Publications by authors named "Yasin Maruf Ergen"

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Does cystic fibrosis make susceptible to celiac disease?

Eur J Pediatr 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have a higher incidence of celiac disease (CD) than the healthy population; however, the actual incidence of coexisting CF and CD is unclear. In this report, we aimed to evaluate the frequency of CD and CF coexistence and to assess the clinical findings of affected patients during follow-up. We conducted a retrospective review of patients with CF to reveal the frequency of CD and also investigated the clinical characteristics and clinical response to gluten-free diet in patients with CD. The incidence of CD in 515 patients with CF was 1.4%. The median age at the time of CF diagnosis was 2 months (1-6 months). CD was diagnosed in six patients with poor weight gain, fatty stools, and low z score for BMI and one patient with poor weight gain despite a high protein and calorie diet and pancreatic enzyme replacement. The median age of CD diagnosis was 8 years (2-12 years). Except for one patient who was recently diagnosed, the other six patients gained weight and their accompanying symptoms resolved after starting a gluten-free diet.Conclusion: CD should be investigated in patients with CF in the presence of inadequate weight and/or height gain or poor control of malabsorption symptoms despite appropriate and adequate nutritional and enzyme replacement treatment. What is Known: • CFTR dysfunction may be a risk factor for CD, due to increased intestinal permeability and intestinal inflammation, pancreatic exocrine insufficiency that results in higher antigen load and increased antibodies against to nutritional antigens such as anti-gliadin IgA antibodies. • Although coexistence of CF and CD are rare in the same patient; there is still no consensus on when children with CF should be screened for CD. What is New: • Physicians should consider the investigation of CD in patients with CF, in the presence of inadequate weight and/or height gain or poor control of malabsorption symptoms despite appropriate and adequate nutritional and enzyme replacement treatment. • CFTR dysfunction has been emphasized to develop susceptibility to CD, and patients with CF who have persistent gastrointestinal symptoms despite appropriate and adequate nutritional and enzyme replacement treatment should be screened for CD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-021-04011-4DOI Listing
March 2021