Publications by authors named "Yasser Gendoo"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Kidney injury induced by elevated histones in community-acquired pneumonia.

Mol Cell Biochem 2020 Aug 9;471(1-2):155-163. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Nephrology, Sir Run Run Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, 109 Longmian Road, Nanjing, 211166, Jiangsu, China.

Previous studies showed that extracellular histones could damage organs, but the role of extracellular histones in pneumonia patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) is unknown. This study aims to investigate the impact of extracellular histones on patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) developed AKI. Blood samples were obtained within 24 h after admission to hospital from patients who were diagnosed with CAP. According to the discharge diagnosis, the patients were divided into 2 groups (Non-AKI and AKI). In vitro, A549 cells were treated with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and conditioned media were collected. HK2 cells were exposed to the conditioned media or not. Cells proliferation and apoptosis of HK2 were determined. Clinically, Log Histones (OR 3.068; 95% CI 1.544-6.097, P = 0.001) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (OR 0.945; 95% CI 0.914-0.978, P = 0.001) were predictors of AKI in CAP patients. Compared to the lower histones group, patients in the higher histones group were more likely to be admitted to ICU, receive mechanical ventilation, and have a longer length of in-hospital stay. In vitro, A549 cells injured by LPS released extracellular histones, in conditioned media which significantly promoted HK2 cells apoptosis. Extracellular histones was a high risk factor for developing AKI in CAP patients and a predictor of worse short-term outcomes. We also showed that extracellular histones in conditioned media damaged HK2 cells.Trial registration number: KY20181102-03; Date of registration: 20181102.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
August 2020

Ulinastatin administration is associated with a lower incidence of acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery: a propensity score matched study.

Crit Care 2016 Feb 17;20:42. Epub 2016 Feb 17.

Department of Nephrology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, 68 Changle Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210006, China.

Background: Systemic inflammation is involved in the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Ulinastatin, a urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI), possesses a variety of anti-inflammatory effects. Therefore, we hypothesized that the administration of ulinastatin would reduce the occurrence of AKI in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB.

Methods: A retrospective propensity score matched analysis was used to evaluate the effect of ulinastatin on the development of AKI in patients undergoing first documented cardiac surgery with CPB between January 2008 and December 2012 in our hospital. Multiple logistic regression models were also employed to identify the association between UTI administration and development of AKI.

Results: A total of 2072 patients who underwent cardiac surgery with CPB met the inclusion criteria. Before propensity score matching, variables such as age, baseline creatinine, CPB duration, red blood cells transfused, and hematocrit were statistically different between the ulinastatin (UTI) group and the control group. On the basis of propensity scores, 409 UTI patients were successfully matched to the 409 patients from among those 1663 patients without UTI administration. After propensity score matching, no statistically significant differences in the baseline characteristics were found between the UTI group and the control group. The propensity score matched cohort analysis revealed that AKI and the need for renal replacement therapy occurred more frequently in the control group than in the UTI group (40.83% vs. 30.32%, P = 0.002; 2.44% vs. 0.49%, P = 0.02, respectively). However, there were no significant differences in mortality, length of intensive care unit stay, and length of hospital stay between the UTI group and the control group. Using multivariate logistic regression analysis, we found ulinastatin played a protective role in the development of AKI after cardiac surgery (odds ratio 0.71, 95% confidence interval 0.56-0.90, P = 0.005).

Conclusions: This study shows that ulinastatin was associated with a lower incidence of AKI after cardiac surgery, suggesting that the administration of ulinastatin may be favorable for those patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2016

Upregulation of stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) is associated with macrophage infiltration in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury.

PLoS One 2014 5;9(12):e114564. Epub 2014 Dec 5.

Department of Nephrology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Stromal cell-derived factor-1(SDF-1) is a chemotactic and angiogenic factor that mediates the repair of various tissues. As macrophages are important contributors to ischemic kidney injury, we examine the role of SDF-1 in a rodent model of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury.

Methods: Male wild-type (WT) (C57BL/6) mice were subjected to bilateral I/R injury or sham operation in the presence or absence of macrophage depletion (liposomal clodronate [0.2 ml/20-25 g body weight i.p.]). Macrophage accumulation was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Tissue levels of SDF-1 (ELISA) and SDF-1 mRNA expression (real-time PCR) were measured. The cellular location of SDF-1 was assessed using immunohistochemical staining.

Results: Immunofluorescence staining of renal tissue sections confirmed macrophage depletion by liposomal clodronate. SDF-1 production was elevated in response to I/R injury and was significantly increased upon macrophage depletion. SDF-1 positive cells initially appeared initially in the cortex, and subsequently diffused to the outer medulla after I/R injury.

Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that SDF-1 is significantly upregulated during renal I/R. We hypothesize that SDF-1 upregulation may be an important macrophage effector mechanism during I/R injury.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

December 2015