Publications by authors named "Yao-dong Qi"

27 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Anti-inflammatory active component in raw materials of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix based on spectrum-effect relationship].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2022 Jun;47(12):3295-3302

Key Laboratory of Substance Base and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine (Ministry of Education), the Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Beijing 100193, China.

The present study investigated the correlation of UPLC fingerprints of raw materials of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix samples with the anti-inflammatory effect and explored the pharmacodynamic material basis for the anti-inflammatory activity. UPLC fingerprints of 18 batches of raw materials of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix samples were established for the determination of the content of eight components. The toe swelling rate and the content of IL-1β, IL-6, and PGE2 in rats with toe inflammation induced by carrageenin were measured. Canonical correlation analysis was used to study the spectrum-effect relationship. Cluster analysis indicated that chemical components of Ligusticum sinense and L. jeholense were similar. Methanol extracts of L. sinense, L. jeholense, and Conioselinum vaginatum significantly reduced the toe swelling rate and the content of IL-1β, IL-6 and PGE2 in swollen tissues. The anti-inflammatory effect of C. vaginatum was weaker than that of L. sinense and L. jeholense. The results of spectrum-effect relationship indicated that there was an obvious correlation between chemical components and pharmacodynamic indexes. In UPLC fingerprints, compounds 1, 3(chlorogenic acid), 4(cryptochlorogenic acid), 5, 6(ferulic acid), 7(isochlorogenic acid B), 9, 11, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18(coniferyl ferulate), 19, 20(N-butylphthalide), 21, 22, and 23 were significantly correlated with anti-inflammation, among which compounds 5, 11, 13, 15, 17, 21, and 23 had negative correlation. This study screened out the effective components with anti-inflammatory activity in raw materials of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix, which was of great significance to improve the quality evaluation system of raw materials of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20220215.202DOI Listing
June 2022

Molecular Structure and Phylogenetic Analyses of the Complete Chloroplast Genomes of Three Medicinal Plants , , and .

Front Plant Sci 2022 6;13:878263. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Ministry of Education, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Most plants of have an important medicinal and economic value with a long history, and ("Gaoben") has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of carminative, dispelling cold, dehumidification, and analgesia. While in the market (Xinjiang Gaoben) is substitution for Gaoben, and occupies a higher market share. These three Gaoben-related medicinal materials are similar in morphology, and are difficult to distinguish from each other by the commonly used DNA barcodes. The chloroplast genome has been widely used for molecular markers, evolutionary biology, and barcoding identification. In this study, the complete chloroplast genome sequences of , , and were reported. The results showed that the complete chloroplast genomes of these three species have typical quadripartite structures, which were comprised of 148,664, 148,539, and 148,497 bp. A total of 114 genes were identified, including 81 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 29 tRNA genes, and four rRNA genes. Our study indicated that highly variable region 2-L and D-4 that can be used as specific DNA barcodes to distinguish and identify , , and . In addition, phylogenetic study showed that nested in and as a sister group of and , which suggested these two genera are both in need of revision. This study offer valuable information for future research in the identification of Gaoben-related medicinal materials and will benefit for further phylogenetic study of Apiaceae.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.878263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9207526PMC
June 2022

[Research progress in DIR gene of lignan biosynthesis in medicinal plants].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2022 Jun;47(11):2890-2898

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Ministry of Education, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Beijing 100193, China.

The active components, mainly derived from secondary metabolites of medicinal plants, are the material basis for the efficacy of medicinal plants. Lignans, the secondary metabolites in plants with high bioactivity, are widely distributed in a variety of plant species, and their antiviral, antitumor, antibacterial, and antioxidant activities have been proved in clinical practice. Generally, lignans are diverse in structures with many chiral centers, and most of them are optically active. The biosynthesis of lignans depends on the oxidative coupling reaction through site selection and stereo selection, which impedes synthesized lignans to form racemates, but makes them in a three-dimensional configuration. Dirigent protein(DIR) plays an important role in guiding location selection and stereo selection of lignans in biosynthesis. In vitro studies on lignan biosynthesis have shown that racemic end products are obtained in the absence of DIR proteins, while the products in a three-dimensional configuration can be yielded in the presence of DIR proteins, indicating that DIR proteins play an asymmetric role in the biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites. The present study reviewed the biolo-gical significance of DIR protein, the cloning of DIR gene, gene structure, catalytic mechanism, and the research progress in Isatis indigotica, Eucommia ulmoides, Forsythia suspensa, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Panax pseudoginseng var. notoginseng, and Schisandra chinensis, which provides a reference for the follow-up research of DIR gene.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20220120.101DOI Listing
June 2022

[Molecular identification and efficacy analysis of herbs at Orussey Herbal Market, Phnom Penh, Cambodia].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2021 Dec;46(24):6312-6322

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Ministry of Education,Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College Beijing 100193, China.

Cambodia is rich in medicinal plant resources. One hundred and thirty-three medicinal material samples, including the hole herb, root, stem/branch, leaf, flower, fruit, seed, and resin, were collected from the Orussey Herbal Market in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and then authenticated by ITS and psbA-trnH. A total of 46 samples were identified based on ITS sequences, belonging to 24 families, 40 genera, and 42 species. A total of 100 samples were identified by psbA-trnH sequences to belong to 42 families, 77 genera, and 84 species. A total of 103 samples were identified by two DNA barcodes. According to the morphological characteristics of the medicinal materials, 120 samples classified into 50 species, 86 genera, and 86 families were identified, and the majority of them were from Zingiberaceae, Fabaceae, and Acanthaceae. Such samples have been commonly used in traditional Cambodian medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, Unani medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, and ethnomedicine, but different medical systems focus on different functional aspects of the same medicinal material. The results of this study have demonstrated that DNA barcoding has a significant advantage in identifying herbal products, and this study has provided basic data for understanding the traditional medicinal materials used in Cambodia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20211014.101DOI Listing
December 2021

[Identification and characterization of DIR gene family in Schisandra chinensis].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2021 Oct;46(20):5270-5277

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Ministry of Education,Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College Beijing 100193, China.

Dirigent(DIR) proteins are involved in the biosynthesis of lignin, lignans, and gossypol in plants and respond to biotic and abiotic stresses. Based on the full-length transcriptome of Schisandra chinensis, bioinformatics methods were used to preliminarily identify the DIR gene family and analyze the physico-chemical properties, subcellular localization, conserved motifs, phylogeny, and expression patterns of the proteins. The results showed that a total of 34 DIR genes were screened and the encoded proteins were 156-387 aa. The physico-chemical properties of the proteins were different and the secondary structure was mainly random coil. Half of the DIR proteins were located in chloroplast, while the others in extracellular region, endoplasmic reticulum, cytoplasm, etc. Phylogenetic analysis of DIR proteins from S. chinensis and the other 8 species such as Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, and Glycine max demonstrated that all DIR proteins were clustered into 5 subfamilies and that DIR proteins from S. chinensis were in 4 subfamilies. DIR-a subfamily has the unique structure of 8 β-sheets, as verified by multiple sequence alignment. Finally, through the analysis of the transcriptome of S. chinensis fruit at different development stages, the expression pattern of DIR was clarified. Combined with the accumulation of lignans in fruits at different stages, DIR might be related to the synthesis of lignans in S. chinensis. This study lays a theoretical basis for exploring the biological functions of DIR genes and elucidating the biosynthesis pathway of lignans in S. chinensis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20210723.101DOI Listing
October 2021

Chemical pneumonitis caused by intravenous injection of insecticide spray.

World J Emerg Med 2021 ;12(3):241-243

Emergency Department, the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050051, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5847/wjem.j.1920-8642.2021.03.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8188285PMC
January 2021

Corrigendum to "Hydroxysafflor yellow A inhibits hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced cardiomyocyte injury via regulating the AMPK/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway" [Int. Immunopharm. 82 (2020) 106316].

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Aug 11;97:107551. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Innovative Drug Discovery of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Natural Medicine) and Translational Medicine, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, PR China. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2021.107551DOI Listing
August 2021

Analysis of pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Eupatorium fortunei Turcz. and their in vitro neurotoxicity.

Food Chem Toxicol 2021 May 25;151:112151. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development (IMPLAD), Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, No. 151 Malianwa North Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100193, PR China. Electronic address:

This study was to analyze the pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) in Eupatorium fortunei herbs and its derived finished products with a view to evaluating their effects on the proliferation and oligodendrogenesis of neural progenitor cells (NPCs). Using a LC-MS/MS method with 32 PAs reference standards, 8 PAs including intermedine, intermedine N-oxide, lycopsamine, lycopsamine N-oxide, retronecine, seneciphylline and senkirkine and 7-acetylintermedine N-oxide were identified with intermedine N-oxide and lycopsamine N-oxide being most abundant. The total PA amounts were found to vary from 0.18 to 61.81 μg/g in 30 batches of herbs and from 0.86 to 36.96 μg/g in 4 commercial finished products, respectively. Risk assessments indicated that the short-term intake seemed unlikely lead to acute toxic effects but the chronic use warranted cautions. Using NPCs derived from mouse induced pluripotent stem cells as an in vitro testing model, intermedine, intermedine N-oxide and lycopsamine N-oxide appeared to decrease cell viability at 30 μM whereas intermedine N-oxide inhibited oligodendrogenesis of NPCs at 10 μM. The present results suggested that the PAs in the majority of E. fortunei herbs and the derived products not only resulted in their exposure far exceeding the acceptable intake limit (i. e. 1.0 μg PA per day for adults) in herbal medicinal products recommended by the European Medicines Agency but also induced neurotoxicity to NPCs in vitro.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2021.112151DOI Listing
May 2021

[Simultaneous determination of six major isosteroidal alkaloids in Beimu by UPLC-ELSD].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Mar;45(6):1393-1398

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Ministry of Education, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Beijing 100193, China.

An UPLC method was established for the direct determination of six major bioactive isosteroidal alkaloids, namely peimisine, imperialine, sipeimine-3-D-glucoside, verticinone, verticine and hupehenine from the bulbus of Fritillaria(Beimu), a commonly used antitussive traditional Chinese medicinal(TCM) herb. An Acquity UPLC~(TM) CSH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was used for all analysis. The investigated six compounds were all separated with gradient mobile phase consisting of 0.02% diethylamine-water-methanol at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1). The temperature of sample manager was set at 20 ℃. Drift tube temperature was 45 ℃, and spray parameter was 40% with injection volume of 1 μL. Then, the further quality assessment of Beimu was carried out by cluster analysis(CA) and principal component analysis(PCA). The investigated all had good linearity(r≥0.998 9) over the tested ranges. The method is simple, accurate and reproducible, and can be used for determining the content of six major bioactive isosteroidal alkaloids.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20191223.201DOI Listing
March 2020

Hydroxysafflor yellow A inhibits hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced cardiomyocyte injury via regulating the AMPK/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway.

Int Immunopharmacol 2020 Feb 19;82:106316. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Innovative Drug Discovery of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Natural Medicine) and Translational Medicine, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, PR China. Electronic address:

Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) is an effective therapeutic agent that alleviates myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI), but the exact mechanisms remain elusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential protective effect of HSYA against MIRI through mechanisms related to NLRP3 inflammasome regulation. In this study, hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced H9c2 cardiomyocytes were treated with HSYA or the AMPK inhibitor, compound C (CC). Our results showed that HSYA pretreatment improved cardiomyocyte viability, maintained mitochondrial membrane potential, reduced apoptotic cardiomyocytes, decreased caspase-3 activity, and inhibited NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation during H/R injury. Moreover, the inhibition of AMPK activation by the CC inhibitor partially abolished the effects of HSYA treatment, including suppressing the upregulation of NLRP3 inflammasome components (NLRP3, caspase-1 and interleukin-1β) and promoting autophagy (LC3-II/LC3-I and p62). In conclusion, the protective mechanism of HSYA in H/R-induced cardiomyocyte injury is associated with inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation through the AMPK signalling pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2020.106316DOI Listing
February 2020

[Decipherment of herb medicine Nanwuweizi and Wuweizi in Chinese ancient literature].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 Sep;44(18):4053-4059

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine,Ministry of Education,Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences,Peking Union Medical College Beijing 100193,China.

Nanwuweizi( Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus) and Wuweizi( Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus) have long-term history of use as common traditional Chinese medicines since the Eastern Han Dynasty( AD.25-220 year).However their information are always confused in ancient literature because they were both used as " Wuweizi". Nanwuweizi and Wuweizi are faced with problems such as confused distribution of producing areas,unclear source plants and efficacy characteristics,which limit modern resource development and application. Based on ancient literatures of materia medica,this study conducted a systematic review from several aspects,i.e. the name,distribution of producing areas,source plants,efficacy characteristics and processing of the two medicines in ancient time. This study clarified five main aspects,as following,ancient production areas and corresponding modern distribution areas; source plants used for medicinal purposes in ancient time; application period and application scope; efficacy characteristics in clinical application;processing method. This study provides a reference for evaluating the quality and for their clinical application and reasonable development of Nanwuweizi and Wuweizi.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20190701.111DOI Listing
September 2019

[Research methods and applications progress on spectrum-effect relationships in study of traditional Chinese medicine].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 Oct;44(20):4405-4411

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine,Ministry of Education,Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Beijing 100193,China.

The application of chemical fingerprint to evaluate the quality of traditional Chinese medicine has been widely accepted and used in many countries. However,only by analyzing the type and content of its chemical components to evaluate the quality of traditional Chinese medicines,the gold standard of quality evaluation by evaluating pharmacodynamic effects is ignored. The study of Chinese medicinal spectrum-effect relationships combining the chemical composition with the pharmacodynamic activity of traditional Chinese medicine,which can evaluate the quality of traditional Chinese medicine from more comprehensive and different angles,has been applied in many fields of traditional Chinese medicine research. This paper mainly summarizes the research methods of the Chinese medicinal spectrum-effect relationships and its application in the field of traditional Chinese medicine study,and provides reference for the research,development and application of the Chinese medicinal spectrum-effect relationships.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20190429.201DOI Listing
October 2019

DNA barcoding of , the most taxonomically complicated genus of Papaveraceae.

Ecol Evol 2019 Feb 21;9(4):1934-1945. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Key Lab of Chinese Medicine Resources Conservation, State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine of the People's Republic of China, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College Beijing China.

The genus is recognized as one of the most taxonomically challenging plant taxa. It is mainly distributed in the Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains, a global biodiversity hotspot. To date, no effective solution for species discrimination and taxonomic assignment in has been developed. In this study, five nuclear and chloroplast DNA regions, ITS, ITS2, , , and , were preliminarily assessed based on their ability to discriminate to eliminate inefficient regions, and the three regions showing good performance (ITS, ITS2 and ) were then evaluated in 131 samples representing 28 species of 11 sections of four subgenera in using three analytical methods (NJ, ML, MP tree; K2P-distance and BLAST). The results showed that the various approaches exhibit different species identification power and that BLAST shows the best performance among the tested approaches. A comparison of different barcodes indicated that among the single barcodes, ITS (65.2%) exhibited the highest identification success rate and that the combination of ITS + matK (69.6%) provided the highest species resolution among all single barcodes and their combinations. Three Pharmacopoeia-recorded medicinal plants and their materia medica were identified successfully based on the ITS and ITS2 regions. In the phylogenetic analysis, the sections , , , , and formed well-supported separate lineages. We thus hypothesize that the five sections should be classified as an independent subgenus and that the genus should be divided into three subgenera. In this study, DNA barcoding provided relatively high species discrimination power, indicating that it can be used for species discrimination in this taxonomically complicated genus and as a potential tool for the authentication of materia medica belonging to .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4886DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6392370PMC
February 2019

Four New Lignans from and Their Bioactivity.

Molecules 2018 May 26;23(6). Epub 2018 May 26.

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Ministry of Education, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China.

A phytochemical investigation of the stems of has led to an isolation of four new lignans, named kadsutherin E⁻H (⁻), together with two known lignans (⁻). The structures of the four new compounds were established on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic analyses. Compounds ⁻ exhibited inhibition against adenosine diphosphate (ADP) induced platelet aggregation. Among the isolated compounds, kadsutherin F () showed the strongest anti-platelet aggregation activity with an inhibition of 49.47%.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules23061279DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6100398PMC
May 2018

Traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Codonopsis: A review.

J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Jun 28;219:50-70. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine (Peking Union Medical College), Ministry of Education, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Species of the genus Codonopsis are perennial herbs mainly distributed throughout East, Southeast and Central Asia. As recorded, they have been used as traditional Chinese medicines since the Qing Dynasty, where they were claimed for strengthening the spleen and tonifying the lung, as well as nourishing blood and engendering liquid. Some species are also used as food materials in southern China and Southeast Asia, such as tea, wine, soup, plaster, and porridge.

Aim Of The Review: The review aims to assess the ethnopharmacological uses, explicit the material basis and pharmacological action, promote the safety of medical use, and suggest the future research potentials of Codonopsis.

Materials And Methods: Information on the studies of Codonopsis was collected from scientific journals, books, and reports via library and electronic data search (PubMed, Elsevier, Scopus, Google Scholar, Springer, Science Direct, Wiley, Researchgate, ACS, EMBASE, Web of Science and CNKI). Meanwhile, it was also obtained from published works of material medica, folk records, ethnopharmacological literatures, Ph.D. and Masters Dissertation. Plant taxonomy was confirmed to the database "The Plant List" (www.theplantlist.org).

Results: Codonopsis has been used for medicinal purposes all around the world. Some species are also used as food materials in southern China and Southeast Asia. The chemical constituents of Codonopsis mainly are polyacetylenes, polyenes, flavonoids, lignans, alkaloids, coumarins, terpenoids, steroids, organic acids, saccharides, and so on. Extract of Codonopsis exhibit extensive pharmacological activities, including immune function regulation, hematopoiesis improvement, cardiovascular protection, neuroprotection, gastrointestinal function regulation, endocrine function regulation, cytotoxic and antibacterial effects, anti-aging and anti-oxidation, etc. Almost no obvious toxicity or side effect are observed and recorded for Codonopsis.

Conclusions: The traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Codonopsis are reviewed in this paper. Species of the genus have long been used as traditional medicines and food materials, they are reported with a large number of chemical constituents with different structures, extensive pharmacological activities in immune system, blood system, digestive system, etc. and almost no toxicity. More profound studies on less popular species, pharmacodynamic material basis and pharmacological mechanism, and quality assurance are suggested to be carried out to fulfil the research on the long-term clinical use and new drug research of Codonopsis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2018.02.039DOI Listing
June 2018

[Influence of different cultivation measures on the content of three free carbohydrates of Codonopsis Radix].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2017 Oct;42(20):3963-3968

Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China.

To provide a scientific evidence for the quality control of Codonopsis Radix, a method was established for determining the content of three free carbohydrates of Codonopsis Radix. The developed method showed good linearity. The calibration curves were linear within the range of 2.312 5-18.500 0 μg for sucrose, 1.500 0-12.000 0 μg for glucose, and 2.000 0-16.000 0 μg for fructose, resgectwely. The recoveries varied between 96.31%-101.8%. The method is simple, accurate and reproducible, and can be used for determining the content of sucrose, glucose and fructose of Codonopsis Radix. The results showed that different cultivation measures had an effect on the content of three free carbohydrates of Codonopsis Radix. According to the content of sucrose, using Zhuanggenling>not using Zhuanggenling. While, not pinching, shelving>not pinching, not shelving>pinching, not shelving>pinching, shelving. According to the content of glucose and fructose, not using Zhuanggenling>using Zhuanggenling. While, pinching, shelving>not pinching, not shelving>not pinching, shelving>pinching, not shelving. In consideration of the differences of sweetness and content of the three free carbohydrates in Codonopsis Radix, we recommend that the content of free carbohydrates could be considered as the marker to evaluate the quality of Codonopsis Radix.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20170807.001DOI Listing
October 2017

[Influence of different cultivation measures on chemical quality of Codonopsis Radix].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2016 Oct;41(20):3753-3760

Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China.

To observe the influence of different cultivation measures on the chemical constituents of Codonopsis Radix and provide reference for its reasonable cultivation, Codonopsis Radix samples cultivated by different cultivation measures were collected from the planting base in Min county,and their quality were evaluated by establishing HPLC fingerprint and determining the content of lobetyolin and Codonopsis Radix polysaccharide. The results show that different cultivation measures have an effect on the quality of Codonopsis Radix and the contents of lobetyolin and Codonopsis Radix polysaccharide are obviously different. According to the content of lobetyolin, not using Zhuanggenling>using Zhuanggenling. While, not pinching, shelving>not pinching, not shelving>pinching, shelving>pinching, not shelving. According to the content of Codonopsis Radix polysaccharide, not using Zhuanggenling>using Zhuanggenling. While, not pinching, shelving>not pinching, not shelving>pinching, not shelving>pinching, shelving. Based on the chemical quality evaluation results, the appropriate cultivation measure of Codonopsis Radix is not using Zhuanggenling, not pinching and shelving.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4268/cjcmm20162009DOI Listing
October 2016

[Effect of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation on Parameters Monitored by Transpulmonary Thermodilution Method].

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2016 Apr;38(2):140-3

Department of Emergency Medicine,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China;

Objective: To investigate the effect of atrial fibrillation on the accuracy of parameters monitored by transpulmonary thermodilution method.

Methods: Totally 12 patients from emergency intensive care unit with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were enrolled. The hemodynamic parameters such as heart rate, mean arterial pressure, cardiac index, systemic vascular resistance index, intrathoracic blood volume index, and extravascular lung water index were monitored by transpulmonary thermodilution method before paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and during atrial fibrillation, the number of B-lines was detected by lung ultrasonography before and during paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The changes of all the parameters were analyzed.

Results: When the paroxysmal atrial fibrillation happened, the heart rate increased significantly [(123.3±20.0) beat/min vs. (98.9±12.3) beat/min, P=0.006]; the mean arterial pressure [(86.9±10.2) mmHg vs. (93.0±12.5) mmHg, P=0.058], cardiac index [(2.82±0.62) L/(min·m(2)) vs. (3.31±1.02) L/(min·m(2)), P=0.058] and systemic vascular resistance index [(2254±947) dyn·s·cm(-5)·m(2) vs. (2302±828) dyn·s·cm(-5)·m(2), P=0.351] had no obvious change; however, the intrathoracic blood volume index significantly increased [(1333±90) ml/m(2) vs. (937±111) ml/m(2), P<0.001]; extravascular lung water index also increased significantly [(16.1±1.1) ml/kg vs. (6.5±1.9) ml/kg, P<0.001]. No significant difference was found in the number of B-lines detected by lung ultrasonography before and during atrial fibrillation (10.0±4.2 vs. 9.4±4.4, P=0.180).

Conclusion: Both intrathoracic blood volume and extravascular lung water monitored by transpulmonary thermodilution method were overvalued during paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, which may mislead the clinical judgment and decision-making.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2016.02.003DOI Listing
April 2016

[Establishment of traceability system of Chinese medicinal materials' quality].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2015 Dec;40(23):4711-4

The quality of Chinese medicinal materials relates greatly to the clinical curative effect and security. In order to ensure the quality and safety of Chinese medicinal materials, a systematic and operable traceability system needs to be established. It can realize the whole process of quality and safety management of Chinese medicinal materials "from production to consumption" through recording and inquiring information and recalling defective products, which is an important direction for the future development of traditional Chinese medicine. But it is still at the exploration and trial stage. In this paper, a framework of Chinese medicinal materials' quality and safety traceability system was established on the basis of the domestic and international experience about the construction of food and agricultural products traceability systems. The relationship between traceability system of Chinese medicinal materials' quality and GAP, GMP, GSP was analyzed, and the possible problems and the corresponding solutions were discussed.
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December 2015

[Evaluation for heavy metal pollution of soil and herb from main producing area of Phellodendron amurense in China].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2016 Feb;41(3):383-389

Yulin Testing Center Institute for Food Control of Shaanxi, Yulin 719000, China.

In order to evaluate the heavy metal potential pollution of soil and medicinal materials in main producing area of Phellodendron amurense, we collected 32 soil samples and 32 herb samples from northeast and north of China covering four provinces. In this study, the detection of heavy metal contents was conducted by ICP emission spectroscopy and atomic fluorescence spectrometry. The results showed that the soil from all areas of Ph amurense generally reached the national standard. As, Hg, Cr, Cd, Pb and Cu content of herb samples met the requirtment of the national standard except Hg content exceeding standard slight in a few samples. The reason of excessive Hg was the ability of Hg accumulation in Ph. amurense and atmospheric environment was polluted. So, national standard and Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) must be carried out severely in Ph. amurense resources production.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4268/cjcmm20160304DOI Listing
February 2016

Assessment of pancreatic adenocarcinoma: Use of low-dose whole pancreatic CT perfusion and individualized dual-energy CT scanning.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2015 Oct 29;59(5):590-8. Epub 2015 Jul 29.

Shandong Provincial Medical Imaging Research Institute, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Introduction: The objective of this study was to investigate the value of low-dose whole pancreatic computed tomography (CT) perfusion integrated with individualized dual-energy CT (DECT) scanning in the diagnosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Methods: Twenty patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma underwent pancreatic CT perfusion as well as individualized dual-phase DECT pancreatic scans. Perfusion characteristics of non-tumourous pancreatic parenchyma and pancreatic adenocarcinoma were analysed. Weighted-average 120 kVp images and the optimal monoenergetic images in dual phase were reconstructed and the contrast noise ratio (CNR) of pancreas-to-tumour were compared.

Results: There were significant difference on blood flow as well as blood volume between pancreatic adenocarcinoma and the non-tumourous pancreatic parenchyma (P < 0.05), whereas no difference on permeability (P > 0.05). CNRs of pancreas-to-tumour in individualized pancreatic phase were significantly higher than those in venous phase (P < 0.05), and CNRs of optimal monoenergetic images were higher than those on weighted-average 120 kVp images (P < 0.05) in both phase. Total effective radiation dose of CT examination was around 9.32-13.75 mSv.

Conclusions: Low-dose whole pancreatic CT perfusion can provide functional information, and the individualized pancreatic phase DECT scan is the optimal method for detecting pancreatic adenocarcinomas. The integration of the two techniques has great value in clinical application.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.12342DOI Listing
October 2015

[Phylogenetic analysis for Fritillaria hupehensis: evidence from ITS, rpl16 and matK sequences].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2014 Sep;39(17):3269-73

The systematic position of Fritillaria hupehensis has been in dispute. Phylogentic analyses were conducted on sequences of ITS, rpl16, matK sequences for species of F. hupehensis and allies. Lilium davidii was designed as outgroup. The analyses were performed using MP and ML methods. Conclusions could be achieved as follow. The topologies of MP and ML are consistent. The samples of F. hepehensis from different places form a supported clade with a strong bootstrap. And then form a strongly supported clade with F. anhuiensis, F. monantha. The results suggests that although F. hupehensis has a closet relation with the two ones, it exists some difference.
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September 2014

[Chemical constituents of Kadsura oblongifolia and evaluation of their toxicity].

Yao Xue Xue Bao 2014 Sep;49(9):1296-303

To study the chemical constituents of K. oblongifolia, silica gel column chromatography, MCI and Sephadex LH-20 were used to separate the 70% acetone extract of the stems of K. oblongifolia. The structures of the isolated compounds have been established on the basis of physicochemical and NMR spectroscopic evidence as well as ESI-MS in some cases. Twenty compounds were obtained and identified as heteroclitalignan A (1), kadsulignan F (2), kadoblongifolin C (3), schizanrin F (4), heteroclitalignan C (5), kadsurarin (6), kadsulignan O (7), eburicol (8), meso-dihydroguaiaretic acid (9), kadsufolin A (10), tiegusanin M (11), heteroclitin B (12), (7'S)-parabenzlactone (13), angeloylbinankadsurin B (14), propinquain H (15), quercetin (16), kadsulignan P (17), schizanrin G (18), micrandilactone C (19) and (-)-shikimic acid (20). Compouds 1, 5, 8, 11-15, 18 and 20 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Toxicity of compounds 1-10 were evaluated with zebrafish model to observe the effect on its embryonic development and heart function. The results showed that compounds 7, 9 and 10 caused edema of zebrafish embryo and decreased the heart rate of zebrafish, which exhibited interference effect on heart development of zebrafish.
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September 2014

[Chemical constituents of Conioselinum vaginatum].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2013 May;38(10):1543-7

Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Ministry of Education, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China.

Sixteen compounds were isolated from Conioselinum vaginatum by silica column chromatography over silica gel and Sephadex LH-20, as well as recrystallization. On the basis of their physical and chemical properties and spectral data, their structures were identified as ligustilide (1), 1,3-dilinolein (2), coniferaldehyde (3), myristicin (4), stigmasterol (5), beta-sitosterol (6), vanillin (7), pregnenolone (8), bergapten (9), xanthotoxin (10), methyl indole-3-carboxylate (11), ferulic acid (12), (E)-3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxy-cinnamic alcohol (13), p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (14), 3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxy-acetophenone (15), and alpha-(ethoxymethyl)-4-hydroxy- benzenemethanol (16). Among them, compound 15 was a new natural product, and compounds 2, 3, 10, 11, 14, and 16 were obtained from this genus for the first time.
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May 2013

[Study the effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza monomer IH764-3 on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase in lungs of rats exposed to Paraquat (PQ)].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2012 May;30(5):321-5

Emergency Department, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.

Objective: To observe the expression of the matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and membrane-type 1 metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) in lung of rats exposed to paraquat (PQ) and the effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza monomer IH764-3 on above expression.

Methods: Ninety adult healthy Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into the control group (group A, 6 rats), the exposure group (group B, 42 rats) and the group treated by Salvia miltiorrhiza monomer IH764-3 (group C, 42 rats). The group B and C were treated intragastrically with 1ml of PQ (50 mg/kg), and the group A was treated intragastrically with normal saline. The group C was treated intraperitoneally with 1 ml Salvia miltiorrhiza monomer IH764-3 at the dose of 40 mg/kg a day. The group A and B were treated intraperitoneally with 1 ml normal saline day. The expression of MMP-2 and MT1-MMP was detected on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th and 35th days after exposure for all groups.

Results: As compared with the expression level (0.305 ± 0.045) of MMP-2 mRNA in group A, the expression levels of MMP-2 mRNA in Group B significantly increased, which were 0.654 ± 0.077, 0.623 ± 0.051, 0.637 ± 0.024, 0.533 ± 0.043 and 0.552 ± 0.050 on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th, 21st days after exposure, respectively (P < 0.01). As compared with group A, the the expression levels of MMP-2 mRNA on the 1st, 3rd, 7th days in Group C slightly increased, but the expression levels of MMP-2 mRNA on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th, 21st days in Group C were 0.523 ± 0.074, 0.567 ± 0.097, 0.514 ± 0.058, 0.359 ± 0.018 and 0.374 ± 0.020, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in group B (P < 0.01). As compared with the expression level (0.391 ± 0.058) of MT1-MMP mRNA in group A, the expression levels of MT1-MMP mRNA in Group B significantly increased, which were 0.796 ± 0.021, 0.762 ± 0.043, 0.590 ± 0.010, 0.803 ± 0.076 and 0.680 ± 0.034 on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th and 21st days after exposure, respectively (P < 0.01). As compared with group A, the expression levels of MT1-MMP mRNA in Group C significantly increased, which were 0.594 ± 0.010, 0.653 ± 0.044 and 0.564 ± 0.009 on the 1st, 3rd and 21st days after exposure, respectively (P < 0.01). The expression levels of MT1-MMP mRNA in Group C were significantly lower than those in group B (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).

Conclusion: The expression changes of MMP-2 and MT1-MMP genes of lungs in rats intragastrically exposed to PQ could result in the unbalance the synthesis and degradation of ECM, which may be a cause of lung fibrosis. The Salvia miltiorrhiza monomer IH764-3 could affect the expression of MMP-2 and MT1-MMP genes to a certain extent, resulting in the reduction of lung fibrosis.
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May 2012

[Pathologic changes and expression of Heme oxygenase-1 in paraquat-induced renal injury].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2009 Aug;27(8):468-71

Department of Emergency, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050000, China.

Objective: To study the mechanism of paraquat-induced renal injury in rats.

Methods: Adult healthy Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (female and male in half) were randomly divided into two groups, the control group and the paraquat poisoned group. The rats in the paraquat poisoned group were treated with PQ (25 mg/kg) intraperitoneally while the rats in the control group were treated with the same dose of normal saline. Its histopathological change was observed and the expression of HO-1 and the mRNA expression of HO-1 were detected by RT-PCR at 3rd h, 6th h, 12th h, on 1st d, 2nd d, 3rd d and 5th d.

Results: (1) In the control group, the tissue structure was clear without edema, vacuolar degeneration, cloudy swelling and necrosis. In the paraquat poisoned group, there were obvious lesions in the renal tubule of cortical part, including cellular swelling, the narrow cannula, the mesenchymal congestion and edema. These pathologic changes gradually became more severe, reached the peak on the 1st day, and did not relieve until the end of this study; there was the karyopyknosis and the cyto-architecture disappeared in some severe cases; Some glomerulus and medulla were also involved. (2) In the control group, there was no or weak expression of HO-1 and HO-1 mRNA. At the 3rd hour, the expressions of HO-1 in the paraquat poisoned group were observed in the membrane and cytoplasm of renal tubular epithelial cell of cortical part. Immunohistochemistry score (IHS) in the paraquat poisoned group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05), except the HIS of the 5th day. At the 3rd hour, the expression of HO-1 mRNA increased, reached the peak on the 1st day, and then decreased. The expression of HO-1 mRNA was (0.53 +/- 0.21), (0.55 +/- 0.31), (0.56 +/- 0.22), (0.64 +/- 0.14) and (0.43 +/- 0.25) at the time point other than on the 3rd and 5th day. It showed statistical difference between the paraquat poisoned group and the control group from the 3rd hour to the 2nd day (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The mechanism of paraquat induced-renal injury is multiple. The higher expression of HO-1 and HO-1 mRNA were involved in the procedures of paraquat-induced renal injury.
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August 2009

Spatiotemporal patterns and dynamics of species richness and abundance of woody plant functional groups in a tropical forest landscape of Hainan Island, South China.

J Integr Plant Biol 2008 May;50(5):547-58

Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Environment, State Forestry Administration, Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China.

Tropical forests are among the most species-diverse ecosystems on Earth. Their structures and ecological functions are complex to understand. Functional group is defined as a group of species that play similar roles in an ecosystem. The functional group approach has been regarded as an effective way of linking the compositions of complex ecosystems with their ecological functions. To understand the variation of functional groups in species-rich ecosystems after disturbance, the present study investigated the spatial pattern and temporal dynamics of woody plants in a typically fragmented natural forest landscape of Hainan Island in South China. The study area was classified into eight landscape types based on vegetation type, disturbance manner and the time of recovery. The woody plant species were aggregated into seven functional groups based on the growth form, successional status and plant size. The results gained from the present study showed that all functional groups, except for the emergent and canopy tree species, were present in all eight landscape types. Each landscape type had different numbers of dominant functional groups. There are similar species richness and stem abundance structure among functional groups between mid-successional clear cut lowland rainforest and old growth tropical coniferous forest. This similarity exists in selective logged lowland rainforest and old-growth lowland rainforest, as well as among landscape types of montane rainforest. The functional groups with the same successional status had similar patterns of species richness and stem abundance ratios among different landscape types. The variation patterns of functional groups along the successional stages in terms of species richness and stem abundance among the tropical lowland rainforest landscape types were more similar to each other than those in the tropical montane rainforest landscape types. This study provides further support for the competition-colonization tradeoff and successional niche theory as opposed to models of neutrality and ecological equivalence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7909.2008.00663.xDOI Listing
May 2008
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