Publications by authors named "Y Sidorova"

89 Publications

Spared Nerve Injury Causes Sexually Dimorphic Mechanical Allodynia and Differential Gene Expression in Spinal Cords and Dorsal Root Ganglia in Rats.

Mol Neurobiol 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Haartmaninkatu 8 (Biomedicum 1), 00014, Helsinki, Finland.

Neuropathic pain is more prevalent in women. However, females are under-represented in animal experiments, and the mechanisms of sex differences remain inadequately understood. We used the spared nerve injury (SNI) model in rats to characterize sex differences in pain behaviour, unbiased RNA-Seq and proteomics to study the mechanisms. Male and female rats were subjected to SNI- and sham-surgery. Mechanical and cold allodynia were assessed. Ipsilateral lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord (SC) segments were collected for RNA-seq analysis with DESeq2 on Day 7. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples for proteomic analysis and DRGs and SCs for analysis of IB-4 and CGRP, and IBA1 and GFAP, respectively, were collected on Day 21. Females developed stronger mechanical allodynia. There were no differences between the sexes in CGRP and IB-4 in the DRG or glial cell markers in the SC. No CSF protein showed change following SNI. DRG and SC showed abundant changes in gene expression. Sexually dimorphic responses were found in genes related to T-cells (cd28, ctla4, cd274, cd4, prf1), other immunological responses (dpp4, c5a, cxcr2 and il1b), neuronal transmission (hrh3, thbs4, chrna4 and pdyn), plasticity (atf3, c1qc and reg3b), and others (bhlhe22, mcpt1l, trpv6). We observed significantly stronger mechanical allodynia in females and numerous sexually dimorphic changes in gene expression following SNI in rats. Several genes have previously been linked to NP, while some are novel. Our results suggest gene targets for further studies in the development of new, possibly sex-specific, therapies for NP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12035-021-02447-1DOI Listing
July 2021

The non-leukemic T cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia variant with marked splenomegaly and neutropenia in the setting of rheumatoid arthritis - Felty syndrome and hepatosplenic T cell lymphoma mask.

Am J Blood Res 2021 15;11(3):227-237. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Laboratory of Molecular Hematology, National Research Center for Hematology Moscow, Russia.

T cell large granular lymphocytic (T-LGL) leukemia is a rare type of mature T cell neoplasm. The typical features of T-LGL leukemia include an increased number of large granular lymphocytes in the peripheral blood, cytopenia (most commonly neutropenia), and mild-to-moderate splenomegaly. Up to 28% of patients with T-LGL leukemia have rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study reports ten atypical cases (seven women and three men, median age 60.5 years) of RA-associated T-LGL leukemia presenting with lymphopenia, severe neutropenia, and marked splenomegaly. The weight of the spleens ranged from 892 to 2100 g (median 1100 g). Bone marrow histology and differential counts of bone marrow aspirates revealed no peculiarities in nine of ten cases. The red pulp of the spleen was expanded and showed moderate to strong infiltration by medium-sized slightly pleomorphic lymphocytes in nine cases and subtle infiltration in one. Although lymphocytic infiltration involved both cords and sinusoids, it was more apparent within the splenic cords. The white pulp was preserved and contained prominent germinal centers in eight patients and was atrophic in two patients. Immunohistochemically, malignant lymphocytes were CD3+, CD43+, and CD4- in all cases and TIA-1+ in nine out of ten. TCRαβ positivity and TCRγδ positivity was observed in six and four cases out of ten, respectively. All ten patients had T cell clonality in the spleen tissue, but in three cases it was absent in both blood and bone marrow. STAT3 mutations in the spleen tissue were detected in three of ten cases. In all eight cases studied, neither isochromosome 7q nor trisomy 8 was detected in the spleen tissue. Cases of RA-associated T-LGL leukemia with low LGL count in the peripheral blood, neutropenia, and marked splenomegaly present a diagnostic challenge and can be misdiagnosed as Felty's syndrome or hepatosplenic T cell lymphoma.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8303016PMC
June 2021

Effect of Exhaustive Training or Forced Immobilization on Physiological Condition and Main Metabolic and Stress Markers of Wistar Male Rats.

Bull Exp Biol Med 2021 Jul 23;171(3):312-316. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Federal Research Centre of Nutrition and Biotechnology, Moscow, Russia.

For correct and reliable experimental in vivo assessment of antistress effect of various bioactive substances, appropriate biomodels reproducing stress and organism response to stress in laboratory animals should be chosen. We chose treadmill test for simulating exhaustive physical load and forced immobilization accompanied by disorders of physiological and psychological condition. Verification of the models used indicates their wide applicability for testing certain biological manifestations under reproduced stress exposure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10517-021-05218-zDOI Listing
July 2021

Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Family Ligands, Players at the Interface of Neuroinflammation and Neuroprotection: Focus Onto the Glia.

Front Cell Neurosci 2021 17;15:679034. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, Institute of Biotechnology, HiLIFE, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Well-known effects of neurotrophic factors are related to supporting the survival and functioning of various neuronal populations in the body. However, these proteins seem to also play less well-documented roles in glial cells, thus, influencing neuroinflammation. This article summarizes available data on the effects of glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family ligands (GFLs), proteins providing trophic support to dopaminergic, sensory, motor and many other neuronal populations, in non-neuronal cells contributing to the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain. The paper also contains our own limited data describing the effects of small molecules targeting GFL receptors on the expression of the satellite glial marker IBA1 in dorsal root ganglia of rats with surgery- and diabetes-induced neuropathy. In our experiments activation of GFLs receptors with either GFLs or small molecule agonists downregulated the expression of IBA1 in this tissue of experimental animals. While it can be a secondary effect due to a supportive role of GFLs in neuronal cells, growing body of evidence indicates that GFL receptors are expressed in glial and peripheral immune system cells. Thus, targeting GFL receptors with either proteins or small molecules may directly suppress the activation of glial and immune system cells and, therefore, reduce neuroinflammation. As neuroinflammation is considered to be an important contributor to the process of neurodegeneration these data further support research efforts to modulate the activity of GFL receptors in order to develop disease-modifying treatments for neurodegenerative disorders and neuropathic pain that target both neuronal and glial cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2021.679034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8250866PMC
June 2021

Neuroprotective Potential of a Small Molecule RET Agonist in Cultured Dopamine Neurons and Hemiparkinsonian Rats.

J Parkinsons Dis 2021 ;11(3):1023-1046

Institute of Biotechnology, HiLIFE, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disorder where loss of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra and dopamine depletion in the striatum cause characteristic motor symptoms. Currently, no treatment is able to halt the progression of PD. Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) rescues degenerating dopamine neurons both in vitro and in animal models of PD. When tested in PD patients, however, the outcomes from intracranial GDNF infusion paradigms have been inconclusive, mainly due to poor pharmacokinetic properties.

Objective: We have developed drug-like small molecules, named BT compounds that activate signaling through GDNF's receptor, the transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase RET, both in vitro and in vivo and are able to penetrate through the blood-brain barrier. Here we evaluated the properties of BT44, a second generation RET agonist, in immortalized cells, dopamine neurons and rat 6-hydroxydopamine model of PD.

Methods: We used biochemical, immunohistochemical and behavioral methods to evaluate the effects of BT44 on dopamine system in vitro and in vivo.

Results: BT44 selectively activated RET and intracellular pro-survival AKT and MAPK signaling pathways in immortalized cells. In primary midbrain dopamine neurons cultured in serum-deprived conditions, BT44 promoted the survival of the neurons derived from wild-type, but not from RET knockout mice. BT44 also protected cultured wild-type dopamine neurons from MPP+-induced toxicity. In a rat 6-hydroxydopamine model of PD, BT44 reduced motor imbalance and seemed to protect dopaminergic fibers in the striatum.

Conclusion: BT44 holds potential for further development into a novel, possibly disease-modifying, therapy for PD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JPD-202400DOI Listing
January 2021
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