Publications by authors named "Xuan Tan"

40 Publications

Determination of trace formaldehyde in blood plasma by resonance fluorescence technology.

Anal Chim Acta 2011 Apr 18;690(2):234-9. Epub 2011 Feb 18.

College of Public Health, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, PR China.

A novel method for the determination of trace formaldehyde in blood plasma has been established by using resonance fluorimetry technique. It was based on the fact that oxidation of pyronine Y by potassium bromate was catalyzed by formaldehyde in sulfuric acid. When the wavelength interval was at Δλ=0 nm, it was found that the decreased intensity (ΔF) of resonance fluorescence at 574.6 nm was proportional to the concentration of formaldehyde in the range of 1.27×10(-2) to 2.28 μg mL(-1). The limit of detection and the average recovery for formaldehyde were 3.80 ng mL(-1) and 101.6% (n=6), respectively. The present method had been applied to the determination of trace formaldehyde in blood plasma, and the obtained results were in good agreement with those obtained by the resonance light scattering method.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2011.02.030DOI Listing
April 2011

Rapid simultaneous analysis of 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-hydroxyfluorene, 9-hydroxyphenanthrene, 1- and 2-naphthol in urine by first derivative synchronous fluorescence spectrometry using Tween-20 as a sensitizer.

Anal Chim Acta 2010 Jan 16;658(2):180-6. Epub 2009 Nov 16.

College of Public Health, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, PR China.

A novel method of first derivative synchronous fluorescence was developed for the rapid simultaneous analysis of trace 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP), 1-naphthol (1-NAP), 2-naphthol (2-NAP), 9-hydroxyphenanthrene (9-OHPe) and 2-hydroxyfluorene (2-OHFlu) in human urine. Only one single scan was needed for quantitative determination of five compounds simultaneously when Deltalambda=10 nm was chosen. In the optimal experimental conditions, there was a linear relationship between the fluorescence intensity and the concentration of 1-OHP, 1-NAP, 2-NAP, 9-OHPe and 2-OHFlu in the range of 1.75 x 10(-9) to 4.50 x 10(-6) mol L(-1), 3.64 x 10(-8) to 2.20 x 10(-4) mol L(-1), 8.18 x 10(-9) to 1.20 x 10(-4) mol L(-1), 3.26 x 10(-9) to 8.50 x 10(-5) mol L(-1) and 4.88 x 10(-9) to 5.50 x 10(-6) mol L(-1), respectively. The limits of detection (LOD) were found to be 5.25 x 10(-10) mol L(-1) for 1-OHP, 1.10 x 10(-8) mol L(-1) for 1-NAP, 2.46 x 10(-9) mol L(-1) for 2-NAP, 9.77 x 10(-10) mol L(-1) for 9-OHPe and 1.46 x 10(-9) mol L(-1) for 2-OHFlu. The proposed method is reliable, selective and sensitive, and has been used successfully in the determination of traces of 1-OHP, 1-NAP, 2-NAP, 9-OHPe and 2-OHFlu in human urine samples, whose results were in good agreement with those gained by the HPLC method.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2009.11.015DOI Listing
January 2010

Determination of urinary adenosine using resonance light scattering of gold nanoparticles modified structure-switching aptamer.

Anal Biochem 2010 Feb 20;397(2):212-7. Epub 2009 Oct 20.

College of Public Health, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, People's Republic of China.

A novel sensitive method has been developed for the detection of adenosine (AD) in human urine by using enhanced resonance light scattering (RLS). This method is based on the specific recognition and signal amplification of adenosine aptamer (Apt) coupled with gold nanoparticles (GNPs) via G-quartet-induced nanoparticle assembly, which was fabricated by triggering a structure switching of the 3' terminus G-rich sequence and aptamer duplex. RLS signal linearly correlated with the concentration of adenosine over the range of 6-115nM. The limit of detection (LOD) for adenosine is 1.8nM with relative standard deviations (RSD) of 2.90-4.80% (n=6). The present method has been successfully applied to determination of adenosine in real human urine, and the obtained results were in good agreement with those obtained by the HPLC method. Our investigation shows that the combination of the excellent selectivity of aptamer with the high sensitivity of the RLS technique could provide a promising potential for aptamer-based small molecule detection, and be beneficial in extending the application of RLS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ab.2009.10.027DOI Listing
February 2010

The Candida albicans histidine kinase Chk1p: signaling and cell wall mannan.

Fungal Genet Biol 2009 Oct 27;46(10):731-41. Epub 2009 Jun 27.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20057, USA.

Several published functions associated with the CHK1 histidine kinase of Candida albicans resemble those of the MAPK Cek1p and its cognate receptor Sho1p (SSU81). To explore this further, we have compared mutants lacking the proteins mentioned above and have constructed a double sho1/chk1Delta null mutant to determine relationships among these proteins. We observed that the sensitivity to Congo red (CR), calcofluor white (CW), as well as clumping of cells, was slightly increased in the double mutant compared to the single chk1Delta or sho1Delta mutants. However, Cek1p phosphorylation via Sho1p, which occurs during log phase growth in the presence or absence of CR in Wt cells, does not require Chk1p. These data suggest that Chk1p and Sho1p are components of parallel but independent signal pathways. In addition, bulk mannan of strains was analyzed by GLC/MS and GPC MALLS and NMR. Compared to Wt and a CHK1 gene-reconstituted strain (CHK23) that contained high, intermediate and low Mw mannan species, we found that the mannan of strains CHK21 (chk1Delta null), the cek1Delta null, and the double mutant consisted only of low Mw mannan. The sho1Delta null mutant only demonstrated a reduced intermediate type of mannan. Alcian blue binding was lower in cek1Delta, chk1Delta, and the double sho1/chk1Delta null mutant lacking high and intermediate Mw mannan than in the sho1Delta null which had a partial loss of intermediate Mw mannan only. We conclude that the Chk1p HK is part of a functionally similar but parallel pathway to the Sho1p-Cek1p pathway that confers resistance to the cell wall inhibitors CR and CW. However, a functional relationship in mannan biosynthesis of Chk1p and Cek1p exists that only partially requires Sho1p.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fgb.2009.06.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2731578PMC
October 2009

Synchronous fluorescence determination of urinary 1-hydroxypyrene, beta-naphthol and 9-hydroxyphenanthrene based on the sensitizing effect of beta-cyclodextrin.

Anal Chim Acta 2009 Mar 23;636(1):51-7. Epub 2009 Jan 23.

College of Public Health, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, PR China.

A novel method for the simultaneous determination of 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP), beta-naphthol (beta-NAP) and 9-hydroxyphenanthrene (9-OHPe) in human urine has been established by using synchronous fluorescence spectrometry. It was based on the fact that synchronous fluorescence spectrometry can resolve the broad-band overlapping of conventional fluorescence spectra, which arise from their similar molecular structures. Only one single scan is needed for quantitative determination of three compounds simultaneously when Deltalambda=15nm is chosen. The signals detected at these three wavelengths, 369.6, 330.0 and 358.0nm, vary linearly when the concentration of 1-OHP, beta-NAP and 9-OHPe is in the range of 2.16x10(-8)-1.50x10(-5)molL(-1), 1.20x10(-7)-1.10x10(-5)molL(-1) and 1.07x10(-7)-3.50x10(-5)molL(-1), respectively. The correlation coefficients for the standard calibration graphs were 0.994, 0.999 and 0.997 (n=7) for 1-OHP, beta-NAP and 9-OHPe, respectively. The limits of detection (LOD) for 1-OHP, beta-NAP and 9-OHPe were 6.47x10(-9)molL(-1), 3.60x10(-8)molL(-1) and 3.02x10(-8)molL(-1)with relative standard deviations (R.S.D.) of 4.70-6.40%, 2.80-4.20%, 3.10-4.90% (n=6), respectively. The method described here had been applied to determine traces of 1-OHP, beta-NAP and 9-OHPe in human urine, and the obtained results were in good agreement with those obtained by the HPLC method. In addition, the interaction modes between beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) and 1-OHP, beta-NAP or 9-OHPe, as well as the mechanism of the fluorescence enhancement were also discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2009.01.039DOI Listing
March 2009

High CD8+ T cell activation marks a less differentiated HIV-1 specific CD8+ T cell response that is not altered by suppression of viral replication.

PLoS One 2009 9;4(2):e4408. Epub 2009 Feb 9.

Department of Medicine, HIV/AIDS Division, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Background: The relationship of elevated T cell activation to altered T cell differentiation profiles, each defining features of HIV-1 infection, has not been extensively explored. We hypothesized that anti-retroviral suppression of T cell activation levels would lead to alterations in the T cell differentiation of total and HIV-1 specific CD8+ T cell responses among recently HIV-1 infected adults.

Methodology/principal Findings: We performed a longitudinal study simultaneously measuring T cell activation and maturation markers on both total and antigen-specific T cells in recently infected adults: prior to treatment; after the initiation of HAART; and after treatment was halted. Prior to treatment, HIV-1 Gag-specific CD8+ T cells were predominantly of a highly activated, intermediate memory (CD27+CD28-) phenotype, while CMV pp65-specific CD8+ T cells showed a late memory (CD27-CD28-), low activation phenotype. Participants with the highest fraction of late memory (CD27-CD28-) HIV-1-specific CD8+ T cells had higher CD4+ T cell counts (rho = +0.74, p = 0.004). In turn, those with the highest fraction of intermediate memory (CD27+ CD28-) HIV-1 specific CD8+ T cells had high total CD8+ T cell activation (rho = +0.68, p = 0.01), indicating poorer long-term clinical outcomes. The HIV-1 specific T cell differentiation profile was not readily altered by suppression of T cell activation following HAART treatment.

Conclusions/significance: A more differentiated, less activated HIV-1 specific CD8+ T cell response may be clinically protective. Anti-retroviral treatment initiated two to four months after infection lowered T cell activation but had no effect on the differentiation profile of the HIV-1-specific response. Intervention during the first month of acute infection may be required to shift the differentiation phenotype of HIV-1 specific responses to a more clinically favorable profile.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0004408PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2634967PMC
April 2009

Study on the interaction among pyronine Y, potassium bromate and naphthols by absorption, three-dimension fluorescence and resonance light scattering spectra and their application.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2008 Dec 12;71(4):1290-5. Epub 2008 Apr 12.

College of Public Health, University of South China, West Changsheng Road 28#, Hengyang 421001, PR China.

A novel method for the determination of trace naphthols was proposed based on naphthols, potassium bromate and pyronine Y in dilute sulfuric acid medium can react to form ion-association complexes, which not only resulted in the changes of the three-dimension fluorescence spectra, absorption spectra and the quenching of fluorescence, but also resulted in the great enhancement of resonance light scattering (RLS). The characteristics of RLS spectra, the effective factors and optimum conditions of reaction were studied. It was found that the enhanced intensity of RLS at 396 nm was proportional to the concentration of 1-naphthol and 2-naphthol in the range of 41.4 approximately 3024 ng mL(-1) and 38.3 approximately 3068 ng mL(-1), respectively. The urine samples analysis of the relative standard deviation was 3.1-7.1% and the average recovery was 96.0% (n=6). The present method had been applied to the determination of trace naphthols in human urine, the obtained results were in good agreement with those obtained by the HPLC method; moreover, we had carried on an initial study of the reaction mechanism in terms of spectral characteristics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2008.03.037DOI Listing
December 2008

Genetic analysis of lipooligosaccharide core biosynthesis in Campylobacter jejuni 81-176.

J Bacteriol 2008 Mar 21;190(5):1568-74. Epub 2007 Dec 21.

Department of Chemistry, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, Greensboro, North Carolina 27411, USA.

We report isolation and characterization of Campylobacter jejuni 81-176 lgtF and galT lipooligosaccharide (LOS) core mutants. It has been suggested that the lgtF gene of C. jejuni encodes a two-domain glucosyltransferase that is responsible for the transfer of a beta-1,4-glucose residue on heptosyltransferase I (Hep I) and for the transfer of a beta-1,2-glucose residue on Hep II. A site-specific mutation in the lgtF gene of C. jejuni 81-176 resulted in expression of a truncated LOS, and complementation of the mutant in trans restored the core mobility to that of the wild type. Mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance of the truncated LOS confirmed the loss of two glucose residues, a beta-1,4-glucose on Hep I and a beta-1,2-glucose on Hep II. Mutation of another gene, galT, encoding a glycosyltransferase, which maps outside the region defined as the LOS biosynthetic locus in C. jejuni 81-176, resulted in loss of the beta-(1,4)-galactose residue and all distal residues in the core. Both mutants invaded intestinal epithelial cells in vitro at levels comparable to the wild-type levels, in marked contrast to a deeper inner core waaC mutant. These studies have important implications for the role of LOS in the pathogenesis of Campylobacter-mediated infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JB.01696-07DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2258656PMC
March 2008

Ganglioside GD1a negatively regulates matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression in mouse FBJ cell lines at the transcriptional level.

Connect Tissue Res 2007 ;48(4):198-205

Laboratory of Tumor Biology and Glycobiology, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, P. R. China.

Mouse FBJ virus-induced osteosarcoma FBJ-S1 cells rich in GD1a are not readily metastatic, whereas FBJ-LL cells with low levels of GD1a are highly metastatic. GD1a was previously shown to suppress metastasis of mouse FBJ cells and to upregulate caveolin-1 and stromal interaction molecule 1 expression. The present study demonstrates that matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression renders FBJ-LL cells invasive. MMP-9 is inversely regulated by GD1a, based upon four observations: MMP-9 mRNA content was 5 times higher in FBJ-LL cells than FBJ-S1 cells; a GD1a-re-expressing FBJ-LL cell variant produced through beta1,4GalNAcT-1 cDNA transfection expressed lower levels of MMP-9; exogenous addition of GD1a to FBJ-LL cells decreased MMP-9 production in a dose- and time-dependent manner; and treatment of GD1a-rich cells with D-PDMP or siRNA targeting St3gal2 decreased GD1a expression, but augmented MMP-9 expression. This is the first report demonstrating that GD1a negatively regulates expression of MMP-9 at the transcriptional level.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03008200701458731DOI Listing
October 2007

Apparent suppression of MMP-9 activity by GD1a as determined by gelatin zymography.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2006 Oct 22;349(1):426-31. Epub 2006 Aug 22.

Laboratory of Tumor Biology and Glycobiology, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, People's Republic of China.

Gelatin zymography is widely used to detect and evaluate matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity. MMP-9 transcription was previously shown to be negatively regulated by ganglioside GD1a [D. Hu, Z. Man, T. Xuan, P. Wang, T. Takaku, S. Hyuga, X.S. Yao, T. Sato, S. Yamagata, T. Yamagata, Ganglioside GD1a regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression in mouse FBJ cell Lines: GD1a suppression of MMP-9 expression stimulated by PI3K-Akt and p38 though not by the Erk signaling pathway, 2006, submitted for publication.]. Zymography of MMP-9 of FBJ-M5 cells preincubated with GD1a indicated a greater decrease in activity than expected from mRNA suppression. Incubation of conditioned medium containing MMP-9 with GD1a caused MMP-9 activity to decrease. Examination was thus made to confirm that MMP-9 activity is actually suppressed and/or MMP-9 protein undergoes degradation by GD1a. GD1a was found to have no effect on MMP-9 activity and Western blots indicated GD1a not to diminish MMP-9 during electrophoresis under reducing conditions. GD1a appeared to mediate the binding of a portion of MMP-9 with certain molecules, with consequently greater molecular mass on the gel, to cause decrease in the activity of MMP-9 at the site where it would normally appear. Caution should be used in doing gelatin zymography since molecules other than GD1a may similarly work, causing decrease in MMP-9 activity in zymography.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.08.062DOI Listing
October 2006