only a trend of improvement in pulmonary vascular remodeling was detected in the AOB63/ATOR50-63 group.

Conclusions: Atorvastatin prevents pulmonary vascular remodeling in the PH-LHD model by down-regulating the expression of RhoA/Rho kinase, by inhibiting the proliferation and increasing the apoptosis of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells, and by attenuating the inflammation of pulmonary arteries.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0157171PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4936674PMC
July 2017

[Effects of calcification on respiratory quotient of cultured oyster Crassostrea gigas and its fouling animals].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2014 Jun;25(6):1785-90

Respiratory quotient (RQ) is one of the basic indices in physiology and energy metabolism of animals. When RQ is calculated, the amount of released CO2 is typically used directly. But for calcifying marine organisms, calcification which can affect dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) content in the water may cause methodological error to some extent, if it is ignored. In this paper, RQ and O/N of cultured oyster Crassostrea gigas and 3 marine fouling animal species (Mytilus edulis, Ciona intestinalis, Styela clava) were measured in the respiratory chamber to discuss the effect of calcification in RQ determination. The results demonstrated that calcification rates of C. gigas and M. edulis were (56.37 +/- 14.85) and (17.95 +/- 7.21) micromol x g(-1) x h(-1), respectively. (3.72 +/- 0.80) and (1.48 +/- 0.14) mg x L(-1) DIC in the water were correspondingly decreased, which occupied about (60.9 +/- 7.6)% and (39.9 +/- 5.7)% of respired CO2, respectively. RQ values of 4 animals were C. gigas 1.38 +0.19, M. edulis 1.18 +/- 0.11, C. intestinalis 1.11 +/- 0.05 and S. clava 1.32 +/- 0.19, which agreed with the O/N values except C. intestinalis. Meanwhile, the uncorrected RQ values of C. gigas and M. edulis were 0.56 +/- 0.19 and 0.70 +/- 0.04, respectively, which were contrary to the O/N values. Therefore, it was obviously that calcification could result in a significant influence on the respiratory quotient by affecting water DIC concentration and should be accurately calculated in RQ measurement.
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June 2014
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