Publications by authors named "Ya-Di Zhu"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The comparison analysis of Polyphyllin I and its analogues induced apoptosis of colon and lung cancer cells via mitochondrial dysfunction.

Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Institute of Interdisciplinary Integrative Medicine Research, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 201203, China.

Polyphyllin I (PPI) and its analogues, including polyphyllin II (PPII), polyphyllin VI (PPVI), and polyphyllin VII (PPVII), are major bioactive compounds isolated from the Chinese herb Chonglou. However, the susceptibilities of PPI and its analogues toward the different cell lines are diversified and the mechanisms are not fully clarified. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the cytotoxicity of PPI and its analogues on two different cell lines, as well as to explore the underlying mechanisms of these agents via inducing mitochondrial dysfunction. The results showed that PPI and its analogues were cytotoxic agents towards both A549 and HT-29 cells, with IC values ranged from 1.0 to 4.5 μM. Further investigations demonstrated that they decreased the mitochondrial membrane potentials of both A549 and HT-29 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Among all tested compounds, PPVI and PPI induced the most obvious changes in Ca hemostasis in these two cell lines. In addition, they could induce the accumulation of ROS in cells and downregulated the Bcl-2 expression, upregulated the Bax expression, induced the activity of cleaved-caspase-3 in cells. Collectively, our findings clearly demonstrated the cytotoxic differences and mechanisms of PPI and its analogues induced cell apoptosis, and could partially explain the anti-cancer effects of these natural consitituents in Chonglou.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bcpt.13596DOI Listing
April 2021

A fluorescence-based microplate assay for high-throughput screening and evaluation of human UGT inhibitors.

Anal Chim Acta 2021 Apr 8;1153:338305. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Institute of Interdisciplinary Integrative Medicine Research, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase enzymes (hUGTs), one of the most important classes of conjugative enzymes, are responsible for the glucuronidation and detoxification of a variety of endogenous substances and xenobiotics. Inhibition of hUGTs may cause undesirable effects or adverse drug-drug interactions (DDI) via modulating the glucuronidation rates of endogenous toxins or the drugs that are primarily conjugated by the inhibited hUGTs. Herein, to screen hUGTs inhibitors in a more efficient way, a novel fluorescence-based microplate assay has been developed by utilizing a fluorogenic substrate. Following screening of series of 4-hydroxy-1,8-naphthalimide derivatives, we found that 4-HN-335 is a particularly good substrate for a panel of hUGTs. Under physiological conditions, 4-HN-335 can be readily O-glucuronidated by ten hUGTs, such reactions generate a single O-glucuronide with a high quantum yield (Ф = 0.79) and bring remarkable changes in fluorescence emission. Subsequently, a fluorescence-based microplate assay is developed to simultaneously measure the inhibitory effects of selected compound(s) on ten hUGTs. The newly developed fluorescence-based microplate assay is time- and cost-saving, easy to manage and can be adapted for 96-well microplate format with the Z-factor of 0.92. We further demonstrate the utility of the fluorescence-based assay for high-throughput screening of two compound libraries, resulting in the identification of several potent UGT inhibitors, including natural products and FDA-approved drugs. Collectively, this study reports a novel fluorescence-based microplate assay for simultaneously sensing the residual activities of ten hUGTs, which strongly facilitates the identification and characterization of UGT inhibitors from drugs or herbal constituents and the investigations on UGT-mediated DDI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2021.338305DOI Listing
April 2021

Neobavaisoflavone Induces Bilirubin Metabolizing Enzyme UGT1A1 via PPARα and PPARγ.

Front Pharmacol 2020 8;11:628314. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Institute of Interdisciplinary Integrative Medicine Research, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) is an essential enzyme in mammals that is responsible for detoxification and metabolic clearance of the endogenous toxin bilirubin and a variety of xenobiotics, including some crucial therapeutic drugs. Discovery of potent and safe UGT1A1 inducers will provide an alternative therapy for ameliorating hyperbilirubinaemia and drug-induced hepatoxicity. This study aims to find efficacious UGT1A1 inducer(s) from natural flavonoids, and to reveal the mechanism involved in up-regulating of this key conjugative enzyme by the flavonoid(s) with strong UGT1A1 induction activity. Among all the tested flavonoids, neobavaisoflavone (NBIF) displayed the most potent UGT1A1 induction activity, while its inductive effects were confirmed by both western blot and glucuronidation activity assays. A panel of nuclear receptor reporter assays demonstrated that NBIF activated PPARα and PPARγ in a dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, we also found that NBIF could up-regulate the expression of PPARα and PPARγ in hepatic cells, suggesting that the induction of UGT1A1 by NBIF was mainly mediated by PPARs. In silico simulations showed that NBIF could stably bind on pocket II of PPARα and PPARγ. Collectively, our results demonstrated that NBIF is a natural inducer of UGT1A1, while this agent induced UGT1A1 mainly via activating and up-regulating PPARα and PPARγ. These findings suggested that NBIF can be used as a promising lead compound for the development of more efficacious UGT1A1 inducers to treat hyperbilirubinaemia and UGT1A1-associated drug toxicities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2020.628314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7897654PMC
February 2021

[Research progress in application and mechanism of Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus for prevention and treatment of liver diseases].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Aug;45(16):3759-3769

Institute of Interdisciplinary Integrative Medicine Research, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Shanghai 201203, China.

Schisandra is the mature fruit of Schisandra chinensis(known as "north Schisandra") or S. shenanthera(known as "south Schisandra"). S. chinensis contains a variety of lignans, volatile oils, polysaccharides, organic acids and other chemical constituents; among them, lignans are recognized as the characteristic active components. Clinical studies have found that Schisandra and Schisandra-related products have a better effect in the prevention and treatment of viral hepatitis, drug-induced liver injury, liver cirrhosis, liver failure and other liver diseases. Modern pharmacological studies have demonstrated that Schisandra has a variety of pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammation, antioxidation, anticancer, regulation of nuclear receptor, antivirus, regulation of cytochrome P450 enzyme, inhibition of liver cell apoptosis and promotion of liver regeneration. This paper reviews the studies about the applications and mechanism of Schisandra in the prevention and treatment of liver diseases, in the expectation of providing guidance for the development of hepatoprotective drugs from Schisandra and the clinical applications of Schisandra-related products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200513.601DOI Listing
August 2020

An ultra-sensitive and easy-to-use assay for sensing human UGT1A1 activities in biological systems.

J Pharm Anal 2020 Jun 23;10(3):263-270. Epub 2020 May 23.

Institute of Interdisciplinary Integrative Medicine Research, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 201203, China.

The human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1), one of the most essential conjugative enzymes, is responsible for the metabolism and detoxification of bilirubin and other endogenous substances, as well as many different xenobiotic compounds. Deciphering UGT1A1 relevance to human diseases and characterizing the effects of small molecules on the activities of UGT1A1 requires reliable tools for probing the function of this key enzyme in complex biological matrices. Herein, an easy-to-use assay for highly-selective and sensitive monitoring of UGT1A1 activities in various biological matrices, using liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (LC-FD), has been developed and validated. The newly developed LC-FD based assay has been confirmed in terms of sensitivity, specificity, precision, quantitative linear range and stability. One of its main advantages is lowering the limits of detection and quantification by about 100-fold in comparison to the previous assay that used the same probe substrate, enabling reliable quantification of lower amounts of active enzyme than any other method. The precision test demonstrated that both intra- and inter-day variations for this assay were less than 5.5%. Furthermore, the newly developed assay has also been successfully used to screen and characterize the regulatory effects of small molecules on the expression level of UGT1A1 in living cells. Overall, an easy-to-use LC-FD based assay has been developed for ultra-sensitive UGT1A1 activities measurements in various biological systems, providing an inexpensive and practical approach for exploring the role of UGT1A1 in human diseases, interactions with xenobiotics, and characterization modulatory effects of small molecules on this conjugative enzyme.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpha.2020.05.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322753PMC
June 2020

Bioluminescent Sensor Reveals that Carboxylesterase 1A is a Novel Endoplasmic Reticulum-Derived Serologic Indicator for Hepatocyte Injury.

ACS Sens 2020 07 15;5(7):1987-1995. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

Institute of Interdisciplinary Integrative Medicine Research, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.

Discovery of novel liver injury indicators and development of practical assays to detect target indicator(s) would strongly facilitate the diagnosis of liver disorders. Herein, an alternative biomarker discovery strategy was applied to find suitable endoplasmic reticulum-resident protein(s) as serologic indicator(s) for hepatocyte injury via analysis of the human proteome database among plasma and various organs. Both database searching and preliminary experiments suggested that human carboxylesterase 1A (CES1A), one of the most abundant and hepatic-restricted proteins, could serve as a good serologic indicator for hepatocyte injury. Then, a highly selective and practical bioluminescent sensor was developed for real-time sensing of CES1A in various biological systems including plasma. With the help of this bioluminescent sensor, the release of hepatic CES1A into the extracellular medium or the circulation system could be directly monitored. Further investigations demonstrated that serum activity levels of CES1A were elevated dramatically in mice with liver injury or patients with liver diseases. Collectively, this study provided solid evidence to support that CES1A was a novel serological indicator for hepatocyte injury. Furthermore, the strategy used in this study paved a new way for the rational discovery of practical indicators to monitor the dynamic progression of injury in a given tissue or organ.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssensors.0c00384DOI Listing
July 2020

Interactions of drug-metabolizing enzymes with the Chinese herb Psoraleae Fructus.

Chin J Nat Med 2019 Nov;17(11):858-870

Institute of Interdisciplinary Integrative Medicine Research, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200000, China; Translational Medicine Center, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200000, China. Electronic address:

Psoraleae Fructus (the dried fruits of Psoralea corylifolia), one of the most frequently used Chinese herbs in Asian countries, has a variety of biological activities. In clinical settings, Psoraleae Fructus or Psoraleae Fructus-related herbal medicines frequently have been used in combination with a number of therapeutic drugs for the treatment of various human diseases, such as leukoderma, rheumatism and dysentery. The use of Psoraleae Fructus in combination with drugs has aroused concern of the potential risks of herb-drug interactions (HDI) or herb-endobiotic interactions (HEI). This article reviews the interactions between human drug-metabolizing enzymes and the constituents of Psoraleae Fructus; the major constituents in Psoraleae Fructus, along with their chemical structures and metabolic pathways are summarized, and the inhibitory and inductive effects of the constituents in Psoraleae Fructus on human drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs), including target enzyme(s), its modulatory potency, and mechanisms of action are presented. Collectively, this review summarizes current knowledge of the interactions between the Chinese herb Psoraleae Fructus and therapeutic drugs in an effort to facilitate its rational use in clinical settings, and especially to avoid the potential risks of HDI or HEI through human DMEs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1875-5364(19)30103-7DOI Listing
November 2019

Discovery of natural pentacyclic triterpenoids as potent and selective inhibitors against human carboxylesterase 1.

Fitoterapia 2019 Sep 5;137:104199. Epub 2019 Jun 5.

Institute of Interdisciplinary Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.

Human carboxylesterase 1 (CES1), primarily expressed in the liver and adipocytes, is responsible for the hydrolysis of endogenous esters (such as cholesteryl esters and triacylglycerols) and the metabolism of xenobiotic esters (such as clopidogrel and oseltamivir), thus participates in physiological and pathological processes. In this study, a series of natural pentacyclic triterpenoids were collected and their inhibitory effects against CES1 and CES2 were assayed using D-luciferin methyl ester (DME) and N-(2-butyl-1,3-dioxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-benzo[de] isoquinolin- 6-yl)- 2-chloroacetamide (NCEN) as specific optical substrate for CES1, and CES2, respectively. To this end, betulinic acid (BA) was found with strong inhibitory effect on CES1 (IC, 15 nM) and relative high selectivity over CES2 (>2400-fold). Primary structure-activity relationships (SAR) analysis and docking simulations revealed that the carboxyl group at the C-28 site of BA is very essential for CES1 inhibition. The inhibition kinetic analyses demonstrated that BA was a potent competitive inhibitor against CES1-mediated DME hydrolysis. Further investigation on the inhibitory effect of BA in living cells (HepG2) based assays demonstrated that BA displayed potent inhibitory effects on intracellular CES1 activities, with the low IC value of 1.30 μM. These results demonstrated that BA is potent and highly selective CES1 inhibitor, which might be used as the promising tool for exploring the biological functions of CES1 in complex biological systems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2019.104199DOI Listing
September 2019