Publications by authors named "Yi-Hao Lo"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Association of and Polymorphisms With Susceptibility to Oral and Pharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Anticancer Res 2019 Jun;39(6):2891-2902

Department of Medical Education and Research, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Background/aim: Long-term exposure to betel quid (BQ)-, cigarette-, and alcohol-induced chronic inflammation is a crucial risk factor for oral and pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) progression. We analyzed the genotypes of stromal-cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and CXC-chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4) and determined the association between their polymorphisms and the risk of OPSCC.

Materials And Methods: This study consisted of 452 patients with pathologically proved OPSCC and 424 sex- and age-matched cancer-free controls. The genotypes of SDF-1 and CXCR4 were detected through the TaqMan real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method.

Results: Our data indicated that the C allele and C/C genotypes of CXCR4 were significantly associated with OPSCC [adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=1.41, 95% confidence interval (CI):1.02-1.96, p=0.037 and AOR=1.51, 95% CI:1.05-2.17, p=0.028, respectively] and OSCC (AOR=1.41, 95%CI:1.00-2.00, p=0.049 and AOR=1.49, 95%CI:1.01-2.20, p=0.044, respectively) risk. Patients with genetic polymorphisms of the genotype combination SDF-1/CXCR4 had a higher risk of OSCC (p trend=0.033). We analyzed the effects of CXCR4 genetic variants on susceptibility to OPSCC in patients with different risk habits of BQ chewing, tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption, and revealed that C/T+T/T genotypes exerted an increased risk only in patients with one (AOR=2.68, p=0.036) or two risk habits (AOR=2.02, p=0.027) compared to patients with the C/C genotype.

Conclusion: We concluded that CXCR4 C>T can be used as a genetic marker of susceptibility to OPSCC, particularly in OPSCC patients with one or two types of risk habits with a synergistic effect.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.13418DOI Listing
June 2019

MiR-193a-5p and -3p Play a Distinct Role in Gastric Cancer: miR-193a-3p Suppresses Gastric Cancer Cell Growth by Targeting ETS1 and CCND1.

Anticancer Res 2018 Jun;38(6):3309-3318

Department of Medical Education and Research, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Background/aim: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-protein-coding RNAs, that can be generated from the 5p or 3p arm of precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA). Differential miRNA arm selection has been reported between tumor and normal tissue in many cancer types; however, the biological function and mechanism of miRNA arm switching in gastric cancer remain unclear.

Materials And Methods: Profiles of miRNA expression in gastric cancer were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The biological role of miR-193a-5p/-3p in tumor growth and invasive abilities was assessed through a gain-of-function approach. Target genes of miR-193a-3p were identified using bioinformatics and an experimental approach.

Results: The expression levels of miR-193a-5p, and not of miR-193a-3p, were significantly decreased in gastric cancer compared to adjacent normal tissues. Ectopic expressions of miR-193a-5p and miR-193a-3p revealed that they both inhibited gastric cancer cell growth, but only miR-193a-3p significantly suppressed cell invasion ability. Using a bioinformatics approach, we identified 18 putative target genes of miR-193a-3p. Both mRNA and protein levels of cyclin D1 (CCND1) and ETS proto-oncogene 1 (ETS1) were significantly decreased in AGS cells transfected with miR-193a-3p mimics. ETS1 or CCND1 knockdown significantly suppressed gastric cancer cell growth, similar to miR-193a-3p overexpression.

Conclusion: Our results indicated that miR-193a-3p suppressed gastric growth and motility, at least partly, by directly targeting CCND1 and ETS1 expression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.12596DOI Listing
June 2018

Linc00659, a long noncoding RNA, acts as novel oncogene in regulating cancer cell growth in colorectal cancer.

Mol Cancer 2018 03 10;17(1):72. Epub 2018 Mar 10.

Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, 813, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers and causes of cancer-related death worldwide. In patients with CRC, metastasis is a crucial problem that leads to treatment failure and is the primary cause of the lethality of colon cancer. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as critical molecules in the development, cell growth, apoptosis, and metastasis of CRC.

Method: We investigated the transcriptome profiles of human lncRNAs in the primary tumor tissues and in the corresponding normal mucosa of two patients with CRC by using a microarray approach. The expression levels of lncRNAs were verified in colon cancer by real-time PCR. Using bioinformatics approach to illustrate putative biological function of Linc00659 in colon cancer. The effects of Linc00659 on cell growth, proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis were studies by in vitro assays.

Results: Our data revealed that compared with adjacent normal tissues, 201 lncRNAs were deregulated (fold change ≥ 4 or ≤ 0.25) in CRC tissues. Among them, the expression levels of Linc00659 were significantly increased in colon cancer, and high expression levels were correlated with poor survival in patients with CRC. Bioinformatics analysis results indicated that Linc00659 was significantly coexpressed with cycle-related genes in CRC. Linc00659 expression knockdown could significantly suppress colon cancer cell growth by impairing cell cycle progression. In addition, our results showed that Linc00659 expression knockdown could accelerate cell apoptosis in colon cancer cells treated with chemotherapy drugs. Meanwhile, our results also demonstrated that silencing of Linc00659 expression leads to cell growth inhibition and induced apoptosis, possibly by suppressing PI3K-AKT signaling in colon cancer.

Conclusion: Linc00659 is a novel oncogenic lncRNA involved in colon cancer cell growth by modulating the cell cycle. Our findings give an insight into lncRNA regulation and provide an application for colon cancer therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12943-018-0821-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5845323PMC
March 2018

Arm Selection Preference of MicroRNA-193a Varies in Breast Cancer.

Sci Rep 2016 06 16;6:28176. Epub 2016 Jun 16.

Center For Geriatrics and Gerontology, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short noncoding RNAs derived from the 3' and 5' ends of the same precursor. However, the biological function and mechanism of miRNA arm expression preference remain unclear in breast cancer. We found significant decreases in the expression levels of miR-193a-5p but no significant differences in those of miR-193a-3p in breast cancer. MiR-193a-3p suppressed breast cancer cell growth and migration and invasion abilities, whereas miR-193a-5p suppressed cell growth but did not influence cell motility. Furthermore, NLN and CCND1, PLAU, and SEPN1 were directly targeted by miR-193a-5p and miR-193a-3p, respectively, in breast cancer cells. The endogenous levels of miR-193a-5p and miR-193a-3p were significantly increased by transfecting breast cancer cells with the 3'UTR of their direct targets. Comprehensive analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas database revealed significant differences in the arm expression preferences of several miRNAs between breast cancer and adjacent normal tissues. Our results collectively indicate that the arm expression preference phenomenon may be attributable to the target gene amount during breast cancer progression. The miRNA arm expression preference may be a means of modulating miRNA function, further complicating the mRNA regulatory network. Our findings provide a new insight into miRNA regulation and an application for breast cancer therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep28176DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4910092PMC
June 2016

Sore throat may be a clue to the early diagnosis of spontaneous pneumomediastinum.

Am J Emerg Med 2015 Feb 28;33(2):305.e5-8. Epub 2014 Jun 28.

Department of Family Medicine, Zuoying Branch of Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China; Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan, Taiwan, Republic of China. Electronic address:

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is defined as presence of air in the mediastinum without obvious cause such as esophageal perforation or abscess formation. It is a benign condition and usually resolved by itself in 1 to 2 weeks. The main symptom of spontaneous pneumomediastinum is retrosternal chest pain. Here, we present a young adult who complained about sore throat initially. Marked retropharyngeal emphysema was noted by neck x-ray. Pneumomediastinum was confirmed with chest x-ray and computed tomographic scan later on.We want to emphasize the importance of thorough history taking and lateral soft tissue neck radiograph on retropharyngeal emphysema in real time, which is key to the diagnostic workup for patients who present with persistent sore throat and dysphagia in young adult.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2014.06.024DOI Listing
February 2015

The association of prolonged QT interval on electrocardiography and chronic lead exposure.

J Occup Environ Med 2013 Jun;55(6):614-9

Department of Community Medicine, Zuoying Armed Forces General Hospital, College of Health Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the association of lead exposure with cardiac conduction disturbance among lead-exposed and nonexposed workers in Taiwan.

Methods: The participants comprised 312 lead workers and 329 referents who had no known occupational lead exposure. During their annual health examination, they were invited to take part in the survey. Standard resting 12-lead electrocardiograms were obtained and the electrocardiographic features studied were related to blood lead levels (BLLs).

Results: The mean BLLs were 26.05 (SD = 13.98) and 2.62 (SD = 1.42) μg/dL in lead-exposed and reference groups, respectively. Compared with the referents, lead workers had significantly shorter PR interval and longer QTc interval. Especially, workers with BLL > 30 μg/dL had the highest risk after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, and other potential confounders.

Conclusion: The data suggest that lead exposure is positively associated with prolonged QTc interval.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e318291787aDOI Listing
June 2013
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