Publications by authors named "Wenche Telstad"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

GBA2 Mutations Cause a Marinesco-Sjögren-Like Syndrome: Genetic and Biochemical Studies.

PLoS One 2017 4;12(1):e0169309. Epub 2017 Jan 4.

Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Background: With the advent new sequencing technologies, we now have the tools to understand the phenotypic diversity and the common occurrence of phenocopies. We used these techniques to investigate two Norwegian families with an autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia with cataracts and mental retardation.

Methods And Results: Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip analysis followed by Exome sequencing identified a 2 bp homozygous deletion in GBA2 in both families, c.1528_1529del [p.Met510Valfs*17]. Furthermore, we report the biochemical characterization of GBA2 in these patients. Our studies show that a reduced activity of GBA2 is sufficient to elevate the levels of glucosylceramide to similar levels as seen in Gaucher disease. Furthermore, leucocytes seem to be the proper enzyme source for in vitro analysis of GBA2 activity.

Conclusions: We report GBA2 mutations causing a Marinesco-Sjögren-like syndrome in two Norwegian families. One of the families was originally diagnosed with Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome based on an autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia with cataracts and mental retardation. Our findings highlight the phenotypic variability associated with GBA2 mutations, and suggest that patients with Marinesco-Sjögren-like syndromes should be tested for mutations in this gene.
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August 2017

Preclinical disease activity in multiple sclerosis: A prospective study of cognitive performance prior to first symptom.

Ann Neurol 2016 10;80(4):616-24

Norwegian MS Competence Center, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Objective: To prospectively investigate potential signs of preclinical multiple sclerosis (MS) activity and when they are present prior to first symptom using data from a historical cohort.

Methods: We linked the cognitive performance of all Norwegian men born 1950-1995 who underwent conscription examination at age 18 to 19 years to the Norwegian MS registry to identify those later developing MS, and randomly selected controls frequency-matched on year of birth from the Norwegian Conscript Service database. In this nested case-control study, cognitive test scores were available for 924 male cases and 19,530 male controls. We estimated mean score differences among cases and controls (Student t test) and the risk of developing MS comparing lower to higher scores (Cox regression) in strata of years to clinical onset.

Results: Men developing first clinical MS symptoms up to 2 years after the examination scored significantly lower than controls (Δ = 0.80, p = 0.0095), corresponding to a 6 intelligence quotient (IQ)-point difference. Those scoring lowest, that is, >1 standard deviation below the controls' mean, had an increased MS risk during the 2 following years (relative risk = 2.81, 95% confidence interval = 1.52-5.20). Whereas results were similar for relapsing-remitting MS cases (RRMS), those developing primary-progressive MS (PPMS) scored a significant 4.6 to 6.9 IQ points lower than controls up to 20 years prior to first progressive symptoms.

Interpretation: RRMS may start years prior to clinical presentation, and disease processes in PPMS could start decades prior to first apparent progressive symptoms. Cognitive problems could be present in both MS forms before apparent symptoms. Apart from potential implications for clinical practice and research, these findings challenge our thinking about the disease. Ann Neurol 2016;80:616-624.
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October 2016

Defective PITRM1 mitochondrial peptidase is associated with Aβ amyloidotic neurodegeneration.

EMBO Mol Med 2016 Mar;8(3):176-90

Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway Department of Clinical Medicine (K1), University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway

Mitochondrial dysfunction and altered proteostasis are central features of neurodegenerative diseases. The pitrilysin metallopeptidase 1 (PITRM1) is a mitochondrial matrix enzyme, which digests oligopeptides, including the mitochondrial targeting sequences that are cleaved from proteins imported across the inner mitochondrial membrane and the mitochondrial fraction of amyloid beta (Aβ). We identified two siblings carrying a homozygous PITRM1 missense mutation (c.548G>A, p.Arg183Gln) associated with an autosomal recessive, slowly progressive syndrome characterised by mental retardation, spinocerebellar ataxia, cognitive decline and psychosis. The pathogenicity of the mutation was tested in vitro, in mutant fibroblasts and skeletal muscle, and in a yeast model. A Pitrm1(+/-) heterozygous mouse showed progressive ataxia associated with brain degenerative lesions, including accumulation of Aβ-positive amyloid deposits. Our results show that PITRM1 is responsible for significant Aβ degradation and that impairment of its activity results in Aβ accumulation, thus providing a mechanistic demonstration of the mitochondrial involvement in amyloidotic neurodegeneration.
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March 2016

Employment among patients with multiple sclerosis-a population study.

PLoS One 2014 23;9(7):e103317. Epub 2014 Jul 23.

Department of Neurology, Norwegian Multiple Sclerosis Competence Centre, Haukeland University Hospital (HUS), Bergen, Norway; Department of Clinical Medicine, KG Jebsen Center for MS research, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Objective: To investigate demographic and clinical factors associated with employment in MS.

Methods: The study included 213 (89.9%) of all MS patients in Sogn and Fjordane County, Western Norway at December 31st 2010. The patients underwent clinical evaluation, structured interviews and completed self-reported questionnaires. Demographic and clinical factors were compared between patients being employed versus patients being unemployed and according to disease course of MS. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors independently associated with current employment.

Results: After a mean disease duration of almost 19 years, 45% of the population was currently full-time or part- time employed. Patients with relapsing -remitting MS (RRMS) had higher employment rate than patients with secondary (SPMS) and primary progressive (PPMS). Higher educated MS patients with lower age at onset, shorter disease duration, less severe disability and less fatigue were most likely to be employed.

Conclusions: Nearly half of all MS patients were still employed after almost two decades of having MS. Lower age at onset, shorter disease duration, higher education, less fatigue and less disability were independently associated with current employment. These key clinical and demographic factors are important to understand the reasons to work ability in MS. The findings highlight the need for environmental adjustments at the workplace to accommodate individual 's needs in order to improve working ability among MS patients.
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November 2015

Variants of anterior segment dysgenesis and cerebral involvement in a large family with a novel COL4A1 mutation.

Am J Ophthalmol 2013 May 6;155(5):946-53. Epub 2013 Feb 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Purpose: To investigate the diverse ocular manifestations and identify the causative mutation in a large family with autosomal dominant anterior segment dysgenesis accompanied in some individuals by cerebral vascular disease.

Design: Retrospective observational case series and laboratory investigation.

Methods: Forty-five family members from 4 generations underwent ophthalmic examination. Molecular genetic investigation included analysis with single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and DNA sequencing. Whole exome sequencing was performed in 1 individual.

Results: A broad range of ocular manifestations was observed. Typical cases presented with corneal clouding, anterior synechiae, and iris hypoplasia. Posterior embryotoxon, corectopia, and early cataract development were also seen. One obligate carrier and several other family members had minor ocular anomalies, thus confounding the scoring of affected and unaffected individuals. Cerebral hemorrhages had occurred in 4 individuals, in 3 at birth or during the first year of life. Seven patients with corneal clouding were considered "definitely affected" for linkage studies. Haplotype mapping revealed that they shared a 14 cM region in the terminal part of chromosome 13q that included the locus for COL4A1. The affected family members were heterozygous for a novel COL4A1 sequence variant c.4881C>G (p.Asn1627Lys) predicted to be damaging and not found among 185 local blood donors. Exome sequencing showed that this variant was the only one in the candidate region not found in dbSNP.

Conclusion: Among the family members shown to carry the novel COL4A1 mutation, heterogenous presentations of anterior segment dysgenesis was seen. Testing family members for this mutation also made a definite diagnosis possible in patients with a clinical presentation difficult to classify. In families where anterior segment dysgenesis occurs together with cerebral hemorrhages, genetic analysis of COL4A1 should be considered.
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May 2013

Risk of MS is not associated with exposure to crude oil, but increases with low level of education.

Mult Scler 2011 Jul 22;17(7):780-7. Epub 2011 Feb 22.

Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway.

Background: Offshore workers in the Norwegian upstream petroleum industry are exposed to a number of chemicals such as organic solvents, mineral oils and other hydrocarbons, possibly contributing to an increased risk of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Objective: To estimate the risk of MS in this population compared with the general working population in Norway, adjusting for education.

Methods: Using the Norwegian Registry of Employers and Employees we included all 27,900 offshore workers registered from 1981 to 2003 and 366,805 referents from the general working population matched by gender, age and community of residence. The cohort was linked to the Norwegian MS Registry and the Norwegian Education Registry.

Results: There was no increased risk of MS among the offshore workers. We found a marked and linear inverse relationship between level of education and the risk of MS in the total study population, with a rate ratio of 0.48 (95% CI, 0.53 to 0.88) for workers with a graduate degree compared to workers with elementary school only.

Conclusions: These findings do not support a major aetiological role of petroleum-based products, but rather point to smoking and other lifestyle factors related to the level of education as being important for the risk of MS.
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July 2011

[When the world jumps].

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2007 Dec;127(24):3221-2

Nevrologisk avdeling Haukeland Universitetssjukehus 5021 Bergen.

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December 2007

The spectrum of clinical disease caused by the A467T and W748S POLG mutations: a study of 26 cases.

Brain 2006 Jul 25;129(Pt 7):1685-92. Epub 2006 Apr 25.

Department of Neurology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen and Haukeland University Hospital Bergen, Norway.

We studied 26 patients belonging to 20 families with a disorder caused by mutations in the POLG gene. The patients were homozygous for 1399 G/A or 2243 G/C (giving the amino acid changes A467T and W748S, respectively) or compound heterozygotes for these two mutations. Irrespective of genotype, the patients exhibited a progressive neurological disorder usually starting in their teens and characterized by epilepsy, headache, ataxia, neuropathy, myoclonus and late onset ophthalmoplegia. However, major differences in survival were seen depending on genotype, with compound heterozygotes having a significantly shorter survival time than patients homozygous either for the A467T or W748S (P = 0.006). Epilepsy occurred in 22 of the 26 patients and in the majority of these there was an occipital EEG focus. Episodes of both generalized and focal motor status epilepticus were common and highly resistant to treatment, even with generalized anaesthesia. Status epilepticus was the recorded cause of death in 9 of 11 patients. Liver failure was the sole cause of death in two patients and evolved terminally in six others, all but one of whom were being treated with sodium valproate. Two patients underwent liver transplantation, but only one survived. Delayed psychomotor development and subsequent cognitive decline also occurs. This study demonstrates the clinical spectrum of a disorder that combines features of Alpers' syndrome and a later onset mitochondrial spinocerebellar ataxia with epilepsy and headache. Patients with this disorder are at high risk of death from status epilepticus and from liver failure, if exposed to sodium valproate. Each mutation appears capable of producing a disorder that is recessively inherited, although we also find evidence in one patient suggesting that heterozygotes may manifest. Compound heterozygotes have a significantly more severe phenotype raising the possibility of a dominant negative effect.
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July 2006

[Status epilepticus].

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2003 May;123(11):1533-5

Nevrologisk avdeling, Haukeland Universitetssykehuset SSF, Helse Førde.

The review defines status epilepticus and discusses treatment options for convulsive and nonconvulsive status epilepticus. The drug of choice in Norway is diazepam intravenously (0.25 mg/kg), followed by phosphenytoin or sodium valproate intravenously and barbiturate narcosis. Other treatment options are discussed. Underlying causes must be addressed for therapeutic intervention. Given early treatment, the prognosis is generally good.
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May 2003