Publications by authors named "William Q Duong"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Analysis of Unintentional Falls in Pediatric Population and Predictors of Morbidity.

J Surg Res 2021 Jun 12;267:48-55. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Orange County, Orange, California.

Introduction: Unintentional falls are a leading cause of pediatric traumatic injury. This study evaluates clinical outcomes of fall-related injuries in children under the age of 10.

Methods: The National Trauma Database was queried for children who experienced an unintentional fall. Patients were stratified by age in two groups: 1-5 and 6-10 years old. The primary outcome was post discharge extension of care, defined as transfer to skilled nursing facility or rehabilitation center after discharge from the hospital. Descriptive statistics and a multivariable logistic regression analysis were used to compare the two groups.

Results: From 2009 to 2016, a total of 8,277 pediatric patients experienced an unintentional fall, with 93.6% of patients being discharged home. Falls were more common in younger children, with greater odds of post discharge extension of care. Predictors of increased associated risk of extended medical care included intracranial hemorrhage (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.03-1.06) and thoracic injuries (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.1.05) (P< 0.05). Mortality in pediatric patients suffering unintentional falls was a rare event occurring in 0.7% of cases in children 1-5 years old and 0.4% of children 6-10 years old.

Conclusion: The majority of children experiencing an unintentional fall are discharged home, with mortality being very rare. However, younger age is prone to more severe and serious injury patterns. Intracranial hemorrhage and thoracic injury were a predictor of need for extended medical care.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2021.04.036DOI Listing
June 2021

Iatrogenic Arteriovenous Fistula Formation after Endovenous Laser Treatment Resulting in High-output Cardiac Failure: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 17;72:666.e13-666.e21. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Irvine Medical Center, University of California, Orange, CA. Electronic address:

Formation of a clinically significant iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula after endovenous laser treatment of the great saphenous vein is an extremely rare complication. Because of the infrequency of reported cases, there is no clear consensus on how to best manage this complication. We present a unique case of an iatrogenic high-output superficial femoral artery-common femoral vein fistula resulting in right heart failure and a distal deep vein thrombosis. Deployment of a covered arterial stent graft resulted in resolution of the arteriovenous fistula and high-output cardiac state. Clinically significant arteriovenous fistulas resulting from inadvertent vessel injury during endovenous laser treatment appear to be amenable to percutaneous endovascular interventions. During these challenging endovascular cases, intravascular ultrasonography can be used to help delineate the morphology of the fistula tract and obtain vessel measurements to ensure accurate endoprosthesis sizing and placement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2020.10.034DOI Listing
April 2021

Racial and Sex Disparities in Trauma Outcomes Based on Geographical Region.

Am Surg 2020 Dec 9:3134820960063. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, 8788University of California, Irvine, USA.

Objectives: Disparities in outcomes among trauma patients have been shown to be associated with race and sex. The purpose of this study was to analyze racial and sex mortality disparities in different regions of the United States, hypothesizing that the risk of mortality among black and Asian trauma patients, compared to white trauma patients, will be similar within all regions in the United States.

Methods: The Trauma Quality Improvement Program (2010-2016) was queried for adult trauma patients, separating by U.S. Census regions. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed for each region, controlling for known predictors of morbidity and mortality in trauma.

Results: Most trauma patients were treated in the South (n = 522 388, 40.7%). After risk adjustment, black trauma patients had a higher associated risk of death in all regions, except the Northeast, compared to white trauma patients. The highest associated risk of death for blacks (vs. whites) was in the Midwest (odds ratio [OR] 1.30, < .001). Asian trauma patients only had a higher associated risk of death in the West (OR 1.39, < .001). Male trauma patients, compared to women, had an increased associated risk of mortality in all four regions.

Discussion: This study found major differences in outcomes among different races within different regions of the United States. There was also both an increased rate and associated risk of mortality for male patients in all regions. Future prospective studies are needed to identify what regional differences in trauma systems including population density, transport times, hospital access, and other trauma resources explain these findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003134820960063DOI Listing
December 2020

Evaluation of Pelvic Anastomosis by Endoscopic and Contrast Studies Prior to Ileostomy Closure: Are Both Necessary? A Single Institution Review.

Am Surg 2020 Oct;86(10):1296-1301

Department of Surgery, Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University of California, Irvine, Orange, CA, USA.

Contrast enema is the gold standard technique for evaluating a pelvic anastomosis (PA) prior to ileostomy closure. With the increasing use of flexible endoscopic modalities, the need for contrast studies may be unnecessary. The objective of this study is to compare flexible endoscopy and contrast studies for anastomotic inspection prior to defunctioning stoma reversal. Patients with a protected PA undergoing ileostomy closure between July 2014 and June 2019 at our institution were retrospectively identified. Demographics and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing preoperative evaluation with endoscopic and/or contrast studies were analyzed. We identified 207 patients undergoing ileostomy closure. According to surgeon's preference, 91 patients underwent only flexible endoscopy (FE) and 100 patients underwent both endoscopic and contrast evaluation (FE + CE) prior to reversal. There was no significant difference in pelvic anastomotic leak (2.2% vs. 1%), anastomotic stricture (1.1% vs. 6%), pelvic abscess (2.2% vs. 3.0%), or postoperative anastomotic complications (4.4% vs. 9%) between groups FE and FE + CE ( > .05). Flexible endoscopy alone appears to be an acceptable technique for anastomotic evaluation prior to ileostomy closure. Further studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of different diagnostic modalities for pelvic anastomotic inspection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003134820964227DOI Listing
October 2020

Comparison of surgical fixation and non-operative management in patients with traumatic sternum fracture.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2020 Oct 19. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of General Surgery, Division of Trauma, Burns and Surgical Critical Care, University of California, Irvine, 333 City Blvd. West, Suite 1600, Orange, CA, 92868, USA.

Purpose: The incidence of sternal fractures in blunt trauma patients lies between 3 and 7%. The role, timing and indications for surgical management are not well delineated and remain controversial for patients undergoing surgical stabilization of sternum fracture (SSSF). We sought to identify the national rate of SSSF in patients with a sternum fracture hypothesizing patients undergoing SSSF will have a decreased rate of mortality and complications.

Methods: The Trauma Quality Improvement Program (2015-2016) was queried for patients with sternum fracture. Propensity scores were calculated to match patients undergoing SSSF to patients managed non-operatively in a 1:2 ratio using demographic data.

Results: From 9460 patients with a sternum fracture, 114 (1.2%) underwent SSSF. After propensity-matching, 112 SSSF patients were compared to 224 patients undergoing non-operative management (NOM). There were no differences in matched characteristics (all p > 0.05). Compared to patients undergoing NOM, patients undergoing SSSF had an increased median length of stay (LOS) (16 vs. 7 days, p < 0.001), ICU LOS (9.5 vs. 5.5 days, p = 0.016) and ventilator days (8 vs. 5, p = 0.035). The SSSF group had a similar rate of ARDS (2.7% vs. 2.2%, p = 0.80), pneumonia (1.8% vs. 0.9%, p = 0.48) and unplanned intubation (8.9% vs. 5.8%, p = 0.29) but a lower mortality rate (2.7% vs. 11.2%, p = 0.008).

Conclusion: Just over 1% of patients with sternum fracture underwent SSSF in a national analysis. Patients undergoing SSSF had an increased LOS and similar rate of all measured pulmonary complications, however a lower mortality rate compared to patients managed non-operatively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-020-01527-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7571865PMC
October 2020

Research priorities in chest wall injury: A modified Delphi approach.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2020 10;89(4):e106-e111

From the Division of Trauma, Burns and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery (A.B.C., P.T.D., A.G., J.N., E.T., W.Q.D., W.Y.R., S.D.S.), University of California, Irvine, Orange, California, and Department of Surgery (L.M.), University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002854DOI Listing
October 2020

Evolving Utility of Endovascular Treatment of Juxtarenal, Pararenal, and Suprarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Associated With Increased Risk of Mortality Over Time.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Feb 2;71:428-436. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

University of California, Irvine, Department of Surgery, Orange, CA.

Background: Continued advances in endovascular technologies are resulting in fewer open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repairs. In addition, more complex juxtarenal, pararenal, and suprarenal (JPS) AAAs are being managed with various endovascular techniques. This study sought to evaluate the evolving trends in endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of AAAs, hypothesizing increased rate of JPS AAA repair by EVAR. We also sought to evaluate the risk for morbidity and mortality for EVAR and open aneurysm repair (OAR) of JPS AAAs over time.

Methods: The 2011-2017 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Procedure-Targeted Vascular database was queried for patients undergoing OAR or EVAR for AAAs. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed for both infrarenal and JPS AAA repairs.

Results: Of 18,661 patients who underwent AAA repair, 3,941 (21.1%) were OAR and 14,720 (78.9%) were EVAR. The rate of OAR decreased from 29.5% in 2011 to 21.3% in 2017 (P < 0.001) with a geometric-mean-annual decrease of 27.8%. The rate of EVAR increased from 70.5% to 78.7% during the same time period (P < 0.001) with a geometric-mean-annual increase of 11.6%. These trends remained true for both infrarenal and JPS AAAs. After adjusting for covariates, there was no difference in associated risk of 30-day mortality, renal complications, or ischemic colitis for either OAR or EVAR over each incremental year for infrarenal AAAs (P > 0.05). However, in patients undergoing EVAR for JPS AAAs, the associated risk of mortality increased with each incremental year (odds ratio [OR]: 1.30, confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-1.69, P = 0.039), whereas there was no difference in the risk of mortality for OAR of JPS AAAs with each incremental year (OR: 1.11, CI: 0.99-1.23, P = 0.067).

Conclusions: The rate of OAR for AAA has decreased over the past seven years with an increase in EVAR, particularly for more complex JPS AAAs. The associated risk for morbidity and mortality for treatment of infrarenal AAAs was not significantly affected by this increased utility of EVAR. The associated risk of mortality for JPS AAAs treated by EVAR increased over time, whereas this trend for associated risk of mortality was not seen for OAR of JPS AAAs. These findings, especially the increased associated risk of mortality over time with EVAR for JPS AAAs, warrant careful prospective analysis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2020.08.103DOI Listing
February 2021
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