Publications by authors named "Xiaomin Zhang"

542 Publications

Hsa_circ_0001947/miR-661/DOK7 axis restrains non-small cell lung cancer development.

J Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Sep 11;31(1). Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Pharmaceutical Preparation Section, Sanmen People's Hospital, 15 Taihe Road, Hairun Street, Sanmen County, Zhejiang Province, China.

Hsa_circ_0001947 is associated with multiple cancers, but its function in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is ambiguous and needs further research. The targeting relationship among circ_0001947, miR-661, and downstream of tyrosine kinase 7 (DOK7) was predicted by database and further verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay, while their expressions in cancer tissues and cells were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). After transfection, cell biological behaviors and expressions of miRNAs, miR-661 and DOK7 were determined by cell function experiments and qRT-PCR, respectively. Circ_0001947 was low-expressed in NSCLC tissues and cells. Circ_0001947 knockdown intensified cell viability and proliferation, induced cell cycle arrest at S phase, suppressed apoptosis and evidently enhanced miR-510, miR-587, miR-661 and miR-942 levels, while circ_0001947 overexpression did the opposite. MiR-661 was a target gene of circ_0001947 that participated in the regulation of circ_0001947 on cell biological behaviors. Furthermore, DOK7, the target gene of miR-661, partly participated in the regulation of miR-661 on cell viability. Hsa_circ_0001947 acts as a sponge of miR-661 to repress NSCLC development by elevating the expression of DOK7.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4014/jmb.2106.06031DOI Listing
September 2021

KIF18b-dependent hypomethylation of PARPBP gene promoter enhances oxaliplatin resistance in colorectal cancer.

Exp Cell Res 2021 Sep 9;407(2):112827. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Pharmaceutical Preparation Section, Sanmen People's Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Sanmen, 317100, China. Electronic address:

As the new platinum drug oxaliplatin has been widely used in clinical treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC), oxaliplatin resistance has become a burning problem. In this study, higher expression of PARP-1 binding protein (PARPBP) was detected in oxaliplatin-resistant CRC (OR-CRC) cells than in non-resistant cells. Further research showed that kinesin family member 18 b (KIF18b) induced the overexpression of PARPBP, sustaining oxaliplatin resistance in OR-CRC cells. Through exploring the PARPBP gene promoter, we found that SP1-recruited DNMT3b methylated PARPBP promoter to suppress transcription in CRC cells, and increased KIF18b attenuated the recruitment of DNMT3b to PARPBP promoter by directly interacting with SP1 in OR-CRC cells. Clinical analysis suggested a positive relationship between KIF18b and PARPBP in CRC tissues and indicated poor prognosis in CRC patients with high level of KIF18b or PARPBP. In summary, KIF18b-induced PARPBP contributes to the resistant phenotype of OR-CRC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2021.112827DOI Listing
September 2021

A RGO aerogel/TiO/MoS composite photocatalyst for the removal of organic dyes by the cooperative action of adsorption and photocatalysis.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi'an, 710055, Shaanxi, China.

A composite consisting of reduced graphene oxide aerogel/titanium dioxide/molybdenum disulfide (abbreviated as RGO aerogel/TiO/MoS) was developed for the removal of organic dyes from solution cooperatively by adsorption and photocatalytic degradation mechanisms. The composite was successfully synthesized by stepwise layered assembly integration, including sol-gel and physical vapor deposition (PVD) methods. The resulting multi-component composite material featured a high specific surface area (255.441 m/g) containing a myriad of negatively charged carboxylate functional groups on the surface of the composite, which enabled the composite material to demonstrate a high removal efficiency of cationic dyes, such as rhodamine B, from solution. In addition, the composite featured optimal optical and photocatalytic properties for facilitating efficient photodegradation of the dye molecules, including a large absorbance in the visible light region and a fast transfer of photogenerated electron-hole pairs. Moreover, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) analysis and reactive oxygen species scavenging experiments confirmed that superoxide radicals (O), holes (h), and hydroxyl radicals (OH) were involved in photocatalytic degradation of the organic dyes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-16143-zDOI Listing
September 2021

Association of personal fine particulate matter and its respiratory tract depositions with blood pressure in children: From two panel studies.

J Hazard Mater 2021 08 18;416:126120. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, and State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China. Electronic address:

Evidence is limited regarding the acute effects of personal fine particulate matter (PM) exposure and its respiratory tract depositions on the alteration of children's blood pressure (BP). We conducted 2 longitudinal panel studies in 2 cities to evaluate the relations of 72-h real-time personal PM exposure and its depositions in 3 respiratory tract regions over different lag times with BP and the risk of prehypertension and hypertension among 286 children aged 4-12 years. We found the strongest effects of PM exposure on increased BP and risk of prehypertension and hypertension at lag 2 day, in dose-response manner, even when PM below Chinese Ambient Air Quality Standard (CAAQS) Grade II. Moreover, compared to PM, tracheobronchial and alveolar depositions displayed more evident effects on BP outcomes. Interestingly, all above relationships were stronger among children in Guangzhou with lower PM and its deposited doses than those in Weinan. Additionally, boys and those with daily extra-school activity ≥ 1 h were more susceptible to PM-induced BP effects with significant interactions. Our results highlighted that short-term PM exposure and its respiratory tract depositions were dose-responsive related to higher BP, prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension among children, even when PM below CAAQS II.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126120DOI Listing
August 2021

Intraocular exosomes in eye diseases.

Curr Mol Med 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin International Joint Research and Development Centre of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin. China.

Exosomes, nanosized extracellular vesicles with a size of 30-150nm, contain many biological materials, such as messenger RNA (mRNA), microRNA (miRNA), proteins, and transcription factors. It has been identified in all biological fluids and recognized as an important part of intercellular communication. While the role of exosomes in cancer has been studied in-depth, our understanding of their relevance for ocular tissues has just begun to evolve. Intraocular fluids, including aqueous humor and vitreous humor, play a role in nourishing eye tissues and in expelling metabolites. In the pathological state, intraocular exosomes can mediate pathological processes such as ECM remodeling, retinal inflammation, and blood-retinal barrier dysfunction. Herein, we reviewed the latest advances of intraocular exosomes in the research of several eye diseases, including glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, myopia, and ocular tumors, and discuss how intraocular exosomes contribute to the pathogenesis and progression of multiple eye diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1566524021666210901122948DOI Listing
September 2021

A machine learning-based biological aging prediction and its associations with healthy lifestyles: the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

This study aims to establish a biological age (BA) predictor and to investigate the roles of lifestyles on biological aging. The 14,848 participants with the available information of multisystem measurements from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort were used to estimate BA. We developed a composite BA predictor showing a high correlation with chronological age (CA) (r = 0.82) by using an extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) algorithm. The average frequency hearing threshold, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV ), gender, systolic blood pressure, and homocysteine ranked as the top five important features for the BA predictor. Two aging indexes, recorded as the AgingAccel (the residual from regressing predicted age on CA) and aging rate (the ratio of predicted age to CA), showed positive associations with the risks of all-cause (HR (95% CI) = 1.12 (1.10-1.14) and 1.08 (1.07-1.10), respectively) and cause-specific (HRs ranged from 1.06 to ∼1.15) mortality. Each 1-point increase in healthy lifestyle score (including normal body mass index, never smoking, moderate alcohol drinking, physically active, and sleep 7-9 h/night) was associated with a 0.21-year decrease in the AgingAccel (95% CI: -0.27 to -0.15) and a 0.4% decrease in the aging rate (95% CI: -0.5% to -0.3%). This study developed a machine learning-based BA predictor in a prospective Chinese cohort. Adherence to healthy lifestyles showed associations with delayed biological aging, which highlights potential preventive interventions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14685DOI Listing
September 2021

Urinary phthalate metabolites mixture, serum cytokines and renal function in children: A panel study.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Aug 20;422:126963. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, and State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China. Electronic address:

Epidemiological evidence regarded the relations of phthalates with children's renal function and its underlying mechanism were largely unknown. We conducted a panel study using 287 paired urine-blood samples by repeated measurements of 103 children (4-13 years) across 3 seasons to explore effects of urinary phthalate metabolites on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and the potential role of multiple cytokines. We found that mono-ethyl phthalate (MEP), monobutyl phthalate (MBP), mono-benzyl phthalate (MBzP) and mono-n-octyl phthalate (MOP) were significantly associated with eGFR reduction. Compared with the lowest quartile, MBP, MBzP and MEP in the third and fourth quartiles exhibited a graded decrease in eGFR. Meanwhile, weighted quantile sum regression analyses showed an inverse association of metabolites mixture with eGFR, to which MEP, MBzP, MOP were the major contributors. MEP also remained robust in multiple-phthalate model. Age and weight status might modify such relationships with significant interactions. Furthermore, eGFR related phthalate metabolites were associated with increased multiple cytokines, and CCL27, CXCL1 might be potential mediators between MEP and eGFR with mild mediated proportions. Accordingly, urinary phthalate metabolites were related to eGFR reduction in dose-response manner and multiple cytokines elevation, of which CCL27 and CXCL1 might partly mediate phthalate-associated decreased renal function among children.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126963DOI Listing
August 2021

Comparative Study of Physicochemical Properties and Starch Granule Structure in Seven Ginkgo Kernel Flours.

Foods 2021 Jul 26;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Key Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics of the Ministry of Education, Co-Innovation Center for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops, Agricultural College of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China.

L. is an important economic tree species in China, and its kernels have been used as a popular food in Asian countries. Herein, the morphology, basic chemical components, starch granule structures, and physicochemical properties of kernel flours from seven ginkgo cultivars were investigated, and their relationships were analyzed. The kernels were oval or spherical in shape, with variable sizes. The starch granules exhibited both regular and irregular Maltese cross patterns. Amylose was mainly distributed in amorphous growth rings. A spatial variation in the 865/942 cm ratio was observed within individual starch granules. Variations in total starch content, apparent amylose content (AAC), crude protein content (CPC), total amino acid content (TAAC), starch fine structure, and thermal and pasting properties were observed among the seven kernel flours. Pearson correlation coefficients and principle component analyses showed that the thermal properties were affected by kernel CPC, TAAC, AAC, and starch fine structure, while the pasting properties were affected by AAC and starch fine structure. Furthermore, experiments showed that the seed protein structure and α-amylase activity affected the pasting properties of ginkgo kernel flours.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods10081721DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8392216PMC
July 2021

Fucoidan-Supplemented Diet Potentiates Immune Checkpoint Blockage by Enhancing Antitumor Immunity.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 9;9:733246. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Jiangmen Central Hospital, Affiliated Jiangmen Hospital, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangdong, China.

Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapies such as PD-1 antibodies have produced significant clinical responses in treating a variety of human malignancies, yet only a subset of cancer patients benefit from such therapy. To improve the ICB efficacy, combinations with additional therapeutics were under intensive investigation. Recently, special dietary compositions that can lower the cancer risk or inhibit cancer progression have drawn significant attention, although few were reported to show synergistic effects with ICB therapies. Interestingly, Fucoidan is naturally derived from edible brown algae and exhibits antitumor and immunomodulatory activities. Here we discover that fucoidan-supplemented diet significantly improves the antitumor activities of PD-1 antibodies . Specifically, fucoidan as a dietary ingredient strongly inhibits tumor growth when co-administrated with PD-1 antibodies, which effects can be further strengthened when fucoidan is applied before PD-1 treatments. Immune analysis revealed that fucoidan consistently promotes the activation of tumor-infiltrating CD8 T cells, which support the evident synergies with ICB therapies. RNAseq analysis suggested that the JAK-STAT pathway is critical for fucoidan to enhance the effector function of CD8 T cells, which could be otherwise attenuated by disruption of the T-cell receptor (TCR)/CD3 complex on the cell surface. Mechanistically, fucoidan interacts with this complex and augments TCR-mediated signaling that cooperate with the JAK-STAT pathway to stimulate T cell activation. Taken together, we demonstrated that fucoidan is a promising dietary supplement combined with ICB therapies to treat malignancies, and dissected an underappreciated mechanism for fucoidan-elicited immunomodulatory effects in cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2021.733246DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8382313PMC
August 2021

Analysis of patch testing in patients with hand eczema at Shenzhen from 2016 to 2019.

Postepy Dermatol Alergol 2021 Feb 10;38(2):170-172. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Dermatology, Cosmetology and Venereology, Shenzhen Hospital, Southern Medical University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/ada.2021.104294DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8362788PMC
February 2021

Blood urea nitrogen, blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio and incident stroke: The Dongfeng-Tongji cohort.

Atherosclerosis 2021 Sep 6;333:1-8. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education and State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: It remains unclear whether extreme levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and BUN to creatinine ratio (BUN/Cr) can increase future risk of stroke. We conducted this study to investigate the associations of BUN and BUN/Cr with incident stroke and its subtypes.

Methods: A total of 26,835 and 26,379 participants with a mean follow-up of 7.9 years were included to investigate the associations of BUN and BUN/Cr with incident stroke, respectively. Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for incident stroke and its subtypes.

Results: Compared with participants in the third quintile of BUN, the adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for participants in the lowest quintile were 1.21 (1.04-1.40), 1.41 (1.18-1.68) and 1.36 (0.97-1.91) for total, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, respectively; while for those in the highest quintile, the corresponding HRs (95% CIs) were 1.16 (1.01-1.32), 1.30 (1.11-1.53), and 1.24 (0.90-1.71). The associations remained robust when restricting the analyses to participants within clinically normal range of BUN. For BUN/Cr, compared with participants in the third quintile, participants in the lowest quintile had significant higher risks of stroke (HRs [95% CIs] were 1.19 [1.04-1.37], 1.26 [1.07-1.48], and 1.22 [0.90-1.67] for total, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke).

Conclusions: Both high and low levels of BUN were associated with higher risks of total and ischemic stroke. Low level of BUN/Cr was associated with excess risks of total and ischemic stroke.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2021.08.011DOI Listing
September 2021

SPOP-mediated ubiquitination and degradation of PDK1 suppresses AKT kinase activity and oncogenic functions.

Mol Cancer 2021 08 5;20(1):100. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Institute of Precision Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, Guangdong, China.

Background: 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) acts as a master kinase of protein kinase A, G, and C family (AGC) kinase to predominantly govern cell survival, proliferation, and metabolic homeostasis. Although the regulations to PDK1 downstream substrates such as protein kinase B (AKT) and ribosomal protein S6 kinase beta (S6K) have been well established, the upstream regulators of PDK1, especially its degrader, has not been defined yet.

Method: A clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-based E3 ligase screening approach was employed to identify the E3 ubiquitin ligase for degrading PDK1. Western blotting, immunoprecipitation assays and immunofluorescence (IF) staining were performed to detect the interaction or location of PDK1 with speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining was used to study the expression of PDK1 and SPOP in prostate cancer tissues. In vivo and in vitro ubiquitination assays were performed to measure the ubiquitination conjugation of PDK1 by SPOP. In vitro kinase assays and mass spectrometry approach were carried out to identify casein kinase 1 (CK1) and glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3)-mediated PDK1 phosphorylation. The biological effects of PDK1 mutations and correlation with SPOP mutations were performed with colony formation, soft agar assays and in vivo xenograft mouse models.

Results: We identified that PDK1 underwent SPOP-mediated ubiquitination and subsequent proteasome-dependent degradation. Specifically, SPOP directly bound PDK1 by the consensus degron in a CK1/GSK3β-mediated phosphorylation dependent manner. Pathologically, prostate cancer patients associated mutations of SPOP impaired PDK1 degradation and thus activated the AKT kinase, resulting in tumor malignancies. Meanwhile, mutations that occurred around or within the PDK1 degron, by either blocking SPOP to bind the degron or inhibiting CK1 or GSK3β-mediated PDK1 phosphorylation, could markedly evade SPOP-mediated PDK1 degradation, and played potently oncogenic roles via activating the AKT kinase.

Conclusions: Our results not only reveal a physiological regulation of PDK1 by E3 ligase SPOP, but also highlight the oncogenic roles of loss-of-function mutations of SPOP or gain-of-function mutations of PDK1 in tumorigenesis through activating the AKT kinase.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12943-021-01397-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8340461PMC
August 2021

Associations of coagulation factor X and XI with incident acute coronary syndrome and stroke: A nested case-control study.

J Thromb Haemost 2021 Aug 5. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education and State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: Coagulation cascade contributes to thrombotic and hemorrhagic diseases, but it remains unclear whether coagulation factors X (FX) and XI (FXI) levels are associated with cardiovascular diseases.

Objective: To evaluate prospective associations of FX and FXI levels with incident acute coronary syndrome (ACS), stroke, and their subtypes (acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke).

Methods: We performed a nested case-control study (n = 1846) within the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort from 2013 to 2016 matched on age (within 1 year), sex, and sampling date (within 1 month) by incidence density sampling, and measured plasma FX and FXI levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. FX and FXI levels were categorized into three groups (low, <25th; middle, 25th to <75th; and high ≥75th percentiles) according to distributions, and conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).

Results: After adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, compared with middle groups, the OR (95% CI) in high levels of FX and FXI were 1.11 (0.79-1.56) and 0.96 (0.68-1.36) for incident ACS, and 1.01 (0.63-1.62) and 1.72 (1.14-2.60) for incident stroke, respectively. As for subtypes of ACS and stroke, only high FXI levels were significantly associated with incident ischemic stroke (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.05-2.65). Moreover, all associations remained steady after additional adjustment for platelet and leukocyte.

Conclusion: FXI levels were associated with a greater risk of incident ischemic stroke but not hemorrhagic stroke or ACS. FX levels were not associated with incident ACS or stroke.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jth.15486DOI Listing
August 2021

Association of COMT rs4680 and MAO-B rs1799836 polymorphisms with levodopa-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease-a meta-analysis.

Neurol Sci 2021 Oct 4;42(10):4085-4094. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

Department of Neurology, The Fifth Central Hospital of Tianjin, Binhai Hospital of Peking University, 40 Zhe Jiang Road of Binhai New Area, Tianjin, 300450, People's Republic of China.

Background And Purpose: Polymorphisms of the catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) or monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) genes may affect the occurrence of dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. However, the findings are inconsistent. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to assess whether COMT and MAO-B genetic variants are associated with an increased incidence of levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) in PD patients.

Methods: A literature search of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library was conducted to identify relevant studies published up to January 2021. The strength of the association between the polymorphisms and LID susceptibility was estimated by odds ratio (OR) and associated 95% confidence interval (CI). The pooled ORs were assessed in different genetic models.

Results: Ten studies involving 2385 PD patients were included in the meta-analysis. Analysis of pooled ORs and 95% CIs suggested that the AA genotype of COMT(rs4680) was associated with LID (OR = 1.39, 95%CI: 1.02-1.89, P = 0.039) in the recessive model, and this correlation was more obvious in Brazilian samples in the analysis stratified by ethnicity. For the AG genotype of MAO-B(rs1799836), the pooled OR was 1.66 (95% CI: 1.04-2.65, P = 0.03) in patients with LID versus those without LID in the heterozygote model.

Conclusions: Our meta-analysis implicates the AA genotype of the COMT rs4680 polymorphism as potentially increasing the risk of LID in a recessive genetic model for PD patients. Furthermore, the AG genotype of the MAO-B rs1799836 polymorphism may influence the prevalence of LID in PD patients in the heterozygote model. However, further well-designed studies with larger PD patient cohorts are required to validate these results after adjusting for confounding factors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-021-05509-3DOI Listing
October 2021

Associations of Baseline and Changes in Leukocyte Counts with Incident Cardiovascular Events: The Dongfeng-Tongji Cohort Study.

J Atheroscler Thromb 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health and Ministry of Education Key Lab for Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations of baseline and longitudinal changes in leukocyte counts with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Methods: We conducted a prospective study to investigate the associations of baseline and 5-year changes in leukocyte counts with incident CVD and its subtypes in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. We estimated the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for CVD using the Cox proportional-hazards models.

Results: In the analyses of baseline total leukocyte count of 26,655 participants, compared with the lowest quartile (<4.71×10/L), participants in the fourth quartile (>6.70×10/L) had 11% higher risk for CVD. Consistent with total leukocyte count, neutrophil count also exhibited a significant positive association with the risk of CVD. In the analyses of 5-year changes in total leukocyte count of 11,594 participants, the changes in leukocyte count were categorized into three groups, i.e., the decreased group (<25%), stable group (25%-75%), and increased group (>75%). Compared with participants in the stable group (-1.18 to 0.44×10/L), participants in the increased group (>0.44×10/L) had 14% higher risk for CVD. We also observed significant positive associations of the changes in neutrophil and monocyte counts with the risk of CVD. Furthermore, the total leukocyte count in the second or third tertile at the first follow-up with a 5-year increase was related to higher CVD risk.

Conclusion: High baseline total leukocyte count and a 5-year increase in total leukocyte count were related to higher CVD risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5551/jat.62970DOI Listing
July 2021

Dendritic cell migration in inflammation and immunity.

Cell Mol Immunol 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

National Key Laboratory of Medical Immunology & Institute of Immunology, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Dendritic cells (DCs) are the key link between innate immunity and adaptive immunity and play crucial roles in both the promotion of immune defense and the maintenance of immune tolerance. The trafficking of distinct DC subsets across lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissues is essential for DC-dependent activation and regulation of inflammation and immunity. DC chemotaxis and migration are triggered by interactions between chemokines and their receptors and regulated by multiple intracellular mechanisms, such as protein modification, epigenetic reprogramming, metabolic remodeling, and cytoskeletal rearrangement, in a tissue-specific manner. Dysregulation of DC migration may lead to abnormal positioning or activation of DCs, resulting in an imbalance of immune responses and even immune pathologies, including autoimmune responses, infectious diseases, allergic diseases and tumors. New strategies targeting the migration of distinct DC subsets are being explored for the treatment of inflammatory and infectious diseases and the development of novel DC-based vaccines. In this review, we will discuss the migratory routes and immunological consequences of distinct DC subsets, the molecular basis and regulatory mechanisms of migratory signaling in DCs, and the association of DC migration with the pathogenesis of autoimmune and infectious diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41423-021-00726-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8298985PMC
July 2021

Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, DNA methylation and heart rate variability among non-current smokers.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jul 10;288:117777. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education and State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exposure is associated with heart rate variability (HRV) reduction, a widely used marker of cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction. The role of DNA methylation in the relationship between PAHs exposure and decreased HRV is largely unknown. This study aims to explore epigenome-wide DNA methylation changes associated with PAHs exposure and further evaluate their associations with HRV alternations among non-current smokers. We measured 10 mono-hydroxylated PAHs (OH-PAHs) in urine and DNA methylation levels in blood leukocytes among participants from three panels of Chinese non-current smokers (152 in WHZH, 99 in SY, and 53 in COW). We conducted linear regression analyses between DNA methylation and OH-PAHs metabolites with adjustment for age, gender, body mass index, drinking, blood cell counts, and surrogate variables in each panel separately, and combined the results by using inverse-variance weighted fixed-effect meta-analysis to obtain estimates of effect size. The median value of total OH-PAHs ranged from 0.92 × 10 in SY panel (62.6% men) to 13.82 × 10 μmol/mmol creatinine in COW panel (43.4% men). The results showed that methylation levels of cg18223625 (COL20A1) and cg07805771 (SLC16A1) were significantly or marginally significantly associated with urinary 2-hydroxynaphthalene [β(SE) = 0.431(0.074) and 0.354(0.068), FDR = 0.016 and 0.056, respectively], while methylation level of cg09235308 (PLEC1) was positively associated with urinary total OH-PAHs [β(SE) = 0.478(0.079), FDR = 0.004]. Hypermethylations of cg18223625, cg07805771, and cg09235308 were inversely associated with HRV indices among the WHZH and COW non-current smokers. However, we did not observe significant epigenome-wide associations for the other 9 urinary OH-PAHs. These findings provide new evidence that PAHs exposure is linked to differential DNA methylation, which may help better understand the influences of PAHs exposure on HRV alternations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117777DOI Listing
July 2021

Circulating white blood cells and lung function impairment: the observational studies and Mendelian randomization analysis.

Ann Med 2021 12;53(1):1118-1128

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: Circulating white blood cell (WBC) counts have been related to lung function impairment, but causal relationship was not established. We aimed to evaluate independent effects and causal relationships of WBC subtypes with lung function.

Methods: The 19,159 participants from NHANES 2011-2012 ( = 3570), coke-oven workers (COW,  = 1762) and Dongfeng-Tongji (DFTJ,  = 13,827) cohorts were included in the observational studies. The associations between circulating counts of WBC subtypes and prebronchodilator lung function were evaluated by linear regression models and LASSO regression was used to select effective WBC subtypes. Summary statistics for WBC-associated SNPs were extracted from literature, and Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis with inverse-variance weighted (IVW) method was applied to estimate the causal effects of total WBC and subtypes on lung function among 4012 subjects from COW ( = 1126) and DFTJ cohorts ( = 2886).

Results: Total WBC counts were negatively associated with lung function among three populations and their pooled analysis indicated that per 1 × 10 cells/L increase in total WBC was associated with 36.13 (95% CI: 30.35, 41.91) mL and 25.23 (95% CI: 19.97, 30.50) mL decrease in FVC and FEV, respectively. Independent associations with lung function were found for neutrophils, monocytes, eosinophils and basophils (all  < .05), except lymphocytes. Besides, IVW MR analysis showed that genetically predicted total WBC and neutrophil counts were associated with reduced FVC ( = .017 and .021, respectively) and FEV ( = .048 and .043, respectively).

Conclusions: WBC subtypes were independently associated with lower lung function except lymphocytes. Our findings suggest that circulating neutrophils may be causal factors in lung function impairment.KEY MESSAGESWhite blood cell (WBC) subtypes were negatively associated with lung function level except lymphocytes in the observational studies.Associations of WBC subtypes with lung function may be modified by sex and smoking.Mendelian randomization analysis shows that neutrophils may be causal factors in lung function impairment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07853890.2021.1948603DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8280897PMC
December 2021

Comparison of therapeutic efficacy of three methods to prevent re-adhesion after hysteroscopic intrauterine adhesion separation: a parallel, randomized and single-center trial.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Jun;10(6):6804-6823

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, China.

Background: This research aims to study the efficacy of an integrated approach to prevent and treat the recurrence of intrauterine adhesions (IUA) after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis.

Methods: A total of 96 patients diagnosed with moderate-to-severe intrauterine adhesions (IUA) in Nantong Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019 were included in this parallel, randomized and single-center trial. Moderate (48 cases) and severe (48 cases) patients were randomly divided into three groups by a computer random generator: Group A (IUD, n=16), Group B, (Foley1w+IUD, n=16) and Group C (Foley1m+IUD, n=16). All patients received sequential treatment of estrogen and progesterone on the day of operation. Follow-up was performed at 1 and 3 months after treatment of uterine cavity, endometrial thickness, menstruation and pregnancy. Surgeons who performed the second-look and third-look hysteroscopy and postsurgical assessors were blinded to the randomization.

Results: In total, 96 patients (48 cases in each degree) were included in the final analysis, with 16 cases in each group. No cases were lost to follow up. The primary outcome measure was AFS score, which was significantly lower in Group C than that of women in group A and Group B at 1 month (P<0.05). Similar results were observed at 3-month follow up. In patients with moderate adhesions, the pregnancy rate in Group C (Foley1m+IUD) was higher than that in Group A and Group B (P<0.05). However, in patients with severe adhesions, there was no significant difference in the pregnancy rate among the three groups (P>0.05). There was no statistical significance in infection indicators among the three groups of moderate and severe patients (P>0.05). Postoperative complications such as uterine perforation, severe bleeding, water poisoning and intrauterine infection were not observed.

Conclusions: The effect of a Foley intrauterine balloon combined with IUD in preventing re-adhesion was better than that of an IUD alone. For patients with moderate adhesion, the prolongation of placement time could prevent intrauterine re-adhesion and significantly improve the pregnancy rate with strong safety. However, for patients with severe adhesions, the prolongation of intrauterine Foley balloon placement did not better prevent intrauterine re-adhesions, improve menstruation, or improve pregnancy rates.

Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR2100046945.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/apm-21-1296DOI Listing
June 2021

Indium-mediated annulation of 2-azidoaryl aldehydes with propargyl bromides to [1,2,3]triazolo[1,5-]quinolines.

Org Biomol Chem 2021 Jul;19(28):6346-6352

School of Chemistry, MOE Key Laboratory for Nonequilibrium Synthesis and Modulation of Condensed Matter, Xi'an Key Laboratory of Sustainable Energy Materials Chemistry, Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), Xi'an 710049, P. R. China. and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, 518055, Guangdong, P. R. China.

An efficient indium-mediated cascade annulation reaction of 2-azidoaryl aldehydes with propargyl bromides is reported. The aromatic 5/6/6-fused heterocycles, [1,2,3]triazolo[1,5-a]quinoline derivatives, could be constructed in one pot in moderate yields with a broad substrate scope. Mechanistic studies indicated that the reaction proceeded through allenol formation, azide-allene [3 + 2] cycloaddition, and dehydration. The synthetic potential of the products including the denitrogenative functionalization and the Pd-catalyzed coupling reactions has also been explored.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d1ob01183aDOI Listing
July 2021

Determination of nitric oxide using light-emitting diode-based colorimeter with tubular porous polypropylene membrane cuvette.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2021 Sep 2;413(21):5301-5307. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Research Center for Analytical Sciences, Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Northeastern University, Shenyang, 110819, Liaoning, China.

On the basis of the Griess-Saltzman (GS) reaction, an optical device for nitric oxide (NO) detection in exhaled breath and atmosphere was developed by employing the light-emitting diode (LED, 560 nm) as the light source, light-to-voltage converter (LVC) as the detector, and porous polypropylene membrane tube (PPMT) as the cuvette. The PPMT was filled with GS reagents and covered with a coaxial jacket tube for gas collection and color reaction; two ends of the PPMT were connected with the LED and LVC to detect the change of light transmissivity in the wavelength range of 530 to 590 nm mainly. A gas absorber filled with GS reagents was installed prior to another absorber filled with KMnO solution to eliminate the interference of coexisting NO. Under the optimized experimental conditions, the device achieved a limit of detection (3σ/k) of 4.4 ppbv for NO detection. The linearity range of this device was divided into two segments, i.e., 25 to 100 ppbv and 50 to 1000 ppbv, with both coefficients of determination > 0.99. The relative standard deviation was 2.7% (n = 9, c = 100 ppbv), and the analytical time was 5.5 min per detection. The minimum detectable quantity was decreased to 1.18 ng, which was ~ 100 times lower than the original GS method (115 ng). The present device was applied for determination of NO in exhaled breath, vehicle exhaust, and air. In addition to satisfactory spiking recoveries (i.e., 103% and 107%), the analytical results of the present device were in agreement with the results obtained by the standard method. These results assured the practicality of the developed device for NO detection in real environmental samples.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-021-03503-4DOI Listing
September 2021

High HBV Load Weakens Predictive Effect of Serum miR-122 on Response to Sorafenib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients.

J Oncol 2021 11;2021:9938207. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Cardiology, The First People's Hospital of Pingdingshan, Youyu Road, Pingdingshan, Henan 467000, China.

Background: MiR-122 is a liver-specific microRNA. The aim of the study was to explore the association of serum miR-122 with response to sorafenib in hepatitis B virus- (HBV-) related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients and to further reveal the effect of the virus load on such potential relationship.

Methods: A total of 588 patients with HCC were retrospectively included. All of them were diagnosed with HBV-related locally advanced HCC and were treated with sorafenib. Therapeutic and prognostic information and other information were collected from medical records. Stored blood specimens that were obtained before sorafenib treatment were adopted to detect miR-122.

Results: The patients were divided into high-level group and low-level group according to the median of serum miR-122 level, and each group contained 294 patients. During the first 24 weeks after sorafenib treatment, the patients in the high-level group had more opportunities to experience progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) than those in the low-level group (HR: 2.47, 95%CI: 1.24∼4.88; HR: 1.20, 95%CI: 1.09∼1.32). In the subgroup analysis, the relationship between serum miR-122 level and overall survival still existed in the patients with relatively lower HBV load (HR: 1.22, 95%CI: 1.09∼1.36), but not in the patients with higher HBV load (HR: 1.12, 95%CI: 0.93∼1.35).

Conclusion: Higher serum level of miR-122 at baseline was associated with a better response to sorafenib in HBV-related locally advanced HCC patients, and relatively high HBV load weakened such predictive effect mentioned above.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2021/9938207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8214498PMC
June 2021

Prognostic value of inflammatory and nutritional markers for hepatocellular carcinoma.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(25):e26506

Central Laboratory.

Abstract: Many clinical studies have demonstrated that the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and Onodera's prognostic nutritional index (OPNI) are visibly involved in the prognosis of a variety of tumors. In our research, we aim to determin the prognostic impact of NLR, PLR, and OPNI for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Data of hepatocellular carcinoma patients undergoing treatment in Changzhi People's Hospital between 2011 and 2017 were reviewed. 270 patients with HCC were under inclusion criteria. The optimal cut-off points of OPNI, NLR and PLR were determined by using the X-tile program. The overall survival (OS) was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate analysis was performed using Cox Proportional Hazard Regression model to determine independent prognostic indicators for HCC.As revealed by Univariate and multivariate analysis, OPNI, Treatment, PLR, and BCLC Stage can be used as independent prognostic indicators for HCC. Comparing the P values and hazard ratios, we found out that the OPNI has greatest influence on prognosis in these indexes. The appropriate cut-off points of NLR, PLR, and OPNI were 2.5, 133.3, and 39.5, respectively. High score OPNI group had a better OS. In the analysis between OPNI and clinicopathological characteristics, there were differences in treatment, postoperative therapy, AST, ALBI grade, NLR and PLR between the high OPNI group and the low OPNI group, while others did not.OPNI is a straightforward and effective independent prognostic indicator for HCC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000026506DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8238303PMC
June 2021

PEDF Gene Deletion Disrupts Corneal Innervation and Ocular Surface Function.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2021 06;62(7):18

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Ocular Disease, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Purpose: The cornea is richly innervated by the trigeminal ganglion (TG) and its function supported by secretions from the adjacent lacrimal (LG) and meibomian glands (MG). In this study we examined how pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) gene deletion affects the cornea structure and function.

Methods: We used PEDF hemizygous and homozygous knockout mice to study effects of PEDF deficiency on corneal innervation assessed by beta tubulin staining, mRNA expression of trophic factors, and PEDF receptors by adjacent supporting glands, corneal sensitivity measured using a Cochet-Bonnet esthesiometer, and tear production using phenol red cotton thread wetting.

Results: Loss of PEDF was accompanied by reduced corneal innervation and sensitivity, increased corneal surface injury and tear production, thinning of the corneal stroma and loss of stromal cells. PEDF mRNA was expressed in the cornea and its supporting tissues, the TG, LG, and MG. Deletion of one or both PEDF alleles resulted in decreased expression of essential trophic support in the TG, LG, and MG including nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic growth factor, and GDNF with significantly increased levels of NT-3 in the LG and decreased EGF expression in the cornea. Decreased transcription of the putative PEDF receptors, adipose triglyceride lipase, lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6, laminin receptor, PLXDC1, and PLXDC2 was also evident in the TG, LG and MG with the first three showing increased levels in corneas of the Pedf+/- and Pedf-/- mice compared to wildtype controls. Constitutive inactivation of ERK1/2 and Akt was pronounced in the TG and cornea, although their protein levels were dramatically increased in Pedf-/- mice.

Conclusions: This study highlights an essential role for PEDF in corneal structure and function and confirms the reported rescue of exogenous PEDF treatment in corneal pathologies. The pleiotropic effects of PEDF deletion on multiple trophic factors, receptors and signaling molecules are strong indications that PEDF is a key coordinator of molecular mechanisms that maintain corneal function and could be exploited in therapeutic options for several ocular surface diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.7.18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8212434PMC
June 2021

Physicochemical properties of fucoidan and its applications as building blocks of nutraceutical delivery systems.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 Jun 16:1-19. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China.

Many bioactive ingredients with health effects such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective possess low bioavailability due to poor solubility and sensitivity. Fucoidan is an ideal material for encapsulating bioactive ingredients because of its unique physicochemical and biological properties, which can improve the function and application of bioactive ingredients. Nevertheless, there is still a lack of review about the physicochemical properties as well as functionalities of fucoidan and the application of fucoidan-based delivery systems in functional food. Hence, in this review, recent advances on the structure, chemical modification, physicochemical properties and biological activity of fucoidan are summarized. This review systematacially describes the recent update on the fucoidan as a wall material for delivering nutraceuticals with a broad discussion on various types of delivery systems ranging from nanoparticles, nanoparticle/bead complexes, emulsions, edible films, nanocapsules and hydrogels. Futhermore, the technical scientific issues of the application of fucoidan in the field of food are emphasized. On the basis of more comprehensive and deeper understandings, the review ends with a concluding remark on future directions of fucoidan-based delivery systems for purposes. Novel fucoidan-based delivery systems such as aerogels, Pickering emulsions, emulsion-filled-hydrogels, liposomes-in-fucoidan, co-delivery systems of bioactive igredients can be designed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2021.1937042DOI Listing
June 2021

Physical activity attenuates the associations of systemic immune-inflammation index with total and cause-specific mortality among middle-aged and older populations.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 15;11(1):12532. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Key Laboratory of Environment & Health, Ministry of Education; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hangkong Rd, Wuhan, 430030, Hubei, China.

Systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) emerged as a biomarker of chronic inflammation and an independent prognostic factor for many cancers. We aimed to investigate the associations of SII level with total and cause-specific mortality risks in the general populations, and the potential modification effects of lifestyle-related factors on the above associations. In this study, we included 30,521 subjects from the Dongfeng-Tongji (DFTJ) cohort and 25,761 subjects from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2014. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the associations of SII with mortality from all-cause, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), cancer and other causes. In the DFTJ cohort, compared to subjects in the low SII subgroup, those within the middle and high SII subgroups had increased risks of total mortality [hazard ratio, HR (95% confidence interval, CI) = 1.12 (1.03-1.22) and 1.26 (1.16-1.36), respectively) and CVD mortality [HR (95%CI) = 1.36 (1.19-1.55) and 1.50 (1.32-1.71), respectively]; those within the high SII subgroup had a higher risk of other causes mortality [HR (95%CI) = 1.28 (1.09-1.49)]. In the NHANES 1999-2014, subjects in the high SII subgroup had higher risks of total, CVD, cancer and other causes mortality [HR (95%CI) = 1.38 (1.27-1.49), 1.33 (1.11-1.59), 1.22 (1.04-1.45) and 1.47 (1.32-1.63), respectively]. For subjects with a high level of SII, physical activity could attenuate a separate 30% and 32% risk of total and CVD mortality in the DFTJ cohort, and a separate 41% and 59% risk of total and CVD mortality in the NHANES 1999-2014. Our study suggested high SII level may increase total and CVD mortality in the general populations and physical activity exerted a beneficial effect on the above associations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-91324-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8206152PMC
June 2021

Distribution and internal correlations of corneal astigmatism in cataract patients.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 1;11(1):11514. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Ocular Disease, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, 300384, China.

The aim of the study is to explore the distribution patterns and internal correlations of the morphological parameters of the cornea in patients with age-related cataract. The Pentacam HR was used to measure anterior corneal astigmatism (ACA), posterior corneal astigmatism (PCA), total corneal astigmatism (TCA) and keratometric corneal astigmatism (KCA). With age, the proportion of with-the-rule (WTR) ACA decreased from 65.31% to 23.63%, while the against-the-rule (ATR) ACA increased from 26.53% to 56.20%. PCA exceeded 0.50 D in 9.14% of eyes, while 76.35% of them were ATR. The magnitude of ACA was positively correlated with PCA in the whole sample, with a more significant correlation in WTR eyes (s = 0.349, P < 0.001). The vector summation effect of PCA to ACA changed from compensation to augmentation with aging. In 57.53% of WTR eyes, KCA was overestimated by an average of 0.21 ± 0.17 D, while it was underestimated by 0.38 ± 0.27 D in 87.62% of ATR eyes. In conclusion, among age-related cataract patients, ACA and TCA gradually shifted from WTR to ATR with aging, while most PCA remained as ATR. Ignoring the age-related changes and real PCA might cause overestimation of WTR astigmatism and underestimation of ATR astigmatism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-91028-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8169901PMC
June 2021

Association of occupational noise exposure, bilateral hearing loss with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk in Chinese adults.

Int J Hyg Environ Health 2021 06 29;235:113776. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Occupational & Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430030, China; Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education & Ministry of Environmental Protection, State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430030, China. Electronic address:

We aimed to explore the association of occupational noise exposure with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk in Chinese adults. We included 21,412 participants from the Dongfeng-tongji Cohort Study, occupational noise exposure was evaluated through workplace noise level and/or the job titles, hearing loss was defined as a pure-tone mean of 25 dB or higher at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz in any ear. Compared with participants without occupational noise exposure, the 10-year ASCVD risk was significantly higher for noise exposure duration ≥20 years (OR = 1.20, 95%CI = 1.05-1.32) after adjusting for potential confounders. In the subgroup analysis, the association was only statistically significant in males (OR = 1.86, 95%CI = 1.12-3.14) and participants aged equal to or over 60 years old (OR = 1.20, 95%CI = 1.05-1.33), but not in females (OR = 1.15, 95%CI = 0.71-1.92) and aged below 60 (OR = 1.51, 95%CI = 0.75-2.85). In the subsample analyses (N = 10,165), bilateral hearing loss was associated with a higher risk of 10-year ASCVD (OR = 1.72, 95%CI = 1.30-2.30), especially for participants who were males (OR = 2.40, 95%CI = 1.61-3.42) and aged equal to or over 60 (OR = 1.85, 95%CI = 1.40-2.44). The present study suggests that occupational noise exposure may be a potential risk factor for ASCVD, especially for males and older participants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113776DOI Listing
June 2021

Characteristics of the Microbial Community in the Production of Chinese Rice-Flavor Baijiu and Comparisons With the Microflora of Other Flavors of Baijiu.

Front Microbiol 2021 29;12:673670. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Rice-flavor baijiu is one of the four basic flavor types of Chinese baijiu. Microbial composition plays a key role in the classification of baijiu flavor types and the formation of flavor substances. In this study, we used high-throughput sequencing technology to study the changes of microbial community in the production of rice-flavor baijiu, and compared the microbial community characteristics during production of rice-, light-, and strong-flavor baijiu. The results showed that the species diversity of bacteria was much higher than that of fungi during the brewing of rice-flavor baijiu. The bacterial diversity index first increased and then decreased, while the diversity of fungi showed an increasing trend. A variety of major microorganisms came from the environment and raw rice materials; the core bacteria were , , , , , etc., among which was dominant (62.88-99.23%). The core fungi were (7.06-83.50%) and (15.21-90.89%). Temperature and total acid content were the main physicochemical factors affecting the microbial composition. Non-metric multidimensional scaling analysis showed that during the fermentation of rice-, light-, and strong-flavor baijiu, their microbial communities formed their own distinct systems, with considerable differences among different flavor types. Compared with the other two flavor types of baijiu, in the brewing process of rice-flavor baijiu, microbial species were fewer and dominant microorganisms were prominent, which may be the main reason for the small variety of flavor substances in rice-flavor baijiu. This study provides a theoretical basis for the production of rice-flavor baijiu, and lays a foundation for studying the link between baijiu flavor formation and microorganisms.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.673670DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8116502PMC
April 2021

Salvianolic acid B attenuated cisplatin-induced cardiac injury and oxidative stress via modulating Nrf2 signal pathway.

J Toxicol Sci 2021 ;46(5):199-207

Department of Pharmacy, Sanmen People's Hospital of Zhejiang, China.

Cardiovascular complications have been well documented as the downside to conventional cancer chemotherapy. As a notable side effect of cisplatin (CDDP), cardiotoxicity represents a major obstacle to the successful treatment of cancer. It has been reported that Salvianolic acid B (SalB) possesses cardioprotective quality. However, the effect of SalB on cardiac damage caused by conventional cancer chemotherapy remains unclear. In this study, we clarified the protective effect of SalB on cisplatin-induced heart injury. Furthermore, in H9c2 cells, SalB dramatically reduced cisplatin-induced apoptosis and oxidative stress by modulating the nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway. In conclusion, SalB had great potential in mitigating cisplatin-induced cardiac injury. Furthermore, more attention should be placed on natural active compounds containing SalB with antioxidant effects for the treatment of cardiomyopathy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2131/jts.46.199DOI Listing
September 2021
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