Publications by authors named "Y Jiang"

26,943 Publications

Fifteen years of the proficiency testing program for HIV-1 viral load testing laboratories in China, 2005-2019.

J Clin Virol 2021 Jul 14;142:104911. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

National AIDS Reference Laboratory, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.

Background: HIV-1 viral load (VL) testing is essential for monitoring the effects of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients. In order to identify factors that impact testing performance of HIV-1 VL testing laboratories, this study performed a retrospective analysis on data from the domestic HIV-1 VL proficiency testing (PT) program in China during 2005 to 2019.

Methods: Analysis was conducted on testing results of 155 PT panel specimens that were distributed to HIV-1 VL testing laboratories nationwide during 2005 to 2019. Follow-up on-site inspection records on unqualified laboratories were also analyzed.

Results: By 2019, 267 HIV-1 VL testing laboratories in China enrolled in the national PT assessment. Overall, HIV-1 VL testing performance has been consistently good after 2012, with less than 5% of participants reporting an unqualified score. Unsatisfactory equipment conditions and poor laboratory administration were the two main reasons causing unqualified scores in the PT assessment. Interestingly, we found that HIV-1 VL testing laboratories had better performance in the CDC system than in hospitals. In analysis on the variance of specimen testing results by different assays, we found that variation in results existed across different assay platforms, and HIV-1 VL testing assays based on real-time PCR technology showed comparatively smaller inter-laboratory variability.

Conclusions: To maintain high performance in HIV-1 VL testing laboratories, it is important to strengthen laboratory management and preserve equipment conditions. Due to the variation of testing results among different assay platforms, we suggest using the same assay platform for longitudinal monitoring of patient viral load.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2021.104911DOI Listing
July 2021

Long noncoding RNAs as biomarkers for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma: A meta-analysis.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 Jul 9;224:153546. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, China. Electronic address:

Background: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are often aberrantly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The role of lncRNAs in the diagnosis of HCC has attracted increasing attention. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis based on current studies to assess the diagnostic value of lncRNAs for HCC.

Methods: A systematic search was performed using PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase databases for relevant studies. The quality of the studies was assessed with the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 (QUADAS-2). A fixed-effect model was used if the value of I statistics < 50%; otherwise, a bivariate random effects model was applied (I ≥ 50%). In addition, subgroup analysis and meta-regression analysis were conducted to explore the sources of heterogeneity. Statistical analyses were based on Meta-Disc statistical software (Version 1.4) and STATA software (Version 15.1).

Results: A total of 52 studies in 20 related articles were selected for this meta-analysis, including 4930 patients and 4614 controls. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and area under the curve (AUC) were 0.85 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.82-0.88], 0.76 (95% CI 0.73-0.80), 3.6 (95% CI 3.1-4.2), 0.19 (95% CI 0.16-0.24), 19 (95% CI 14-26), and 0.88 (95% CI 0.85-0.91), respectively. The publication bias was evaluated by the Deek's funnel plot in our meta-analysis.

Conclusions: LncRNAs can serve as feasible HCC diagnostic biomarkers. However, further studies are necessary to confirm its diagnostic and clinical value.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prp.2021.153546DOI Listing
July 2021

Prednisolone suppresses collagen-encoding gene expression causing cartilage defects in zebrafish larvae.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2021 Jul 28:103719. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Wuxi No. 2 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, 214000, China. Electronic address:

Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) is a clinically important disease. Despite many studies, the intrinsic pathogenesis of GIOP is still not fully understood. Cartilage is the target tissue of the glucocorticoid prednisolone (PN). To explore the intrinsic mechanism of PN-induced cartilage damage, we performed cartilage staining and cell transfection experiments in zebrafish larvae treated with PN. The results showed that PN caused cartilage damage in zebrafish at 25 μM. Moreover, after treatment with PN, it was found that collagen-encoding gene expression was significantly reduced. Further research revealed that the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mediates the transcriptional inhibition of collagen genes by PN. These results indicate that glucocorticoids cause cartilage damage by inhibiting the expression of collagen genes through their receptors. Our study provides new insights into GIOP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2021.103719DOI Listing
July 2021

Oral vaccination with attenuated Salmonella encoding the Trichinella spiralis 43-kDa protein elicits protective immunity in BALB/c mice.

Acta Trop 2021 Jul 28:106071. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China; Jilin Provincial Engineering Research Center of Animal Probiotics, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China; Key Laboratory of animal production and product quality safety of Ministry of Education, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China. Electronic address:

A vaccine against Trichinella spiralis infection is urgently needed to interrupt its transmission from domestic animals to humans. However, no vaccine against T. spiralis is currently available. Our previous study demonstrated that the use of the 43-kDa glycoprotein present in excretory-secretory (ES) proteins of muscle larvae (ML) as an intramuscular DNA vaccine led to a 52.1% protection rate against T. spiralis infection. Attenuated Salmonella strains have the advantage of eliciting mucosal immunity, which is important for controlling T. spiralis infections at the intestinal stage and can be provided as vaccines via oral or intranasal routes. Therefore, in this study, complete 43-kDa glycoprotein (Ts43) sequences of T. spiralis were cloned into the vector pYA3681, and the recombinant plasmid pYA3681-Ts43 was transformed into the attenuated Salmonella typhimurium strain χ11802. The results showed that oral vaccination of mice with attenuated Salmonella carrying the recombinant plasmid pYA3681-Ts43 induced an evident elevation of the local intestinal mucosal sIgA and serum IgG antibody responses. The flow cytometry results showed that the percentages of CD4 T cells and secreted IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-17A in CD4 T cells were significantly increased in the spleen and mesenteric lymph node (MLN) lymphocytes of the vaccinated groups. In addition, increased levels of the IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-17A cytokines were also observed in the serum of the immunized groups. The above immune response results in the immunized groups demonstrated that protective immunity was elicited in this study. Finally, vaccinated mice demonstrated a significant 45.9% reduction in ML burden after infection with T. spiralis. This study demonstrated that oral vaccination with Ts43 delivered by attenuated Salmonella elicited local and systemic concurrent Th1/Th2/Th17 immune responses and provided partial protection against T. spiralis infection in BALB/c mice. This is a prospective strategy for the prevention and control of trichinellosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2021.106071DOI Listing
July 2021

Conversion-Alloying Anode Materials for Sodium Ion Batteries.

Small 2021 Jul 30:e2101137. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310027, P. R. China.

The past decade has witnessed a rapidly growing interest toward sodium ion battery (SIB) for large-scale energy storage in view of the abundance and easy accessibility of sodium resources. Key to addressing the remaining challenges and setbacks and to translate lab science into commercializable products is the development of high-performance anode materials. Anode materials featuring combined conversion and alloying mechanisms are one of the most attractive candidates, due to their high theoretical capacities and relatively low working voltages. The current understanding of sodium-storage mechanisms in conversion-alloying anode materials is presented here. The challenges faced by these materials in SIBs, and the corresponding improvement strategies, are comprehensively discussed in correlation with the resulting electrochemical behavior. Finally, with the guidance and perspectives, a roadmap toward the development of advanced conversion-alloying materials for commercializable SIBs is created.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.202101137DOI Listing
July 2021
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