Publications by authors named "Yasushi Ichikawa"

176 Publications

Safety and efficacy of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy with Lu-DOTA-Tyr-octreotate in combination with amino acid solution infusion in Japanese patients with somatostatin receptor-positive, progressive neuroendocrine tumors.

Ann Nucl Med 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Oncology, Oncology Division, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9, Fuku-ura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan.

Purpose: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with Lu-DOTA-Tyr-octreotate (Lu-DOTATATE) is one of the most reliable treatments for unresectable, progressive neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) with somatostatin receptor expression. We have, for the first time, reported the results of the tolerability, safety, pharmacokinetics, dosimetry, and efficacy of this treatment for Japanese patients with NET.

Methods: Patients with unresectable, somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS)-positive NETs were enrolled in this phase I clinical trial. They were treated with 29.6 GBq of Lu-DOTATATE (four doses of 7.4 GBq) combined with amino acid solution infusion plus octreotide long-acting release (LAR) 30 mg. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the tolerability, safety, pharmacokinetics, and dosimetry of a single administration of this treatment in patients with SRS-positive NETs.

Results: Six Japanese patients (three men and three women; mean age 61.5 years; range 50-70 years) with SRS-positive unresectable NETs were recruited. Lu-DOTATATE was eliminated from the blood in a two-phase manner. Cumulative urinary excretion of radioactivity was 60.1% (range 49.0%-69.8%) within the initial 6 h. The cumulative renal absorbed dose for 29.6 GBq of Lu-DOTATATE was 16.8 Gy (range 12.0-21.2 Gy), and the biological effective dose was 17.0 Gy (range 12.2-21.5 Gy). Administration of Lu-DOTATATE was well tolerated, with no dose-limiting toxicities. Grade 3 lymphopenia occurred in two (33.3%) cases, but there were no other severe toxicities. Four patients achieved partial response (objective response rate, 66.7%), one patient had stable disease, and one patient had progressive disease.

Conclusion: PRRT with Lu-DOTATATE was well-tolerated and showed good outcomes in Japanese patients with unresectable NETs. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy, Lu-DOTA-Tyr-octreotate .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12149-021-01674-9DOI Listing
September 2021

Severe anaphylaxis caused by intravenous anti-cancer drugs.

Cancer Med 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Pulmonology, Yokohama City University Hospital, Yokohama, Japan.

Background: The incidence and risk factors of severe anaphylaxis by intravenous anti-cancer drugs are unclear, whereas those of milder reactions have been reported.

Study Design: Electronic medical charts of cancer patients who have undergone intravenous chemotherapy between January 2013 and October 2020 in a university hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Non-epithelial malignancies were also included in the analysis. "Severe anaphylaxis" was judged using Brown's criteria: typical presentation of anaphylaxis and one or more of hypoxia, shock, and neurologic compromise. (UMIN000042887).

Results: Among 5584 patients (2964 males [53.1%], 2620 females [46.9%], median age 66 years), 88,200 person-day anti-cancer drug administrations were performed intravenously, and 27 severe anaphylaxes were observed. The causative drugs included carboplatin (14 cases), paclitaxel (9 cases), and cisplatin, docetaxel, trastuzumab, and cetuximab (1 case each). The person-based lifetime incidence of severe anaphylaxis for patients who received at least one intravenous chemotherapy was 0.48% (27/5584, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.30%-0.67%) and the administration-based incidence was 0.031% (27/88,200, 95% CI 0.019%-0.043%). Among 124 patients who received at least 10 carboplatin administrations, 10 patients experienced carboplatin-induced severe anaphylaxis (10/124, 8.1%, 95% CI 3.0%-13.1%). Carboplatin caused severe anaphylaxis after at least 9-min interval since the drip started. Thirteen out of 14 patients experienced carboplatin-induced severe anaphylaxis within a 75-day interval from the previous treatment. Paclitaxel infusion caused severe anaphylaxis after a median of 5 min after the first drip of the day at a life-long incidence of 0.93% (9/968, 95% CI 0.27%-1.59%).

Conclusion: We elucidated the high-risk settings of chemotherapy-induced severe anaphylaxis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.4252DOI Listing
September 2021

Bromodomain-containing Protein 4 Is a Favourable Prognostic Factor in Breast Cancer Patients.

Anticancer Res 2021 Jul;41(7):3597-3606

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Aim: To evaluate the association between bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) expression and clinicopathological factors and prognosis in human breast cancer specimens.

Patients And Methods: We used tissue microarrays constructed from samples of patients (n=183) who underwent surgery. We validated the association between BRD4 expression and prognosis in solid tumours, including breast cancer, using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database.

Results: Immunohistochemical staining showed that BRD4 was widely distributed in breast cancer tissues. BRD4 was strongly expressed in 19.7% of patients but BRD4 staining intensity was not correlated with other clinicopathological factors. Most importantly, patients with a strong BRD4 expression had a significantly longer disease-specific survival than those with a weak BRD4 expression (100.0% vs. 91.3% at 5 years, p=0.027). mRNA expression analysis showed similar results (91.2% vs. 80.2% at 6 years, p=0.047).

Conclusion: Strong BRD4 expression was associated with a significantly better prognosis in breast cancer tumours.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.15148DOI Listing
July 2021

Elobixibat Effectively Relieves Chronic Constipation in Patients with Cancer Regardless of the Amount of Food Intake.

Oncologist 2021 Jun 27. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

Department of Oncology, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

Background: Constipation is a common, distressing complication in patients with cancer receiving palliative care. Elobixibat is a novel inhibitor of the ileal bile acid transporter that is used to treat chronic constipation by stimulating bowel function. However, its efficacy in patients with cancer has not been examined. This study investigated the drug's effectiveness in patients with cancer with chronic constipation.

Patients And Methods: This prospective-sampling, single-center, observational study included hospitalized patients with cancer diagnosed, using the Rome IV criteria, with chronic constipation. Within 2 weeks of hospitalization, each participant was administered elobixibat (5-15 mg) daily until discharge. Spontaneous bowel movements (SBMs), complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs), Bristol stool form scale (BSFS) scores, and the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life questionnaire (PAC-QOL) scores were assessed before and after elobixibat administration. We also evaluated the relationship between the amount of food consumed and the SBM frequency.

Results: Among the 83 participants, the mean pre- and post-treatment frequencies of daily SBMs were 0.3 and 1.2 (p < .0001) and those of CSBMs were 0.1 and 0.6 (p < .0001), respectively. The mean pretreatment BSFS score was 1.6, whereas the post-treatment value was 3.5 (p < .0001); the mean PAC-QOL score (overall) improved from 1.01 to 0.74 (p = .01). There was no significant change in the daily SBM frequency between fasting and feeding states (1.2 vs. 1.3; p = .8), and there was no correlation between the amount of food intake and the SBM frequency after elobixibat administration (r = .03). Serious adverse events were not observed.

Conclusion: This study showed that elobixibat is safe and effective for patients with cancer with chronic constipation, regardless of the food intake amount.

Implications For Practice: Elobixibat was effective at relieving chronic constipation in patients with various cancers. Serious adverse events were not observed, and the relief of constipation was independent of variation in food intake.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/onco.13879DOI Listing
June 2021

Retrospective study of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy for Japanese patients with advanced neuroendocrine tumors.

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2021 Jun 26. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Department of Oncology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Background: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with radiolabeled somatostatin analogs is an innovative treatment for advanced somatostatin-positive neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). PRRT cannot be performed in Japan because there is no approval or insurance cover so far.

Methods: We relied on foreign institutions to perform PRRT for Japanese patients with NETs. We retrospectively evaluated the safety and efficacy of PRRT. The inclusion criteria were pathologically confirmed well-differentiated NET and visible tumor uptake on pre-therapeutic somatostatin receptor scintigraphy. Lu-DOTA-TOC was used as the standard treatment, and patients received three infusions every 8 weeks. Until the end of 2017, combination treatment with Y and Lu-DOTA-TOC was performed using the same protocol.

Results: Thirty-five patients were evaluated, and the primary lesions were pancreas, rectum, small intestine, stomach, and other locations. The partial response rate was 42.9%. Progression-free survival (PFS) was 12.8 months and overall survival was 42.8 months. There was no significant difference in PFS between front-line and late-line PRRT (11.0 months vs 28.0 months; P = .383). Severe adverse events included lymphocytopenia (20.0%) and thrombocytopenia (5.7%). Myelodysplastic syndrome occurred in one case.

Conclusion: PRRT was effective and safe for Japanese patients with advanced NETs. PRRT was equally effective as front-line and late-line treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jhbp.1014DOI Listing
June 2021

Relationship between stromal regulatory T cells and the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced rectal cancer.

Surg Today 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan.

Background: In addition to the direct power of anticancer drugs, the effectiveness of anticancer therapy depends on the host immune function. The present study investigated whether or not the reduction rate and histological response of preoperative chemotherapy were related to the immune microenvironment surrounding a primary tumor of the rectum.

Methods: Sixty-five patients received preoperative chemotherapy followed by resection from 2012 to 2014; all of these patients were retrospectively analyzed. CD3, CD8, and FoxP3 were immunohistochemically examined as markers for T lymphocytes, cytotoxic T lymphocytes, and regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg), respectively. The correlation between the tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte composition and the tumor reduction rate and histological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was investigated.

Results: The average tumor reduction rate was 41.5% ± 18.8%. According to RECIST, 47 patients (72.3%) achieved a partial response (PR), and 1 patient (1.5%) achieved a complete response (CR). Eight patients (12.3%) showed a grade 2 histological response, and 2 (3.1%) showed a grade 3 response. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that a low Treg infiltration in stromal cell areas was significantly associated with the achievement of a PR or CR [odds ratio (OR) 7.69; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.96-33.33; p < 0.01] and a histological grade 2 or 3 response (OR 11.11; 95% CI 1.37-98.04; p = 0.02).

Conclusion: A low Treg infiltration in the stromal cell areas may be a marker of a good response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00595-021-02311-8DOI Listing
June 2021

IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis may be a risk factor for cancer.

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2021 Jun 24;28(6):524-532. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Yokohama City University Hospital, Yokohama, Japan.

Background/purpose: The relationship between autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and malignancy has been reported. However, the potential risk for cancer in patients with immunoglobulin 4 (IgG4)-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) is unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the incidence of cancer in IgG4-SC patients.

Methods: We retrospectively collected clinical data for 121 patients diagnosed with IgG4-SC from 7 hospitals. We calculated the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of cancer in IgG4-SC patients based on the national cancer rates. The SIR of the period after the diagnosis of IgG4-SC were calculated.

Results: The mean follow-up period was 6.4 years, with 121 IgG4-SC patients. During the follow-up period, 26 patients had cancer, and 29 cancers were diagnosed. The SIR of cancer after the diagnosis of IgG4-SC was 1.90 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.67-2.21). The SIR of pancreatic and bile duct cancer was 10.30 and 8.88, respectively. The SIR of cancer in <1 year, 1-5 years, and >5 years after diagnosis of IgG4-SC were 2.58, 1.01, and 2.44, respectively.

Conclusions: IgG4-SC patients have a high risk of cancer including pancreatic and bile duct cancer. The risk of cancer was high less <1 year and >5 years after diagnosis of IgG4-SC. Therefore, IgG4-SC patients may require careful long-term follow-up.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jhbp.957DOI Listing
June 2021

First-line Gemcitabine Treatment of Physician's Choice for Metastatic Breast Cancer: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Anticancer Res 2021 Mar;41(3):1671-1676

Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama, Japan.

Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of first-line gemcitabine monotherapy for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and its effect on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) compared with treatment of physician's choice (TPC).

Patients And Methods: We enrolled 96 patients into the first-line gemcitabine group (n=47) or other treatment of physician's choice (TPC) group (n=49) from May 2010 to April 2013. HRQoL was evaluated every 4 weeks.

Results: There was no significant difference in the median time to treatment failure (5.3 vs. 4.6 months, hazard ratio=0.87, p=0.546) and the incidence rates of grade 3/4 haematological toxicity (10.6% vs. 8.1%, p=0.677) and grade 3/4 non-haematological toxicity (4.2% vs. 8.1%, p=0.429) between the gemcitabine and TPC groups. Changes in HRQoL from baseline to 12 weeks were not significantly different.

Conclusion: Gemcitabine achieves similar efficacy and HRQoL benefit to other chemotherapy and can be used as first-line treatment for MBC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.14930DOI Listing
March 2021

Predicting Nonsentinel Lymph Node Metastasis in Breast Cancer: A Multicenter Retrospective Study.

J Surg Res 2021 08 20;264:45-50. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has been the standard modality for breast cancer patients with clinically node negative disease. In patients who undergo axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) due to SLN metastasis, the harvested nodes (non-SLNs) often contain no metastasis. Here, we evaluated the predictive factors associated with non-SLN metastasis in breast cancer patients.

Materials And Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with operable cT1-3, cN0 invasive breast cancer who underwent SLN biopsy followed by ALND due to SLN metastasis. The clinicopathologic factors and predictive factors of non-SLN metastasis were analyzed. The optimal cutoff for the Ki67 index and the number of positive and negative SLNs that were predictive of non-SLN metastasis were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curves.

Results: The median number of SLN and non-SLN was 3 and 11, respectively. Of the 150 patients, 52 (35.0%) had metastases in non-SLNs. The optimal cutoffs for the Ki67 index and the number of positive and negative SLNs were of 12%, 2, and 1, respectively. In the univariate analysis, the Ki67 index and the number of positive SLNs≥2 and negative SLNs≤1 were higher in the non-SLN + group than that in the non-SLN - group. The number of negative SLNs was as a predictive factor for non-SLNs metastasis in the multivariate analysis.

Conclusions: The number of negative SLNs predicts the risk of non-SLN metastasis in breast cancer. When deciding on whether to omit ALND, the number of positive and negative SLNs should be considered.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2021.01.047DOI Listing
August 2021

Phase II study of temozolomide monotherapy in patients with extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma.

Cancer Sci 2021 May 12;112(5):1936-1942. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Oncology Division, Yokohama City University Hospital, Yokohama, Japan.

Extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma (EPNEC) is a lethal disease with a poor prognosis. Platinum-based chemotherapy is used as the standard first-line treatment for unresectable EPNEC. Several retrospective studies have reported the results of the utilization of temozolomide (TMZ) as a drug for the second-line treatment for EPNEC. Patients with unresectable EPNEC that were resistant to platinum-based combination chemotherapy were recruited for a prospective phase II study of TMZ monotherapy. A 200 mg/m dose of TMZ was given from day 1 to day 5, every 4 weeks. Response rate (RR) was evaluated as the primary end-point. The presence of O -methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in EPNEC patients was also evaluated as exploratory research. Thirteen patients were enrolled in this study. Primary lesions were pancreas (n = 3), stomach (n = 3), duodenum (n = 1), colon (n = 1), gallbladder (n = 1), liver (n = 1), uterus (n = 1), bladder (n = 1), and primary unknown (n = 1). Each case was defined as pathological poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma from surgically resected and/or biopsied specimens. The median Ki-67 labeling index was 60% (range, 22%-90%). The RR was 15.4%, progression-free survival was 1.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-2.7), overall survival (OS) was 7.8 months (95% CI, 6.0-9.5), and OS from first-line treatment was 19.2 months (95% CI, 15.1-23.3). No grade 3 or 4 hematological toxicity had occurred and there was one case of grade 3 nausea. One case presented MGMT deficiency and this case showed partial response. Temozolomide monotherapy is a feasible, modestly effective, and safe treatment for patients with unresectable EPNEC following platinum-based chemotherapy, especially those with MGMT deficiency.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cas.14811DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8088944PMC
May 2021

Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 1-related Genes in Triple-negative Breast Cancer Investigated Using Network Analysis.

Anticancer Res 2020 Dec;40(12):6733-6742

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background/aim: Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) is known as a breast cancer stem cell (CSC) marker. This study aimed to identify genes associated with ALDH1.

Materials And Methods: ALDH1-positive and -negative breast cancer cells were isolated using laser capture microdissection from five tissue samples of ALDH1-positive breast cancer patients. Messenger RNA expression levels were compared between ALDH1-positive and -negative cells.

Results: We found 104 differentially expressed genes between ALDH1-positive and -negative cells. Gene ontology and pathway analysis revealed that these genes were correlated with CSC functions and pathways. Network analyses identified 10 genes that were closely associated with ALDH1. We validated these 10 genes utilizing The Cancer Genome Atlas and the Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium cohort, and found that they were associated with ALDH1 expression and correlated with Wnt pathway signaling.

Conclusion: The 10 genes we identified could be potential targets for CSC therapy of breast cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.14696DOI Listing
December 2020

Pathological Findings of the Host Immune Reaction in the Tumor Microenvironment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms.

Intern Med 2021 Apr 9;60(7):977-983. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Oncology Division, Yokohama City University Hospital, Japan.

Objective Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are rare and indolent diseases, but the efficacy of treatment without surgical resection is temporary and limited. Targeted immunotherapy is an important treatment strategy in several cancers. However, the tumor and host immune reactions in the NEN microenvironment are poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated the immune checkpoint system and host immune response in pathological NEN specimens. Methods The expression of the mismatch repair proteins MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, and MLH1 was immunohistochemically detected in archival tissue samples obtained from 20 patients with gastroenteropancreatic NENs. We additionally assessed the expression of programmed death (PD)-1, PD-L1, and the tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) markers CD8 and family of transcription factor P3 (FOXP3). Results All 20 NENs expressed the mismatch repair proteins MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, and MLH1. The PD-L1 and/or PD-1 expression in the tumor cells and/or TILs was confirmed in 75% of the cases. PD-1-, CD8-, and FOXP3-positive TILs were more frequently associated with PD-L1-positive tumors than with PD-L1 negative tumors (PD-1: 19.5 vs. 7.3, CD8: 18.1 vs. 7.1, FOXP3: 13.2 vs. 3.2, p=0.438, p=0.419, P=0.603, respectively). The number of cells positive for PD-1 tended to gradually increase in increasing grade of NENs but did not reach significance (Grade 1: 5.8, Grade 2: 10.2, NEC: 18.1, p=0.903). Conclusion NENs consistently express mismatch repair proteins but have a high expression of PD-L1 and/or PD-1 in the tumor microenvironment. NEC and PD-L1-positive NENs may be immunologically "hot" tumors, so an immunological approach may be an appropriate treatment strategy for these tumors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.5648-20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8079921PMC
April 2021

Case Reports: Transformation of End-Stage Neuroendocrine Tumors With Uncontrollable Liver Metastasis Into a Novel or Additional Functional Phenotype.

Front Oncol 2020 25;10:555963. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

Department of Oncology, Yokohama City University Hospital, Yokohama, Japan.

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare, but their worldwide incidence is gradually increasing. NETs are generally heterogeneous; however, in rare cases, they have been shown to change their phenotype (i.e., nonfunctional to functional or one functional phenotype to the addition of another functional phenotype). Here, we present two cases of liver metastatic NETs with phenotype transformation at the advanced stage that led to life-threatening events. A 73-year-old woman had a small intestinal nonfunctional NET with liver metastasis. After uncontrollable liver metastasis at the advanced stage, she developed duodenal perforation with hypergastremia. The patient was treated with octreotide and proton pump inhibitors and underwent endoscopic closure for duodenal perforation, but her general condition gradually deteriorated, and she died 2 weeks after duodenal perforation. Another patient, a 50-year-old man, had a functional NET (gastrinoma) with liver metastasis and duodenal ulcer. After uncontrollable liver metastasis at the advanced stage, he developed hypoglycemia. Although octoreotide and diazoxide were administrated for hyperalimentation, his hypoglycemia was uncontrollable, and he died after 4 months owing to general deterioration. The present cases show that advanced NETs with treatment-uncontrollable liver metastasis can transform their phenotype, specifically from a nonfunctional NET into a functional NET, and from one functional NET into the addition of another functional NET. These experiences suggest that the presence of treatment-resistant liver metastasis might be a hallmark of the potential to gain novel functions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2020.555963DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7544986PMC
September 2020

Oncological outcomes of lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) for locally advanced rectal cancer: is LLND alone sufficient?

Int J Colorectal Dis 2021 Feb 23;36(2):293-301. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan.

Background: Lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) has been considered as the standard treatment strategy for locally advanced lower rectal cancer in Japan. Controversy remains around whether all patients require LLND. This study aims to examine the long-term outcomes of patients in which LLND was performed and clarify the value of LLND.

Method: Consecutive 458 patients with lower rectal cancer who underwent total mesorectal excision (TME) plus LLND from 1992 to 2012 were included. The long-term outcomes and risk factors for recurrent in patients performed TME + LLND were examined. We assessed the impact of LLND on survival using an estimated therapeutic index.

Results: The incidence of LLNM was 15.5%. The 5-year RFS and OS rates of patients with LLNM were 40.9% and 47.7%, while patients without LLNM had a good prognosis. The 5-year local recurrence (LR) rate was 9.2%, and independent risk factors for LR were T4 and LLNM. The LR rate of patients with LLNM was high (22.8%). The LLNM rate of the groups with 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4 risk factors (male, tumor location < 4 cm from anal verge, T4, and MLNM) was 3.8%, 9.2%, 18.1%, and 50.0%. The 5-year OS of the groups was 96.2%, 86.1%, 69.7%, and 48.5%.

Conclusion: Although patients with locally advanced lower rectal cancer who received LLND had a good prognosis, LLND alone was insufficient to control local recurrence in patients with metastatic lateral nodes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-020-03760-2DOI Listing
February 2021

Risk factors of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer: a prospective cohort study (YCOG1301).

Int J Colorectal Dis 2020 Dec 28;35(12):2323-2329. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan.

Purpose: Although the effectiveness of antiemetic therapy for colorectal cancer chemotherapy has improved with further drug development, some patients still suffer from chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) even with only 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 receptor antagonist and dexamethasone. The present study investigated the risk factors of CINV in patients who received chemotherapy for colorectal cancer and clarified which patients need additional neurokinin 1 receptor antagonist.

Methods: Patients with colorectal cancer receiving moderate-emetic-risk chemotherapy (MEC) were enrolled in this prospective single-arm study with intravenous palonosetron 0.75 mg and dexamethasone 9.9 mg before chemotherapy and with paroral dexamethasone 8 mg on days 2 and 3. The primary endpoint was the complete response (CR) rate for delayed-phase CINV.

Results: A total of 179 patients were eligible for this study. The delayed CR rate was 84.9% (152/179). There were no significant differences in any risk factors, but women with a low body mass index (BMI) (a combination of "female sex" and "BMI < 20") showed a significantly lower rate of CC (complete control) (odds ratio [OR] = 0.45, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.17-1.13; p = 0.039), and young patients with a low BMI (combination of "age < 65" and "BMI < 20") showed a significantly lower rate of CR (OR = 0.34, 95% CI = 0.13-0.88; p = 0.022) than the other patients.

Conclusions: This study failed to identify any single risk factors associated with delayed CINV in patients who received chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer. However, combinations of "thin and women" or "young and thin patients" might be possible predictive conditions, thus, candidates for NK1 receptor antagonist administration in MEC. Further investigations are required to develop criteria for the supplementation of NK1 receptor antagonist.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-020-03731-7DOI Listing
December 2020

Development of an invasive ductal carcinoma in a contralateral composite nipple graft after an autologous breast reconstruction: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2020 Aug 8;6(1):203. Epub 2020 Aug 8.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Background: Nipple-areola complex (NAC) reconstruction is a technique used in breast reconstructive surgery, which is performed during the final stage of breast reconstruction after total mastectomy of primary breast cancer. Composite nipple grafts utilizing the contralateral NAC are common; however, to our knowledge, there are no reports of new primary invasive ductal carcinoma development within the graft. Here, we describe one such case for the first time.

Case Presentation: A 54-year-old woman was referred to us by the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery in our medical center for further evaluation of right nipple erosion. She had undergone total mastectomy of the right breast following a breast cancer diagnosis 15 years ago, at which time tumor biological profiling revealed the following: estrogen receptor (ER), positive; progesterone receptor (PgR), negative; and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), undetermined. She received adjuvant chemotherapy and endocrine therapy. She defaulted endocrine therapy for a few years, and 7 years after surgery, she underwent autologous breast reconstruction with a deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap. In the following year, NAC reconstruction was performed using a composite graft technique. Seven years after the NAC reconstruction, erosion appeared on the nipple grafted from its contralateral counterpart; scrape cytology revealed malignancy. The skin on the right side of her chest around the NAC and subcutaneous fat tissue consisted of transferred tissue from the abdomen, as the DIEP flap and grafted nipple were located on the graft skin. The right nipple carcinoma arose from the tissue taken from the left nipple. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography showed no malignant findings in the left breast. As the malignant lesion seemed limited to the area around the grafted right nipple on MRI, surgical resection with sufficient lateral and deep margins was performed around the right nipple. Pathological findings revealed invasive ductal carcinoma with comedo ductal components infiltrating the graft skin and underlying adipose tissue. Immunohistochemistry revealed positive for ER, PgR, and HER2.

Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first case involving the development of invasive ductal carcinoma in a nipple graft constructed on the skin of a DIEP flap, with the origin from the contralateral breast's nipple.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-020-00962-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7415053PMC
August 2020

Comparing the effectiveness of magnesium oxide and naldemedine in preventing opioid-induced constipation: a proof of concept, single institutional, two arm, open-label, phase II, randomized controlled trial: the MAGNET study.

Trials 2020 Jun 1;21(1):453. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan.

Background: Patients taking opioids are known to develop opioid-induced constipation (OIC), which reduces their quality of life. The aim of this study is to compare magnesium oxide with naldemedine and determine which is more effective in preventing OIC.

Methods: This proof-of-concept, prospective, randomized controlled trial commenced in Japan in March 2018. Initially, a questionnaire-based survey will be conducted targeting adult patients with cancer who concomitantly commenced opioid treatment and OIC prevention treatment. Patients will then be randomly allocated to a magnesium oxide group (500 mg thrice daily) or a naldemedine group (0.2 mg once daily). Each drug will be orally administered for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint is defined as any improvement in scores on the Japanese version of Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life questionnaire (JPAC-QOL) from baseline to 2 weeks of treatment.

Discussion: The primary endpoint is change in JPAC-QOL score from baseline to 2 weeks of intervention. The key secondary endpoint will be change in spontaneous bowel movements at 2 and 12 weeks of intervention. This study will determine whether magnesium oxide or naldemedine is more effective for the prevention of OIC.

Trial Registration: University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN) Clinical Trials Registry, UMIN000031891. Registered March 25, 2018.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04385-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268242PMC
June 2020

The effect of TJ-28 (Eppikajutsuto) on the prevention of hand-foot syndrome using Capecitabine for colorectal cancer: The Yokohama Clinical Oncology Group Study (YCOG1102).

Indian J Gastroenterol 2020 04 13;39(2):204-210. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

Background: Eppikajututo (TJ-28, a Kampo medicine) is effective against rheumatoid arthritis and eczema. We conducted a randomized comparative trial to assess the efficacy of TJ-28 for preventing hand-foot syndrome (HFS) as a complication of adjuvant chemotherapy using capecitabine.

Methods: The present study was a multi-institutional randomized-controlled trial (UMIN000005899). Colorectal cancer patients scheduled to receive capecitabine chemotherapy as adjuvant therapy were randomly assigned to receive TJ-28 (7500 mg/day) or oral pyridoxine (60 mg/day). Patients were monitored for the development of grade ≥ 2 HFS according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria until chemotherapy completion.

Results: Twenty-two patients were enrolled in this study. The relative dose intensity of capecitabine was 76.2% in the TJ-28 group and 68.2% in the pyridoxine group. Grade ≥ 2 HFS developed in 6 (50.0%) of 12 TJ-28 patients and in 4 (40.0%) of 10 pyridoxine patients. Chemotherapy treatment failure was observed in seven patients, mainly due to HFS, liver dysfunction, diarrhea, and neutropenia. Chemotherapy treatment failure due to HFS occurred in none of the TJ-28 group and 2 patients (20.0%) in the pyridoxine group (p = 0.114).

Conclusion: Capecitabine-associated HFS was not markedly prevented by TJ-28 compared with pyridoxine. However, TJ-28 might support the continuation of chemotherapy with capecitabine. Further studies are warranted to clarify the benefits of TJ-28.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12664-020-01039-6DOI Listing
April 2020

Real-world Treatment Outcomes of the EXTREME Regimen as First-line Therapy for Recurrent/Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck: A Multi-center Retrospective Cohort Study in Japan.

Anticancer Res 2019 Dec;39(12):6819-6827

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Yokohama City University, School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Background/aim: This Japanese multiple-center retrospective study aimed to examine the real-world treatment outcomes of the EXTREME regimen as a first-line therapy for recurrent/metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (R/M SCCHN).

Patients And Methods: A total of 100 R/M SCCHN patients treated with the EXTREME regimen as first-line therapy were analyzed. The treatment outcomes were evaluated to compare patient and treatment characteristics with overall survival.

Results: Patients treated with carboplatin-based EXTREME regimen showed similar overall survival with less adverse effects compared to that of patients using cisplatin. The post-progression survival was significantly longer in patients treated with second-line treatment following the EXTREME regimen than in those without second-line treatment.

Conclusion: The carboplatin-based EXTREME regimen was more feasible with similar treatment outcomes compared to cisplatin-based EXTREME regimen. In addition, subsequent lines of therapy contributed to improvement of survival for R/M SCCHN patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.13898DOI Listing
December 2019

Novel targets identified by integrated cancer-stromal interactome analysis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Cancer Lett 2020 01 24;469:217-227. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Kanagawa Cancer Center Research Institute, Yokohama, Japan.

The pancreatic cancer microenvironment is crucial in cancer development, progression and drug resistance. Cancer-stromal interactions have been recognized as important targets for cancer therapy. However, identifying relevant and druggable cancer-stromal interactions is challenging due to the lack of quantitative methods to analyze the whole cancer-stromal interactome. Here we studied 14 resected pancreatic cancer specimens (8 pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients as a cancer group and 6 intraductal papillary-mucinous adenoma (IPMA) patients as a control). Shotgun proteomics of the stromal lesion dissected with laser captured microdissection (LCM) was performed, and identified 102 differentially expressed proteins in pancreatic cancer stroma. Next, we obtained gene expression data in human pancreatic cancer and normal pancreatic tissue from The Cancer Genome Atlas database (n = 169) and The Genotype-Tissue Expression database (n = 197), and identified 1435 genes, which were differentially expressed in pancreatic cancer cells. To identify relevant and druggable cancer-stromal-interaction targets, we applied these datasets to our in-house ligand-receptor database. Finally, we identified 9 key genes and 8 key cancer-stromal-interaction targets for PDAC patients. Furthermore, we examined FN1 and ITGA3 protein expression in pancreatic cancer tissues using tissue microarrays (TMAs) of 271 PDAC cases, and demonstrated that FN1-ITGA3 had unfavorable prognostic impact for PDAC patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2019.10.031DOI Listing
January 2020

Anthracycline could be essential for triple-negative breast cancer: A randomised phase II study by the Kanagawa Breast Oncology Group (KBOG) 1101.

Breast 2019 Oct 15;47:1-9. Epub 2019 Jun 15.

Department of Translational Oncology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: It is important to determine whether anthracycline-containing regimens or taxane-containing regimens are more effective in individual patients. The present study compared the efficacy of six cycles of docetaxel and cyclophosphamide (TC6) with that of three cycles of 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by docetaxel (FEC-D) in Japanese patients with hormone receptor (HR)-negative breast cancer (BC) to identify subtypes requiring anthracycline treatment.

Methods: The study included 103 patients with operable HR-negative BC. Of these patients 53 received FEC-D and 50 received TC6. The primary endpoint was pathological complete response (pCR). The secondary endpoints were safety, breast-conserving surgery, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). The predictive factors for each regimen were evaluated.

Results: Of the 103 patients, 97 completed the study (FEC-D, 50 patients; TC6, 47 patients). The pCR rate was higher with FEC-D (36%) than with TC6 (25.5%); however, the difference was not significant (P = 0.265). TC6 was safer than FEC-D, as the adverse events with docetaxel in the FEC-D regimen were similar to those with the TC6 regimen. Among patients with basal BC, the pCR rate was significantly higher with FEC-D (42.9%) than with TC6 (13.6%; P = 0.033). Among patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), the DFS and OS were significantly better with FEC-D than with TC6 (P = 0.016 and P = 0.034, respectively).

Conclusion: TC6 was not as effective as FEC-D for treating HR-negative BC, as TC6 was not sufficient to treat TNBC, particularly the basal subtype. Our findings suggest that anthracyclines are better treatment options than taxanes for basal BC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.breast.2019.06.003DOI Listing
October 2019

[Retrospective Observational Study on Chemical Coping].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 May;46(Suppl 1):60-62

Palliative Care Unit, Yokohama City University Hospital.

Chemical coping also has an idea that it is an early stage of abuse and dependence of opioids, it is important to grasp the frequency, complaints, and risk factors of chemical coping. In this study, observational research was performed backwardly with 549 people using opioids who were newly requested to the palliative care team. Results revealed that 13 of 549 patients (2.4%)were diagnosed with chemical coping. In terms of a breakdown of the complaint, and it was following rate and reasons, 6 people(46%)felt easy, 2 people(15%)were anxious, 2 people(15%)could sleep, 2 people(15%)had unknown reasons, and 1(8%)was calm. Characteristics of each patient diagnosed with chemical coping included frequent psychiatric symptoms such as life expectancy of 3 months, opioid oral administration period of 1 year or more, disease incidence period of 1 year or more, anxiety, delirium, and depression. One benign disease also confirmed the transition to opioid dependence.
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May 2019

[A Case of Malignant Ameloblastoma Associated with Uncontrollable Hypercalcemia].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 May;46(Suppl 1):55-56

Dept. of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine.

Approximately 20-30% of cancers are associated with hypercalcemia, and this is a complication often encountered in cancer care. Hypercalcemia causes disorders such as disturbance of consciousness and, in severe cases, kidney failure and even death. In this report, we present a case of malignant ameloblastoma associated with uncontrollable hypercalcemia followed by a life-threatening disease course. In this case, hypercalcemia shortened the period of home care, and the medical staff could have extended this period by acquiring knowledge that leads to early detection and better control of hypercalcemia. In addition, the choice of the place for end-of-life care may have been expanded by considering the treatment of not only the malignant tumor but also hypercalcemia as its complication.
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May 2019

[Differences in Concepts between Hospital Oncologists and Home Physicians].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 May;46(Suppl 1):115-117

Dept. of Oncology, Yokohama City University Hospital.

Although many patients with terminal cancers desire to be cared for at home, frequently, such patients cannot be shifted to home care due to their unstable symptoms. In severe cases, emergency hospitalizations may be frequently required after introducinghome medical care. We report a case of makinghome medical care difficult due to repeated emergency hospitalizations despite of the patient's deep desire. Interviews were conducted with both the oncologist in charge of the case and a home physician, and their viewpoints were compared. For patients and their families to achieve desired livingconditions, it was considered necessary to give supportive medical care that meet their desires until the end of their lives as mutual viewpoints are taken in a good balance.
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May 2019

Effect of Portal Vein Ligation Plus Venous Congestion on Liver Regeneration in Rats.

Ann Hepatol 2019 Jan - Feb;18(1):89-100

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction And Aim: We developed a rat model of portal vein ligation (PVL) with venous congestion (PVL+C) to investigate beneficial effect PVL plus congestion for regeneration of intact liver segments.

Materials And Methods: In the PVL group, portal vein branches were ligated except the caudate lobe (CL). In the PVL + C group, the left lateral hepatic vein was ligated in addition to PVL. Chronological changes in the following variables were compared among the groups: CL weight to body weight ratio (CL/BW), embolized liver weight to body weight ratio (EL/BW), histological findings of the embolized/non-embolized liver, and expression of several mediators that affect liver regeneration in the non-embolized liver.

Results: Weight regeneration of CL continued up to postoperative day (POD)7 in PVL + C, but terminated at POD2 in PVL. CL/BW at POD7 was significantly higher in PVL + C than in PVL (2.41 ± 0.33% vs. 1.22 ± 0.18%, P < 0.01). In contrast, EL/BW continued to decrease up to POD7 in PVL + C but reached nadir at POD2 in PVL. Furthermore, EL/BW at POD7 was significantly smaller in PVL + C than in PVL (0.35 ± 0.03% vs. 0.67 ± 0.08%, P < 0.01). Histologically-proven injury in the embolized liver was more severe in PVL + C than in PVL. Expression of Ki-67, IL-6, TNF -a, and HGF were greater and/or more prolonged in PVL + C than in PVL.

Conclusions: Our rat model of PVL + C was considered useful for investigating the beneficial effect of congestion in addition to PVC. PVL + C caused increased devastation of the embolized liver, and higher and more prolonged expression of factors promoting liver regeneration in the non-embolized liver than in PVL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0012.7866DOI Listing
April 2020

Multicenter experience with large panel next-generation sequencing in patients with advanced solid cancers in Japan.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2019 Feb;49(2):174-182

Department of Human Pathology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Application of next-generation DNA sequencing (NGS) has recently become increasingly common in the field of clinical oncology in several countries around the world. In Japan also, a system for applying NGS to routine clinical practice is gradually being established. During this process, we introduced in Japan the tumor-profiling MSK-IMPACT (Memorial Sloan Kettering-Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets) assay.

Methods: We present here our initial experience with the use of MSK-IMPACT in 68 patients selected from two institutions in Japan between June 2016 and October 2017.

Results: MSK-IMPACT sequencing was successful and yielded results in specimens obtained from 64 of the 68 patients, representing an overall assay success rate of 94.1%. The top three cancer types tested were endometrial cancer (17.2%), pancreatic cancer (15.6%) and colorectal cancer (12.5%). Evaluation of the clinical actionability of the genetic alterations revealed that 25.0% of patients (n = 16) harbored at least one actionable alteration. However, enrolling the patients in a genomically matched clinical trial was difficult, mainly because most clinical trials are limited to tumors arising from a specific organ/site. One patient with microsatellite instability-high status, as determined by MSK-IMPACT, was treated with pembrolizumab and showed partial response.

Conclusions: Although tumor profiling by NGS and administration of genomically matched therapy is a promising strategy, because of its high cost, we need to consider how we can fit it into the Japanese medical system. Towards this end, we believe that it is important to share our initial experience for furthering precision medicine in Japan.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jjco/hyy173DOI Listing
February 2019

Sarcopenia is a reliable prognostic factor in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer receiving FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy.

Pancreatology 2019 Jan 10;19(1):127-135. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Background/objectives: FOLFIRINOX is the reliable treatments for pancreatic cancer, but it has a relatively high toxicity and the selection of suitable patients for this regimen remains challenge. On the other hand, sarcopenia is one of the important prognostic factors of pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sarcopenia on overall survival (OS) and time to treatment failure (TTF) in patients with pancreatic cancer who received FOLFIRINOX.

Methods: Clinical data of consecutive patients treated with FOLFIRINOX at our institution from 2011 to 2017 was retrospectively reviewed. Skeletal muscle index (SMI) and adipose tissue index (ATI) at the third lumbar spine level was calculated from computed tomography (CT) images. The association between clinical factors (SMI and ATI), and OS and TTF were determined using univariate and multivariate analyses.

Results: We assessed 82 patients. The median OS of sarcopenia and the non-sarcopenia patients were 11.3 and 17.0 months, respectively (hazard ratio [HR], 2.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.43-4.32; p = 0.001). Median TTF was 3.0 and 6.1 months in the sarcopenia and the non-sarcopenia patients, respectively (HR, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.03-2.71; p = 0.032). Multivariate analyses revealed that sarcopenia (HR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.01-1.87; p = 0.045) was an independent prognostic factor of OS. High ATI (p = 0.022) and sarcopenic obesity (p = 0.008) were significantly associated with hematologic toxicity.

Conclusions: Sarcopenia is an independent indicator of poor prognosis in patients with pancreatic cancer who received FOLFIRINOX, while ATI and sarcopenic obesity predicted severe hematologic toxicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pan.2018.11.001DOI Listing
January 2019

Lnc RNA H19 is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients and promotes cancer stemness.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2018 Aug 24;170(3):507-516. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ward, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 236-0004, Japan.

Purpose: Aldehyde dehydrogenase1 (ALDH1) is widely accepted as a stem cell marker for normal breast as well as in breast cancer. Although the clinical impact of ALDH1 was observed in our previous study, we do not know how ALDH1 affects stem cell features resulting in worsening of prognosis in breast cancer. The purpose of this study is to explore ALDH1-related gene and its function on cancer stem cell (CSC).

Methods: In five cases of ALDH1-positive triple-negative breast cancer, mRNA expression profile was compared between ALDH1-positive and ALDH1-negative cells by Affymetrix microarray analysis after microdissection. Among the genes modulated in ALDH1-positive cells, we focused on H19, which encodes a long non-coding RNA, in this study. An in-vitro study was conducted with H19 siRNA in HCC1934 and iCSCL10A cell lines. The association of H19 with prognosis was examined in 180 breast cancer cases.

Results: Network analysis revealed the existence of five genes related with H19, including miR-103, miR-107, let-7, miR-29b-1, and Trx. In-vitro analysis showed that suppression of H19 using siRNA reduces sphere formation capacity in both HCC1934 and iCSCL10A cell lines. In clinical studies, H19 expression was associated with hormone negativity, tumor size, and nodal status. Patients with H19 expression had significantly poor disease-free survival (DFS) (26.3 vs. 64.8% at 5 years, p = 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (28.9 vs. 68.3% at 5 years, p = 0.004). The effect of H19 expression on prognosis was the most significant in triple-negative breast cancer compared to that in other subtypes (20.0 vs. 65.4% at 5 years DFS, p = 0.012, 20.0 vs. 69.2% at 5 years OS, p = 0.016).

Conclusion: This study indicated that H19 was associated with stem cell phenotype in ALDH1-positive breast cancer. H19 regulates CSC and is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients, particularly in triple-negative subtype.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10549-018-4793-zDOI Listing
August 2018

[Patient Factors Enabling the Decannulation of the Gastrostomy Tube after Superselective Intra-Arterial Chemoradiation Therapy for Locally Advanced Oral Cancer - A Retrospective Study].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Mar;45(Suppl 1):104-106

Medical Course Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine.

Superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy for locally advanced oral cancer induces complications such as mucositis, which impedes oral intake. Thus, at our hospital, a gastrostomy is performed in almost all patients during the treatment period to ensure the presence of an alternative administration route for nutrition and drugs. The purpose of this study was to calculate the mean number of days from completion of superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy to the decannulation of gastrostomy, and extract patient factors for the decannulation. A retrospective follow-up study was conducted from April 2016 to March 2017 on patients who underwent superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy at our department of oral surgery. The patients were divided into 2 groups:one who was decannulated and the other who did not. Clinical backgrounds and data were compared between the 2 groups. In the group with the decannulation, the mean period from treatment completion to the decannulation was 132±51.6 days. Heavy alcohol consumption, absence of haphalgesia before treatment, and possible securement of the opening with the breadth of 3 fingers, were determined as factors contributing to the decannulation of gastrostomy tube.
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March 2018

[Assessing Patient Factors Influencing the Discontinuation of Opioids after Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy for Oral Cancer - A Retrospective Study].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Mar;45(Suppl 1):95-97

Palliative Care Medical Dept., Yokohama City University Hospital.

Superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy for oral cancer induces the complication of mucositis. Although the associated pain is controlled using opioids, major questions from patients in clinical practice are as follows:(1)the mean number of days from the completion of superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy to the discontinuation of opioid administration, and(2)patient factors enabling the discontinuation of opioids. The purpose of this study was to clarify these points. A retrospective follow-up study was conducted from April 2016 to March 2017 on patients who underwent superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy at our department of oral surgery. The patients were divided into 2 groups:one who discontinued opioids, and the other who did not. Clinical backgrounds and data were compared between the 2 groups. The mean number of days from the completion of superselective intra-arterial chemoradiation therapy to the discontinuation of opioid administration was 51±34.4 days. The absence of diabetes and deliria during treatment were determined as factors contributing to the discontinuation of opioids.
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March 2018
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