Publications by authors named "Yang-Zi Zhang"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Patterns of failure and implications for clinical target volume definition of locally advanced T4b rectal cancer identified with magnetic resonance imaging and treated using neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery.

Radiother Oncol 2021 Aug 12;161:132-139. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Department of Radiation Oncology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing 100142, PR China. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: Elective irradiation of the external iliac lymph nodes (EIN) has always been advocated for T4b rectal cancer with anterior organ invasion without convincing evidence. This study aimed to explore the patterns of treatment failure for locally advanced T4b rectal cancer treated using neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) and surgery. This information may help to clarify whether the current definition of the clinical target volume (CTV) is still appropriate.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 126 patients with locally advanced T4b rectal cancer who received NCRT, without elective EIN irradiation, followed by surgery between January 2010 and October 2018. Pretreatment magnetic resonance imaging was used to identify the T4b disease in all cases. The locoregional recurrence (LRR) rate and EIN failure rate were evaluated, and the LRR locations were identified using a three-dimensional model.

Results: After a median follow-up of 53.9 months, LRR occurred in 11.1% of patients (14/126). All LRRs were located in the previously irradiated fields and below the S2-S3 junction. The EIN failure rate was 0.8% (1/126) among all patients and 1.8% (1/56) in the group with anterior genitourinary organ invasion. The estimated 4-year distant relapse-free survival, disease-free survival and overall survival were 79.3%, 73.2% and 86.9%, respectively.

Conclusions: It may be feasible to exclude the external iliac region from the CTV during NCRT for locally advanced T4b rectal cancer. However, further studies are needed to clarify whether the cranial border of the CTV can be lowered.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2021.06.017DOI Listing
August 2021

Prognostic nomograms for predicting overall survival and cause-specific survival of signet ring cell carcinoma in colorectal cancer patients.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Apr;9(11):2503-2518

Department of Oncology, Peking University International Hospital, Beijing 102206, China.

Background: Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is an uncommon subtype in colorectal cancer (CRC), with a short survival time. Therefore, it is imperative to establish a useful prognostic model. As a simple visual predictive tool, nomograms combining a quantification of all proven prognostic factors have been widely used for predicting the outcomes of patients with different cancers in recent years. Until now, there has been no nomogram to predict the outcome of CRC patients with SRCC.

Aim: To build effective nomograms for predicting overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) of CRC patients with SRCC.

Methods: Data were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 2004 and 2015. Multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify independent variables for both OS and CSS to construct the nomograms. Performance of the nomograms was assessed by concordance index, calibration curves, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. ROC curves were also utilized to compare benefits between the nomograms and the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system. Patients were classified as high-risk, moderate-risk, and low-risk groups using the novel nomograms. Kaplan-Meier curves were plotted to compare survival differences.

Results: In total, 1230 patients were included. The concordance index of the nomograms for OS and CSS were 0.737 (95% confidence interval: 0.728-0.747) and 0.758 (95% confidence interval: 0.738-0.778), respectively. The calibration curves and ROC curves demonstrated good predictive accuracy. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year area under the curve values of the nomogram for predicting OS were 0.796, 0.825 and 0.819, in comparison to 0.743, 0.798, and 0.803 for the TNM staging system. In addition, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year area under the curve values of the nomogram for predicting CSS were 0.805, 0.847 and 0.863, in comparison to 0.740, 0.794, and 0.800 for the TNM staging system. Based on the novel nomograms, stratified analysis showed that the 5-year probability of survival in the high-risk, moderate-risk, and low-risk groups was 6.8%, 37.7%, and 67.0% for OS ( < 0.001), as well as 9.6%, 38.5%, and 67.6% for CSS ( < 0.001), respectively.

Conclusion: Convenient and visual nomograms were built and validated to accurately predict the OS and CSS rates for CRC patients with SRCC, which are superior to the conventional TNM staging system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v9.i11.2503DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8040180PMC
April 2021

Preliminary results of simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiation therapy based neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy on locally advanced rectal cancer with clinically suspected positive lateral pelvic lymph nodes.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Feb;9(3):217

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Department of Radiation Oncology, Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing, China.

Background: Lateral pelvic lymph node (LPLN) is approximately 11-14% and always associated with poorer prognosis. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiation therapy (SIB-IMRT) based on neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) on locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients with clinically suspected positive LPLNs.

Methods: We retrospectively screened distal LARC patients with NCRT in our center from May 2016 and June 2019. The diagnostic criteria of positive LPLN were nodes of over 7 mm in short axis and irregular border or mixed-signal intensity. All patients with clinically suspected positive LPLN received 56-60 Gy SIB-IMRT in the LPLN area. Concurrent chemotherapy regimens were capecitabine as monotherapy treatment or in combination with oxaliplatin. The toxicities, local-regional recurrence (LRR), and disease-free survival (DFS) were investigated.

Results: Fifty-two eligible patients with clinically suspected positive LPLN were screened and analyzed. The median distance from the distal tumor to the anal verge was 4 cm (range, 0-8 cm), while magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis revealed the median short diameter of the pelvic LPLN to be 8 mm (range, 7-20 mm). There were 28 (53.8%) mesorectal fascia (MRF) positive and 22 (42.3%) extramural venous invasion (EMVI) positive patients. A radiotherapy dose of 41.8 Gy was administered to the pelvic area, while the LPLN received a median SIB dose of 60.0 Gy (range, 56-60 Gy) across 22 fractions. Synchronous capecitabine with or without oxaliplatin was administered during radiotherapy. In summary, 15 (28.8%) patients displayed grade 2-3 radiation-related toxicity, 8 (15.4%) patients underwent additional LPLN dissection, and positive nodes (26 nodes in total) were not observed. One patient suffered a LLR in the presacral region. The median follow-up duration was 21.2 months (range, 4.7-45.0 months), while the duration of 1- and 2-year DFS were 89.9% and 74.6%, respectively. Patients did not display LPLN recurrence.

Conclusions: The safety and efficacy of SIB-IMRT on clinically suspected positive LPLN of LARC patients were deemed acceptable. Patients did not exhibit in-field LPLN recurrence after NCRT combined with single total mesorectal excision (TME).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm-20-4040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7940951PMC
February 2021

Evaluation of the gestational diabetes mellitus diagnostic criteria recommended by the international association of diabetes and pregnancy study group for long-term maternal postpartum outcomes in mainland China.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Feb;99(8):e19242

Department of Endocrinology.

The gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnostic criteria recommended by the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) were established based on the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) study and have been the most commonly used criteria for determining GDM worldwide. Although individuals from mainland China were not included in the HAPO study, the IADPSG criteria have been used in China since 2011. However, the appropriateness of the criteria for evaluating maternal postpartum outcomes in mainland China are unknown. We conducted this study to determine whether the IADPSG criteria are appropriate for Chinese patients for evaluating long-term maternal postpartum outcomes.Eighty-four patients who were diagnosed with hyperglycemia during pregnancy and had delivery in Peking University First Hospital from February 2007 to December 2009 were enrolled in the study. For patients in Group A, GDM was diagnosed using both the National Diabetes Data Group (NDDG) and the IADPSG criteria, while patients in Group B, gestational impaired glucose tolerance (GIGT) was diagnosed using the NDDG criteria while GDM was diagnosed based on the IADPSG criteria. Anthropometric data, glucose metabolism, lipid profiles, β cell function, and insulin resistance index were evaluated and compared to baseline after 5- to 6-year postpartum period.Patients in group A had significantly higher oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) fasting, 2-hour and 3-hour plasma glucose levels compared to patients in group B at 24 to 28 weeks of gestation (P < .05). No significant differences were observed between the groups for anthropometric data, postpartum abnormal glucose metabolism (50.91% vs 44.83%, P = .596), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (16.36% vs 3.45%, P = .167), lipid profiles, β cell function (homeostasis model assessment β-cell function index (HOMA-β) 1.04 vs 0.99, P = .935) and insulin resistance (homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) 2.01 vs 1.69, P = .583).Patients diagnosed with GDM using either the NDDG or IADPSG criteria had abnormal glucose levels and lipid metabolism after delivery. Patients with mild hyperglycemia had similar postpartum β-cell functional impairment and insulin resistance to those with moderate hyperglycemia during pregnancy. Hence, with respect to maternal long-term postpartum outcomes, the IADPSG diagnostic criteria for GDM could be appropriate for patients in mainland China.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7034689PMC
February 2020
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