Publications by authors named "Ya-Guang Tong"

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Melatonin regulates the ovarian function and enhances follicle growth in aging laying hens via activating the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway.

Poult Sci 2020 Apr 29;99(4):2185-2195. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding Hebei 071001, China. Electronic address:

The signal pathway of target of rapamycin (TOR) plays an important role in regulating cell growth and proliferation, follicular development, and ovulation. Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) (MT) is involved in the regulation of many physiological functions in animals. Recent studies have shown that MT affects the number and the degree of maturation of follicles in the ovary, but there are few studies concerning its mechanism. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of TOR signal pathway in the regulation of ovarian function by MT in aging laying hens. In the present study, a total of 60 hens (70-week-old) were randomly divided into 2 groups: control group and melatonin group (M). Melatonin was administered intraperitoneally at a dose of 20 mg/kg/D for 28 D in the M group. The results showed that MT significantly increased the levels of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and total antioxidant capacity (P < 0.01) as well as levels of immunoglobulin (IgA, IgG, and IgM) (P < 0.05) and the reproductive hormones estradiol and luteinizing hormone (P < 0.01) in the plasma and also increased the numbers of middle white follicles and small white follicles (P < 0.05) and decreased the level of reactive oxygen species in plasma (P < 0.01) in laying hens. There were higher expression levels in MT receptor A (P < 0.05), melatonin receptor B (P < 0.01), and tuberous sclerosis complex 2 (P < 0.01). Activation of TOR, 4E binding protein-l (4E-BP1), and ribosomal protein 6 kinase (P < 0.01) was found in the M. The levels of mTOR and p-mTOR protein were increased in the M (P < 0.05). The mTORC1-dependent 4E-BP1 and p-4E-BP1 were increased in the M (P < 0.05). This study indicated that MT may enhance follicle growth by increasing levels of antioxidant enzymes and reproductive hormones and by activating the mTOR and downstream components in aging laying hens.
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April 2020