Publications by authors named "Yi-Bin Shen"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Factors Associated with Malignancy in Patients with Maximal Thyroid Nodules ≥2 Cm.

Cancer Manag Res 2021 4;13:4473-4482. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Thyroid Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, 310003, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: The relationship between large thyroid nodules and the risk of malignancy is controversial. This study aimed to examine the relationship between thyroid nodule size and the risk of malignancy of maximal thyroid nodules ≥2 cm and the risk of accompanied by occult thyroid carcinoma.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent near-total or total thyroidectomy for thyroid nodules from January 2016 to January 2019 at the First Affiliated Hospital,Zhejiang University School of Medicine. Clinical, biochemical, and pathological characteristics were examined for association with malignancy using univariable, multivariable, and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses.

Results: Finally, 367 patients (277 females (75.5%) and 90 males (24.5%)) with a mean age of 49.0±13.5 years were included. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR=0.959, 95% CI: 0.939-0.979, <0.001), Hashimoto's thyroiditis (OR=2.437, 95% CI: 1.162-5.112, =0.018), the diameter of maximal nodule (small) (OR=0.706, 95% CI: 0.541-0.919, =0.010), and punctate echogenic foci (OR=2.837, 95% CI: 1.598-5.286, <0.001) were independently associated with malignancy. Of 223 patients who had non-suspicious malignant nodules (TI-RADS <4), 12.7% (n=29) patients showed malignancy at postoperative pathology. Only age was associated with occult PTC in the univariable analyses (OR=0.962, 95% CI: 0.934-0.991, =0.011). When TPOAb was used as a continuous variable for statistical analysis, it showed a significant difference in the ROC curve, and the results showed TPOAb >31.4 mIU/L was more associated with occult PTC (=0.006). A predictive model including four independent risk factors of malignancy showed an optimal discriminatory accuracy (area under the curve, AUC) of 0.783 (95% CI=0.732-0.833).

Conclusion: Relatively young age (<54.5 years), Hashimoto's thyroiditis, the diameter of the maximal nodule, and punctate echogenic foci were independently associated with thyroid malignancy in patients with maximal thyroid nodules ≥2 cm. Young age (<54.5 years) and TPOAb >31.4 mIU/L were associated with occult PTC.
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June 2021

Regeneration of a Bioengineered Thyroid Using Decellularized Thyroid Matrix.

Thyroid 2019 01 18;29(1):142-152. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

1 Thyroid Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Center; School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, P.R. China.

Background: Hypothyroidism is a common hormone deficiency condition. Regenerative medicine approaches, such as a bioengineered thyroid, have been proposed as potential therapeutic alternatives for patients with hypothyroidism. This study demonstrates a novel approach to generate thyroid grafts using decellularized rat thyroid matrix.

Methods: Isolated rat thyroid glands were perfused with 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate to generate a decellularized thyroid scaffold. The rat thyroid scaffold was then recellularized with rat thyroid cell line to reconstruct the thyroid by perfusion seeding technique. As a pilot study, the decellularized rat thyroid scaffold was perfused with human-derived thyrocytes and parathyroid cells.

Results: The decellularization process retained the intricate three-dimensional microarchitecture with a perfusable vascular network and native extracellular matrix components, allowing efficient reseeding of the thyroid matrix with the FRTL-5 rat thyroid cell line generating three-dimensional follicular structures in vitro. In addition, the recellularized thyroid showed successful cellular engraftment and thyroid-specific function, including synthesis of thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase. Moreover, the decellularized rat thyroid scaffold could further be recellularized with human-derived thyroid cells and parathyroid cells to reconstruct a humanized bioartificial endocrine organ, which maintained expression of critical genes such as thyroglobulin, thyroid peroxidase, and parathyroid hormone.

Conclusion: These findings demonstrate the utility of a decellularized thyroid extracellular matrix scaffold system for the development of functional, bioengineered thyroid tissue, which could potentially be used to treat hypothyroidism.
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January 2019

The Effects of Hashimoto Thyroiditis on Lymph Node Metastases in Unifocal and Multifocal Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Retrospective Chinese Cohort Study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Feb;95(6):e2674

From the Thyroid Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for central and lateral neck lymph node metastases in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and multifocal papillary thyroid carcinoma (MPTC), particularly when associated with Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT).A retrospective analysis of 763 consecutive patients who underwent total thyroidectomy with bilateral central neck dissection in the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University between October 2011 and October 2014 was conducted. All patients had formal histological diagnoses of HT. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors of neck lymph node metastases.Our study identified 277 PTC patients with HT and showed comparatively low rates of central lymph node metastases (CLNM) compared with the PTC patients without HT (37.2% versus 54.7%, P < 0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in lateral lymph node metastases (LLNM) (P = 0.656). Neck lymph node metastases were histologically proven in 127 (45.8%) patients with PTC with HT, including 103 CLNM and 24 LLNM. There were no significant differences in LLNM between the MPTC-associated HT and classic MPTC cases; however, a significantly reduced risk of CLNM was observed in the MPTC-associated HT compared with the MPTC cases (35.7% versus 72.4%, respectively, P < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, HT was identified as an independent alleviating factor for CLNM in all PTC patients (odds ratio, 0.369; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.261 to 0.521; P < 0.001) and in MPTC patients (odds ratio, 0.227; 95% CI, 0.126-0.406; P < 0.001). A cut-off of thyroid peroxidase antibody >140 IU/mL was established as the most sensitive and specific level for the prediction of MPTC based on receiver operating characteristic curve analyses. Thyroid peroxidase antibody, age, tumor size, and multifocality exhibited the ability to predict CLNM in PTC with HT patients with an area under the curve of 81.1% based on a multivariate model.Hashimoto thyroiditis was associated with increased prevalences of multifocality and capsular invasion. In contrast, HT was associated with a reduced risk of CLNM in PTC and MPTC patients, which indicated a potential protective effect. We found that the prognostic prediction model was applicable for predicting multifocality and CLNM in PTC patients with HT.
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February 2016