Publications by authors named "Yasser H El-Nahass"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for non-malignant hematological disorders.

J Adv Res 2015 May 7;6(3):449-58. Epub 2014 Nov 7.

Department of Hematology and BMT, Nasser Institute for Research and Treatment, Ministry of Health, Egypt.

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) from a geno-identical matched sibling (MSD) is one of the most successful therapies in patients with non-malignant hematological disorders. This study included 273 patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA), 152 patients with B-Thalassemia major (BTM), 31 patients with Fanconi's anemia (FA), 20 patients with congenital immunodeficiency diseases (ID), and 13 patients with inherited metabolic disorders (IMD) allografted from a MSD. In SAA, the 8-year overall survival (OS) of the whole group patients was 74%. OS was significantly better in patients conditioned with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide (Flu/Cy) than in those who received cyclophosphamide and antithymocyte globulin (Cy/ATG) (p = 0.021). Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) grade II-IV occurred in 15% while chronic GVHD (cGVHD) occurred in 28%. In BTM, the 12-year disease-free survival (DFS) of the whole group of BTM patients was 72.4%. DFS was 74% for peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) group compared to 64% in the BM stem cell group. The incidence of graft rejection was significantly lower in patients who received PBSC than in those who received BM (9% vs 25%) (p = 0.036). AGVHD grade II-IV and cGVHD occurred in 15% and 12% of the whole group of BTM patients respectively. In FA, the 5-year OS was 64.5%. Graft rejection occurred in 10% of patients. Grade II-IV aGVHD occurred in 16% while cGVHD occurred in 4%. In ID, the 5-year OS was 62%. Graft rejection occurred in two (10%) patients. Three patients (15%) developed grade II-IV aGVHD, 2 of them progressed to secondary cGVHD. In IMD, OS was 46% at 5 years. Graft rejection occurred in 8% of patients. AGVHD grade II-IV occurred in 15% while cGVHD occurred in 14%. In conclusion, Allo-HSCT provides a higher DFS rate over conventional therapies for patients with non-malignant hematological disorders with prolonged survival.
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May 2015

Predictive Value of Pretreatment BCR-ABL(IS) Transcript level on Response to Imatinib Therapy in Egyptian Patients with Chronic Phase Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CPCML).

Int J Biomed Sci 2013 Mar;9(1):48-53

Clinical Oncology Center, School of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt;

Background: A wide range of responses of patients with CPCML to IM has been reported. Several factors were proposed to predict response including molecular response at 3 and 6 months.

Purpose: To study the impact of pretreatment BCR-ABL transcript level on molecular response to IM, and to assess the value of the milestone ; ≤10% transcript at 3 months on PFS and OS.

Patients And Methods: Fifty five adult CP-CML patients receiving daily dose of 400 mg IM were subjected to molecular and cytogenetic analysis at diagnosis and at regular time intervals. Median follow up period was 36 months (15-48). Hematologic, cytogenetic, and molecular responses were rated according to ELN.

Results: Two Patient groups were distinguished regarding response to IM therapy. A group of 22/55 patients (40%) having pretreatment BCR-ABL(IS) level ≤200% and a second patient group 33/55 (60%) having transcript level >200%. The ≤10% milestone was achieved by 15/22 patients (68%) versus 7/33 patients (21%), p=0.04 in favor of the first group. Optimal responders in first group were 14/22 (64%) compared to 13/33 (39%) in second group, p=0.02. Achievement of 10% transcript level significantly correlated with longer PFS. The median BCR-ABL(IS) transcripts levels in optimal responders at 3, 6 and 18 months was 10%, 2% and 0.1%, respectively compared to 100%, 65% and 10%, in suboptimal/resistant patients p=0.001. Resistance in 11 patients was correlated with identifiable ABL Kinase mutations.

Conclusions: The Pretreatment 200% cutoff and the 3 month BCR-ABL(IS) ≤10% transcript levels proved strong predictors of response to IM and significantly correlated with probability of CCyR, MMR and PFS.
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March 2013