Publications by authors named "Yasser Abdelazim"

3 Publications

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Phyllodes tumors of the breast: Adjuvant radiation therapy revisited.

Breast 2021 Apr 7;58:1-5. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Radiation Oncology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Egypt.

Background: Phyllodes tumors (PT) are rare entity and surgical resection is the cornerstone of treatment. No standard of care exists regarding adjuvant treatment especially radiation therapy (RT).

Patients And Methods: We analyzed all patients with non-metastatic, resected phyllodes tumors who presented to our institution from January 2005 through December 2019. Primary study endpoints included local recurrence free survival (LRFS) and overall survival (OS).

Results: One hundred and eight patients were analyzed (patients with incomplete treatment and follow up data were excluded). Fifty patients had benign phyllodes, 26 patients had borderline and 32 patients had malignant phyllodes. In the benign group, no significant difference in LRFS was observed between patients who received adjuvant RT (n = 3) and those who did not (5-year LRFS 100% vs. 85% respectively, p = 0.49). The 5 year OS for patients who received RT was 60% vs. 89% for those who did not (p 0.40). In the borderline/malignant group, adjuvant RT significantly improved five year LRFS (90% in the RT group vs. 42% in the no RT group, p = 0.005). The 5 year LRFS in patients treated with margin negative breast conserving surgery and RT was 100% vs. 34.3% in patients who did not receive RT (p 0.022). Patients treated with mastectomy and RT had a 5 year LRFS of 100% vs. 83% for patients who did not receive RT (p 0.24). On multivariate analysis, radiation therapy was independently associated with decreased hazard of local failure (HR 0.21, CI 0.05-0.89, p = 0.03). No difference in OS was found between the RT and no RT groups (5-year OS was 52% vs. 45% respectively, p 0.54).

Conclusion: The results of the current study confirm the excellent prognosis of benign phyllodes tumors; warranting no further adjuvant treatment after margin-negative surgical resection. For patients with borderline/malignant phyllodes tumors, adjuvant radiation therapy significantly improved LRFS after margin negative wide local excision; however, patients treated with mastectomy did not attain the same benefit from adjuvant irradiation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.breast.2021.03.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8079270PMC
April 2021

Once Daily Versus Twice Daily External Beam Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation: A Randomized Prospective Study.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2021 Apr;109(5):1296-1300

Radiation Oncology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Purpose: The aim of the current study was to compare toxicity, cosmesis, and local control between the once daily and the twice daily fractionation schemes for external beam accelerated partial breast irradiation.

Methods And Materials: From December 2012 to June 2018, we enrolled 113 patients with ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive breast cancer, node negative disease, and tumors less than 3 cm in size to receive accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) to a total dose of 38.5 Gy over 10 fractions given either once (oAPBI) or twice daily (tAPBI). Sixty patients were included in the tAPBI arm and 53 patients were included in the oAPBI arm.

Results: Median follow-up was 74 months (range, 24-105). The median pain score during treatment was 3 out of 10 in the oAPBI and 5 in the tAPBI (P = .001). No differences were observed in GIII early skin toxicity (P = .4) or GI early pulmonary toxicity (P = 1.0) between the 2 treatment arms. GIII late skin toxicity developed in 3.8% and 11.7% of patients in the oAPBI and tAPBI arms, respectively (P = .001). GIII subcutaneous fibrosis developed in 1.9% and 8.3% of patients in the oAPBI and tAPBI, respectively (P = .001). The rate of patients with adverse cosmesis (poor/fair) was 7.5% at 12 months and at 24 months in the oAPBI arm compared with 21.7% and 26.7% in the tAPBI arm (P = .03 and .008, respectively).

Conclusions: oAPBI is a safe, well-tolerated schedule with more favorable outcomes than the tAPBI schedule with regards to late toxicity and cosmesis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2020.11.044DOI Listing
April 2021

Role of pelvic chemoradiation therapy in patients with initially metastatic anal canal cancer: A National Cancer Database review.

Cancer 2019 06 2;125(12):2115-2122. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

Background: Although the management of localized anal canal squamous cell carcinomas is well established, the role of pelvic chemoradiation (CRT) in the treatment of patients presenting with synchronous metastatic (stage IV) disease is poorly defined. This study used a national cancer database to compare the overall survival (OS) rates of patients with synchronous metastatic disease receiving CRT to the pelvis and patients treated with chemotherapy (CT) alone.

Methods: This study included adult patients with anal canal squamous cell carcinomas presenting with synchronous metastases diagnosed from 2004 to 2012. Multiple imputation and 2:1 propensity score matching were used to create a matched data set for testing. The proportional hazards model was used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) for the effect of the treatment group on OS. With only patients in the matched data set, the OS of the treatment groups was estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method by treatment group.

Results: This study started with an unmatched data set of 978 patients, and 582 patients were selected for the matched data set: 388 in the CRT group and 194 in the CT-alone group. The HR for the group effect was 0.75 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.61-0.92; P = .006). The median OS was 21.1 months in the CRT group (95% CI, 17.4-24.0 months) and 14.6 months in the CT group (95% CI, 12.2-18.4 months). The corresponding 5-year OS rates were 23% (95% CI, 18%-28%) and 14% (95% CI, 7%-21%), respectively.

Conclusions: In this large series analyzing OS in patients with stage IV anal cancer, CRT was associated with improved OS in comparison with CT alone. Because of the lack of prospective data in this setting, this evidence will help to guide treatment approaches in this group of patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.32017DOI Listing
June 2019