Publications by authors named "Xun-bo Jin"

20 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Should kidney volume be used as an indicator of surgical occasion for patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease?

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jul;97(27):e11445

Minimally Invasive Urology Center, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University Medical School, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

To investigate the best surgical occasion of laparoscopic cyst decortications (LCDs) in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), in accordance with the renal volume (RV). We retrospectively analyzed 135 (65 male and 70 female) patients with ADPKD who underwent LCD between June 2011 and October 2015. Patients were divided into 4 groups according to the volume of the operated kidney measured from computed tomography scans: group A (28 patients, RV < 500 mL), group B (63 patients, RV = 500-1000 mL), group C (30 patients, RV = 1000-1500 mL), and group D (14 patients, RV > 1500 mL). We studied postoperative indicators at least 1-year follow-up. For each RV group, therapeutic responses of LCD in these patients with ADPKD were assessed by improvement of clinical parameters and manifestations. A significant glomerular filtration rate (GFR) improvement was found in RV group B (31.8 ± 11.1 mL/min; final GFR 36.9 ± 12.7 mL/min; P < 0.01), and RV group C (21.1 ± 8.7 mL/min; final GFR 27.4 ± 9.2 mL/min; P < 0.01). RV group C had much higher GFR improvements than did RV group B (P < 0.01). In addition, refractory pain in patients of RV groups B, C, and D was much relieved by LCD treatment. Compared with other RV groups, blood pressures in patients with ADPKD of RV group D were also improved (P < 0.01). Our study indicates that RV could be used to evaluate LCD clinical outcomes in patients with ADPKD. The results of LCD for patients with ADPKD with RV between 500 and 1500 mL were encouraging, especially with regards to renal function improvement and pain relief. Therefore, RV may become a useful marker to predict the timing of LCD surgery in patients with ADPKD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011445DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076137PMC
July 2018

[Focusing on MRI-suspected lesions in targeted transrectal prostate biopsy guided by MRI-TRUS fusion imaging for the diagnosis of prostate cancer].

Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2016 Sep;22(9):782-786

Shandong Research Institute of Medical Imaging, Jinan, Shandong 50021, China.

Objective: To improve the accuracy of prostate cancer (PCa) detection by focusing biopsy on the suspected lesion manifested by MRI with the total number of biopsy cores relatively unchanged.

Methods: A prospective randomized analysis was performed on 262 cases of suspected PCa detected by multi-parametric MRI (mp-MRI), each with a single suspected lesion with 10 μg/L≤ PSA <20 μg/L. All the patients underwent targeted transrectal prostate biopsy guided by fusion imaging of MRI with transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS), using the 6X+6 strategy (6 cores in the suspected region and another 6 in the systematic prostate) for 134 cases and the traditional 12+2X method (12 cores in the systematic prostate and 2 in the suspected region) for the other 128. Comparisons were made between the two methods in the PCa detection rate in the cases of suspected lesion, total PCa detection rate, incidence of post-biopsy complications, and Gleason scores. Analyses were performed on the prostate imaging reporting and data system (PI-RADS) score, location, transverse section, and diameter of the suspected lesion.

Results: Both the total PCa detection rate and that in the cases of suspected lesion were significantly higher in the 6X+6 (44.8% and 37.3%) than in the 12+2X group (37.5% and 27.3%) (P<0.05). MRI showed that the suspected lesions were mostly (45%) located in the middle part of the prostate, the mean area of the transverse section was (0.48±0.11) cm2, and the mean diameter of the tumor was (8.51±2.21) mm. The results of biopsy showed that low-grade tumors (Gleason 3+3=6) accounted for 68% in the 6X+6 group and 71% in the 12+2X group. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in the incidence rate of post-biopsy complications.

Conclusions: Compared with the traditional 12+2X method, for the suspected lesion manifested by mp-MRI, focusing biopsy on the suspected region with the 6X+6 strategy can achieve a higher PCa detection rate without increasing the incidence of complications.
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September 2016

Bipolar transurethral enucleation of prostate versus photoselective vaporization for symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (>70 ml).

Asian J Androl 2017 Sep-Oct;19(5):608-612

Department of Urology, Jinan Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250013, Shandong, P. R. China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1008-682X.178484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566858PMC
January 2019

PlncRNA-1 induces apoptosis through the Her-2 pathway in prostate cancer cells.

Asian J Androl 2017 Jul-Aug;19(4):453-457

Minimally Invasive Urology Center, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, PR China.

To determine whether PlncRNA-1 induces apoptosis in prostate cancer cells through the Her-2 pathway. The expression of PlncRNA-1, Her-2, and related cyclin proteins in 23 cases of prostate cancer and adjacent normal tissues was analyzed and compared. LNCaP cells were divided into a control group and an LNCaP-PlncRNA-1-siRNA experimental group. Normal prostate RWPE-1 cells were divided into an RWPE-1 control group and an RWPE-1-PlncRNA-1 experimental group. After PlncRNA-1 silencing and overexpression, changes in Her-2 and cyclinD1 expression levels were detected both in vivo and in vitro. In prostate cancer tissues, Her-2 and PlncRNA-1 were highly expressed and significantly correlated. In LNCaP cells, the expression of Her-2 and cyclinD1 decreased following the downregulation of PlncRNA-1 as assessed by real-time PCR and Western blotting. In RWPE-1 cells, the expression of Her-2 and cyclinD1 increased following PlncRNA-1 overexpression. Flow cytometry revealed that the proportion of LNCaP cells in G2/M phase was significantly increased after PlncRNA-1 silencing and that the proportion of RWPE-1 cells in G2/M phase was significantly decreased after PlncRNA-1 overexpression. Furthermore, animal experiments validated these results. In conclusion, in prostate cancer, PlncRNA-1 regulates the cell cycle and cyclinD1 levels and can also regulate proliferation and apoptosis in prostate cancer cells through the Her-2 pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1008-682X.178849DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5507092PMC
March 2018

Plasmakinetic enucleation of prostate versus 160-W laser photoselective vaporization for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Asian J Androl 2017 Jan-Feb;19(1):15-19

Department of Urology, Jinan Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250013, P.R. China.

To evaluate the safety and efficacy of plasmakinetic enucleation of the prostate (PKEP) for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) compared with 160-W lithium triboride laser photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP). From February 2011 to July 2012, a prospective nonrandomized study was performed. One-hundred one patients underwent PKEP, and 110 underwent PVP. No severe intraoperative complications were recorded, and none of the patients in either group required a blood transfusion. Shorter catheterization time (38.14 ± 23.64 h vs 72.54 ± 28.38 h, P< 0.001) and hospitalization (2.32 ± 1.25 days vs 4.07 ± 1.23 days, P< 0.001) were recorded in the PVP group. At 12-month postoperatively, the PKEP group had a maintained and statistically improvement in International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) (4.07 ± 2.07 vs 5.00 ± 2.10; P< 0.001), quality of life (QoL) (1.08 ± 0.72 vs 1.35 ± 0.72; P= 0.007), maximal urinary flow rate (Qmax) (24.75 ± 5.87 ml s-1 vs 22.03 ± 5.04 ml s-1 ; P< 0.001), postvoid residual urine volume (PVR) (14.29 ± 6.97 ml vs 17.00 ± 6.11 ml; P= 0.001), and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value (0.78 ± 0.57 ng ml-1 vs 1.27 ± 1.07 ng ml-1 ; P< 0.001). Both PKEP and PVP relieve low urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to BPH with low complication rates. PKEP can completely remove prostatic adenoma while the total amount of tissue removed by PVP is less than that can be removed by PKEP. Based on our study of the follow-up, PKEP provides better postoperative outcomes than PVP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1008-682X.164199DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5227666PMC
February 2017

Immunotherapy of DC-CIK cells enhances the efficacy of chemotherapy for solid cancer: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in Chinese patients.

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2015 Sep;16(9):743-56

Minimally Invasive Urology Center, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250014, China.

Objective: Professional antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) and cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells, components of anti-cancer therapy, have shown clinical benefits and potential to overcome chemotherapeutic resistance. To evaluate whether DC-CIK cell-based therapy improves the clinical efficacy of chemotherapy, we reviewed the literature on DC-CIK cells and meta-analyzed randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

Methods: We searched several databases and selected studies using predefined criteria. RCTs that applied chemotherapy with and without DC-CIK cells separately in two groups were included. Odds ratio (OR) and mean difference (MD) were reported to measure the pooled effect.

Results: Twelve reported RCTs (826 patients), which were all performed on Chinese patients, were included. Combination therapy exhibited better data than chemotherapy: 1-year overall survival (OS) (OR=0.22, P<0.01), 2-year OS (OR=0.28, P<0.01), 3-year OS (OR=0.41, P<0.01), 1-year disease-free survival (DFS) (OR=0.16, P<0.05), 3-year DFS (OR=0.32, P<0.01), objective response rate (ORR) (OR=0.54, P<0.01), and disease control rate (DCR) (OR=0.46, P<0.01). Moreover, the levels of CD3(+) T-lymphocytes (MD=-11.65, P<0.05) and CD4(+) T-lymphocytes (MD=-8.18, P<0.01) of the combination group were higher.

Conclusions: Immunotherapy of DC-CIK cells may enhance the efficacy of chemotherapy on solid cancer and induces no specific side effect. Further RCTs with no publishing bias should be designed to confirm the immunotherapeutic effects of DC-CIK cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1500003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4569682PMC
September 2015

Prostatic stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential presenting as a huge bladder mass: an unusual case.

Asian J Androl 2014 Sep-Oct;16(5):794-5

Minimally Invasive Urology Center, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1008-682X.131070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4215655PMC
June 2015

A retrospective study of laparoscopic unilateral adrenalectomy for primary hyperaldosteronism caused by unilateral adrenal hyperplasia.

Int Urol Nephrol 2014 Jul 2;46(7):1283-8. Epub 2014 Feb 2.

Minimally Invasive Urology Center, East District of Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, 9th Floor, Block C, No. 9677, East Jingshi Road, Jinan, 250014, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To evaluated the long-term outcomes of laparoscopic unilateral adrenalectomy for primary aldosteronism (PA) caused by unilateral adrenal hyperplasia (UAH).

Methods: One hundred and sixty-four patients who underwent laparoscopic unilateral adrenalectomy for UAH from January 2004 to December 2011 were entered in this retrospective analysis. Patients demographics, perioperative parameters, and follow-up results were recorded and analyzed statistically.

Results: All 164 cases suffered hypertension with biochemical evidence of hyperaldosteronism prior to operation. Hypokalemia was observed in 52/164 (37.14%) patients. UAH was proved by multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT). All operations were completed successfully without any conversions or complications. Postoperative pathology confirmed that 164 cases were cortical nodular hyperplasia, of which 4 cases coexist with medullary hyperplasia and 7 with micro-adenoma. At the median follow-up of 48 months, hypertension was cured in 88 (53.7%) patients, improved in 71 (43.3%) patients, and refractory in 5 (3.05%) patients. Hypokalemia and hyperaldosteronism were cured in all patients except re-elevation of blood pressure and plasma aldosterone in two patients 1 month after adrenalectomy.

Conclusions: As an underestimated subtype of PA, UAH is accepted gradually. Laparoscopic unilateral adrenalectomy is nowadays the preferred approach to treat patients with PA caused by UAH. When adrenal venous sampling is not allowed, high-resolution MSCT is a reliable test for lateralization of aldosterone hypersecretion in carefully selected patients and 97% had either cure or improvement in blood pressure control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11255-013-0614-9DOI Listing
July 2014

Folliculin deficient renal cancer cells show higher radiosensitivity through autophagic cell death.

J Urol 2014 Jun 13;191(6):1880-8. Epub 2014 Jan 13.

Department of Urology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York; Department of Pathology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York; Wilmot Cancer Center, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York. Electronic address:

Purpose: Mutations in the FLCN gene are responsible for fibrofolliculoma, pulmonary and renal cysts, and renal cell carcinoma in patients with Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome. To explore therapeutic approaches to renal cell carcinoma in patients with Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome we investigated the anticancer effects of irradiation on folliculin deficient renal cancer cells.

Materials And Methods: Folliculin deficient (UOK257 and ACHN-5968) and folliculin expressing (UOK257-2 and ACHN-sc) cell lines were used in this study. Clonogenic assays were used to determine the radiosensitivity of folliculin deficient and expressing renal cell carcinoma cells. Apoptosis was detected in these cells by DAPI and TUNEL assays after irradiation. Monodansylcadaverine analysis, GFP-LC3 assay and Western blot were performed to monitor the autophagic process.

Results: Folliculin deficient cells were more sensitive to irradiation than their folliculin expressing counterparts. The enhanced effects of irradiation on folliculin deficient cells were mediated by increased autophagy but not by apoptosis. An increased Beclin 1 protein level and an activated mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway were identified as the key regulators of increased autophagy in these folliculin deficient cells. Inhibiting autophagy with 3-methyladenine or beclin 1 siRNA obviously increased radioresistance in folliculin deficient cells. Moreover, irradiation combined with autophagic inducer rapamycin significantly increased autophagy and radiosensitivity in folliculin deficient renal cell carcinoma cells.

Conclusions: Findings suggest that folliculin deficient renal cell carcinoma cells are highly sensitive to irradiation due to increased autophagic cell death, unlike other types of renal cell carcinoma. Irradiation plus autophagy inducers, eg rapamycin, might be a potentially more effective therapeutic approach to folliculin deficient renal cell carcinoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2014.01.001DOI Listing
June 2014

Suppression of autophagy enhances preferential toxicity of paclitaxel to folliculin-deficient renal cancer cells.

J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2013 Dec 4;32:99. Epub 2013 Dec 4.

Minimally Invasive Urology Center, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021, China.

Background: Paclitaxel, a widely used chemotherapeutic drug, can induce apoptosis in variety of cancer cells. A previous study has shown preferential toxicity of paclitaxel to FLCN-deficient kidney cancer cell line, UOK257. In this report, we investigate the cellular and molecular mechanism of paclitaxel-induced autophagy and apoptosis in renal cancer cells with and without FLCN expression.

Methods: Two pairs of cell lines were used: FLCN siRNA-silenced ACHN cell line (ACHN-5968) and scrambled ACHN cell line (ACHN-sc); FLCN-null UOK257 cell line and UOK257-2 cell line restored with ectopic expression of FLCN. Autophagy was examined by western blot, GFP-LC3, transmission electron microscopy, and MDC assay. Cell viability and apoptosis were detected using MTT assay, DAPI stain and TUNEL assay. After inhibition of autophagy with 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) or Beclin 1 siRNA, cell viability and apoptosis were measured by MTT assay and TUNEL assay.

Results: After paclitaxel treatment, a dose-dependent decrease in cell viability and increase in apoptosis were observed in FLCN-deficient UOK257 and ACHN-5968 cells compared to their FLCN-expressing counterparts, suggesting that renal cancer cells without FLCN were more sensitive to paclitaxel. Enhanced autophagy was found to be associated with paclitaxel treatment in FLCN-deficient RCC cells. The MAPK pathway was also identified as a key pathway for the activation of autophagy in these kidney cancer cells. Inhibition of phosphorylated ERK with ERK inhibitor U0126 showed a significant decrease in autophagy. Furthermore, after inhibition of autophagy with 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) or Beclin 1 siRNA, apoptosis induced by paclitaxel was significantly increased in FLCN-deficient UOK257 and ACHN-5968 cells.

Conclusions: Preferential toxicity of paclitaxel to FLCN-deficient kidney cancer cells is associated with enhanced autophagy. Suppression of autophagy further enhances paclitaxel-induced apoptosis in FLCN-deficient renal cancer cells. Our results suggest that paclitaxel combined with an autophagy inhibitor might be a potentially more effective chemotherapeutic approach for FLCN-deficient renal cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-9966-32-99DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3879005PMC
December 2013

The association between metabolic syndrome and the risk of prostate cancer, high-grade prostate cancer, advanced prostate cancer, prostate cancer-specific mortality and biochemical recurrence.

J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2013 Feb 13;32. Epub 2013 Feb 13.

Minimally Invasive Urology Center, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, 250021, China.

Background: Although a previous meta-analysis reported no association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and prostate cancer risk, a number of studies suggest that MetS may be associated with the aggressiveness and progression of prostate cancer. However, these results have been inconsistent. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the nature of this association.

Methods: We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and bibliographies of retrieved studies up to January 2013 using the keywords "metabolic syndrome" and "prostate cancer". We assessed relative risks (RRs) of the prostate cancer, several parameters of prostate cancer aggressiveness and progression associated with MetS using 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs).

Results: The literature search produced 547 hits from which 19 papers were extracted for the meta-analysis. In cancer-free population with and without MetS, the combined adjusted RR (95% CI) of prostate cancer risk and prostate cancer-specific mortality in longitudinal cohort studies is 0.96 (0.85 ~ 1.09) and 1.12 (1.02 ~ 1.23) respectively. In the prostate cancer patients with and without MetS, the combined unadjusted OR (95% CI) of high grade Gleason prostate cancer is 1.44 (1.20 ~ 1.72), the OR of advanced prostate cancer is 1.37 (1.12 ~ 1.68) and the OR of biochemical recurrence is 2.06 (1.43 ~ 2.96).

Conclusions: The overall analyses revealed no association between MetS and prostate cancer risk, although men with MetS appear more likely to have high-grade prostate cancer and more advanced disease, were at greater risk of progression after radical prostatectomy and were more likely to suffer prostate cancer-specific death. Further primary studies with adjustment for appropriate confounders and larger, prospective, multicenter investigations are required.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-9966-32-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3598969PMC
February 2013

Assessment of tamsulosin as a potential male contraceptive in healthy volunteers.

Urology 2012 Sep 26;80(3):614-7. Epub 2012 Jul 26.

Department of Minimally Invasive Urology Center, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shandong Province, China.

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of tamsulosin, an α(1A)-adrenoceptor antagonist, as a potential male contraceptive.

Methods: Forty healthy male volunteers were equally divided into 2 groups, each of which received placebo and tamsulosin sequentially in a crossover manner. Ejaculatory profile was examined 4 to 6 hours after administration and adverse effects were noted.

Results: Anejaculation occurred in all subjects after taking 0.8-mg of tamsulosin. Total functional sperm count was significantly reduced in subjects after taking 0.4-mg of tamsulosin. Six subjects receiving 0.8-mg of tamsulosin complained of tolerated discomfort, which disappeared 10 hours after administration.

Conclusion: When administered at 0.8 mg, tamsulosin can cause anejaculation with some transient side effects. Our results imply that tamsulosin and related drugs might potentially be used as male contraceptive agents in the future, which needs more studies to verify.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2012.06.003DOI Listing
September 2012

Modified transurethral incision for primary bladder neck obstruction in women: a method to improve voiding function without urinary incontinence.

Urology 2012 Feb;79(2):310-3

Laboratory of Nano-Biotechnology, Central South University, Changsha, Hu'nan, China.

Objective: To describe the modified surgical technique and report the long-term outcomes of modified transurethral incision for the treatment of primary bladder neck obstruction in women.

Methods: A total of 30 women were diagnosed with primary bladder neck obstruction from the videourodynamic study findings according to the Blaivas-Groutz nomogram for female bladder outlet obstruction. Patients with neurogenic, traumatic, anatomic, or iatrogenic causes of obstruction were excluded. The transurethral incision of the bladder neck was performed in all patients, with the modification of incising at 4 different sites on the bladder neck, at the 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-o'clock positions. The urodynamic results and clinical improvement in voiding symptoms were assessed before surgery and 3, 48, and 60 months after treatment.

Results: Follow-up data were available for 30 (100%), 28 (93%), and 25 (83%) of the 30 patients at 3, 48, and 60 months postoperatively, respectively. During the 5-year follow-up, the mean International Prostate Symptom Score decreased from 23.3 to 5.9. The mean quality of life scores decreased from 4.4 to 2.1. The mean peak urinary flow rate increased from 7.61 to 17.53 mL/s. The mean postvoid residual urine volume decreased from 185.11 to 28.75 mL. The mean voiding detrusor pressure decreased from 62.12 to 21.92 cm H2O. All 25 patients had improvement in both objective and subjective voiding functions 5 years after this modified treatment. Only 1 woman (3%) had mild stress incontinence postoperatively and was cured after the patient performed levator ani exercises.

Conclusion: The modified transurethral bladder neck incision is effective in the long term in relieving voiding difficulties owing to primary bladder neck obstruction in women without urinary incontinence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2011.11.004DOI Listing
February 2012

Laparoscopic treatment of a massive fibroepithelial polyp accompanied by ureteral intussusception.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2011 Oct;124(20):3436-9

National Hepatobiliary and Enteric Surgery Research Center, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University of China, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China.

Ureteral fibroepithelial polyp accompanied by intussusception is a rare occurrence. Currently, most ureteral polyps could be removed readily by ureteroscopy. Nevertheless, endoscopic resection can be difficult in patient with a large polyp, especially accompanied by an intussusception. We described our experience and laparoscopic technique for treatment of a symptomatic 63-year-old woman who presented with a pedunculated, 9-cm-long, left lower ureteral, fibroepithelial polyp accompanied by a 2-cm-long intussusception.
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October 2011

The incidence and clinical features of acute kidney injury secondary to ureteral calculi.

Urol Res 2012 Aug 19;40(4):345-8. Epub 2011 Aug 19.

Minimally Invasive Urology Center, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong University, 324 Jing 5 Road, Jinan 250021, Shandong, People's Republic of China.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence and clinical features of acute kidney injury (AKI) secondary to ureteral calculi. Between February 2002 and December 2009, the prevalence of AKI was 0.72% in our series of 2,073 cases of ureteral stones. The AKI patients received ureteroscopy or percutaneous nephrostomy as the primary treatment. The most popular symptom was significant decrease in urine output (75%, 12/16). Five cases (33.3%) were caused by bilateral ureteral stones, and 76.19% of the stones were located in the upper ureter, the mean size of single stone was 1.35 ± 0.38 cm. The serum creatinine before treatment was 514.34 ± 267.04 μmol/L and the blood urea nitrogen before treatment was 21.31 ± 10.24 mmol/L. 46.67% of the patients had a functional or anatomical solitary kidney unit. Our study suggests that risk factors for developing AKI in ureteral stone patients are bigger sized stones, ureteral stones in patients with only one functioning kidney or pre-existing kidney disease, and bilateral ureteral stones. Early effective drainage in these cases could decrease the risk developing AKI secondary to ureteral calculi.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00240-011-0414-6DOI Listing
August 2012

Three important components in the regeneration of the cavernous nerve: brain-derived neurotrophic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor and the JAK/STAT signaling pathway.

Asian J Androl 2011 Mar 20;13(2):231-5. Epub 2010 Dec 20.

Minimally Invasive Urology Center, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021, China.

Retroperitoneal operations, such as radical prostatectomy, often damage the cavernous nerve, resulting in a high incidence of erectile dysfunction. Although improved nerve-sparing techniques have reduced the incidence of nerve injury, and the administration of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors has revolutionized the treatment of erectile dysfunction, this problem remains a considerable challenge. In recent years, scientists have focused on brain-derived neurotrophic factor and vascular endothelial growth factor in the treatment of cavernous nerve injury in rat models. Results showed that both compounds were capable of enhancing the regeneration of the cavernous nerve and that activation of the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway played a major role in the process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/aja.2010.162DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3739200PMC
March 2011

Expression of p53 isoforms in renal cell carcinoma.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2009 Apr;122(8):921-6

Department of Urology, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250021, China.

Background: Several isoforms of p53 have been reported, which may have varying functions and expressions. This study aimed to analyze the expression patterns of p53 isoforms in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) at the mRNA and protein levels and their associations with clinical and pathologic factors to explore the mechanism of p53 isoforms' activity in RCC.

Methods: The specimens of tumours (T) and clinically normal tissues (N) adjacent to them were collected from 41 patients with RCC. mRNA expression levels of p53 isoforms were detected using RT-PCR followed by nested PCR. Protein expression levels were detected using immunohistochemisty and Western blotting with the anti-p53 antibodies DO-1 and DO-12. The data were analyzed with clinicopathological features by chi(2) test or Fisher's exact test.

Results: p53 mRNA was expressed in all tumours and matched clinically normal tissue adjacent to the tumour. All six isoforms could be detected in tumour and normal tissues, with the exception of the Delta133p53beta isoform, which was not detected in the normal tissue. Of the six isoforms, p53beta mRNA was significantly overexpressed in tumour samples (P < 0.001), and correlated with tumour stage. Nested PCR results consistently indicated the presence of p53gamma (19T/22N), Delta133p53 (33T/26N), Delta133p53beta (2T/0N), and Delta133p53gamma (13T/9N). Immunohistochemical analysis showed that p53 was expressed only in tumour tissues and correlated with tumour stage and grade. The results of Western blotting analysis were consistent with these findings.

Conclusions: Although all six isoforms are present in RCC, their function in tumour development or progression might be different. Our findings suggest that p53beta might play an important role in the formation of RCC and it might be used as a new predictor and therapeutic target for RCC.
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April 2009

Impact of human leukocyte antigen matching and recipients' panel reactive antibodies on two-year outcome in presensitized renal allograft recipients.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2009 Feb;122(4):420-6

Minimally Invasive Urology Center Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250021, China.

Background: Renal transplantation in sensitized candidates remains a highly significant challenge worldwide. The production of panel reactive antibody (PRA) against human leukocyte antigen (HLA) is a major risk factor in presensitized recipients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of HLA matching and recipients' PRA on two-year outcome in presensitized renal allograft recipients.

Methods: We determined the percentage of panel reactivity and specificity of anti-HLA immunoglobulin (Ig) G antibodies in 73 presensitized renal allograft recipients compared with 81 unsensitized recipients (control group). HLA genotyping of both recipients and corresponding donors was performed by PCR with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP). We analyzed the factors influencing the early graft outcome (two-year rejection rates and survival rates of the grafts), including HLA mismatching, class and degree of panel reactivity, and target antigen of donors.

Results: Presensitized recipients had a worse two-year outcome than unsensitized recipients (P = 0.019 for rejection rate, P = 0.01 for survival rate). The difference in number of HLA-mismatched alleles with either 6-antigen matching (Ag M) standard or amino acid residue matching (Res M) standard was not significant between the rejection and non-rejection groups of presensitized recipients or between the graft survival group and graft loss group. Compared with the control group, recipients with both PRA-I and PRA-II antibodies had a significantly worse two-year outcome (P = 0.001 for rejection rate, P = 0.002 for survival rate). The two-year outcomes of the peak PRA >/= 50% group and its subgroup, at-transplant PRA > or = 50% group, were significantly worse compared with the control group (P = 0.025 and P = 0.001 for rejection rate, P = 0.043 and P = 0.024 for survival rate). The rejection rates of the at-transplant target antigen positive group and its subgroup, HLA-I target antigen positive group, were significantly higher than the control group (P = 0.001 and P = 0.001), target antigen negative group (P = 0.003 and P = 0.001), and peak target antigen positive with negative at-transplant target antigen group (P = 0.024 and P = 0.002). Two-year graft survival rates of the target antigen positive group and HLA-I target antigen positive group were significantly lower than the control group (P = 0.012 and P = 0.001). The two-year outcome of target antigen unknown group was similar to that of the target antigen positive group. Presensitized recipients with pre-transplant plasmapheresis or immunoadsorption (PRA prepared group) had a better but non-significant two-year outcome than the control group. However, the PRA unprepared presensitized recipients were different to the control group (P = 0.004 for rejection rate and P = 0.005 for survival rate). Hyperacute rejection (HR) occurred in three recipients with positive HLA-I target antigen and without mismatch according to Res M and in one case with positive PRA-II (for an unknown target antigen). No HR occurred in eight cases with positive HLA-II target antigens.

Conclusions: Pre-transplant PRA preparations might improve the access of presensitized patients to renal donors. Avoiding antigen-positive donors remains a fundamental measure in preventing HR and early rejections.
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February 2009

Robot assisted transperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2008 Feb;121(4):380-2

Minimally Invasive Urology Center, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250021, China.

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February 2008

[Transperitoneal laparoscopic enucleation of renal angiomyolipoma: a report of 10 cases].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2005 Sep;43(18):1212-4

Endo-urologic Mininvasive Medicine Center, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan 250021, China.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and clinical effect of transperitoneal laparoscopic enucleation of renal angiomyolipoma (RAML) without obstruction of renal pedicle.

Methods: Ten patients with renal angioleiomyoma (tumor diameter < 4 cm) were operated by transperitoneal laparoscopy without obstruction of renal pedicle. The operating time, blood loss, hospital stay after operation, intraoperative and postoperative complications and the operative effect were observed.

Results: All the 10 patients underwent the operation successfully. The average operating time was 90 min, average blood loss was 80 ml, the average hospital stay after operation was 7 d. No intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred. Follow-up period was 3-19 months and no tumor metastasized or occurred again.

Conclusion: This mininvasive procedure is a more precise and complete method than before, which can minimize the blood loss and make patients recover quickly, so it is well worth clinical applying.
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September 2005
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