Publications by authors named "Xian Chu Kong"

2 Publications

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Src-family kinases stabilize the neuromuscular synapse in vivo via protein interactions, phosphorylation, and cytoskeletal linkage of acetylcholine receptors.

J Neurosci 2005 Nov;25(45):10479-93

Department of Neurochemistry, Brain Research Institute, University of Zürich, CH-8057 Zürich, Switzerland.

Postnatal stabilization and maturation of the postsynaptic membrane are important for development and function of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly characterized. We examined the role of Src-family kinases (SFKs) in vivo. Electroporation of kinase-inactive Src constructs into soleus muscles of adult mice caused NMJ disassembly: acetylcholine receptor (AChR)-rich areas became fragmented; the topology of nerve terminal, AChRs, and synaptic nuclei was disturbed; and occasionally nerves started to sprout. Electroporation of kinase-overactive Src produced similar but milder effects. We studied the mechanism of SFK action using cultured src(-/-);fyn(-/-) myotubes, focusing on clustering of postsynaptic proteins, their interaction with AChRs, and AChR phosphorylation. Rapsyn and the utrophin-glycoprotein complex were recruited normally into AChR-containing clusters by agrin in src(-/-);fyn(-/-) myotubes. But after agrin withdrawal, clusters of these proteins disappeared rapidly in parallel with AChRs, revealing that SFKs are of general importance in postsynaptic stability. At the same time, AChR interaction with rapsyn and dystrobrevin and AChR phosphorylation decreased after agrin withdrawal from mutant myotubes. Unexpectedly, levels of rapsyn protein were increased in src(-/-);fyn(-/-) myotubes, whereas rapsyn-cytoskeleton interactions were unaffected. The overall cytoskeletal link of AChRs was weak but still strengthened by agrin in mutant cells, consistent with the normal formation but decreased stability of AChR clusters. These data show that correctly balanced activity of SFKs is critical in maintaining adult NMJs in vivo. SFKs hold the postsynaptic apparatus together through stabilization of AChR-rapsyn interaction and AChR phosphorylation. In addition, SFKs control rapsyn levels and AChR-cytoskeletal linkage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2103-05.2005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6725837PMC
November 2005

Inhibition of synapse assembly in mammalian muscle in vivo by RNA interference.

EMBO Rep 2004 Feb 16;5(2):183-8. Epub 2004 Jan 16.

Biozentrum, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

The formation of the vertebrate neuromuscular junction (NMJ) requires the receptor tyrosine kinase MuSK and the adaptor molecule rapsyn. Here, we report that the phenotypes of mice deficient in these two molecules can be reproduced by RNA interference (RNAi) in rat muscle in vivo. Specifically, double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) targeting MuSK and rapsyn inhibited the formation of the NMJ in rat muscle fibres in vivo, while dsRNA targeting nonessential proteins did not have any effect. Moreover, plasmids that trigger RNAi to MuSK induced the disassembly of existing NMJs. These results thus demonstrate for the first time the functionality of dsRNA in silencing endogenous genes in adult mammalian muscle in vivo. Moreover, they show that MuSK is also required for the maintenance of the NMJ, offering a mechanistic explanation for the myasthenia gravis caused by auto-antibodies to MuSK.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.embor.7400065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1298976PMC
February 2004