Publications by authors named "Wouter Eilander"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The short external rotators in the anterior approach hip arthroplasty: do the tendons heal or not? A prospective MRI study.

Hip Int 2022 Jun 28:11207000221107551. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Bergman Clinics, Rijswijk, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Release of some of the short external rotator tendons may be needed in the direct anterior approach (DAA) for Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA). It is unknown if these tendons heal. The purpose of this prospective study is to examine short external rotator tendon healing after release and the associated effect on muscle volume. In addition, we examined the relation with external rotation force and patient reported outcome measures (PROMs).

Methods: In 21 DAA THA patients, preoperative MRI was compared with postoperative MRI at 6 weeks and 12 months. PROMs and rotation force of both hips were assessed. Tendon integrity and muscle volume of the obturator internus and piriformis were assessed on MRI using dedicated software.

Results: In 5 patients all tendons remained intact, in 4 patients only the conjoined tendon was released and in 12 patients both the conjoined and piriformis were released. Obturator externus remained intact in all patients. In patients with tendon release, mean volume of obturator internus and piriformis muscle decreased 27% (SD 11) and 23% (SD 16) 6 weeks after surgery, respectively. Released tendons and muscle volume loss did not recover 12 months after surgery. We found no relation between tendon release and hip rotation force or PROMs.

Conclusions: We found absent tendon healing and muscle volume loss when the conjoined or piriformis tendons were released. Although we found no relation between tendon detachment and hip force or PROMs, we have adapted our operative technique to make it more preserving for the piriformis.
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June 2022

Hip ontogenesis: how evolution, genes, and load history shape hip morphotype and cartilotype.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2012 Dec;470(12):3284-96

Orthopaedic Surgeon, Haga Hospital, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Background: Developmental hip disorders (DHDs), eg, developmental dysplasia of the hip, slipped capitis femoris epiphysis, and femoroacetabular impingement, can be considered morphology variants of the normal hip. The femoroacetabular morphology of DHD is believed to induce osteoarthritis (OA) through local cumulative mechanical overload acting on genetically controlled patterning systems and subsequent damage of joint structures. However, it is unclear why hip morphology differs between individuals with seemingly comparable load histories and why certain hips with DHD progress to symptomatic OA whereas others do not.

Questions/purposes: We asked (1) which mechanical factors influence growth and development of the proximal femur; and (2) which genes or genetic mechanisms are associated with hip ontogenesis.

Methods: We performed a systematic literature review of mechanical and genetic factors of hip ontogeny. We focused on three fields that in recent years have advanced our knowledge of adult hip morphology: imaging, evolution, and genetics. WHERE ARE WE NOW?: Mechanical factors can be understood in view of human evolutionary peculiarities and may summate to load histories conducive to DHD. Genetic factors most likely act through multiple genes, each with modest effect sizes. Single genes that explain a DHD are therefore unlikely to be found. Apparently, the interplay between genes and load history not only determines hip morphotype, but also joint cartilage robustness ("cartilotype") and resistance to symptomatic OA. WHERE DO WE NEED TO GO?: We need therapies that can improve both morphotype and cartilotype. HOW DO WE GET THERE?: Better phenotyping, improving classification systems of hip morphology, and comparative population studies can be done with existing methods. Quantifying load histories likely requires new tools, but proof of principle of modifying morphotype in treatment of DDH and of cartilotype with exercise is available.
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December 2012