Publications by authors named "Wenlong Lei"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

An MSN-based synergistic nanoplatform for root canal biofilm eradication Fenton-enhanced sonodynamic therapy.

J Mater Chem B 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) & Key Laboratory for Oral Biomedical Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.

The validity and biocompatibility of irrigating agents are imperative for the success of root canal therapy. The imperfections in the currently available irrigants highlight the fact that more advanced technologies and strategies are required for complete disinfection in endodontic treatments. In the present study, a Fenton reaction-enhanced antimicrobial sonodynamic therapy (SDT) platform was fabricated for root canal disinfection. Firstly, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were synthesized, grafted with an amino group and then conjugated with sonosensitizer protoporphyrin IX (PpIX). Iron ions were then anchored ([email protected]) to initiate a Fenton reaction. Nanoparticle characterization by size and zeta potential measurements, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and thermogravimetric analysis confirmed that the platform was successfully developed. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation assessment, methylene blue degradation and electron spin resonance assays illustrated upon ultrasound (US) irradiation, that augmented ROS, can be produced by US activated PpIX and iron mediated Fenton reactions from low concentration H2O2 (0.01%). In vitro anti-Enterococcus faecalis efficacy was demonstrated by growth curve and colony forming unit measurements. Confocal laser scanning microscopy and scanning electron microscopy observations illustrated the effectiveness of the platform on in situ biofilm eradication in root canal. Owing to the stronger oxidizing capability and short lifetime of ROS, the Fenton reaction-enhanced SDT can induce detrimental oxidative damage to bacteria upon activation of US while avoiding nonspecific toxicity to cells, which was verified by cytotoxicity evaluations using CCK-8 assay and morphology observation of MC3T3-E1 cells. Compared to commonly used NaClO, this nanoplatform displayed desirable anti-bacterial, anti-biofilm abilities and better biocompatibility. These results highlight that the integrated [email protected] + US + H2O2 platform is a promising candidate for US enhanced root canal irrigation and disinfection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d1tb01031jDOI Listing
July 2021

Dimethyl Sulfoxide Wet-bonding Technique May Improve the Quality of Dentin Bonding.

J Adhes Dent 2017 Jun 8:229-237. Epub 2017 Jun 8.

Purpose: To investigate the effect of the dimethyl-sulfoxide wet-bonding technique on composite-dentin bonds and to explore its potential mechanism.

Materials And Methods: Thirty human third molars were segmented, ground, etched, and randomly divided into three groups according to the following pretreatments: 1. water; 2. ethanol; 3. 50% (v/v) dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Then, Single Bond 2 was applied and composite buildups were constructed. After 24 h of water storage or 10,000 cycles of thermocycling, the microtensile bond strength (MTBS) and nanoleakage were measured. Contact angle measurement, Masson's trichrome staining, and in situ zymography were used to explore the possible action mechanism of DMSO on adhesive-dentin interfaces.

Results: DMSO pretreatment prevented the decline of thermocycled MTBS (p < 0.05) without affecting the immediate MTBS (p > 0.05) compared to the water wet-bonded group. Nanoleakage expression in the thermocycled DMSO wet-bonded group was also less than that in the thermocycled water-wet group (p < 0.05). Moreover, DMSO decreased the contact angle of the dentin surfaces (p < 0.05), reduced the amount of collagen exposure (p < 0.05), and decreased the collagenolytic activity in the hybrid layer (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: The 50% DMSO pretreatment was effective in increasing the wettability of the etched dentin surface, promoting the penetration of the adhesive monomer, and enhancing the stability of the dentin collagen at the adhesive- dentin interface. All these changes may lead to higher quality dentin bonds, suggesting that DMSO wet bonding is a viable alternative to improve the durability of dentin bonding.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3290/j.jad.a38438DOI Listing
June 2017

[The application of universal adhesives in dental bonding].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2016 Mar;51(3):189-92

Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China.

The bonding restoration has become an important clinical technique for the development of dental bonding technology. Because of its easy operation and the maximum preservation of tooth tissues, bonding repair is widely used in dental restoration. The recent multi-mode universal adhesives have brought new progress in dental bonding restoration. In this article the universal adhesives were reviewed according to its definition, development, improvement, application features and possible problems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1002-0098.2016.03.013DOI Listing
March 2016

Cloning of cytochrome P450 3A137 complementary DNA in silver carp and expression induction by ionic liquid.

Chemosphere 2013 Aug 16;92(9):1238-44. Epub 2013 May 16.

College of Life Science, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan 453007, China.

Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, especially CYP 3A, are responsible for metabolizing of various kinds of endogenous and exogenous compounds in animals. In the present study, a full-length sequence of CYP 3A137 cDNA in silver carp was cloned and sequenced, and then a phylogenetic tree of CYP 3A was structured. Additionally, the acute toxicity of the ionic liquid 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide ([C8mim]Br) on silver carp and transcription and microsome enzyme activity of CYP 3A137 in the liver of silver fish after rifampicin or [C8mim]Br exposure were also determined in this study. The results show that the full length of CYP 3A137 cDNA is 1810 base pair (bp) long and contains an open reading frame of 1539bp encoding a protein of 513 amino acids. Sequence analysis reveals that CYP 3A137 is highly conserved in fish. Moreover, the results of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction reveal that CYP 3A137 in silver carp is constitutively expressed in all tissues examined and the sequence of expression rate is liver>intestine>kidney>spleen>brain>heart>muscle. Finally, the results of acute toxicity tests indicate that both rifampicin and [C8mim]Br significantly up-regulate the expression of CYP 3A137 at mRNA level and increase CYP 3A137 enzyme activity in fish liver, suggesting that CYP 3A137 be involved in metabolism of [C8mim]Br in silver carp.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.04.055DOI Listing
August 2013
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