Publications by authors named "Yao-Hui Wang"

47 Publications

Bioinformatics analysis of the prognosis and biological significance of VCAN in gastric cancer.

Immun Inflamm Dis 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, Shenzhen People's Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.

Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common cancers in the world, and the tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a vital role in the occurrence and development of GC. In this study, we obtained differential expressed genes in GC tissues from The Cancer Genome Atlas. After ESTIMATE and weighted correlation network analysis, we obtained differentially expressed genes (DEGs). With further screening DEGs of immune infiltration and then through Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression analysis and COX analysis, we found that VCAN was a gene positively correlated with high immune infiltration and poor prognosis of patients in GC. In addition, we selected a Gene Expression Omnibus dataset (GSE84433) to verify the effect of VCAN on the patient's prognosis, and analyzed the value of VCAN in immunotherapy through TIMER database and TISIDB. In conclusion, we hold the view that VCAN may affect the development of GC by regulating the TME, which may act as a potential therapeutic target for GC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/iid3.414DOI Listing
February 2021

Disruption of egg-specific protein causes female sterility in Bombyx mori.

Insect Sci 2021 Feb 24. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Key Laboratory of Insect Developmental and Evolutionary Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200032, China.

Yolk proteins are the main source of nutrients during embryonic and early larval development in oviparous animals. Therefore, vitellogenesis is crucial for reproduction. The silkworm, Bombyx mori, is a model lepidopteran insect in which there are three yolk proteins: vitellin, 30-kDa protein, and egg-specific protein (Esp). In this study, we explored the gene function of Esp through transgenic clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR) / CRISPR-associated protein 9 technology-mediated mutations in the silkworm. We found that Esp mutation resulted in female sterility but had no effect on male fertility. Female mutants could lay eggs after mating, but the eggs were smaller and lighter colored than those laid by wild-type females. The most important finding is that the eggs laid by female mutants did not hatch. Furthermore, we observed stable inheritance of female sterility caused by Esp mutation through successive generations. Thus, Esp encodes a yolk protein that is crucial for female reproductive success and is a potential target for pest control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1744-7917.12904DOI Listing
February 2021

Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with the co-occurrence of bacteria in the oral cavity and the gastric mucosa.

Helicobacter 2021 Apr 17;26(2):e12786. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Background: Pathogens capable of impacting gastrointestinal tract tumor development are located in the oral cavity, but whether these oral bacteria are able to colonize the gastric mucosa in gastric cancer (GC) patients and whether Helicobacter pylori infection can influence this process remains to be established.

Methods: Microbial 16S rDNA deep sequencing was conducted to characterize bacteria present in paired gastric mucosa and tongue coating samples in 27 patients with superficial gastritis (SG) and 11 GC patients.

Results: While the overall composition of the gastric mucosa and tongue coating microbiomes differed substantially, certain bacteria were present in both of these communities. The co-occurrence of bacteria between the tongue coating and gastric mucosa differed significantly between SG and GC patients. Of the 15 most abundant shared oral bacteria genera (the core shared oral bacteria), which were associated with differences in microbiota composition between these tongue coating and gastric mucosa, three were enriched in the gastric mucosa of GC patients relative to SG patients, whereas, 12 were depleted in GC patient samples. Furthermore, the prevalence and relative abundance of these core shared oral bacteria in the gastric mucosa were also linked to H. pylori infection status, and the core shared oral bacteria were also associated with the overall composition of the gastric mucosal microbiome.

Conclusions: Helicobacter pylori infections are linked to the co-occurrence of bacteria in the oral microbiome and the gastric mucosal microbiome. Ectopic colonization of oral microbes may be a primary driver of H. pylori-induced gastric microbial dysbiosis in patients with GC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hel.12786DOI Listing
April 2021

Association of 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor and prostate cancer incidence and mortality: a meta-analysis.

Transl Androl Urol 2020 Dec;9(6):2519-2532

Department of Urology, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: 5-Alpha-reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) have been suggested as potential chemopreventive agents for prostate cancer (PCa). This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of 5-ARIs on the incidence and mortality of PCa.

Methods: The PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases were searched comprehensively from database inception to October 2019. The clinical outcomes included the incidence of overall PCa, high-grade (Gleason8-10) PCa, metastatic PCa, overall survival (OS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS).

Results: Overall, 23 studies were included in the present study, representing 11 cohort studies, 5 case-control studies, and 8 randomized controlled trials. The use of 5-ARIs was associated with a decreased risk of overall PCa [relative risk (RR) =0.77; 95% CI: 0.67-0.88; P<0.001] and increased risk of Gleason 8-10 PCa (RR=1.19; 95% CI: 1.01-1.40; P=0.036). In terms of metastatic PCa, there were no significant between-group differences (RR=1.23; 95% CI: 0.69-2.18; P=0.487). Furthermore, we found that prediagnostic 5-ARI usage was not associated with an increased risk of overall or prostate cancer mortality, with HRs of 1.00 (95% CI: 0.92-1.08; P=0.938) and 0.98 (95% CI: 0.80-1.21; P=0.881), respectively.

Conclusions: In conclusion, while male 5-ARI users were associated with a decreased risk of overall prostate cancer and increased risk of high-grade prostate cancer (Gleason 8-10), they were not associated with an increased risk of overall or prostate cancer mortality. 5-ARIs should be recommended carefully for use as chemopreventive agents.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/tau-20-843DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7807305PMC
December 2020

Molecular Insight of the Critical Role of Ni in Pt-Based Nanocatalysts for Improving the Oxygen Reduction Reaction Probed Using an SERS Borrowing Strategy.

J Am Chem Soc 2021 Jan 15;143(3):1318-1322. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

College of Energy, State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, College of Materials, iChEM, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China.

PtNi alloy catalysts have excellent catalytic activity and are considered some of the most promising electrocatalysts capable of replacing pure Pt for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). For PtNi alloys, Ni-doping can improve performance by changing the electronic and structural properties of the catalyst surface and its interaction with reaction intermediates. However, to date there is no direct spectral evidence detecting or identifying the effect of Ni on the ORR in PtNi alloy catalysts. Herein, we introduce a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic (SERS) "borrowing" strategy for investigating ORR processes catalyzed by Au@PtNi nanoparticles (NPs). The bond vibration of adsorbed peroxide intermediate species (*OOH) was obtained, and the effect of Ni on the interaction between surface Pt and *OOH was studied by varying the Ni content in the alloy. The frequency of the *OOH spectral band has an obvious red-shift with increasing Ni content. Combined with density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we show that Ni-doping can optimize *OOH surface binding on the Pt surface, achieving more efficient electron transfer, thus improving the ORR rate. Notably, these results evidence the SERS borrowing strategy as an effective technique for observations of catalytic processes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.0c12755DOI Listing
January 2021

Glioma-Derived TSP2 Promotes Excitatory Synapse Formation and Results in Hyperexcitability in the Peritumoral Cortex of Glioma.

J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2021 Jan;80(2):137-149

From the Department of Neurosurgery, General Hospital of Western Theater Command of PLA, Sichuan Province, China.

Seizures are common in patients with glioma, especially low-grade glioma (LGG). However, the epileptogenic mechanisms are poorly understood. Recent evidence has indicated that abnormal excitatory synaptogenesis plays an important role in epileptogenesis. The thrombospondin (TSP) family is a key regulator of synaptogenesis. Thus, this study aimed to elucidate the role of TSP2 in epileptogenesis in glioma-related epilepsy. The expression of TSP2 was increased in tumor tissue specimens from LGG patients, and this increase may have contributed to an increase in the density of spines and excitatory synapses in the peritumoral area. A glioma cell-implanted rat model was established by stereotactic implantation of wild-type TSP2-expressing, TSP2-overexpressing or TSP2-knockout C6 cells into the neocortex. Similarly, an increase in the density of excitatory synapses was also observed in the peritumoral area of the implanted tumor. In addition, epileptiform discharges occurred in the peritumoral cortex and were positively correlated with the TSP2 level in glioma tissues. Moreover, α2δ1/Rac1 signaling was enhanced in the peritumoral region, and treatment with the α2δ1 antagonist gabapentin inhibited epileptiform discharges in the peritumoral cortex. In conclusion, glioma-derived TSP2 promotes excitatory synapse formation, probably via the α2δ1/Rac1 signaling pathway, resulting in hyperexcitability in the peritumoral cortical networks, which may provide new insight into the epileptogenic mechanisms underlying glioma-related epilepsy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnen/nlaa149DOI Listing
January 2021

Spectroscopic Verification of Adsorbed Hydroxy Intermediates in the Bifunctional Mechanism of the Hydrogen Oxidation Reaction.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2021 Mar 29;60(11):5708-5711. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces,iChEM, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, College of Energy, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China.

Elucidating hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) mechanisms in alkaline conditions is vital for understanding and improving the efficiency of anion-exchange-membrane fuel cells. However, uncertainty remains around the alkaline HOR mechanism owing to a lack of direct in situ evidence of intermediates. In this study, in situ electrochemical surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and DFT were used to study HOR processes on PtNi alloy and Pt surfaces, respectively. Spectroscopic evidence indicates that adsorbed hydroxy species (OH ) were directly involved in HOR processes in alkaline conditions on the PtNi alloy surface. However, OH species were not observed on the Pt surface during the HOR. We show that Ni doping promoted hydroxy adsorption on the platinum-alloy catalytic surface, improving the HOR activity. DFT calculations also suggest that the free energy was decreased by hydroxy adsorption. Consequently, tuning OH adsorption by designing bifunctional catalysts is an efficient method for promoting HOR activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.202015571DOI Listing
March 2021

Chronic Application of Low-Dose Aspirin Affects Multiple Parameters of Three Blood Cellular Types and Antithrombin Activity: A 1:1:1 Propensity Score Matching Analysis.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2021 Jan;77(1):115-121

Department of Geriatric Cardiology, The Second Medical Center, The National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Diseases, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China; and.

Abstract: The mechanisms of aspirin antithrombotic actions have not been fully elucidated. We re-analyzed the data from the project Aspirin Resistance in Patients with Ischemic Atherothrombotic Diseases from April 2008 to June 2010. A total of 530 subjects were classified into 3 groups, including 40 patients without aspirin use, 24 patients taking 25-50 mg/d aspirin, and 466 patients taking 75-100 mg/d aspirin over 1 month. By 1:1:1 propensity score matching adjusting 15 primary clinical covariates, 51 patients (n = 17 per group) comprised the final sample. Hemostasis-related parameters and high platelet reactivity as measured by arachidonic acid-induced and adenosine diphosphate-induced light transmission aggregometry were compared in the 3 groups. A dose-dependent relationship was observed between aspirin and decreased high platelet reactivity incidence (PAA < 0.001, PADP < 0.01, respectively), decreased monocyte ratio (P = 0.052), increased antithrombin activity (P < 0.001), and increased platelet distribution width (P < 0.05). Aspirin at 25-50 mg/d is related to the lowest red blood cell (RBC) count, whereas 75-100 mg/d aspirin showed the highest RBC count among the 3 groups (4.52 ± 0.35 × 1012/L vs. 4.35 ± 0.57 × 1012/L vs. 4.80 ± 0.59 × 1012/L, P = 0.046). Our finding demonstrated that aspirin exerts its antithrombotic effects at least by antiplatelet function, enhancing antithrombin activity and suppressing monocytes in vivo. In addition, 3 blood cell types, namely RBCs, monocytes, and platelets, are involved in the aspirin antithrombotic mechanism. The cellular response to aspirin partially enhances the antithrombotic effects while partially inhibiting the effects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/FJC.0000000000000939DOI Listing
January 2021

POC1A acts as a promising prognostic biomarker associated with high tumor immune cell infiltration in gastric cancer.

Aging (Albany NY) 2020 Oct 14;12(19):18982-19011. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Gastric Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, China.

The effect of POC1 centriolar protein A (POC1A) on gastric cancer (GC) has not been clearly defined. In this study, POC1A expression and clinical information in patients with GC were analyzed. Multiple databases were used to investigate the genes that were co-expressed with POC1A and genes whose changes co-occurred with genetic alternations of POC1A. Moreover, the TISIDB and TIMER databases were used to analyze immune infiltration. The GSE54129 GC dataset and LASSO regression model (tumor vs. normal) were employed, and 6 significant differentially expressed genes (LAMP5, CEBPB, ARMC9, PAOX, VMP1, POC1A) were identified. POC1A was selected for its high expression in adjacent tissues, which was confirmed with IHC. High POC1A expression was related to better overall and recurrence-free survival. GO and KEGG analyses demonstrated that POC1A may regulate the cell cycle, DNA replication and cell growth. Furthermore, POC1A was found to be correlated with immune infiltration levels in GC according to the TISIDB and TIMER databases. These findings indicate that POC1A acts as a tumor suppressor in GC by regulating the cell cycle and cell growth. In addition, POC1A preferentially regulates the immune infiltration of GC via several immune genes. However, the specific mechanism requires further study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/aging.103624DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7732308PMC
October 2020

Clinical Outcomes and Predictors in Patients With Unresectable Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases Following Salvage Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation: A Single Center Preliminary Experience.

Technol Cancer Res Treat 2020 Jan-Dec;19:1533033820963662

Department of Interventional Radiology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Xuhui, Shanghai, China.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of salvage percutaneous radiofrequency ablation in patients with unresectable colorectal cancer liver metastases.

Methods: The cohort consisted of 81 patients with 126 colorectal cancer liver metastases who underwent radiofrequency ablation between January 2012 and September 2016. The clinical data and ablation data were retrospectively analyzed. The local tumor progression-free survival, overall survival, and prognostic factors were analyzed using the log-rank test and Cox regression model.

Results: The technique success rate was 99.21%. The primary efficacy rate was 100% at the 1-month follow-up. Minor complications were observed in 2 patients, which recovered within 1 week. The median local tumor progression-free survival time of all patients was 29.8 months. The absence of subsequent chemotherapy was an independent predictor of a shorter local tumor progression-free survival time ( < 0.001, hazard ratio: 2.823, 95% confidence interval: 1.603, 4.972). The median overall survival time was 26.8 months. A lesion size greater than 3 cm ( = 0.011, hazard ratio: 2.112, 95% confidence interval: 1.188, 3.754) and the presence of early local tumor progression ( = 0.011, hazard ratio: 2.352, 95% confidence interval: 1.217, 4.545) were related to a shorter survival time.

Conclusions: Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation is safe in patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases refractory from chemotherapy. Subsequent chemotherapy is important to enhance local control. Small lesions and favorable early responses are related to prolonged overall survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1533033820963662DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7549072PMC
October 2020

Validation of the Prognostic Value of Preoperative Albumin-to-Alkaline Phosphatase Ratio in Patients with Surgically Treated Non-Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Onco Targets Ther 2020 20;13:8287-8297. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

Department of Urology, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Several studies have revealed that albumin-to-alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR) was correlated to the survival of several cancers. To explore the impact of AAPR on the survival of non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients following nephrectomy, the present study was conducted.

Patients And Methods: A total of 648 patients were enrolled in the present study. The cut-off value of AAPR was determined based on the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were applied to identify prognostic factors. The discrimination and calibration of models for survival outcomes were evaluated based on the concordance index (C-index), ROC analysis and calibration curve.

Results: The low AAPR (≤0.5) was associated with older age (P<0.001), higher T stage (P=0.002), larger tumor size (P=0.014) and tumor necrosis (P=0.003). A high AAPR was significantly correlated to better OS (hazard ratio, HR=0.61; P=0.038) and CSS (HR=0.52; P=0.013) based on multivariate analysis. Integrating AAPR with UISS or SSIGN, the C-indexes of nomogram for OS (UISS: 0.790 vs 0.765; SSIGN: 0.861 vs 0.850) and CSS (UISS: 0.832 vs 0.805; SSIGN: 0.905 vs 0.896) increased. Moreover, the nomogram for OS and CSS was established based on the multivariate analysis. The C-indexes of nomogram for OS and CSS were 0.834 (95% CI 0.794-0.874) and 0.867 (95% CI 0.830-0.904), respectively.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the high preoperative AAPR was a favorable prognostic factor for surgically treated non-metastatic RCC patients. AAPR also could improve the predictive value of well-established models. The nomogram that incorporates AAPR had a good performance. More prospective studies with a large scale are essential to validate our findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S264217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7445499PMC
August 2020

Superficial esophageal lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma treated with endoscopic submucosal dissection: a case report.

Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2020 1;13(7):1902-1908. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Pathology, Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine Nanjing, China.

Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) of esophagus is an extremely rare tumor only a few cases were successfully treated with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). We herein report one case of superficial esophageal LELC with adjacent squamous intraepithelial neoplasia successfully treated by ESD, and the status of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and microsatellite instability (MSI) were detected simultaneously. A 71-year-old woman presented with complaints of substernal discomfort. Under endoscopy, a dome-shaped bulge of 1.2 cm × 0.8 cm was located at the mucosal lamina propria in the left lateral wall of the middle esophagus, and the mucosa covering the bulge was smooth and normal-appearing. A brownish lesion was found adjacent to the bulge. Microscopically, the tumor was well demarcated, and nests of syncytial epithelioid cells were identified in the lamina propria of the mucosa, with a large number of inflammatory cells. The squamous epithelium covering the surface of the infiltrating tumor and the second brownish lesion demonstrated low grade squamous intraepithelial neoplasia. Tumor tissue showed CK5/6, p63, and p40 positive staining, was EBV negative, and had microsatellite stability. After treatment with ESD, this patient received no further treatment, and had no recurrence or metastasis at 25-month follow-up.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7414502PMC
July 2020

A Comparison of Tumor-Associated and Non-Tumor-Associated Gastric Microbiota in Gastric Cancer Patients.

Dig Dis Sci 2021 May 26;66(5):1673-1682. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, No. 155 Hanzhong Road, Nanjing, 210029, People's Republic of China.

Background: How gastric cancer (GC) incidence is associated with changes in the gastric microbiome has not been firmly established. The present study therefore aims to investigate the microbial communities present within the gastric mucosa of patients with superficial gastritis (SG) or GC.

Methods: Paired tumor and paracancerous samples of the gastric mucosa were collected from 18 patients being surgically treated for GC and from 32 patients with SG being treated via gastroscopy. The gastric microbiome in these samples was then profiled via 16S rRNA sequencing, with a linear discriminant analysis effect size (LEfSe) approach used to identify and compare different bacteria, and with PICRUSt used for predictive functional analyses.

Results: GC patients exhibited a distinct gastric microbiota profile from that observed in SG patients. These changes were evident in both tumor and paracancerous tissues from GC patients. Specifically, we found that 6 bacterial genera were specifically enriched in GC tissue samples relative to SG samples, while 18 genera were depleted in these same samples. Based on the differential abundance of these bacteria, we were able to calculate microbial dysbiosis index (MDI) values, which were significantly higher in GC patients than in SG patients. In addition, MDI values were negatively correlated with gastric Shannon index and were positively correlated with relative Helicobacter spp. abundance. Importantly, these MDI values were readily able to discriminate between GC and SG patient samples. Functional analysis suggested that GC patients were more likely to harbor a nitrosating microbial community.

Conclusions: GC patients exhibited a gastric microbiome profile distinct from that observed in SG patients, with these differences being evident in both tumor and paracancerous tissues. Differences in the relative abundance of Helicobacter spp. may be the primary driver of gastric dysbiosis in GC patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-020-06415-yDOI Listing
May 2021

Prognostic value of preoperative prognostic nutritional index in patients with renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy.

Clin Chim Acta 2020 Oct 17;509:210-216. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Urology, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, 37 Guoxue Street, Chengdu 610041, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Purpose: The present study was performed to explore the prognostic value of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients following nephrectomy.

Methods: A total of 660 patients were included. PNI was calculated based on the following formula: serum albumin level (g/L) + 0.005 × total lymphocyte count (per mm). Kaplan-Meier survival curve and the log-rank test were conducted. Univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis were performed to explore the prognostic factors.

Results: The patients in low PNI group were more likely to be older (P < 0.001), have a larger tumor (P < 0.001), higher pathological T stage (P < 0.001), positive lymph node (P = 0.038), distant metastasis (P = 0.005), higher tumor grade (P < 0.001) and tumor necrosis (P < 0.001). Multivariable analysis revealed low preoperative PNI was an independent predictor of overall survival (OS) (P = 0.034) and progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0.004) for all patients. Besides, low preoperative PNI was also significantly associated with poor OS (P = 0.008), cancer-specific survival (CSS) (P = 0.032) and PFS (P = 0.003) for non-metastatic RCC patients.

Conclusion: The patients with lower preoperative PNI were associated with adverse factors. Furthermore, the low preoperative PNI was also associated with inferior oncological outcomes in RCC patients who underwent nephrectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2020.06.025DOI Listing
October 2020

[Clinical application of two extraction methods of impacted teeth combined with immediate implantation].

Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue 2019 Dec;28(6):632-635

Department of Stomatology, Suqian People's Hospital, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Group. Suqian 223800, Jiangsu Province, China.

Purpose: To observe the effects of immediate implantation combined with high-speed turbine minimally invasive technology and traditional technology on postoperative analgesia, mouth opening and alveolar bone resorption after removal of complex impacted teeth.

Methods: Eighty patients with impacted teeth treated in our hospital from January 2014 to December 2018 were randomly divided into 2 groups: experimental group and control group with 40 cases in each group. Patients in the experimental group were treated with high-speed turbine minimally invasive surgery combined with immediate implantation, while patients in the control group were treated with traditional surgery combined with immediate implantation. Differences in alveolar bone resorption, pain, swelling, limited mouth opening, intact extraction socket and complications were compared between the two groups. SPSS 19.0 software package was used to perform statistical analysis.

Results: Three months after operation, the implant height of the maxillary anterior teeth, maxillary molar, mandibular anterior teeth and mandibular molar areas in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group. One day after operation, the VAS score of the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). Three months after operation,there was no significant difference in VAS score between the two groups (P>0.05); but intact extraction socket, swelling degree and mouth opening limitation of the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the control group. The root fracture, adjacent teeth loosening, gingival tear, lingual bone plate fracture of the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the control group.

Conclusions: High-speed turbine minimally invasive treatment combined with immediate implantation after extraction of complex impacted teeth can significantly increase alveolar bone resorption, relieve swelling and preserve intact extraction socket, reduce pain and complications after operation. It is recommended to be popularized in clinic.
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December 2019

TBX2 Expression predicts Tumor Recurrence and Adjuvant Chemotherapy Benefits in Gastric Cancer Patients following R0 Resection: a proposed approach for risk stratification.

J Cancer 2020 4;11(11):3172-3179. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Gastric Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, China.

: TBX2 is related to tumor progression and drug resistance. However, the roles of TBX2 in gastric cancer (GC) remain unclear. Our study aims at investigating the clinical roles of TBX2 in GC. : The protein expression levels of TBX2 in fresh GC tissue (n=20) were investigated with Western blotting analyses. The correlation between TBX2 expression and its prognostic significance was evaluated by immunohistochemical analyses of 401 patients. The survival benefit of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy (PAC) for patients was evaluated. : The expression of TBX2 was increased in GC tissue compared with adjacent paracancerous tissue (p=0.020). Immunohistochemistry demonstrated that TBX2 expression was significantly associated with lymphovascular invasion (p=0.024) and lymph node metastasis (p=0.044). A high level of TBX2 expression was an independent indicator of unfavorable recurrence-free and overall survival (p=0.002 and p=0.033, respectively). The prognostic model incorporating TBX2 expression exhibited greater predictive accuracy than the primary model. More importantly, the benefit of PAC noted in stage II/III GC patients with low TBX2 expression was superior to high TBX2 expression. : TBX2 may be not only a useful prognostic marker for GC but also a predictive biomarker of response to PAC in stage II/III GC patients. The current findings warrant further verification.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/jca.34929DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7097955PMC
March 2020

Marked thickening of muscularis mucosae and submucosa in the gastric cardia: A histopathological study of 110 surgical resection cases.

J Dig Dis 2020 Apr 27;21(4):205-214. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Gastroenterology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

Objective: To investigate histopathologic changes of muscularis mucosae (MM) and submucosa in the gastric cardia.

Methods: We performed a histopathology study of 50 distal esophagectomies with proximal gastrectomies for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma as the study (non-cancerous cardiac) group and 60 gastrectomies for early gastric cardiac carcinoma as the cancer group. The gastroesophageal junction was defined as the distal end of squamous epithelium, multilayered epithelium, or deep esophageal glands or ducts. Gastric cardia (n = 110) was defined as the presence of cardiac and cardio-oxyntic mucosae distal to the gastroesophageal junction.

Results: The average thickness of MM and submucosa in the cardia was 1.04 and 1.41 mm, respectively, which was significantly thicker than that in distal stomach (n = 34) (0.22 and 0.99 mm) or distal esophagus (n = 92) (0.60 and 1.15 mm). In the cardia, thickened MM displayed frayed muscle fibers (93.3%) with a significantly higher prevalence of entrapped glands, cysts, and lymphoid follicles than in the distal stomach or distal esophagus. In the submucosa fatty changes, cysts, and abnormal arteries were significantly more common in the cardia than in the distal stomach or distal esophagus. Compared with the study group, the cardia in the cancer group showed significantly thicker MM (average 1.31 vs 0.72 mm) and submucosa (average 1.61 vs 1.16 mm), more frequent frayed MM (93.3% vs 60.0%), prolapse-like changes (50.0% vs 2.0%), and cysts (26.7% vs 4.0%).

Conclusion: MM and submucosa of the cardia were significantly thickened, especially in early gastric cardiac carcinomas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1751-2980.12860DOI Listing
April 2020

circ-CEP85L suppresses the proliferation and invasion of gastric cancer by regulating NFKBIA expression via miR-942-5p.

J Cell Physiol 2020 09 5;235(9):6287-6299. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Department of Gastric Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, China.

The expression pattern and role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer (GC) and their underlying mechanisms remain unresolved. In this study, we identified differentially expressed circRNAs by a circRNA microarray and verified the results by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using 117 clinical samples. Cell Counting Kit-8, wound healing, Transwell, and tumorsphere formation assays were conducted to assess the effects of circ-CEP85L on cell proliferation and invasion in vitro. Mouse intraperitoneal injection models were used to assess the functions of circ-CEP85L in vivo. Luciferase reporter assays, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and rescue experiments were performed to elucidate the underlying mechanism of circ-CEP85L. We found that circ-CEP85L, which has not been studied in GC, was significantly downregulated in GC tissues and that decreased circ-CEP85L expression correlated significantly with a worse prognosis. The knockdown of circ-CEP85L promoted the proliferation and invasion of GC cells, which was reversed by overexpression of circ-CEP85L. Furthermore, inhibition of circ-CEP85L promoted tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, circ-CEP85L was confirmed to be a direct target of miR-942-5p. In addition, rescue experiments indicated that circ-CEP85L is able to inhibit the proliferation and invasion of GC cells by sponging miR-942-5p. Finally, western blot assays verified that the downregulation of miR-942-5p efficiently reversed the inhibition of NFKBIA induced by circ-CEP85L overexpression. Therefore, we conclude that circ-CEP85L promotes NFKBIA expression by acting as a sponge of miR-942-5p; thus, inhibiting GC proliferation and invasion. circ-CEP85L is a potential target in the treatment of GC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.29556DOI Listing
September 2020

Circular RNA circ-RanGAP1 regulates VEGFA expression by targeting miR-877-3p to facilitate gastric cancer invasion and metastasis.

Cancer Lett 2020 02 5;471:38-48. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Department of Gastric Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, China; Department of General Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, China; Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education of Gastrointestinal Cancer, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China. Electronic address:

The biological functions of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in gastric cancer (GC) remain largely unexplored. Here, we identified that circ-RanGAP1 was significantly upregulated in both GC tissues and exosomes from the plasma of GC patients. High circ-RanGAP1 expression was closely associated with an advanced TNM stage, lymph node metastases, and worse survival. Inhibition of circ-RanGAP1 decreased GC cell invasion and migration in vitro. Overexpression of circ-RanGAP1 had the opposite effect. Additionally, circ-RanGAP1 silencing remarkably suppressed tumor growth and metastasis of GC in vivo. Mechanistically, circ-RanGAP1 sponged miR-877-3p to upregulate VEGFA expression. Overexpression of miR-877-3p reversed the biological functions mediated by circ-RanGAP1 in GC cells. Interestingly, we demonstrated that circ-RanGAP1 was upregulated in plasma exosomes from preoperative GC patients. More importantly, the plasma exosomes derived from these patients enhanced the migration and invasion potential of GC cells. Overall, the circ-RanGAP1-mediated miR-877-3p/VEGFA axis promotes GC progression. Our findings suggest that circ-RanGAP1 might act as a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for GC treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2019.11.038DOI Listing
February 2020

Nanoscale Surface Redox Chemistry Triggered by Plasmon-Generated Hot Carriers.

Small 2019 Nov 7;15(47):e1903674. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis and Instrumentation, State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, iChEM, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China.

Direct photoexcitation of charges at a plasmonic metal hotspot produces energetic carriers that are capable of performing photocatalysis in the visible spectrum. However, the mechanisms of generation and transport of hot carriers are still not fully understood and under intense investigation because of their potential technological importance. Here, spectroscopic evidence proves that the reduction of dye molecules tethered to a Au(111) surface can be triggered by plasmonic carriers via a tunneling mechanism, which results in anomalous Raman intensity fluctuations. Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) helps to correlate Raman intensity fluctuations with temperature and with properties of the molecular spacer. In combination with electrochemical surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, TERS results show that plasmon-induced energetic carriers can directly tunnel to the dye through the spacer. This organic spacer chemically isolates the adsorbate from the metal but does not block photo-induced redox reactions, which offers new possibilities for optimizing plasmon-induced photocatalytic systems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201903674DOI Listing
November 2019

In situ probing electrified interfacial water structures at atomically flat surfaces.

Nat Mater 2019 07 29;18(7):697-701. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials (iChEM), MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis and Instrumentation, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.

Solid/liquid interfaces are ubiquitous in nature and knowledge of their atomic-level structure is essential in elucidating many phenomena in chemistry, physics, materials science and Earth science. In electrochemistry, in particular, the detailed structure of interfacial water, such as the orientation and hydrogen-bonding network in electric double layers under bias potentials, has a significant impact on the electrochemical performances of electrode materials. To elucidate the structures of electric double layers at electrochemical interfaces, we combine in situ Raman spectroscopy and ab initio molecular dynamics and distinguish two structural transitions of interfacial water at electrified Au single-crystal electrode surfaces. Towards negative potentials, the interfacial water molecules evolve from structurally 'parallel' to 'one-H-down' and then to 'two-H-down'. Concurrently, the number of hydrogen bonds in the interfacial water also undergoes two transitions. Our findings shed light on the fundamental understanding of electric double layers and electrochemical processes at the interfaces.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41563-019-0356-xDOI Listing
July 2019

CT-guided cryoablation for unresectable pelvic recurrent colorectal cancer: a retrospective study.

Onco Targets Ther 2019 19;12:1379-1387. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Medical Imaging Center, Affiliated Hospital, Weifang Medical University, Weifang 261053, People's Republic of China,

Objective: The study aimed to investigate the efficacy of computed tomography (CT)-guided cryoablation debulking of unresectable pelvic recurrent colorectal cancer (CRC).

Patients And Methods: From January 2013 to April 2016, 30 patients (18 males and 12 females; aged 57.8±10.5 years) with unresectable pelvic recurrent CRC who had previously received radiotherapy or chemotherapy were included. A total of 35 tumors ranging from 1.2 to 6.3 cm underwent cryoablation. Tumor response was evaluated 1 month after cryoablation according to the Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for tumor response. Degree of pain palliation was also determined using the Numerical Rating Scale. Cox proportional hazard models were used to identify predictors of outcomes.

Results: Cryoablation was successfully performed in all patients. Complete response (CR) was achieved for 27 tumors in 23 patients and partial response was achieved for eight tumors in seven patients 1 month after cryoablation. The rate of CR was 77.14%, and tumor size was an independent risk factor for CR. Pain relief was satisfactory in 21 symptomatic patients (<0.001), and the median duration of pain relief was 6.0 months (95% CI: 2.67-9.33). Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was significantly decreased after cryoablation in 15 patients with elevated CEA (=0.005). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 10.0 months (95% CI: 4.43-15.67). Multivariate analysis revealed that tumor size (HR =3.089, <0.001), sex (HR =0.089, =0.002), and elevated CEA (HR =7.015, =0.002) were independent predictors of PFS.

Conclusion: CT-guided cryoablation is a safe and effective therapeutic option for pelvic recurrent CRC. Tumor size is an important predictor of poor outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S189897DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6389010PMC
February 2019

The effect of Jianpi Yangzheng Xiaozheng Decoction and its components on gastric cancer.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 May 5;235:56-64. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Jianpi Yangzheng Xiaozheng Decoction (JPYZXZ) is an empirical compound prescription based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. JPYZXZ, which is "Qi-invigorating, spleen-strengthening and stasis-removing," can improve the quality of life of gastric cancer patients and prolong their survival; however, the exact mechanism underlying the antitumor effects of this compound is still not clear.

Aim Of The Study: The aim of this study is to clearly define the effect of JPYZXZ and its components, Jianpi Yangzheng Decoction (JPYZ) and Xiao Zheng San Jie Decoction (XZSJ), on inhibiting the progression of gastric cancer.

Materials And Methods: The effect of JPYZXZ and its components on the motility of gastric cancer MGC-803 cells was measured by MTT, adhesion, transwell assays and wound-healing assays. JPYZXZ, JPYZ and XZSJ were administered to 615 mice with gastric cancer xenografts, and their effect on the inhibition of subcutaneous transplantation was analyzed. THP-1 monocyte cells were used to establish tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) models. The polarized state of the TAMs was detected by Flow Cytometry, ELISA and Immunohistochemistry. The mRNA and protein expression of tumor epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and TAM-related genes was determined by Real-time PCR and Western Blot, respectively.

Results: We determined that both JPYZXZ and its components inhibited the progress of gastric cancer in vitro, and JPYZXZ was clearly more effective than JPYZ or XZSJ. The in vivo results demonstrated that the JPYZXZ and XZSJ group exhibited a significant decrease in the tumor weight compared to the control group. Further analysis indicated that JPYZXZ was more active than JPYZ or XZSJ in inhibiting the gastric cancer EMT transformation both in vivo and in vitro. However, JPYZ was more effective compared with JPYZXZ for inducing the phenotypic change in macrophages from M2 to M1.

Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that both JPYZXZ and its components prevent the progress of gastric cancer. JPYZXZ inhibits the gastric cancer EMT more effectively than JPYZ and XZSJ, but JPYZ primarily works to regulate the phenotypic change in macrophages from M2 to M1.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.02.003DOI Listing
May 2019

Extracts of Qizhu decoction inhibit hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma in vitro and in C57BL/6 mice by suppressing NF-κB signaling.

Sci Rep 2019 02 5;9(1):1415. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Infectious Disease, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, 155 HanZhong Road, Nanjing, 210029, Jiangsu, China.

Hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma are serious human diseases. Here, we examined the in vivo and in vitro inhibitory effect of extracts of Qizhu decoction (a traditional Chinese medicine) on hepatitis caused by diethylnitrosamine or hepatitis B virus and on diethylnitrosamine-induced hepatocellular carcinoma. The results showed that both the aqueous and ethanol extracts (QC and QS, respectively) of Qizhu decoction significantly inhibited hepatic inflammation and liver cancer induced by diethylnitrosamine or hepatitis B virus by suppressing NF-κB signaling and decreasing the levels of TNF-α and IL-1β. Both QC and QS inhibited the proliferation and migration of primary cancer hepatocytes by reducing cyclin B1, cyclin D1 and N-cadherin expression and increasing E-cadherin expression. QC and QS also promoted the apoptosis of primary cancer hepatocytes by upregulating caspase-3 and downregulating BCL-2 expression. The knockdown of p65 in NF-κB signaling inhibited the ability of QC and QS to significantly reduce the colony formation ability of liver cancer cells. Additionally, QC and QS might significantly inhibit the DNA replication of hepatitis B virus in vivo and in vitro, and we found that corilagin and polydatin were the active compounds of QC and QS. Taken together, our in vitro findings and our results in C57BL/6 mice showed that extracts of Qizhu decoction might inhibit hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma by suppressing NF-κB signaling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38391-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363746PMC
February 2019

In Situ Analysis of Surface Catalytic Reactions Using Shell-Isolated Nanoparticle-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy.

Anal Chem 2019 Feb 25;91(3):1675-1685. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis and Instrumentation, State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, iChEM, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , Xiamen University , Xiamen 361005 , China.

Electrochemistry and heterogeneous catalysis continue to attract enormous interest. In situ surface analysis is a dynamic research field capable of elucidating the catalytic mechanisms of reaction processes. Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SHINERS) is a nondestructive technique that has been cumulatively used to probe and analyze catalytic-reaction processes, providing important spectral evidence about reaction intermediates produced on catalyst surfaces. In this perspective, we review recent electrochemical- and heterogeneous-catalysis studies using SHINERS, highlight its advantages, summarize the flaws and prospects for improving the SHINERS technique, and give insight into its future research directions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.8b05499DOI Listing
February 2019

CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Tyrosine hydroxylase knockout resulting in larval lethality in Agrotis ipsilon.

Insect Sci 2018 Dec;25(6):1017-1024

School of Life Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is involved in insect melanin and the catecholamine biosynthesis pathway. TH as an enzyme catalyzing the conversion of tyrosine to 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine is the first step reaction in the pathway. Although TH has been proven to affect the pigmentation of the epidermis and development in many insects, there is no report about physiological function of the TH gene in Agrotis ipsilon. Here we cloned the TH gene from A. ipsilon. Semi-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis showed that AiTH was expressed at all development stages. Moreover, its high expression levels in the head and epidermis suggest that it is mainly related to pigment deposition and insect development. Then, we used the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 system to target the AiTH gene: deletion events were detected at the target sites. Compared with the control group, a few mutants with the phenomenon of narrowing in the egg shell and embryos can develop but cannot hatch; the other hatched embryos were seriously dehydrated after hatching and died within the first day. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that TH was down-regulated in AiTH mutants. Here, our work demonstrated that AiTH plays an important role in growth and development of newly hatched larvae; meanwhile, it would be a promising target to explore a control strategy for A. ipsilon.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1744-7917.12647DOI Listing
December 2018

Alveolar soft-part sarcoma of the prostate: a case report and review of the literature.

Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2018 1;11(10):5126-5132. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Pathology, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Nanjing 210029, Jiangsu Province, China.

Alveolar soft-part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare malignant soft tissue tumor of uncertain cellular origin. We reported the case of a 21-year-old man with ASPS presenting itself as a markedly vascular tumor of the prostate. Immunohistochemistry showed positive nuclear staining for TFE3, positive cytoplasm staining for MyoD1 and neuron-specific enolase, and negative for S100, CK, synaptophysin, chromogranin A, myogenin and PSA. A dual-color, break-apart fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay identified the presence of a TFE3 gene fusion in the tumor cells. RT-PCR was performed to confirm the ASPSCR1 (ASPL)/TFE3 fusion transcript product in the tumor tissue. The patient suffered bone metastases 8 months after surgery and died of cachexia 14 months later. ASPS of the prostate should be discussed in terms of differential diagnosis from clinicopathological characteristics, immunophenotypes, and molecular genetic features.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6962941PMC
October 2018

The Masc gene product controls masculinization in the black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon.

Insect Sci 2019 Dec 17;26(6):1037-1044. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

CAS Key Laboratory of Insect Developmental and Evolutionary Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai, China.

Sex determination has been studied in the model lepidopteran species Bombyx mori, but it remains poorly understood in lepidopteran pests. In the present study, we identified and characterized the Masculinizer (Masc) gene in a Noctuidae pest species, Agrotis ipsilon. Sequence analysis revealed that AiMasc encodes a protein of 658 amino acids that has two CCCH-type zinc finger domains and two conserved cysteine residues (Cys-277 and Cys-280). We assessed the masculinizing activity of AiMasc in BmN cells and found that AiMasc induced expression of the male-specific doublesex isoform. Disruption of Masc via clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) in A. ipsilon caused abnormalities in abdominal segments and external genitalia, resulting in male-specific sterility. These results suggest that Masc participates in the process of sex determination in A. ipsilon. Successful identification of sex-determination gene in a pest species may enable the development of novel genetic approaches for pest control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1744-7917.12635DOI Listing
December 2019

CRISPR/Cas9-based mutation reveals Argonaute 1 is essential for pigmentation in Ostrinia furnacalis.

Insect Sci 2019 Dec 9;26(6):1020-1028. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

CAS Key Laboratory of Insect Developmental and Evolutionary Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.

Ostrinia furnacalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is one of the most destructive agricultural pests in Asia. Traditional pest-management methods include sex pheromone capture, transgenic crops that produce Bacillus thuringiensis toxin, and pesticides. Although these strategies control pest populations effectively, they also cause negative side effects, including dramatically increased pesticide resistance, severe pollution, and hazards for human health. Recently developed genome editing tools provide new prospects for pest management and have been successfully used in several species. However, few examples have been reported in the agricultural pest O. furnacalis due to a lack in genomic information. In this report, we identified only one transcript of O. furnacalis Argonaute 1 (OfAgo1) gene from the genome and cloned the open reading frame. OfAgo1 presented the maximum expression at the embryo stage or in the fat body during the larval stages. To understand its function, an OfAgo1 mutant was constructed using the Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeat/RNA-guided Cas9 nuclease (CRISPR/Cas9). Mutagenesis of OfAgo1 disrupted cuticle pigmentation by down-regulating micro RNAs and pigmentation-related genes. This is the first report for the cloning and functional analysis of OfAgo1, revealing a role of OfAgo1 in cuticle pigmentation. The current report also established a CRISPR/Cas9 system in O. furnacalis, providing a new insight for pest management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1744-7917.12628DOI Listing
December 2019

CT-guided Hookwire localization before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for solitary ground-glass opacity dominant pulmonary nodules: radiologic-pathologic analysis.

Oncotarget 2017 Dec 20;8(64):108118-108129. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Xuhui, Shanghai 200032, People's Republic of China.

The optimal screening or treatment strategies of solitary pulmonary nodules especially ground-glass opacities (GGOs) remain controversial. With CT-guided Hookwire localization, it is accurate to find the small lesions during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). In this study, we evaluate the efficiency and safety of CT-guided Hookwire localization of GGO-dominant (GGO component > 50%) pulmonary nodules before VATS and investigate the correlation between the radiologic features and pathology. From April 2008 to April 2014, a total of 273 patients with solitary GGO-dominant pulmonary nodules were included. Tumor size was 12.4 ± 5.7 mm in diameter, including 208 pulmonary adenocarcinomas and 65 benign nodules. Dislodgement occurred in six patients (2.20%) during surgery. Postoperative complications included asymptomatic needle track hemorrhage (27.1%), minimal pneumothorax (5.9%) and hemoptysis (0.4%). In 208 (76.2%) pulmonary adenocarcinomas, 82 nodules showed ≥90% GGO and 126 showed 50%≤GGO<90%, while 84 nodules staged as TN0M0, 96 staged as TNM and 28 staged as TNM. The multivariable analysis demonstrated that 50%≤GGO<90% (HR=2.459, 95% CI: 1.246-4.853, =0.010), speculation (HR=3.911, 95% CI: 1.966-7.663, <0.001), lobulation (HR=4.582, 95% CI: 2.149-9.767, P<0.001) and vascular convergence (HR=4.096, 95% CI: 1.132-14.824, =0.032) were the independent risk factors to identification of the malignant GGO-dominant pulmonary nodules. In conclusions,CT-guided Hookwire localizati for GGO-dominant pulmonary nodules before VATS is a safe and effective procedure for accurate diagnosis and resection of indeterminate solitary pulmonary nodules.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.22551DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5746130PMC
December 2017