Dr. Yael Lahav, Phd - Stanford University, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences - Postdoctoral research fellow

Dr. Yael Lahav

Phd

Stanford University, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Postdoctoral research fellow

United States

Main Specialties: Psychiatry

Dr. Yael Lahav, Phd - Stanford University, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences - Postdoctoral research fellow

Dr. Yael Lahav

Phd

Introduction

Primary Affiliation: Stanford University, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences - United States

Specialties:

Publications

19Publications

111Reads

120Profile Views

10PubMed Central Citations

Reenacting Past Abuse - Identification with the Aggressor and Sexual Revictimization.

J Trauma Dissociation 2019 Feb 8:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , Stanford University School of Medicine , California , USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15299732.2019.1572046DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Perceived social support, loneliness, and later life telomere length following wartime captivity.

Health Psychol 2018 Nov 10;37(11):1067-1076. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Bob Shapell School of Social Work.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000669DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads
3.590 Impact Factor

Twofold trauma exposure - the dual function of attachment avoidance.

Attach Hum Dev 2018 Oct 9;20(5):514-531. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

a I-Core Research Center for Mass Trauma , Tel-Aviv University , Tel-Aviv , Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2018.1448998DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Auditory hallucinations and PTSD in ex-POWS.

J Trauma Dissociation 2017 Oct-Dec;18(5):663-678. Epub 2016 Dec 5.

a I-Core Research Center for Mass Trauma , Tel-Aviv University , Tel-Aviv , Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15299732.2016.1267682DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads
1 Citation

The traumatized body: Long-term PTSD and its implications for the orientation towards bodily signals.

Psychiatry Res 2018 03 5;261:281-289. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

I-Core Research Center for Mass Trauma, Tel-Aviv University, Israel; Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.12.083DOI Listing
March 2018
12 Reads
2.470 Impact Factor

Posttraumatic growth and perceived health: The role of posttraumatic stress symptoms.

Am J Orthopsychiatry 2016 11;86(6):693-703. Epub 2016 Feb 11.

Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel-Aviv University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ort0000155DOI Listing
September 2017
4 Reads
2 Citations
1.504 Impact Factor

Posttraumatic Growth and Shattered World Assumptions Among Ex-POWs: The Role of Dissociation.

Psychiatry 2016 ;79(4):418-432

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00332747.2016.1142776DOI Listing
June 2017
50 Reads
1 Citation
3.050 Impact Factor

Dysfunctional Pain Modulation in Torture Survivors: The Mediating Effect of PTSD.

J Pain 2017 01 26;18(1):1-10. Epub 2016 Sep 26.

Bob Shapell School of Social work, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2016.09.005DOI Listing
January 2017
12 Reads
2 Citations
4.010 Impact Factor

Secondary traumatization and attachment among wives of former POWs: a longitudinal study.

Attach Hum Dev 2016 16;18(2):141-53. Epub 2015 Dec 16.

b I-Core Research Center for Mass Trauma, Tel-Aviv University , Tel-Aviv , Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2015.1121502DOI Listing
December 2016
2 Reads
1 Citation

Keeping a healthy distance: Self-differentiation and perceived health among ex-prisoners-of-war's wives.

J Psychosom Res 2016 10 20;89:61-8. Epub 2016 Aug 20.

I-Core Research Center for Mass Trauma, Tel-Aviv University, Israel; Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel-Aviv University, Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2016.08.008DOI Listing
October 2016
4 Reads
2.740 Impact Factor

The cycle of healing - dissociation and attachment during treatment of CSA survivors.

Child Abuse Negl 2016 Oct 28;60:67-76. Epub 2016 Sep 28.

University of Southern Denmark, Department of Psychology, Denmark.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.09.009DOI Listing
October 2016
2 Reads
1 Citation

Somatic Complaints and Attachment in Former Prisoners of War: A Longitudinal Study.

Psychiatry 2015 ;78(4):354-66

a I-Core Research Center for Mass Trauma, Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel-Aviv University in Tel-Aviv.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00332747.2015.1061311DOI Listing
October 2016
2 Reads
3.050 Impact Factor

Attachment security and pain--The disrupting effect of captivity and PTSS.

J Psychosom Res 2015 Dec 28;79(6):471-6. Epub 2015 Oct 28.

Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Israel, Postdoc, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.10.008DOI Listing
December 2015
4 Reads
2.740 Impact Factor

Attachment, security and pain - The disrupting effect of captivity and PTSS

Journal of Psychosomatic Research

The present study assesses the possible disruption effect of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) with regard to the protective role of attachment on pain, among ex-POWs.While secure attachment seems to serve as a buffer, decreasing the perception of pain, this function may be disrupted by PTSS. The study sample included 104 subjects who were combat veterans of the 1973 Yom Kippur War comprising of 60 male ex-prisoners of war (ex- POWs) and 44 comparable male combat veterans. Both attachment and pain were investigated experimentally in the laboratory and via questionnaires. We found that ex-POWs showed higher levels of clinical pain and attachment insecurities compared to controls.Moreover, attachment avoidance and soothing effect of attachment (SEA) were both associated with lower levels of clinical pain. Most importantly, PTSS moderated the associations between attachment and pain, as well as the mediation role of attachment between captivity and pain. The results imply that although attachment can be an important resource for coping with pain, it can be severely disrupted by PTSS among trauma survivors.

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October 2015
1 Read

The role of ex-POWs' PTSD symptoms and trajectories in wives' secondary traumatization.

J Fam Psychol 2014 Oct;28(5):666-74

Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0037848DOI Listing
October 2014
3 Reads
2 Citations

Telomere length and Depression among Ex-Prisoners-of-War : The Role of Subjective Age.

Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences

Objectives: Exposure to captivity increases the risk for multiple disturbances that may intensify during old age. In later phases of life, former-prisoners-of-war (ex-POWs) may suffer from depression as well as from accelerated aging, manifested in older subjective age and leukocyte telomere shortening. The current study assesses the link between these varied facets of increased vulnerability during old age and explores (a) the associations between subjective age and telomere length; (b) the mediating role of changes in subjective age over time within the associations between depression and telomere length. Methods: Eighty-eight ex-POWs were assessed prospectively 30 (T1), 35 (T2), and 45 (T3) years after the 1973 Israeli Yom-Kippur War. Depression was assessed at T1; subjective age was assessed at T2 and T3; and telomere length and control variables were assessed at T3. Results: Older subjective age at T3 was associated with concurrent shorter telomeres, beyond the effect of chronological age. Change in subjective age between T2 and T3 mediated the relations between depression at T1 and shorter telomeres at T3 beyond the effects of control variables. Discussion: Findings suggest that the detrimental ramifications of accelerated subjective age involve premature cellular senesces, and may explain the relation between depression and accelerated aging processes among trauma victims. Hence, clinical interventions may seek to address accelerated subjective age among trauma survivors who suffer from depression.

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88 Reads

Attachment and posttraumatic stress disorder in multiple trauma samples.

Journal of Psychiatry: Open Access

Introduction: Attachment orientations are associated with the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the mediator role of trauma type in the association between attachment orientation and PTSD remains unknown. Method: The relationship between trauma type, attachment, and PTSD was investigated in a large multiple trauma sample (n=3735). All participants were assessed for PTSD using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) and for attachment orientations utilizing the Revised Adult Attachment Scale (RAAS). Results: Overall, a secure attachment style was related to lower PTSD severity, while insecure attachment styles were related to higher PTSD severity. Although both attachment dimensions were related to PTSD severity, attachment anxiety had greater contribution in predicting PTSD. PTSD symptom clusters were not found to depend on attachment dimensions. Finally, type of traumatic event moderated the association between attachment dimensions and PTSD severity. While among trauma survivors of family illness, the securely attached group showed the lowest PTSD severity, among trauma survivors of disease and physical health, the dismissively attached individuals showed the lowest level of PTSD severity, compared to other attachment groups. Conclusion: The results underscore the importance of taking into account the nature of the traumatic event while assessing the effects of attachment in posttraumatic reactions. Moreover, dismissing attachment style might be adaptive when facing the trauma of disease.

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World assumptions among wives of former prisoners of war.

Journal of Family Issues

This study examines (a) secondary trauma by evaluating World Assumptions (World Assumptions Scale scores) among spouses of Israeli ex-prisoners of war (ex-POWs) and (b) the relationship between the husbands’ current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and PTSD trajectory and the wives’ world assumptions. Data were prospectively collected thrice for ex-POWs and comparable veterans, and twice for their spouses. This study extends current research as it links trauma, beyond PTSD symptoms, to more negative world assumptions among spouses of traumatized ex-POWs. Spouses of ex-POWs with PTSD symptoms reported lower benevolence of the people and self-worth and higher randomness compared with spouses of ex-POWs without PTSD symptoms. Spouses of ex-POWs who endorsed chronic PTSD symptoms also reported greater levels of selfcontrol compared with the delayed PTSD symptoms group. Results suggest that the relationship between husbands’ PTSD symptoms and wives’ world assumptions may be mediated by wives’ PTSD symptoms. The implications of the findings are discussed.

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Top co-authors

Zahava Solomon
Zahava Solomon

Bob Shapell School of Social Work

13
Ruth Defrin
Ruth Defrin

Tel-Aviv University

3
Yafit Levin
Yafit Levin

Bob Shapell School of Social Work

2
Yaniv Kanat-Maymon
Yaniv Kanat-Maymon

Bar-Ilan University

2
Talya Greene
Talya Greene

University of Haifa

2
Ask Elklit
Ask Elklit

University of Southern Denmark

1
Rebecca Rodin
Rebecca Rodin

School of Kinesiology and Health Science

1
Mario Mikulincer
Mario Mikulincer

Bar-Ilan University

1
Israel Bronstein
Israel Bronstein

University of Oxford

1