Publications by authors named "Yasser H ElNahass"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

IDH Mutations in AML Patients; A higher Association with Intermediate Risk Cytogenetics.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2020 Mar 1;21(3):721-725. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Al-Saray Street, El Manial, Cairo, Egypt.

Objective: IDH mutations diversely affect the prognosis of cyogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) adult patients. The aim of this study is to assess the frequency of IDH mutations and to evaluate its role in AML prognosis.

Methods: We have analyzed IDH1 and 2 mutations using High Resolution Melting curve analysis (HRM) in 70 denovo AML patients.

Results: The median age of AML patients is 40 years (16-75). Incidence of IDH mutations is 10/70 (14.3%); 2 (2.9%) IDH1 mutant and 8 (11.4%) IDH2 mutant. Median PB blasts of mutant IDH patients was 67.5% (25-96) vs. 44% (0-98) for wild type (p=0.065). Eight/10 (80%) mutant IDH patients had B.M blasts ≥50% vs. 2/10 (20%) <50% (p<0.001) and were classified as intermediate risk cytogenetics (p=0.020) with wild FLT3-ITD (p=0.001). Ten/10 (100%) mutant IDH patients showed wild NPM1 (p=0.049). Median OS of mutant IDH in the intermediate risk cytogenetics was 1.8 years (0.7-3.1) vs. 3.1 years (1.1-5.5) for wild IDH (p=0.05).

Conclusion: IDH mutation is mainly associated with intermediate risk AML and when integrated in this specific subgroup displays a lower survival and can be considered an additional integrated molecular risk marker for AML prognosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2020.21.3.721DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7437334PMC
March 2020

MPN10 score and survival of molecularly annotated myeloproliferative neoplasm patients.

Leuk Lymphoma 2018 04 22;59(4):844-854. Epub 2017 Aug 22.

b Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University , Cairo , Egypt.

JAK2, CALR, MPL and triple-negative mutational status has a direct impact on symptom severity and disease burden assessed by MPN10 score in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). Among 93 patients; median MPN10 score was 48 (5-76) in JAK2 mutants versus 25 (4-80) in JAK2 negative (p < .001); 22.5 (4-65) in CALR mutants versus 35 (5-80) in CALR negative (p < .050) and 21 (10-48) in triple negative versus 40 (4-80) in JAK2/CALR/MPL mutants (p < .001). At three years, progression free and overall survival of JAK2-positive versus JAK2-negative patients were 62% versus 100% (p < .001); 85% versus 100% (p = .011) and were 100% versus 78% (p = .067); 100% versus 92% (p = .197) in CALR-positive versus CALR-negative patients and 100% versus 75% (p = .004); 100% versus 90% (p = .015) in triple negative versus mutant patients, respectively. MPN10 score in association with driver gene mutations can be used as a predictor of survival in MPN patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2017.1365852DOI Listing
April 2018

The prognostic significance of minimal residual disease in adult Egyptian patients with precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

J Egypt Natl Canc Inst 2013 Sep 29;25(3):135-42. Epub 2013 Jun 29.

Department of Medical Oncology, NCI, Cairo University, Egypt.

Background: Minimal residual disease (MRD) studies in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) give highly significant prognostic information superior to other standard criteria as age, gender and total leucocytic count (TLC) in distinguishing patients at high and low risk of relapse.

Objectives: We aimed to determine the value of MRD monitoring by flowcytometry (FCM) in predicting outcome in adult Precursor ALL patients.

Patients And Methods: Bone marrow (BM) samples were analyzed by 4-color FCM collected at diagnosis and after induction therapy (MRD1) to correlate MRD positivity with disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS).

Results: Study included 57 adult ALL patients (44 males and 13 females) with a median age of 22 years (18-49). DFS showed no significant difference with age, gender and initial TLC (p=0.838, 0.888 and 0.743, respectively). Cumulative DFS at 2 years was 34% for B-lineage ALL (n: 35) and 57% for T-lineage ALL (n: 18) (p = 0.057). Cumulative DFS at 2 years was 7% for MRD1 positive (high risk, HR) versus 57% for MRD1 negative patients (Low risk, LR) (p < 0.001). Cumulative DFS at 2 years was 29% for HR patients (n: 26) versus 55% for LR (n: 27) according to GMALL classification (p = 0.064). Cumulative OS did not differ according to age, gender and TLC (p = 0.526, 0.594 and 0.513, respectively). Cumulative OS at 2 years was 36% for B ALL (n: 39) versus 77% for TALL (n: 18) (p = 0.016) and was 49% for Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) negative patients versus 0% for Ph-positive patients (p < 0.001). Regarding MRD1, OS at 2 years was 18% for MRD1 HR (n: 17) versus 65% for MRD1 LR (n: 38) (p < 0.001). OS was 35% for high-risk patients (n: 30) and 62% for low-risk patients (n: 27) classified according to GMALL risk stratification (p = 0.017).

Conclusion: MRD by FCM is a strong independent predictor of outcome in terms of DFS and OS and is a powerful informative parameter in guiding individual treatment in ALL patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnci.2013.05.004DOI Listing
September 2013