Publications by authors named "Yael C Cohen"

27 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Identification of resistance pathways and therapeutic targets in relapsed multiple myeloma patients through single-cell sequencing.

Nat Med 2021 03 22;27(3):491-503. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Immunology, Weizmann Institute, Rehovot, Israel.

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a neoplastic plasma-cell disorder characterized by clonal proliferation of malignant plasma cells. Despite extensive research, disease heterogeneity within and between treatment-resistant patients is poorly characterized. In the present study, we conduct a prospective, multicenter, single-arm clinical trial (NCT04065789), combined with longitudinal single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) to study the molecular dynamics of MM resistance mechanisms. Newly diagnosed MM patients (41), who either failed to respond or experienced early relapse after a bortezomib-containing induction regimen, were enrolled to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a daratumumab, carfilzomib, lenalidomide and dexamethasone combination. The primary clinical endpoint was safety and tolerability. Secondary endpoints included overall response rate, progression-free survival and overall survival. Treatment was safe and well tolerated; deep and durable responses were achieved. In prespecified exploratory analyses, comparison of 41 primary refractory and early relapsed patients, with 11 healthy subjects and 15 newly diagnosed MM patients, revealed new MM molecular pathways of resistance, including hypoxia tolerance, protein folding and mitochondria respiration, which generalized to larger clinical cohorts (CoMMpass). We found peptidylprolyl isomerase A (PPIA), a central enzyme in the protein-folding response pathway, as a potential new target for resistant MM. CRISPR-Cas9 deletion of PPIA or inhibition of PPIA with a small molecule inhibitor (ciclosporin) significantly sensitizes MM tumor cells to proteasome inhibitors. Together, our study defines a roadmap for integrating scRNA-seq in clinical trials, identifies a signature of highly resistant MM patients and discovers PPIA as a potent therapeutic target for these tumors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41591-021-01232-wDOI Listing
March 2021

Daratumumab With Cetrelimab, an Anti-PD-1 Monoclonal Antibody, in Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2021 Jan 22;21(1):46-54.e4. Epub 2020 Aug 22.

Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

Background: Daratumumab is approved for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) as monotherapy or in combination regimens. We evaluated daratumumab plus cetrelimab, a programmed death receptor-1 inhibitor, in RRMM.

Patients And Methods: This open-label, multiphase study enrolled adults with RRMM with ≥ 3 prior lines of therapy. Part 1 was a safety run-in phase examining dose-limiting toxicities of daratumumab (16 mg/kg intravenously weekly for cycles 1-2, biweekly for cycles 3-6, and monthly thereafter) plus cetrelimab (240 mg intravenously biweekly, all cycles). In Parts 2 and 3, patients were to be randomized to daratumumab with or without cetrelimab (same schedule as Part 1). Endpoints included safety, overall response rate, pharmacokinetics, and biomarker analyses.

Results: Nine patients received daratumumab plus cetrelimab in the safety run-in, and 1 received daratumumab in Part 2 before administrative study termination following a data monitoring committee's global recommendation to stop any trial including daratumumab combined with inhibitors of programmed death receptor-1 or its ligand (programmed death-ligand 1). The median follow-up times were 6.7 months (safety run-in) and 0.3 months (Part 2). No dose-limiting toxicities occurred. All 10 patients had ≥ 1 treatment-emergent adverse event; 7 patients had grade 3 to 4 treatment-emergent adverse events, and none led to treatment discontinuation or death. In the safety run-in, 7 (77.7%) patients had ≥ 1 infusion-related reaction (most grade 1-2), and 1 had a grade 2 immune-mediated reaction. Among safety run-in patients, the overall response rate was 44.4%.

Conclusions: No new safety concerns were identified for daratumumab plus cetrelimab in RRMM. The short study duration and small population limit complete analysis of this combination.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clml.2020.08.008DOI Listing
January 2021

Characteristics and outcome of multiple myeloma patients presenting with anaemia only: A retrospective multi-centre study.

Leuk Res 2021 02 31;101:106498. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Department of Hematology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel.

Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) patients presenting with anaemia as their sole clinical manifestation are rare and not fully defined.

Methods: Retrospective multi-site study comparing the characteristics and outcome of MM patients with anaemia only with matched patients, presenting with multi-organ disease.

Results: Anaemia-only patients had a higher percentage of bone marrow monoclonal plasma cells group (median 60% [IQR 42-80%] vs. 37% [IQR 17-65%], respectively; p < 0.001), and a lower responsiveness to treatment (≥VGPR rates were 54% vs 74%, p = 0.049). Median survival in anaemia only patients was 65.9 ± 6.9 vs 83.4 ± 8.8 months in matched control patients (P = n.s).

Conclusions: MM patients presenting with anaemia only represents a unique, potentially less favorable population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leukres.2020.106498DOI Listing
February 2021

Daratumumab for relapsed AL amyloidosis-When cumulative real-world data precedes clinical trials: A multisite study and systematic literature review.

Eur J Haematol 2021 Feb 9;106(2):184-195. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Objectives: Patients with relapsed/refractory AL amyloidosis (RRAL) have poor prognosis, but emerging data shows promising results with the use daratumumab. We evaluated daratumumab treatment in RRAL in real-world setting.

Methods: A retrospective multisite study of RRAL patients treated with daratumumab alone and in combinations.

Results: Forty-nine patients, diagnosed between 1.1.2008 and 1.2.2018 were included; 27% also had multiple myeloma (MM). Revised Mayo score was ≥ 3 in 67%. Hematologic overall response rate was 81%, 64% achieved very good partial response (VGPR) or better. Concurrent active MM was associated with lower rates of VGPR (OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.04-0.81; P = .03) in a multi-variate analysis. Cardiac and renal responses were 74% and 73%, respectively. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 28.4 months and median overall survival (OS) was not reached; 2-year PFS and OS were 68.6 ± 7.5% and 90.4 ± 4.6%, respectively. Hematologic response correlated with prolonged PFS and OS. Daratumumab was safe and well tolerated, no patients discontinued therapy due to toxicity. Our data was aligned with outcomes from a systematic literature review, which identified 10 case series (n = 517) and 2 clinical trials (n = 62) meeting prespecified criteria.

Conclusions: Our data support favorable safety tolerability and efficacy of daratumumab among non-selective RRAL patients in a real-world setting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejh.13535DOI Listing
February 2021

The impact of anti-bacterial prophylaxis on the outcome of patients treated with venetoclax-based regimens for relapsed/refractory plasma cell dyscrasias: Real-life data.

Leuk Res 2020 10 30;97:106429. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel; The Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion, Haifa, Israel. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leukres.2020.106429DOI Listing
October 2020

Bortezomib Maintenance Therapy as a Standard of Care Provides Favorable Outcomes in Newly Diagnosed Myeloma Patients: A Multisite Real-Life Study.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2020 Nov 11;20(11):e850-e857. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Hematology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Lenalidomide and ixazomib maintenance improve long-term outcomes in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients. However, there is less evidence to support bortezomib (BTZ) maintenance therapy, and real-life data on maintenance are scarce. We investigated the efficacy and safety of BTZ maintenance therapy in NDMM.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective multisite study was performed in 6 medical centers in Israel. All consecutive patients with NDMM diagnosed between January 1, 2010, and July 3, 2019, who received a BTZ-based induction, with or without an autologous transplantation, followed by BTZ maintenance therapy, were identified. Maintenance therapy was defined as BTZ (1.3 mg/m) once every 2 weeks, administered subcutaneously alone or with dexamethasone, or weekly BTZ monotherapy.

Results: A total of 105 patients were identified, 58 of whom had received a transplant (transplant eligible) and 47 who had not (not transplant eligible). During BTZ maintenance therapy, 96% had one or more adverse event, 11.5% had grade 3 or higher adverse events, and 11.5% discontinued treatment due to toxicity. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival were 45 and 91.5 months, respectively; 4-year survival was 88%. Adverse cytogenetics was associated with worse PFS (24 vs. 46 months, P = .001). In subgroup analysis, adverse cytogenetics were associated with worse PFS (P < .001) and OS (P < .001) among transplant-ineligible but not transplant-eligible patients.

Conclusion: Analysis of multisite real-life data showed that BTZ maintenance therapy is safe, well tolerated, and effective. Median PFS was similar to that reported with alternative maintenance strategies. Our findings further support its use among patients with adverse cytogenetics, it may also be relevant for patients with lenalidomide-intolerant disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clml.2020.06.002DOI Listing
November 2020

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of oligosecretory and non-secretory multiple myeloma.

Ann Hematol 2020 Jun 19;99(6):1251-1255. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Department of Clinical Therapeutics, Alexandra Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Vasilissis Sofias 80, 11528, Athens, Greece.

Secretion of monoclonal immunoglobulins (MIg) detected in the serum and/or urine is one of the typical features of multiple myeloma (MM). However, some patients secrete MIg in quantities below "measurable" (termed oligosecretory MM) and others have no detectable MIgs by standard serum and urine immunofixation (termed non-secretory MM). In a cohort of 852 consecutive patients with active myeloma, we identified 100 (11.7%) patients with oligo/non-secretory MM, including 20 (2.3%) with non-secretory MM. Compared to patients with secretory MM, these were younger, less anemic, and had less often renal dysfunction and less extensive bone marrow infiltration. Presence and extent of bone disease were similar, however, hypercalcemia was less common and more often is ISS (International Staging System)-1 and, in those with available FISH (Fluoresense In Situ Hybridization) , high-risk cytogenetics were less common. FLCs (Free Light Chains) were available in 17 patients with non-secretory MM: only 3 had normal FLC ratio; the others had abnormal ratio and 9/14 had involved FLC ≥ 100 mg/L. The 4-year OS for patients with oligo/non-secretory disease was 64% vs 58% for secretory MM. In multivariate analysis, oligo/non-secretory disease was not an independent prognostic factor per se. Thus, 12% of MM patients present with oligo/non-secretory disease at diagnosis and have different biologic characteristics but similar outcome to other MM patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-020-03984-wDOI Listing
June 2020

Ofranergene obadenovec (VB-111) in platinum-resistant ovarian cancer; favorable response rates in a phase I/II study are associated with an immunotherapeutic effect.

Gynecol Oncol 2020 06 5;157(3):578-584. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Report final results of a phase I/II study of VB-111, a targeted anti-cancer gene therapy with a dual mechanism: anti angiogenic/vascular disruption and induction of an anti-tumor directed immune response, in combination with paclitaxel in patients with platinum-resistant ovarian cancer.

Methods: Study NCT01711970 was a prospective, open label, dose escalation study assessing combination treatment of VB-111 and weekly paclitaxel. In the Phase I part of the study, patients were treated with escalating doses of intravenous VB-111 and paclitaxel. In Phase 2, patients were treated with therapeutic doses of VB-111 and paclitaxel 80 mg/m. Assessments included safety, overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS), and tumor response (CA-125 and RECIST).

Results: 21 patients with recurrent platinum-resistant ovarian cancer were enrolled. 17/21 received the therapeutic dose. Patients had a median of 3 prior lines of therapy. Half of the subjects were platinum refractory, and half were previously treated with antiangiogenics. No DLTs were observed. VB-111 was well tolerated and associated with mild flu-like symptoms. In the therapeutic dose cohort, a 58% CA-125 GCIG response rate was seen in evaluable patients. The median OS was 16.6 months in patients treated with therapeutic dose compared to 5.8 months in sub-therapeutic dose (p = 0.028). Tumor specimens taken after treatment demonstrated tumor infiltrated with cytotoxic CD8 T-cells in regions of apoptotic cancer cells.

Conclusions: Treatment with VB-111 in combination with paclitaxel was safe and well tolerated. Favorable tumor responses and overall survival outcomes were associated with induction of an immunotherapeutic effect.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2020.02.034DOI Listing
June 2020

Ixazomib-based regimens for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma: are real-world data compatible with clinical trial outcomes? A multi-site Israeli registry study.

Ann Hematol 2020 Jun 20;99(6):1273-1281. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Department of Hematology, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Ixazomib, the first oral proteasome inhibitor (PI), has been approved for the treatment of relapsed refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone, based on the TOURMALINE-MM1 phase 3 trial, which demonstrated the efficacy and safety of this all-oral triplet, compared with lenalidomide-dexamethasone. However, clinical trial outcomes do not always translate into real-world outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of ixazomib-based combination for treatment of patients with RRMM in a real-world setting. All consecutive RRMM patients who received at least one cycle of ixazomib-based treatment combination between June 2013 and June 2018 were identified. Data was extracted from medical charts focusing on demographics, disease characteristics, prior treatment, and responses. Primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); secondary endpoints included overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), safety, and tolerability. A total of 78 patients across 7 sites were retrospectively included. Median follow-up was 22 months. Median age was 68 (range 38-90). Sixty-four percent received ixazomib in 2nd line, 19% in 3rd line. Overall, 89% of patients had been exposed to PIs (bortezomib 87%) prior to IRd, 41% to IMiDs. Twenty-nine (48%, of 60 available) had high (t(4:14), t(14:16), del17p) or intermediate (+1q21) risk aberrations. Most patients (82%) received ixazomib in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone. An exploratory assessment for disease aggressiveness at diagnosis was classified by a treating physician as indolent (rapid control to protect from target organ damage not required) vs aggressive (imminent target organ damage) in 63% vs 37%, respectively. Treatment was well tolerated, with a low discontinuation rate (11%). Median PFS on ixazomib therapy was 24 months (95% CI 17-30). PFS was 77% and 47% at 12 and 24 months, respectively. Median OS was not reached; OS was 91% and 80% at 12 and 24 months, respectively. Higher LDH, older age, and worse clinical aggressiveness were associated with worse PFS, whereas a deeper response to ixazomib (≥ VGPR) and a longer response to first-line bortezomib (≥ 24 m) were associated with an improved PFS on ixazomib. No effect on PFS was found for cytogenetic risk by FISH, ISS/rISS, and prior anti-myeloma treatment. Ixazomib-based combinations are efficacious and safe regimens in RRMM patients in the real-world setting, regardless to cytogenetic risk, with a PFS of 24 months comparable with clinical trial data. This regimen had most favorable outcomes among patients who remained progression-free more than 24 months after a bortezomib induction and for those who have a more indolent disease phenotype.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-020-03985-9DOI Listing
June 2020

Bortezomib washout duration prior to stem cell mobilization in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.

Eur J Haematol 2020 Jul 23;105(1):30-34. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Objectives: We aimed to determine the impact of washout period in patients with multiple myeloma between bortezomib-based induction regimens and the collection of stem cells.

Methods: This was a single-center historical prospective study, including all sequential newly diagnosed patients with myeloma between 2012 and 2017 that were given a first-line bortezomib-based induction therapy (≤6 cycles) followed by stem cell collection (n = 75).

Results: We found a statistically significant correlation between the days from last dose of bortezomib and both CD34 cells/kg yield on the first collection day and the overall collected CD34 cells/kg (r = .466, P < .001, and r = .341, P = .03, respectively). The optimal receiver operating curve's cutoff point was 8.5 days (79% sensitivity and 71% specificity, P = .001). On multivariate analysis, timing of last dose of bortezomib remained statistically significant (P = .01). Based on this, we developed a model to predict the total collected CD34 cells/kg = 11.76 + 0.13 (timing in days of last dose of bortezomib) -0.1 (age) -1.39 (if female) -0.01 (≥PR) -1.35 (if prior radiation).

Conclusions: Timing of last dose of bortezomib may predict a successful collection. A washout period of 9 days is associated with a better collection yield. A prospective validation of this novel finding is required.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejh.13404DOI Listing
July 2020

Real-world data on incidence, clinical characteristics and outcome of patients with macrofocal multiple myeloma (MFMM) in the era of novel therapies: A study of the Greco-Israeli collaborative myeloma working group.

Am J Hematol 2020 05 2;95(5):465-471. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Clinical Therapeutics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, School of Medicine, Athens, Greece.

We investigated incidence, characteristics and outcome of patients with macrofocal multiple myeloma (MFMM) treated mainly with novel therapies. Based on definition (BMPCs <20% and lytic lesions/plasmacytomas, without anemia, renal insufficiency or hypercalcemia) we identified 140 patients with MFMM, among 4650 myeloma patients (3%). Twice the number of patients with typical myeloma were used as controls; 60% were <65 years and 70% had advanced bone disease. Plasmacytomas were more frequent in MFMM compared with standard myeloma (68% vs 15%, P < .05). Adverse prognostic parameters (high lactate dehydrogenase, advanced stage, high risk cytogenetics, immunoparesis) were less common in patients with MFMM compared with controls (P < .05); 90% received novel agents and 47% underwent autologous transplantation upfront; 90% achieved an objective response; 70% had at least very good partial response which was significantly higher compared with controls (P < .05). After a median follow-up of 52 months, 33 patients have died. Early death (<12 months) was infrequent in MFMM. Median progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) were 46 and 129 months respectively, both significantly longer compared with controls (P < .001). Proteasome inhibitor (PI)-based therapy was the only independent predictor for OS in the multivariate analysis (HR: 3.9; P < .001). In conclusion, MFMM is a distinct entity presented in young and elderly subjects, characterized by limited bone marrow infiltration, advanced bone disease and frequent presence of plasmacytomas; MFMM patients have less often adverse prognostic features and achieve excellent responses and prolonged OS especially when treated with PI-based therapies. Novel imaging will help in a more accurate classification of this entity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.25755DOI Listing
May 2020

Daratumumab monotherapy for patients with intermediate-risk or high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma: a randomized, open-label, multicenter, phase 2 study (CENTAURUS).

Leukemia 2020 07 5;34(7):1840-1852. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Department of Hematology & Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Current guidelines for smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) recommend active monitoring until the onset of multiple myeloma (MM) before initiating treatment or enrollment in a clinical trial. Earlier intervention may delay progression to MM. In CENTAURUS, 123 patients with intermediate-risk or high-risk SMM were randomly assigned to daratumumab 16 mg/kg intravenously on extended intense (intense), extended intermediate (intermediate), or short dosing schedules. At the prespecified primary analysis (15.8-month median follow-up), the complete response (CR) rates (co-primary endpoint) were 2.4%, 4.9%, and 0% for intense, intermediate, and short dosing, respectively; the co-primary endpoint of CR rate >15% was not met. Progressive disease (PD)/death rates (number of patients who progressed or died divided by total duration of progression-free survival [PFS] in patient-years; co-primary endpoint) for intense, intermediate, and short dosing were 0.055 (80% confidence interval [CI], 0.014-0.096), 0.102 (80% CI, 0.044-0.160), and 0.206 (80% CI, 0.118-0.295), respectively, translating to a median PFS ≥24 months in all arms (P < 0.0001, <0.0001, and =0.0213, respectively). With longer follow-up (median follow-up, 25.9 months), CR rates were 4.9%, 9.8%, and 0% for intense, intermediate, and short dosing, respectively. PD/death rates for intense, intermediate, and short dosing were 0.059 (80% CI, 0.025-0.092), 0.107 (80% CI, 0.058-0.155), and 0.150 (80% CI, 0.089-0.211), respectively, again translating to a median PFS ≥ 24 months in all arms (P < 0.0001 for all arms). Twenty-four-month PFS rates were 89.9% (90% CI, 78.5-95.4%), 82.0% (90% CI, 69.0-89.9%), and 75.3% (90% CI, 61.1-85.0%) for intense, intermediate, and short dosing, respectively. Pharmacokinetic analyses indicated that intense dosing maintained target-saturating trough concentrations in most patients throughout weekly, every-2-week, and every-4-week dosing periods. No new safety signals were observed. These data provide the basis for an ongoing phase 3 study of daratumumab in SMM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-020-0718-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326703PMC
July 2020

A randomized controlled phase III study of VB-111 combined with bevacizumab vs bevacizumab monotherapy in patients with recurrent glioblastoma (GLOBE).

Neuro Oncol 2020 05;22(5):705-717

Center for Neuro-Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: Ofranergene obadenovec (VB-111) is an anticancer viral therapy that demonstrated in a phase II study a survival benefit for patients with recurrent glioblastoma (rGBM) who were primed with VB-111 monotherapy that was continued after progression with concomitant bevacizumab.

Methods: This pivotal phase III randomized, controlled trial compared the efficacy and safety of upfront combination of VB-111 and bevacizumab versus bevacizumab monotherapy. Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive VB-111 1013 viral particles every 8 weeks in combination with bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks (combination arm) or bevacizumab monotherapy (control arm). The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), and secondary endpoints were objective response rate (ORR) by Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria and progression-free survival (PFS).

Results: Enrolled were 256 patients at 57 sites. Median exposure to VB-111 was 4 months. The study did not meet its primary or secondary goals. Median OS was 6.8 versus 7.9 months in the combination versus control arm (hazard ratio, 1.20; 95% CI: 0.91-1.59; P = 0.19) and ORR was 27.3% versus 21.9% (P = 0.26). A higher rate of grades 3-5 adverse events was reported in the combination arm (67% vs 40%), mainly attributed to a higher rate of CNS and flu-like/fever events. Trends for improved survival with combination treatment were seen in the subgroup of patients with smaller tumors and in patients who had a posttreatment febrile reaction.

Conclusions: In this study, upfront concomitant administration of VB-111 and bevacizumab failed to improve outcomes in rGBM. Change of treatment regimen, with the lack of VB-111 monotherapy priming, may explain the differences from the favorable phase II results.

Clinical Trials Registration: NCT02511405.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/noz232DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229248PMC
May 2020

Safety and efficacy of VB-111, an anticancer gene therapy, in patients with recurrent glioblastoma: results of a phase I/II study.

Neuro Oncol 2020 05;22(5):694-704

Center for Neuro-Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: VB-111 is a non-replicating adenovirus carrying a Fas-chimera transgene, leading to targeted apoptosis of tumor vascular endothelium and induction of a tumor-specific immune response. This phase I/II study evaluated the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of VB-111 with and without bevacizumab in recurrent glioblastoma (rGBM).

Methods: Patients with rGBM (n = 72) received VB-111 in 4 treatment groups: subtherapeutic (VB-111 dose escalation), limited exposure (LE; VB-111 monotherapy until progression), primed combination (VB-111 monotherapy continued upon progression with combination of bevacizumab), and unprimed combination (upfront combination of VB-111 and bevacizumab). The primary endpoint was median overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoints were safety, overall response rate, and progression-free survival (PFS).

Results: VB-111 was well tolerated. The most common adverse event was transient mild-moderate fever. Median OS time was significantly longer in the primed combination group compared with both LE (414 vs 223 days; hazard ratio [HR], 0.48; P = 0.043) and unprimed combination (414 vs 141.5 days; HR, 0.24; P = 0.0056). Patients in the combination phase of the primed combination group had a median PFS time of 90 days compared with 60 in the LE group (HR, 0.36; P = 0.032), and 63 in the unprimed combination group (P = 0.72). Radiographic responders to VB-111 exhibited characteristic, expansive areas of necrosis in the areas of initial enhancing disease.

Conclusions: Patients with rGBM who were primed with VB-111 monotherapy that continued after progression with the addition of bevacizumab showed significant survival and PFS advantage, as well as specific imaging characteristics related to VB-111 mechanism of action. These results warrant further assessment in a randomized controlled study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/noz231DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229257PMC
May 2020

Hematogenous extramedullary relapse in multiple myeloma - a multicenter retrospective study in 127 patients.

Am J Hematol 2019 10 13;94(10):1132-1140. Epub 2019 Aug 13.

Department of Hematology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland.

The current study assesses the characteristics and outcomes of multiple myeloma (MM) patients, treated with novel agents for hematogenous extramedullary (HEMM) relapse. Consecutive patients diagnosed with HEMM between 2010-2018 were included. Patients' characteristics at diagnosis and at HEMM presentation, response to treatment, survival and factors predicting survival were recorded and analyzed. A group of 127 patients, all diagnosed with HEMM by imaging (87.3%) and/or biopsy (79%), were included. Of those, 44% were initially diagnosed with ISS3, 57% presented with plasmacytomas, and 30% had high-risk cytogenetics. Median time to HEMM was 32 months. In multivariate analysis, ISS3 and bone plasmacytoma predicted shorter time to HEMM (P = .005 and P = .008, respectively). Upfront autograft was associated with longer time to HEMM (P = .002). At HEMM, 32% of patients had no BM plasmacytosis, 20% had non-secretory disease and 43% had light-chain disease. Multiple HEMM sites were reported in 52% of patients, mostly involving soft tissue, skin (29%), and pleura/lung (25%). First treatment for HEMM included proteasome inhibitors (50%), immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) (39%), monoclonal antibodies (10%), and chemotherapy (53%). Overall response rate (ORR) was 57%. IMiDs were associated with higher ORR (HR 2.2, 95% CI 1.02-4.7, P = .04). Median survival from HEMM was 6 months (CI 95% 4.8-7.2). Failure to achieve ≥VGPR was the only significant factor for worse OS in multivariate analyses (HR = 9.87, CI 95% 2.35 - 39, P = .001). In conclusion, HEMM occurs within 3 years of initial myeloma diagnosis and is associated with dismal outcome. The IMiDs might provide a higher response rate, and achievement of ≥VGPR predicts longer survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.25579DOI Listing
October 2019

Single cell dissection of plasma cell heterogeneity in symptomatic and asymptomatic myeloma.

Nat Med 2018 12 6;24(12):1867-1876. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Immunology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.

Multiple myeloma, a plasma cell malignancy, is the second most common blood cancer. Despite extensive research, disease heterogeneity is poorly characterized, hampering efforts for early diagnosis and improved treatments. Here, we apply single cell RNA sequencing to study the heterogeneity of 40 individuals along the multiple myeloma progression spectrum, including 11 healthy controls, demonstrating high interindividual variability that can be explained by expression of known multiple myeloma drivers and additional putative factors. We identify extensive subclonal structures for 10 of 29 individuals with multiple myeloma. In asymptomatic individuals with early disease and in those with minimal residual disease post-treatment, we detect rare tumor plasma cells with molecular characteristics similar to those of active myeloma, with possible implications for personalized therapies. Single cell analysis of rare circulating tumor cells allows for accurate liquid biopsy and detection of malignant plasma cells, which reflect bone marrow disease. Our work establishes single cell RNA sequencing for dissecting blood malignancies and devising detailed molecular characterization of tumor cells in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41591-018-0269-2DOI Listing
December 2018

Treatment patterns and clinical outcomes in high-risk newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients carrying the 17p deletion: An observational multi-center retrospective study.

Am J Hematol 2018 06 28;93(6):810-815. Epub 2018 Apr 28.

Tel-Aviv Sourasky medical Center, Israel.

Del17p is a genomic imbalance occurring in ∼7%-10% of myeloma at diagnosis newly diagnosed myeloma patients (NDMM) and comprises a poor prognostic factor. The goal of this study is to analyze real world data and outcomes among NDMM patients carrying 17p deletion. We report an observational, retrospective, multicenter study. Sixty consecutive patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma in the 8 participating centers diagnosed between 1/2008 and 1/2016 proven to carry 17p deletion by means of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were identified. Most received a bortezomib-based induction, over half underwent autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT); 30% of the patients gained early access to new novel agents via clinical trials, access programs or private insurance. Overall response rate (ORR) after induction was 85%; 94% for transplant eligible (TE); and 75% for transplant ineligible (NTE), and declined in subsequent treatment lines, 64% achieved ≥ VGPR. Median overall survival (OS) was 43 months; median progression free survival (PFS) was 11 months, 19 months for TE and 7 for NTE. In multivariate analysis: higher M-Spike, presence of extramedullary disease, and >50% of cells baring del17p were associated with adverse PFS; Autologous HCT and higher hemoglobin were associated with longer PFS; OS was 59 months for patients with early access to newer agents. Older age and higher M-Spike levels were associated with adverse OS, Autologous HCT was associated with favorable OS, 59.7 vs 28.7 months for NTE patients. Despite the improvement achieved with autologous HCT and new novel agents, the prognosis of patients with 17p deletion is still inferior, emphasizing the need for novel approaches.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.25098DOI Listing
June 2018

Cohort-Controlled Comparison of Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation Using Carlecortemcel-L, a Single Progenitor-Enriched Cord Blood, to Double Cord Blood Unit Transplantation.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 07 1;24(7):1463-1470. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Hematology Department, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Cáncer, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.

Umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation has a high early mortality rate primarily related to transplanted stem cell dose. To decrease early mortality and enhance engraftment, a portion of selected cord blood units (20% to 50%) was expanded with cytokines and the copper chelator tetraethylenepentamine (carlecortemcel-L) and transplanted with the unmanipulated fraction after myeloablative conditioning. The primary endpoint was 100-day survival, which was compared with a contemporaneous double-unit cord blood transplantation (DUCBT) group. We enrolled 101 patients at 25 sites; the DUCBT comparison (n = 295) was selected from international registries using study eligibility criteria. Baseline carlecortemcel-L study group unit nucleated cell (NC) and CD34 were 3.06 × 10 cell dose/kg and 1.64 × 10 cell dose/kg. Median NC and CD34 fold expansion were 400 and 77, with a mean total CD34 infused of 9.7 × 10/kg. The 100-day survival was 84.2% for the carlecortemcel-L study group versus 74.6% for the DUCBT group (odds ratio, .50; 95% CI, .26 to .95; P = .035). Survival at day 180 was similar for the 2 groups; the major cause of death after day 100 was opportunistic infections. Faster median neutrophil (21 days versus 28 days; P < .0001), and platelet (54 days versus 105 days; P = .008) engraftment was seen in the carlecortemcel-L study group; acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease rates were similar. In this multinational comparative study, transplanting expanded CD34 stem cells from a portion of a single UCB unit, with the remaining unmanipulated fraction improved 100-day survival compared with DUCBT control patients while facilitating myeloid and platelet engraftment. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00469729.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2018.02.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6045964PMC
July 2018

18F-FDG-PET/CT Pulmonary Infiltrates in Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients Treated with Combined Immunochemotherapy: Incidence and Clinical Characteristics.

Isr Med Assoc J 2017 Jun;19(6):372-377

Assuta Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Pulmonary infiltrates (PIs) detected in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) may present a diagnostic challenge due to their wide differential diagnosis, including infection, pulmonary lymphoma and immunochemotherapy-associated pulmonary toxicity.

Objectives: To characterize therapy-associated PIs by positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging.

Methods: We conducted a historical analysis of fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/CT (18F-FDG-PET/CT) PIs in NHL patients treated with combined immunochemotherapy including rituximab. Incidence of PIs, radiological features, patients' characteristics, underlying NHL type, rituximab/chemotherapy dosing schedules, and symptoms were recorded. Therapy-associated PIs were defined as new or worsening PIs appearing after treatment onset, without evidence of active pulmonary lymphoma or infection.

Results: Among 80 patients who met the pre-specified criteria, therapy-associated PIs were identified in 17 (21%), 6 of whom had accompanying symptoms. Increased FDG uptake was observed in nine, and PI resolution in six. The incidence of PIs was higher in females and in patients with aggressive lymphoma, at advanced stages, and in those who had received treatment consisting of a combination of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone every 14 days (R-CHOP-14).

Conclusions: This characterization of therapy-associated PIs may support the clinician managing NHL patients. Further prospective studies are needed to establish the role of each therapeutic component and the natural history of this phenomenon.
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June 2017

Efficacy and safety of autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation in elderly patients with multiple myeloma: a retrospective national multi-site cohort study.

Ann Hematol 2017 Feb 30;96(2):271-278. Epub 2016 Dec 30.

Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

We aimed to test the efficacy and toxicity of autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) in Multiple Myeloma (MM) patients aged ≥65 years compared to patients aged 60-64. Two hundred twenty consecutive patients (age ≥65, n = 87) with MM aged 60 and above, who underwent HCT as part of an upfront MM treatment, at four Israeli centers between 2000 and 2014 were included. A melphalan dose of 200 mg/m was more frequent in the 60-64 age group vs. the ≥65 age group (77 vs. 57%, p = 0.002). There were no differences between groups in median day of neutrophil engraftment, incidence of infections, grades 3-4 mucositis, cardiovascular events, or non-relapse mortality at 100 days post HCT (4.7, vs. 5%, p = 0.9). A similar rate of improvement in response level was observed (36, vs. 35%, p = 0.87). At 3 years post HCT progression-free survival (PFS) was higher in the 60-64 age group (42 vs. 29%, p = 0.04); however, it was no longer so after adjustment for disease status prior to HCT (p = 0.49). In a Multivariate analysis, melphalan doses and age did not predict PFS. There was no difference in overall survival (OS) between age groups (p = 0.2). We conclude that toxicity profile, response, PFS, and OS of HCT in aged ≥65 patients with myeloma is similar to patients aged 60-64.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-016-2882-9DOI Listing
February 2017

Serum free immunoglobulin light chain fingerprint identifies a subset of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients with worse outcome.

Hematol Oncol 2017 Dec 19;35(4):734-740. Epub 2016 Sep 19.

Department of Clinical Therapeutics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens, Greece.

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a multi-subclonal malignancy with relatively high heterogeneity. Patients who initially presented with both monoclonal-protein (MP) and free light chain (FLC) secretion but then relapsed with a light chain escape pattern have been shown to reflect disease clonal evolution and to bare a worse prognosis. We hypothesized that a discordant MP/FLC pattern at diagnosis may reflect a similar clonal evolution that had occurred prior to diagnosis of active myeloma, conferring a worse outcome. We analyzed 255 consecutive newly diagnosed MM patients who received first line bortezomib-based therapy between 2007 and 2014, hypothesizing that their MP/FLC fingerprint at diagnosis reflects clonal heterogeneity and, therefore, affects outcome. An involved FLC level ≥ 700 mg/L and MP ≥ 2.5 g/L were used as cutoffs for low vs high FLC and MP levels, respectively. Patients were divided into 4 subgroups according to their involved FLC and MP blood levels at diagnosis: HiLC and HiMP for patients with either a predominant FLC or a predominant MP, respectively, and HiLC-MP and LoLC-MP when both FLC and MP were increased or decreased, respectively. There were 68 (27%) patients with HiLC, which presented more often with International Staging System-3 stage (P < .0001). Multivariate analysis showed that HiLC was associated with a 5.1-fold risk for mortality in a multivariate model (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.34-19.68). Both HiLC and HiLC-MP phenotypes were associated with shorter progression-free survival (hazard ratio of 2.66 [95% CI, 1.33-5.32] and 2.82 [95% CI, 1.37-5.83], respectively), independently of other prognostic factors, including the use of autograft. Thus, we identified an LC predominant secretory fingerprint (HiLC phenotype) at diagnosis as a potential independent risk factor that may affect disease control and survival in newly diagnosed MM patients treated with bortezomib-based induction therapy; this may represent increased subclonal heterogeneity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hon.2336DOI Listing
December 2017

Primary failure of bortezomib in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma--understanding the magnitude, predictors, and significance.

Leuk Lymphoma 2016 4;57(6):1382-8. Epub 2016 Jan 4.

c Department of Clinical Therapeutics , National & Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine , Athens , Greece.

Botezomib-based induction is highly effective for the treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). We investigated the outcomes of NDMM patients who failed to respond to bortezomib-based induction in a 'real-life' clinical setting. In a cohort of 295 consecutive NDMM patients in 3 medical centers, 74 (25%) failed to achieve at least partial response after 4 induction cycles, and were classified as non-responsive. Compared to induction responders, they were older, more frequently anemic, had a higher incidence of del17p and ISS-3, and a worse performance status. In multivariable analysis, bortezomib-based induction failure occurred in 25% of patients and was the strongest independent factor predicting mortality with a 5-fold hazard ratio (95% CI 1.44-8.68). Three-year overall survival in responsive vs. non-responsive patients were 76% vs. 53%, respectively (p < 0.0001). Survival from time of salvage second-line treatment was significantly shorter among induction non-responders vs. responders (25 months vs. not-reached, p = 0.024).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10428194.2015.1121258DOI Listing
January 2017

Efficacy and safety of salvage therapy using Carfilzomib for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma patients: a multicentre retrospective observational study.

Br J Haematol 2016 Jan 16;172(1):89-96. Epub 2015 Nov 16.

Institute of Haematology, Rabin Medical Centre, Petah Tikva, Israel.

Carfilzomib has been established in previous years as a treatment for patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (RR-MM). A retrospective multicentre study to evaluate the clinical use of carfilzomib for RR-MM outside of a clinical trial setting was conducted by our group. One hundred and thirty-five patients were included. All patients had been previously exposed to bortezomib and 93% had also been treated with lenalidomide. The vast majority of patients received carfilzomib as part of a two- or three-drug combination. The overall response rate was 47·2%. Multivariate analysis revealed bortezomib resistance, lenalidomide resistance and albumin <35 g/l to negatively impact the likelihood of achieving response. The median duration of response was 8·4 months, and was significantly higher in patients receiving three-drug combination and patients presenting without extramedullary disease. The median progression-free survival and overall survival for the entire cohort was 4·9 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 3·8-6·4) and 12·2 months (95% CI 9-not reached), respectively. Toxicity was manageable, although treatment-related death was seen in 5% of patients. In the setting of progressive multiple myeloma, carfilzomib in a combination regimens yields effective results with a manageable toxicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.13799DOI Listing
January 2016

VB-111: a novel anti-vascular therapeutic for glioblastoma multiforme.

J Neurooncol 2015 Sep 25;124(3):365-72. Epub 2015 Jun 25.

Cancer Therapy and Research Center, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX, 78229-3900, USA.

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is among the most highly vascularized of solid tumors, contributing to the infiltrative nature of the disease, and conferring poor outcome. Due to the critical dependency of GBM on growth of new endothelial vasculature, we evaluated the preclinical activity of a novel adenoviral gene therapy that targets the endothelium within newly formed blood vessels for apoptosis. VB-111, currently in phase II clinical trials, consists of a non-replicating Adenovirus 5 (El deleted) carrying a proapoptotic human Fas-chimera (transgene) under the control of a modified murine promoter (PPE-1-3×) which specifically targets endothelial cells within the tumor vasculature. Here we report that a single intravenous dose of 2.5 × 10(11) or 1 × 10(11) VPs was sufficient to extend survival in nude rats bearing U87MG-luc2 or nude mice bearing U251-luc, respectively. Bioluminescence imaging of nude rats showed that VB-111 effectively inhibited tumor growth within four weeks of treatment. This was confirmed in a select group of animals by MRI. In our mouse model we observed that 3 of 10 nude mice treated with VB-111 completely lost U251 luciferase signal and were considered long term survivors. To assess the antiangiogenic effects of VB-111, we evaluated the tumor-associated microvaculature by CD31, a common marker of neovascularization, and found a significant decrease in the microvessel density by IHC. We further assessed the neovasculature by confocal microscopy and found that VB-111 inhibits vascular density in two separate mouse models bearing U251-RFP xenografts. Collectively, this study supports the clinical development of VB-111 as a treatment for GBM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-015-1853-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4584173PMC
September 2015

Phase I dose-escalation study of VB-111, an antiangiogenic virotherapy, in patients with advanced solid tumors.

Clin Cancer Res 2013 Jul 15;19(14):3996-4007. Epub 2013 Apr 15.

Institute for Drug Development, Cancer Therapy and Research Center, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Texas, USA.

Purpose: VB-111 is an antiangiogenic agent consisting of a nonreplicating adenovirus vector (Ad-5) with a modified murine pre-proendothelin promoter leading to apoptosis of tumor vasculature by expressing a Fas-chimera transgene in angiogenic endothelial cells. In a phase I dose-escalation study, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety, and efficacy of a single dose of VB-111 in patients with advanced solid tumors were evaluated.

Experimental Design: VB-111 was administered as a single i.v. infusion at escalating doses from 1 × 10(10) (cohort 1) to 1 × 10(13) (cohort 7) viral particles (VP) in successive cohorts. Assessments included pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles, tumor response, and overall survival.

Results: Thirty-three patients were enrolled. VB-111 was safe and well-tolerated; self-limited fever and chills were seen at doses above 3 × 10(11) VPs. Transgene expression was not detected in blood but was detected in an aspirate from a subcutaneous metastasis after treatment. One patient with papillary thyroid carcinoma had a partial response.

Conclusions: VB-111 was safe and well tolerated in patients with advanced metastatic cancer at a single administration of up to 1 × 10(13) VPs. Evidence of transgene expression in tumor tissue and tumor response was observed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-2079DOI Listing
July 2013

Detection bias due to the effect of finasteride on prostate volume: a modeling approach for analysis of the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial.

J Natl Cancer Inst 2007 Sep 11;99(18):1366-74. Epub 2007 Sep 11.

Gamida Cell Ltd, Cell Therapy Technologies, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: The Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) demonstrated a 24.8% reduction in the 7-year prevalence of prostate cancer among patients treated with finasteride (5 mg daily) compared with that among patients treated with placebo; however, a 25.5% increase in the prevalence of high-Gleason grade tumors was observed, the clinical significance of which is unknown. One hypothesized explanation for this increase is that finasteride reduced prostate volume, leading to detection of more high-grade tumors due to increased sampling density. This possibility was investigated in an observational reanalysis of the PCPT data, with adjustment for sampling density.

Methods: A logistic model for the association of high-grade (Gleason score 7-10) prostate cancer with baseline covariates and/or baseline covariates plus prostate volume and number of cores obtained at biopsy was developed using the placebo group (n = 4775) of the PCPT. This model was then applied to the finasteride group (n = 5123) to compare the predicted and observed numbers of high-grade tumors in that group. In a second approach, odds ratios (ORs) for prostate cancer in the finasteride versus placebo groups calculated from binary and polytomous logistic regression models that contained or excluded covariates for gland volume and number of needle cores were compared.

Results: Median prostate volume was 25% lower in the finasteride group (median = 25.1 cm3) than in the placebo group (median = 33.5 cm3). The logistic model developed in the placebo group showed that the likelihood of detection of high-grade prostate cancer decreased as volume increased (for each 10 cm3 increase in prostate volume, OR = 0.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.74 to 0.90). Based on this model, 239 high-grade prostate cancers were predicted in the finasteride group, whereas 243 were observed, a non-statistically significant difference. Among all participants, the odds ratios for high-grade cancer in the finasteride versus placebo groups decreased from 1.27 (95% CI = 1.05 to 1.54) with adjustment for baseline covariates to 1.03 (95% CI = 0.84 to 1.26) following additional adjustment for gland volume and number of biopsy cores in binary outcome models and from 1.14 (95% CI = 0.94 to 1.38) to 0.88 (95% CI = 0.72 to 1.09) following these adjustments in the polytomous models.

Conclusions: Although analyses using postrandomization data require cautious interpretation, these results suggest that sampling density bias alone could explain the excess of high-grade cancers among the finasteride-assigned participants in the PCPT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnci/djm130DOI Listing
September 2007

Treatment preference and tolerability with alendronate once weekly over a 3-month period: an Israeli multi-center study.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2005 Apr;17(2):143-9

Endocrine Institute, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel.

Background And Aims: Osteoporosis is a chronic condition requiring long-term treatment, for which compliance is not easy to achieve. 70 mg of alendronate once weekly (alendronate OW) provides equivalent efficacy to treatment with 10 mg of alendronate once a day (alendronate OD); however, there are relatively few data regarding patient and physician preferences for once-weekly vs daily dosing. The aim of this study was to measure compliance, convenience, tolerance and relative preference of alendronate OW treatment among post-menopausal women with osteoporosis and physician satisfaction, compared with previous treatment with alendronate OD.

Methods: This open-label, prospective multi-center trial was conducted at 14 hospitals and 150 primary-care community clinics in Israel. Post-menopausal osteoporotic women (n = 3710), who had been treated for at least 1 month with alendronate OD during the preceding year, were treated with alendronate OW for 12 weeks. Convenience, satisfaction, tolerance and relative preference of alendronate OW during the trial, compared with past experience with alendronate OD, were recorded.

Results: Overall, 96% of the patients preferred the alendronate OW regimen to the 10-mg daily dosage. Nearly all (98%) the patients who completed 12 weeks of treatment, including 77% of patients who had previously discontinued daily treatment due to intolerance, were willing to continue the alendronate OW regimen. Patient-reported compliance with dosing instructions was over 98%. Alendronate OW was well tolerated; only 2.8% of patients discontinued, due to adverse events. Physicians were highly satisfied with the once-weekly dosing regimen, and recommended continued treatment with alendronate OW for 99% of the patients.

Conclusions: The majority of post-menopausal women with osteoporosis, including those who were previously intolerant to alendronate OD, preferred alendronate OW to the once-daily dosing regimen. It is important to consider patient preference when selecting the appropriate treatment for osteoporosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03324587DOI Listing
April 2005