Publications by authors named "Xianchang Bai"

2 Publications

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Mannosylated gelatin nanoparticles enhanced inactivated PRRSV targeting dendritic cells and increased T cell immunity.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2021 May 5;235:110237. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

College of Life Science and Technology, Dalian University, Dalian, 116622, PR China; Institute of Immunology, Dalian University, Dalian, 116622, PR China. Electronic address:

The objective of the present work was to evaluate the efficacy of a novel antigen carrier using mannosylated gelatin nanoparticles with entrapped inactivated porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in inducing T cell mediated immunity in vitro. Gelatin nanoparticles (GNP) were modified with mannose to form mannosylated gelatin nanoparticles (MnGNP), which can efficiently and specifically target monocyte derived dendritic cells (MoDCs). The inactivated PRRSV was encapsulated in the MnGNP and GNP, referred to as MnGNP-PRRSV and GNP-PRRSV, respectively. All these prepared nanometer particles were characterized for size, surface charge, drug encapsulation efficiency, and drug release. The efficacy of MnGNP in targeting MoDCs was investigated, as well as the subsequent MoDCs maturation and T cell mediated cytotoxicity. The developed MnGNP-PRRSV particle was characterized with a nanometric size of 302.67 ± 3.2 nm, surface charge of 23.81 ± 1.26 mV, and PRRSV encapsulation efficiency of 63.2 ± 1.85 %. The maximum uptake of MnGNP in MoDCs in vitro was 15.5 times higher than GNP with a shorter reaction time that peaked 4 h earlier. The uptake of MnGNP-PRRSV induced maturation of MoDCs and significantly enhanced expression of SWC-3a, CD80, CD1, SLA I, SLA II on MoDCs, compared to PRRSV (p < 0.001). The cytokine secretion of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-12 was also increased in MoDCs when treated with MnGNP-PRRSV, compared to PRRSV (p < 0.05). The matured MoDCs triggered T lymphocytes in autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) activation, proliferation, and differentiation into effector cytotoxic T lymphocyte, suggesting increased amount of activated T cells after MnGNP-PRRSV treatment. Additionally, the function of T cells to kill PRRSV infected cells was 83.98 ± 2.62 % when triggered by MnGNP-PRRSV, compared to 60 ± 4.7 % in PRRSV group (p < 0.001). These results indicate that MnGNP with entrapped inactivated PRRSV can effectively and specifically target dendritic cells for maturation and activation, and subsequently improve T cell activation, proliferation and function to kill PRRSV infected cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2021.110237DOI Listing
May 2021

Heterogeneity and plasticity of porcine alveolar macrophage and pulmonary interstitial macrophage isolated from healthy pigs .

Biol Open 2019 Oct 24;8(10). Epub 2019 Oct 24.

College of Life Science and Technology, Dalian University, Dalian 116622, China

This study investigated the heterogeneity and plasticity of porcine alveolar macrophages (PAM) and pulmonary interstitial macrophages (IM) isolated from healthy pigs, including phenotype, function and gene expression. Dynamic changes of nitric oxide (NO) levels secreted by PAM and IM with stimulation of different doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were investigated by Griess method, and the viability of the PAM and IM cells was investigated by MTT assay. Flow cytometry, fluorescence quantitative PCR and ELISA techniques were used to measure cell phenotype, gene expression and cytokine secretion, respectively. The PAM and IM cells in normal healthy pigs showed heterogeneity with 95.42±1.51% and 31.99±5.84% of CD163+ macrophage, respectively. The NO level in IM was significantly higher versus PAM after LPS treatment. Consistently, the ratio of Arg I/iNOS in IM was much lower than that in PAM, suggesting that the PAM belong to M2 macrophages and the IM belong to M1 macrophages. The PAM and IM cells in normal healthy pigs also showed plasticity. The Arg I/iNOS ratio and TIMP1/MMP12 ratio were significantly decreased in LPS- or LPS+IFNγ-treated PAM and IM, suggesting that cells were polarized towards M1 macrophages under LPS or LPS+IFNγ stimulation. On the contrary, IL-4 and IL-13 stimulation on PAM and IM lead to M2 polarization. A similar result was found in IL-1β gene expression and TNFα secretion. In conclusion, porcine macrophages have shown heterogeneity and plasticity on polarization under the stimulation of LPS, IFNγ, IL-4 and IL-13.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/bio.046342DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6826289PMC
October 2019