Publications by authors named "Yaseen Arabi"

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Association between β-blocker use and mortality in critically ill patients: a nested cohort study.
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 2018 May 16;19(1):22. Epub 2018 May 16.
Intensive Care Department, MC 1425, King Abdulaziz Medical City - National Guard Health Affairs, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, PO Box 22490, Riyadh, 1426, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Association between troponin-I levels and outcome in critically ill patients admitted to non-cardiac intensive care unit with high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors.
BMC Anesthesiol 2018 May 22;18(1):54. Epub 2018 May 22.
Intensive Care Department, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.



Prevalence of antibodies against the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus, influenza A and B viruses among blood donors, Saudi Arabia.
Ann Thorac Med 2017 Jul-Sep;12(3):217-218
Department of Intensive Care, College of Medicine, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia E-mail:




Invasive Candidiasis in Critically Ill Patients: A Prospective Cohort Study in Two Tertiary Care Centers.
J Intensive Care Med 2018 Jan 1:885066618767835. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
1 Intensive Care Department, International Medical Research Center, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz, University for Health Sciences and King Abdullah Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.




Quantifying the Effects of Prior Acetyl-Salicylic Acid on Sepsis-Related Deaths: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis Using Propensity Matching.
Crit Care Med 2017 Nov;45(11):1871-1879
1School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. 2Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, The Doherty Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. 3Australian Institute of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, James Cook University, Douglas, Queensland, Australia. 4Pharmaceutical Care Department, College of Pharmacy, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 5Intensive Care Department, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 6Regional Intensive Care Unit, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland. 7Multidisciplinary Epidemiology and Translational Research in Intensive Care, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. 8Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. 9Division of Pulmonary and Critical Medicine, Chiayi Christian Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan. 10Department of Nephrology, Taipei City Hospital Heping Fuyou Branch, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China. 11Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy. 12Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY. 13Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY. 14Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY. 15Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. 16Center for Sepsis Control and Care, Jena University Hospital, Jena, Germany. 17Centre for Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland. 18Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Department of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Baton Rouge, LA. 19Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, Department of Medicine and Clinical Research, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland. 20Clinic for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Jena, Jena, Germany. 21Department of Internal Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, Republic of China. 22Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Critical Care Medicine, San Rafael Hospital, Alajuela, Costa Rica. 23Center for Experimental and Molecular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 24Division of Infectious Diseases, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 25Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties, Policlinico Umberto I, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy. 26Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN. 27The Center for Infection and Immunity, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 28College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia. 29Infectious Diseases Unit, The Townsville Hospital, Douglas, Queensland, Australia.

Characteristics and predictors of mortality of patients with hematologic malignancies requiring invasive mechanical ventilation.
Ann Thorac Med 2017 Oct-Dec;12(4):259-265
Department of Intensive Care, King Abdulaziz Medical City, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences and King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia.


Acute Kidney Injury in Mechanically Ventilated Patients: The Risk Factor Profile Depends on the Timing of Aki Onset.
Shock 2017 Oct;48(4):411-417
*Servicio Médico Integral, Montevideo, Uruguay†Hospital Español, Montevideo, Uruguay‡Hospital Universitario de Getafe, Madrid, Spain§CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain||Hospital de Clínicas, Universidad de la Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay¶Hospital Nacional Alejandro Posadas, Buenos Aires, Argentina#Hospital Regional 1° Octubre, ISSSTE, Ciudad de México, México, Mexico**Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany††Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Republic of Korea‡‡Clínica Medellín and Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellín, Colombia§§Hospital Fattouma Bourguina, Monastir, Tunisia||||Hospital Eugenio Espejo, Quito, Ecuador¶¶King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia##UCINC, Hospital de Sao José, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, E.P.E., Lisbon, Portugal***Papageorgiou Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece†††South Texas Veterans Health Care System and University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas.

Cause and timing of death and sub-group differential effects of erythropoietin in the EPO-TBI study.
J Neurotrauma 2017 Oct 12. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
Monash University, ANZIC-RC , Level 6 , The Alfred Centre , 99 Commercial Road , Melbourne, Victoria, Australia , 3004 ;

The ICM research agenda on intensive care unit-acquired weakness.
Intensive Care Med 2017 Sep 13;43(9):1270-1281. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Outcomes After Critical Illness and Surgery (OACIS) Group, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

The intensive care medicine research agenda in nutrition and metabolism.
Intensive Care Med 2017 Sep 3;43(9):1239-1256. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
Nutrition and Dietetics, Department of Internal Medicine, and Department of Intensive Care Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Erythropoietin in patients with traumatic brain injury and extracranial injury-A post hoc analysis of the erythropoietin traumatic brain injury trial.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2017 Sep;83(3):449-456
From the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre (M.B.S., M.B., C.F., J.P., A.N., L.L., D.J.C., R.B.), School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Division of Intensive Care, Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine (M.B.S.), University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Intensive Care Helsinki, Finland; Department of Intensive Care (C.F.), Western Health; University of Melbourne (C.F.); Department of Intensive Care (J.P.), Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; School of Medicine and Medical Sciences (A.N.), University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland; Department of Intensive Care and Hyperbaric Medicine (A.N., D.J.C.), The Alfred, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Département d'Anesthésie-Réanimation (J.D.), Hôpital de Bicêtre, Assistance Publique des Hopitaux de Paris, Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Sud, Paris; Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (O.H.), CHU La Cavale Blanche, Brest, France; King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences and King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (S.H., Y.A.), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Auckland City Hospital (C.M.), Auckland, New Zealand; and Department of Intensive Care (R.B.), Austin Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Withholding Pantoprazole for Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis in Critically Ill Patients: A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial and Meta-Analysis.
Crit Care Med 2017 Jul;45(7):1121-1129
1Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.2Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.3Department of Critical Care, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.4Discipline of Acute Care Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.5Department of Surgery and Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.6Departments of Anesthesia, Pain Management and Perioperative Medicine and Critical Care Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.7Department of Critical Care, Queens University, Kingston, ON, Canada.8Department of Medicine (Critical Care), University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.9Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada.10Departments of Medicine, Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Université Laval, Quebec City, QC, Canada.11Biostatistics Unit, St Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Hamilton, ON, Canada.12Intensive Care Department, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences and King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.13The George Institute for Global Health and Royal North Shore Hospital, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.14Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.15Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.


Re-evaluating the Inhibition of Stress Erosions (REVISE): a protocol for pilot randomized controlled trial.
Ann Saudi Med 2016 Nov-Dec;36(6):427-433
Dr. Waleed Alhazzani, Critical Care Medicine, McMaster University,, 50 Charlton Avenue East,, Hamilton, Ontario,, L8N 4A6, Canada, T: +1905-522-1155 ext 32800, F: +1905-521-6068 ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8076-9626.

Venous thromboembolic events in critically ill traumatic brain injury patients.
Intensive Care Med 2017 Mar 27;43(3):419-428. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 55 Commercial Rd, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia.



The critical care response to a hospital outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection: an observational study.
Ann Intensive Care 2016 Dec 24;6(1):101. Epub 2016 Oct 24.
Intensive Care Department, Respiratory Services, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, ICU 1425, PO Box 22490, Riyadh, 11426, Saudi Arabia.

Structure, Organization, and Delivery of Critical Care in Asian ICUs.
Crit Care Med 2016 Oct;44(10):e940-8
1Intensive Care Department, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.2Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, University Medicine Cluster, National University Hospital, National University Health System, Singapore.3Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.4Department of Critical Care Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China.5Department of Critical Care Medicine, Birdem General Hospital, Ibrahim Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh.6Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.7Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, and Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.8Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China.9Intensive Care Department, Dubai Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.10Intensive Care Department, King Abdulaziz Medical City and King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.11Department of Critical Care Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Science Centre, Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Proceedings of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) Coronavirus research initiative workshop, September 9-10 2015 in Riyadh, KSA.
J Infect Public Health 2016 May-Jun;9(3):205-7. Epub 2016 Mar 29.
Paediatric Infectious Diseases, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Infection Prevention and Control, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Withholding and withdrawal of life-sustaining treatments in low-middle-income versus high-income Asian countries and regions.
Intensive Care Med 2016 Jul 12;42(7):1118-27. Epub 2016 Apr 12.
Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1 Pungnap Dong Songpa Ku, Seoul, 138-736, South Korea.

Stress ulcer prophylaxis in critical illness: a Canadian survey.
Can J Anaesth 2016 Jun 24;63(6):718-24. Epub 2016 Feb 24.
Departments of Medicine, Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, McMaster University, Health Sciences Center, Room 2C11, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada.

Design of nutrition trials in critically ill patients: food for thought.
Ann Transl Med 2016 May;4(9):186
1 King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences and King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia ; 2 Department of Medicine, Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada ; 3 Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Respirology, University of Toronto, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada.

The impact of implementing multifaceted interventions on the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia.
Am J Infect Control 2016 Mar;44(3):320-6
Intensive Care Department, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Respiratory Services, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Knowledge gaps in therapeutic and non-therapeutic research on the Middle East respiratory syndrome.
Lancet Respir Med 2016 Feb;4(2):93-4
Paediatric Infectious Diseases, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia; Infection Prevention and Control, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

The impact of onset time on the isolated pathogens and outcomes in ventilator associated pneumonia.
J Infect Public Health 2016 Mar-Apr;9(2):161-71. Epub 2015 Oct 12.
Intensive Care Department, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City PO Box 22490, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Time-Limited Trials of Intensive Care for Critically Ill Patients With Cancer: How Long Is Long Enough?
JAMA Oncol 2016 Jan;2(1):76-83
Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts12Pulmonary and Critical Care Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Erythropoietin in traumatic brain injury (EPO-TBI): a double-blind randomised controlled trial.
Lancet 2015 Dec 6;386(10012):2499-506. Epub 2015 Oct 6.
Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Austin Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Host-directed therapies for improving poor treatment outcomes associated with the middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus infections.
Int J Infect Dis 2015 Nov 10;40:71-4. Epub 2015 Sep 10.
Division of Therapeutic Immunology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, and Centre for Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Prevalence and predictors of out-of-range cuff pressure of endotracheal and tracheostomy tubes: a prospective cohort study in mechanically ventilated patients.
BMC Anesthesiol 2015 Oct 15;15:147. Epub 2015 Oct 15.
Intensive Care Department; King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, P.O. Box 22490, Riyadh, 11426, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Competing Risk Analysis for Evaluation of Dalteparin Versus Unfractionated Heparin for Venous Thromboembolism in Medical-Surgical Critically Ill Patients.
Medicine (Baltimore) 2015 Sep;94(36):e1479
From the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics (GL, DC, MAHL, GG, MC, DHA, AH, SDW, LT); Department of Medicine (DC, MAHL, GG, AH); St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON (DC, MAHL, MC, AH, LT); Centre de recherche du CHU de Sherbrooke et Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC (FL); Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, Departments of Medicine and Physiology, and Institute for Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto (NDF); Department of Medicine, Division of Respirology, University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital (NDF); Toronto General Research Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada (NDF); Critical Care and Trauma Division, The George Institute, Sydney, Australia (SF); King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences and King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (YMA); Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre (RB, DC); School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia (DC).

Permissive Underfeeding or Standard Enteral Feeding in Critically Ill Adults.
N Engl J Med 2015 Jun 20;372(25):2398-408. Epub 2015 May 20.
From King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences and King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (Y.M.A., A.S.A., S.H.H., H.M.A.-D., H.M.T., M.H.S., M.S., L.A.), and King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center (O.S.) - all in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; the Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon (H.M.T.); and the Department of Medicine, Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa (G.J., L.M.), and the Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Respirology, University of Toronto, and Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto (S.M.) - all in Canada.

Erythropoietin in traumatic brain injury: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
Trials 2015 Feb 8;16:39. Epub 2015 Feb 8.
Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, 3004, Australia.

Feasibility, safety, clinical, and laboratory effects of convalescent plasma therapy for patients with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection: a study protocol.
Springerplus 2015 19;4:709. Epub 2015 Nov 19.
Department of Medicine and Institute of Health Policy Management and Evaluation, AMR Infection Control and Publications AIP/PED/HSE/HQ, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada ; Department of Critical Care Medicine and Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada.

Preventing healthcare-associated transmission of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS): Our Achilles heel.
J Infect Public Health 2016 May-Jun;9(3):208-12. Epub 2016 May 4.
Intensive Care Department, MC 1425, King Abdulaziz Medical City, P.O. Box 22490, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia; College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, P.O. Box 22490, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:










Middle East Respiratory Syndrome.
N Engl J Med 2017 02;376(6):584-594
From the Departments of Intensive Care (Y.M.A., A. Bouchama), Infection Prevention and Control (H.H.B.), and Pathology and Laboratory (A.H.H.), King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (Y.M.A., H.H.B., A. Bouchama, A.H.H.), the Department of Intensive Care, Dr. Sulaiman Al-Habib Group Hospitals (A.A.-O.), and Alfaisal University (A.A.-O.) - all in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; the Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville (F.G.H.); the Department of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, MD (T.L.); the Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, and Intensive Care Unit, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh (J.K.B.), the Health Protection and Influenza Research Group, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham (J.S.N.-V.-T.), and the Virus Reference Laboratory, Public Health England, London (A. Bermingham) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Pandemic and Epidemic Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva (M.S., N.S., R.A.F.); the Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville (M.R.D., J.D.C.); the Center for Global Health, Institut Pasteur, Paris (M.D.V.K.); and the Institute of Health Policy Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, and the Department of Critical Care Medicine and Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre - both in Toronto (R.A.F.).




Critically Ill Patients With the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study.
Crit Care Med 2017 10;45(10):1683-1695
1College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 2Intensive Care Department, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 3College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 4Department of Intensive Care, Dr Sulaiman Al-Habib Group Hospitals, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 5Department of Intensive Care Services, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 6Department of Intensive Care, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. 7Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. 8Department of Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. 9Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. 10Department of Critical Care Medicine, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 11Intensive Care Department, Al-Noor Specialist Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. 12Department of Critical Care Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 13Intensive Care Department, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 14Tanta University Hospitals, Tanta, Egypt. 15King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 16Intensive Care Department, King Abdulaziz Hospital, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. 17Department of Research, Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. 18Intensive Care Department, King Fahd Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. 19Department of Critical Care, King Fahad Hospital, Ohoud Hospital, Al-Madinah Al-Monawarah, Saudi Arabia. 20International Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium (ISARIC), Infectious Diseases Data Observatory, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom. 21AMR Infection Control and Publications AIP/PED/HSE/HQ, Institute of Health Policy Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. 22Department of Critical Care Medicine and Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada. 23International Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium (ISARIC), Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA. 24Department of Infection Prevention and Control, King Abdulaziz Medical City National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Adjunctive Glucocorticoid Therapy in Patients with Septic Shock.
N Engl J Med 2018 03 19;378(9):797-808. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
From the George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales (B.V., S.F., D.R., L.B., M.C., P.G., M.H., Q.L., K.T., J.M.), St. George Clinical School, St. George Hospital (J.M.), Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney (B.V., S.F., J.M.), and Royal North Shore Hospital (S.F.), Sydney, the Princess Alexandra Hospital (B.V., C.J.) and Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (J.C.), University of Queensland, and the Wesley Hospital (B.V., J.C.), Brisbane, Austin Hospital (R.B.), the School of Medicine, University of Melbourne (R.B.), and the Australian and New Zealand Research Centre (R.B.), School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine (R.B., S.W., J.M.), Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, and Royal Perth Hospital (S.W.) and the School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia (S.W.), Perth - all in Australia; King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Y.A.); the Department of Critical Care Medicine, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand (C.M.); Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (A.P.); and St. George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, St. George's University of London, London (A.R.).

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