Publications by authors named "Ya-Lan Dou"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Efficacy and safety of interferon α-2b spray for herpangina in children: a randomized, controlled trial.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: The treatment of acute herpangina is inconsistent. We aim to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of interferon α-2b spray versus Ribavirin for the disease.

Methods: A randomized, controlled trial was conducted in eight hospitals in China between 2016 and 2018. 668 patients (1-7 years old) were randomized into experimental group (treated with Interferon α-2b spray) or control group (received Ribavirin Aerosol). Body temperature returned to normal within 72 hours and remained for 24 hours was the primary outcome; release of oral herpes and adverse events were the secondary outcomes.

Results: (1) The average age of onset was 2.5 years old. (2) After 72 hours' treatment, body temperature of 98.5% patients in experimental group and 94.3% in control group returned to normal and lasted for 24 hours (P = 0.004). The differences were greater at 48 hours' treatment (95.2% vs. 85.9%, P < 0.001) and at 24 hours (77.5% vs. 66.5%, P = 0.001). (3) The rate of improved oral herpes in experimental group were higher than that in control group (46.7% vs.37.1%, P = 0.011). No adverse reaction occurred.

Conclusions: Local application of recombinant interferon α-2b spray showed better efficacy for acute herpangina in children. It was safe for use.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2021

Maternal periconceptional folate status and infant atopic dermatitis: A prospective cohort study.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2021 Jan 7;32(1):137-145. Epub 2020 Aug 7.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Maternal folate status is linked with the risk of allergic disorders including atopic dermatitis (AD) in children, but findings remain inconclusive. We aim to assess the relationship between maternal folate status in early gestation and early-onset infant AD, based on a prospective mother-child cohort study.

Methods: Pregnant women were recruited at 12-14 weeks of gestation. Red blood cell folate (RBC folate) and serum folate concentrations were examined at enrollment. Periconceptional folic acid supplementation was investigated through a self-administered questionnaire. The primary outcome was AD incidence before 6 months of age, diagnosed according to Williams' criteria. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate associations of maternal folate status with infant AD by adjusting parental and child covariates.

Results: In total, 107 (23.4%) of 458 infants developed AD before 6 months, with more male infants affected (P = .002). Higher maternal RBC folate levels (per 100 ng/mL) were associated with an increased risk of AD (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.16, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-1.31). An RBC folate level ≥620 ng/mL was associated with increased infant AD by 91% (aOR 1.91, 95% CI 1.09-3.36). However, associations were not observed for maternal serum folate at early gestation or periconceptional folic acid supplement intakes.

Conclusions: We provide the first evidence that higher maternal RBC folate concentrations during early gestation are associated with increased early-onset infant AD. Our findings support the importance of maintaining appropriate folate levels during the periconceptional period to reduce the risk of AD in infants.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
January 2021

[Association between copy number variations and risk of overweight/obesity among Han, Uyghur, and Kazak children].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2018 Apr;20(4):308-313

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, College of Public Health, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830011, China.

Objective: To study the association between the prevalence of overweight/obesity and copy number variations (CNVs) among Han, Uyghur, and Kazak children in Xinjiang, China.

Methods: The kindergartens in Ili, Altay, and Karamay in Xinjiang were selected as research sites, and stratified cluster sampling was used to select the children aged 3-7 years. Body height and body weight were measured, and exfoliated buccal mucosa cells were collected. CNVplex® was used to measure the CNVs of FTO_1, IRX3_1, IRX3_2, MC4R_1, and MC4R_2.

Results: A total of 603 children were surveyed (307 boys and 296 girls). There were 261 Han children, 194 Uyghur children, and 148 Kazak children. The overweight/obesity rates in Han, Uyghur, and Kazak children were 28.3%, 10.3%, and 31.1%, respectively (P<0.001). In Kazak children, the CNVs of IRX3_1 and MC4R_2 were associated with overweight/obesity (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of overweight/obesity in Han and Kazak children was 3.443 times (95%CI: 2.016-5.880) and 3.924 times (95%CI: 2.199-7.001), respectively, that in Uyghur children. The CNV of IRX3_1 was a risk factor for overweight/obesity (P=0.028, OR=2.251, 95%CI: 1.418-5.651).

Conclusions: The CNV of IRX3_1 is associated with overweight/obesity in Han, Uyghur, and Kazak children, and the association between the CNV of IRX3_1 and overweight/obesity in Kazak children should be taken seriously.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

April 2018

Waist-to-height ratio remains an accurate and practical way of identifying cardiometabolic risks in children and adolescents.

Acta Paediatr 2018 Mar 22. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Aim: We evaluated how effectively the waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) identified cardiometabolic risk (CMR) in children and adolescents, compared with the tri-ponderal mass index, percentage of body fat and other obesity indexes.

Methods: Eligible subjects were recruited from three metropolitan regions of China from May 2013 to June 2014. Subjects with at least three of the following abnormalities - hypertension, dyslipidemia, elevated fasting blood glucose and central obesity - were defined as CMR1 and children with at least two were defined as CMR2. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to compare how effectively obesity indexes predicted CMR.

Results: We recruited 3556 subjects aged 7-18 years. All five obesity indexes showed good, comparable performances in identifying CMR and the AUCs ranged from 0.89 to 0.90 for CMR1 and 0.83 to 0.85 for CMR2. The cut-off of 0.467 for WHtR achieved a sensitivity of 0.91 and specificity of 0.80 for predicting CMR1, with the best cut-offs being 0.463 for boys and 0.469 for girls.

Conclusion: The WHtR was a superior and practical screening tool for detecting CMR in this paediatric population, as it provided comparable accuracy to other methods and just required a simple calculation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2018