Publications by authors named "Wen-Can Xu"

16 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Metabolite and Microbiome Profilings of Pickled Tea Elucidate the Role of Anaerobic Fermentation in Promoting High Levels of Gallic Acid Accumulation.

J Agric Food Chem 2020 Nov 9;68(47):13751-13759. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology, and Tea Science Department of Horticulture and Forestry Science College, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan City 430070, China.

Gallic acid (GA) is an important active ingredient for its pharmacological activities. High levels of GA in tea can be obtained by anaerobic fermentation, but its mechanism is still unclear. Here, the profiles of metabolites and microbiomes in pickled tea were analyzed. The results showed that GA of pickled tea increased to 24.26 mg/g at 18 d after anaerobic fermentation, which was accompanied by the reducing levels of epicatechin gallate (ECG), epiafzelechin-3--gallate (EAG), and 7-galloylcatechin (7-GC) and the increasing relative abundances of and other six bacterial genera. However, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) was basically stable during the whole fermentation process. These results suggested that EGCG contributes little to the GA formation during anaerobic fermentation, but ECG, EAG, and 7-GC should be the key precursors to form GA; moreover, bacteria, especially may be responsible for their bioconversion. It will establish an effective way to increase GA in tea production.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.0c06187DOI Listing
November 2020

An improved cellular enucleation method with extracellular matrix and colchicine facilitates the study of nucleocytoplasmic interaction.

Eur J Cell Biol 2019 Dec 17;98(5-8):151045. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Multidisciplinary Research Center, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong 515063, China. Electronic address:

Enucleated mammalian cells (cytoplasts) have been widely used for studying differential roles of the cytoplasm and nucleus in various cellular processes. Here, we reported an improved enucleation protocol, in which cells were seeded in extracellular matrix (ECM)-coated 24-wells and spun at 4600 g and 35 °C for 60 min in the presence of cytochalasin B and colchicine. When glass-bottom wells were used, cellular structures and organelles in cytoplasts could be examined directly by confocal microscopy. Nuclear envelope rupture did not occur probably due to mild centrifugation conditions used in this study. Addition of paclitaxel or doxorubicin completely blocked proliferation of residual nucleated cells; however, to our surprise, paclitaxel dramatically prolonged the survival of cytoplasts. Results from Annexin V and Propidium Iodide staining showed that cytoplasts died predominantly by apoptosis, which was partially inhibited by ECM and further by paclitaxel. Mitochondria were mostly rod-shaped and formed a connected network in paclitaxel-treated cytoplasts, indicating lack of fusion and fission dynamics. Moreover, paclitaxel increased mitochondrial membrane potential, suggesting that perturbation of mitochondria might be critical to the survival of cytoplasts. In conclusion, we had established an efficient and fast procedure for enucleation of adherent animal cells, which could facilitate the investigation of nucleocytoplasmic interaction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcb.2019.151045DOI Listing
December 2019

Low dose doxycycline decreases systemic inflammation and improves glycemic control, lipid profiles, and islet morphology and function in db/db mice.

Sci Rep 2017 10 31;7(1):14707. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

Multidisciplinary Research Center, Shantou University, Shantou, 515063, Guangdong, China.

The aim of this study was to determine whether low dose doxycycline as an anti-inflammatory agent could improve glucose metabolism in diabetic animals. Therefore, doxycycline was supplemented in drinking water to 6-week-old male db/db mice for 10 weeks. Doxycycline reduced perirenal/epididymal fat, Lee's index, and liver cholesterol. Blood HDL-cholesterol increased, but total cholesterol and aspartate transaminase decreased. Glucose and insulin tolerances were improved, accompanying with reduced fasting blood glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR and advanced glycation end products. Islet number, β-cell percentage and mass increased, while islet size decreased. Consistently, less apoptosis but more β-cell proliferation were found in islets of treated mice. Freshly isolated islets from treated mice showed higher insulin content and enhanced glucose stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). In addition, purified islets of Balb/c mice showed increased GSIS after cultivation in vitro with doxycycline, but not with chloramphenicol and levofloxacin. Inflammation markers, including lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in serum as well as CD68-positive cells in treated islets, decreased significantly. Finally, LPS stimulated the production of inflammatory factors but inhibited GSIS of MIN6 cells; however, the effects were completely reversed by doxycycline. The results support further study of possible long-term usage of sub-antimicrobial doxycycline in diabetic patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14408-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5666019PMC
October 2017

Decision-making in primary onset middle-age type 2 diabetes mellitus: a BOLD-fMRI study.

Sci Rep 2017 08 31;7(1):10246. Epub 2017 Aug 31.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong Province, 515041, China.

Although type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a well-recognized risk factor for dementia, the neural mechanisms that underlying cognitive impairment in T2DM remain unclear. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during a computerized version of the Iowa Gambling Task to investigate the neural basis of decision making at the initial onset stage of T2DM. Eighteen newly diagnosed middle-aged T2DM patients, with no previous diabetic treatment history, and 18 matched controls were recruited. Results indicated that T2DM patients made more disadvantageous decisions than controls. Compared to healthy subjects, T2DM patients showed decreased activation in the ventral medial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC), orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and anterior cingulate cortex, and increased activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, posterior cingulate cortex, insula and occipital lobes. IGT performance positively correlated with changes in brain activation in the VMPFC and OFC in both groups. Moreover, poor glycemic control was associated with decision-making function both in behavioral and brain activity in the VMPFC and OFC in patients. Conclusively, T2DM patients may suffer from weaknesses in their prefrontal cortex functions that lead to poorer decision-making under ambiguity, at least as assessed by the IGT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-10228-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5579021PMC
August 2017

VSV-G Viral Envelope Glycoprotein Prepared from Enhances Transfection of DNA into Animal Cells.

J Microbiol Biotechnol 2017 Jun;27(6):1098-1105

Multidisciplinary Research Center, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong 515063, P.R. China.

Vesicular stomatitis virus G glycoprotein (VSV-G) has been widely used for pseudotyping retroviral, lentiviral, and artificial viral vectors. The objective of this study was to establish a potential approach for large-scale production of VSV-G. To this end, VSV-G was cloned with an N-terminal His-tag into expression vector pPIC3.5K. Three clones (Mut) containing the VSV-G expression cassette were identified by PCR. All clones proliferated normally in expansion medium, whereas the proliferation was reduced significantly under induction conditions. VSV-G protein was detected in cell lysates by western blot analysis, and the highest expression level was observed at 96 h post induction. VSV-G could also be obtained from the condition medium of yeast protoplasts. Furthermore, VSV-G could be incorporated into Ad293 cells and was able to induce cell fusion, leading to the transfer of cytoplasmic protein. Finally, VSV-G-mediated DNA transfection was assayed by flow cytometry and luciferase measurement. Incubation of VSV-G lysate with the pGL3-control DNA complex increased the luciferase activity in Ad293 and HeLa cells by about 3-fold. Likewise, incubation of VSV-G lysate with the pCMV-DsRed DNA complex improved the transfection efficiency into Ad293 by 10% and into HeLa cells by about 1-fold. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that VSV-G could be produced from with biofunctionalities, demonstrating that large-scale production of the viral glycoprotein is feasible.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1611.11082DOI Listing
June 2017

Spatial Working Memory Impairment in Patients with Non-neuropsychiatric Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Blood-oxygen-level Dependent Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.

J Rheumatol 2017 02 15;44(2):201-208. Epub 2017 Jan 15.

From the Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Medical College of Shantou University; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Imaging, Shantou, Guangdong; Graduate School of Beijing Normal University, Zhuhai, China.

Objective: Using ethology and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore mild cognitive dysfunction and spatial working memory (WM) impairment in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) without overt neuropsychiatric symptoms (non-NPSLE) and to study whether any clinical biomarkers could serve as predictors of brain dysfunction in this disease.

Methods: Eighteen non-NPSLE patients and 18 matched subjects were all tested using the Montreal cognitive assessment scale test and scanned using blood-oxygen-level dependent fMRI while performing the n-back task to investigate the activation intensity of some cognition-related areas.

Results: Ethology results showed that non-NPSLE patients had mild cognitive dysfunction and memory dysfunction (p < 0.05). The fMRI scan confirmed a neural network consisting of bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), premotor area, parietal lobe, and supplementary motor area (SMA)/anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) that was activated during the n-back task, with right hemisphere dominance. However, only the right SMA/ACC showed a load effect in the non-NPSLE group; the activation intensity of most WM-related brain areas for the non-NPSLE group was lower than for the control group under 3 memory loads. Further, we found that the activation intensity of some cognition-related areas, including the bilateral caudate nucleus/insula and hippocampus/parahippocampal gyrus were lower than the control group under the memory loads. An inverse correlation existed between individual activation intensity and disease duration.

Conclusion: Non-NPSLE-related brain damage with right DLPFC-posterior parietal lobe and parahippocampal gyrus default network causes impairment of spatial WM and mild cognitive dysfunction. Patients with longer disease duration would be expected to exhibit increased central nervous system damage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.160290DOI Listing
February 2017

Incorporation of Viral Glycoprotein VSV-G Improves the Delivery of DNA by Erythrocyte Ghost into Cells Refractory to Conventional Transfection.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2017 Feb 24;181(2):748-761. Epub 2016 Sep 24.

Multidisciplinary Research Center, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong, 515063, China.

The objective of this study was to formulate a novel gene delivery system based on the erythrocyte ghost (EG) integrated with fusogenic viral glycoprotein vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein G (VSV-G). VSV-G proteins were harvested as condition medium of Ad293 cells carrying a VSV-G transgene and then incorporated into EG. Plasmid DNA was condensed by various transfection reagents. A luciferase expression construct (pGL3-control) and a DsRed expression cassette (pCMV-DsRed) were used to evaluate the delivery efficiency of DNA/EG/VSV-G complexes. VSV-G proteins could be incorporated into EG in static incubation under acidic conditions as evidenced by the Western blot analysis. Condensed plasmid DNA was bound mostly to the outer surface of EG, which could be detected by electromicroscopy and measured by electrophoresis. EG/VSV-G complexes stimulated the delivery of pGL3-control into Ad293 cells significantly with the luciferase activity increased about 4-fold as compared to that of the control. The delivery of pCMV-DsRed was also enhanced with the percentage of DsRed-positive Ad293 cells increased from 55 % to about 80 %. Moreover, the transfection efficiency in 3T3, HeLa, INS-1, and bone marrow stem cell (BMSC) cells increased about 2-3-fold. Finally, confocal microscopy analysis showed that incorporation of VSV-G significantly enhanced the endocytosis of EG into target cells. In the present study, a novel type of non-viral DNA delivery vehicle consisting of EG and fusogenic VSV-G proteins was formulated, which showed superior transfection efficiency even in cells resistant to classical transfection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-016-2246-xDOI Listing
February 2017

Niacin receptor GPR109A inhibits insulin secretion and is down-regulated in type 2 diabetic islet beta-cells.

Gen Comp Endocrinol 2016 Oct 26;237:98-108. Epub 2016 Aug 26.

Multidisciplinary Research Center, Shantou University, Shantou 515063, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: We previously found niacin receptor GPR109A was expressed in murine islet beta-cells, and signaling through GPR109A inhibited glucose stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). However, the expression of GPR109A in human islets and its functional relevance is still not known.

Methods: The expression of GPR109A was examined by antibody staining and in situ hybridization on pancreatic paraffin sections. GPR109A was cloned and expressed in INS-1 islet beta-cells. Intracellular cAMP and GSIS were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results: The expression of GPR109A was confirmed in murine islet beta-cells and further detected in human counterparts by using commercially available polyclonal antibodies. In situ hybridization study detected the transcripts of GPR109A, but not that of closely related GPR109B. Furthermore, GPR109A was significantly reduced in islets from diabetic individuals and animal model of db/db mice as compared to their respective controls. Further, GPR109A levels in insulinoma were also reduced dramatically as compared to islets found in corresponding non-tumor normal tissues. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that GPR109A transcripts were severely down-regulated in rodent insulinoma cell lines as compared to that of freshly isolated islets from mice. Finally, human and murine GPR109A expression cassettes were transfected into INS-1 cells, which resulted in reduced accumulation of cAMP and insulin secretion after incubation with niacin. The effect could be completely abrogated by pretreatment with pertussis toxin.

Conclusions: These results demonstrate that GPR109A is functionally expressed in both human and murine islet beta-cells. However, the role of GPR109A in the prevention of diabetes or insulinoma needs further study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2016.08.011DOI Listing
October 2016

Incorporation of VSV-G produces fusogenic plasma membrane vesicles capable of efficient transfer of bioactive macromolecules and mitochondria.

Biomed Microdevices 2016 06;18(3):41

Multidisciplinary Research Center, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong, 515063, China.

The objective of this study was to determine if plasma membrane vesicles (PMVs) could be exploited for efficient transfer of macro-biomolecules and mitochondria. PMVs were derived from mechanical extrusion, and made fusogenic (fPMVs) by incorporating the glycoprotein G of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV-G). Confocal microscopy examination revealed that cytoplasmic proteins and mitochondria were enclosed in PMVs as evidenced by tracing with cytoplasmically localized and mitochondria-targeted EGFP, respectively. However, no fluorescence signal was detected in PMVs from cells whose nucleus was labeled with an EGFP-tagged histone H2B. Consistently, qRT-PCR measurement showed that mRNA, miRNA and mitochondrial DNA decreased slightly; while nuclear DNA was not measureable. Further, Western blot analysis revealed that cytoplasmic and membrane-bound proteins fell inconspicuously while nuclear proteins were barely detecsle. In addition, fPMVs carrying cytoplamic DsRed proteins transduced about ~40 % of recipient cells. The transfer of protein was further confirmed by using the inducible Cre/loxP system. Mitochondria transfer was found in about 20 % recipient cells after incubation with fPMVs for 5 h. To verify the functionalities of transferred mitochondria, mitochodria-deficient HeLa cells (Rho0) were generated and cultivated with fPMVs. Cell enumeration demonstrated that adding fPMVs into culture media stimulated Rho0 cell growth by 100 % as compared to the control. Lastly, MitoTracker and JC-1 staining showed that transferred mitochondria maintained normal shape and membrane potential in Rho0 cells. This study established a time-saving and efficient approach to delivering proteins and mitochondria by using fPMVs, which would be helpful for finding a cure to mitochondria-associated diseases. Graphical abstract Schematic of the delivery of macro-biomolecules and organelles by fPMVs. VSV-G-expressing cells were extruded through a 3 μm polycarbonate membrane filter to generate fusogenic plasma membrane vesicles (fPMVs), which contain bioactive molecules and organelles but not the nucleus. fPMVs can be endocytosed by target cells, while the cargo is released due to low-pH induced membrane fusion. These nucleus-free fPMVs are efficient at delivery of cytoplasmic proteins and mitochondria, leading to recovery of mitochondrial biogenesis and proliferative ability in mitochondria-deficient cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10544-016-0066-yDOI Listing
June 2016

Spatial working memory impairment in primary onset middle-age type 2 diabetes mellitus: An ethology and BOLD-fMRI study.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2016 Jan 11;43(1):75-87. Epub 2015 Jun 11.

Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Medical College of Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong Province, PR China.

Purpose: To explore mild cognitive dysfunction and/or spatial working memory impairment in patients with primary onset middle-age type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM] using ethology (behavior tests) and blood oxygen level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI).

Materials And Methods: Eighteen primary onset T2DM patients and 18 matched subjects with normal blood glucose levels were all tested using the Montreal cognitive assessment scale test, the Wechsler Memory Scale Chinese-revised test, and scanned using BOLD-fMRI (1.5T, EPI sequence) while performing the n-back task to find the activation intensity of some cognition-related areas.

Results: The ethology results showed that T2DM patients had a mild cognitive impairment and memory dysfunction (P < 0.05). The fMRI scan identified a neural network consisting of bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), bilateral premotor area (PreMA), bilateral parietal lobe (PA), and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) / supplementary motor area (SMA) that was activated during the n-back task, with right hemisphere dominance. However, only the right PA and ACC/SMA showed a load effect via quantitative analysis in the T2DM group; the activation intensity of most working memory-related brain areas for the T2DM group were lower than for the control group under three memory loads. Furthermore, we found that the activation intensity of some cognition-related areas, including the right insular lobe, left caudate nucleus, and bilateral hippocampus/parahippocampal gyrus were lower than the control group under the memory loads.

Conclusion: Diabetes-related brain damage of primary onset middle-age T2DM patients with right DLPFC-posterior parietal lobe and parahippocampal gyrus default network causes impairment of spatial working memory and mild cognitive dysfunction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmri.24967DOI Listing
January 2016

Increased Specific Labeling of INS-1 Pancreatic Beta-Cell by Using RIP-Driven Cre Mutants with Reduced Activity.

PLoS One 2015 5;10(6):e0129092. Epub 2015 Jun 5.

Multidisciplinary Research Center, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong, 515063, China.

Ectopically expressed Cre recombinase in extrapancreatic tissues in RIP-Cre mice has been well documented. The objective of this study was to find a simple solution that allows for improved beta-cell specific targeting. To this end, the RIP-Cre and reporter CMV-loxP-DsRed-loxP-EGFP expression cassettes were configurated into a one-plasmid and two-plasmid systems, which labeled approximately 80% insulin-positive INS-1 cells after 48 h transfection. However, off-target labeling was robustly found in more than 15% insulin-negative Ad293 cells. When an IRES element was inserted in front of Cre to reduce the translation efficiency, the ratio of recombination between INS-1 and Ad293 cells increased 3-4-fold. Further, a series of Cre mutants were generated by site-directed mutagenesis. When one of the mutants, Cre(H289P) in both configurations, was used in the experiment, the percentage of recombination dropped to background levels in a number of insulin-negative cell lines, but decreased only slightly in INS-1 cells. Consistently, DNA substrate digestion assay showed that the enzymatic activity of Cre(H289P) was reduced by 30-fold as compared to that of wild-type. In this study, we reported the generation of constructs containing RIP and Cre mutants, which enabled enhanced beta-cell specific labeling in vitro. These tools could be invaluable for beta-cell targeting and to the study of islet development.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0129092PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4457865PMC
March 2016

SIRT1 interacts with metabolic transcriptional factors in the pancreas of insulin-resistant and calorie-restricted rats.

Mol Biol Rep 2013 Apr 6;40(4):3373-80. Epub 2013 Jan 6.

Intensive Care Unit (ICU), The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, China.

Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is one member of the silent information regulator 2 (Sir2)-like family of proteins involved in glucose homeostasis in mammals. It has been reported that SIRT1 modulates endocrine signaling of glucose and fat homeostasis by regulating transcription factors such as forkhead transcription factor 3a (FOXO3a), glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and PPARγ coactivator (PGC-1α). However, it is still not clear how SIRT1 is involved in the development of insulin resistance. To determine the location and expression of SIRT1 and its target proteins in rats and analyze the interactions and functions of these proteins in insulin resistance. Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four regimen groups: normal control (NC), calorie restriction (CR), high-fat (HFa), and high-fructose (HFr). Animals were fed for 12 weeks and blood samples collected from tail veins at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 after fasting for 16 h. Baseline metabolic parameters such as fasting blood sugar, insulin, cholesterol and triglycerides were analyzed. A glucose tolerance test was carried out at the end of the study. Visceral fat, consisting of epididymis and perirenal fat, was isolated and weighed. The pancreas from each animal was also immediately removed. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect the locations of SIRT1, FOXO3a, GLUT4, PPARγ and PGC-1α in the β-cell of the rat pancreas. Expression in the pancreas was analyzed by western blotting. Blood biochemical analysis indicated that the HFa and HFr groups were insulin-resistant. Immunohistochemical staining showed that GLUT4 was a nuclear protein. SIRT1, FOXO3a, PPARγ and PGC-1α were present in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm of β-cells of pancreatic islets. The expression of SIRT1, GLUT4 and PGC-1α increased significantly in response to CR, but decreased in the HFr and HFa groups. FOXO3a was similar in the CR and the NC groups, whereas it declined in the HFa and HFr groups. PPARγ was elevated in the HFa group, but dropped in the CR and HFr groups. These data suggest that SIRT1 and its regulators are involved in the development of insulin resistance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-012-2412-3DOI Listing
April 2013

Expression and distribution of S-100, CD83, and costimulatory molecules (CD80 and CD86) in tissues of thyroid papillary carcinoma.

Cancer Invest 2011 May;29(4):286-92

The First Affilaited Hospital of Shantou University Medical School, China.

A higher expression of S-100 in tissue of thyroid papillary carcinoma (TPC) vs. thyroid follicular adenoma (TFA) (p < .001) was observed as well as a higher expression of CD83 in the peri-cancerous tissues vs. TFA (p < .001), oppositely, CD83 was negative in the cancerous net. TPC showed greater decreases in levels of CD80 and CD86 than did the TFA. These findings suggest that impaired immune function, absence of CD83-positive mature and activated dendritic cells in cancer nodules may have a role in the pathogenesis of TPC. The low expression of CD80 and CD86 in TPC may help them evade the immune system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/07357907.2011.568561DOI Listing
May 2011

Screening of Herpes simplex virus 2 infection among pregnant women in southern China.

J Dermatol 2011 Feb 2;38(2):120-4. Epub 2010 Sep 2.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical School, Guangdong, Shantou, China.

The aim was to investigate the prevalence of Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-2 infection among pregnant women in southern China and analyze the relationship between the HSV-2 infection and pregnancy outcome. We examined 1740 sera collected from pregnant women aged 21-39 years, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of specific antibodies against HSV-2. The overall prevalence of HSV-2 infection was 23.56% (95% confidence interval [CI]=21.53-26.00). The prevalence of HSV-2 infection in the women with abnormal pregnancy was 35.93% (95% CI=26.23-42.44) (83/231), which was much higher than that in women who had been pregnant before but without abnormal pregnancy and that in the primipara group. (P<0.05). The presence of HSV-2 antibodies was also associated with status of education. The prevalence of HSV-2 infection in the 26-30-year age group (27.49%) (95% CI=24.53-30.33) was the highest among all age groups. The prevalence of HSV-2 infection in pregnant women in southern China is quite high. Women with asymptomatic or subclinical genital infection should be identified by examining the HSV-2 antibody, which would be helpful to reduce the abnormal pregnancy outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1346-8138.2010.00966.xDOI Listing
February 2011

Calorie restriction on insulin resistance and expression of SIRT1 and SIRT4 in rats.

Biochem Cell Biol 2010 Aug;88(4):715-22

Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China.

The sirtuin proteins are nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dependent deacetylases and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribosyl transferases associated with metabolic balance and lifespan extension. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and sirtuin 4 (SIRT4) have been reported to regulate insulin secretion, but their association with the development of insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease remain undefined. The aim of this study was to determine the expression of SIRT1 and SIRT4 in the liver and pancreas of rats fed with different diets and analyze the association of these proteins with insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following 4 diet treatment groups: normal control (NC), calorie restriction (CR), high-fat (HFa), and high-fructose (HFr), and these groups were maintained for 12 weeks. Blood biochemical analysis and histopathology indicated that HFa and HFr groups were insulin resistant and developed nonalcoholic fatty livers. SIRT1 was present in the nucleus and cytoplasm of the pancreatic beta-cells, while SIRT4 was located in the cytoplasm. Treatment with the CR diet increased the expression of SIRT1 in both the pancreas and liver, while treatment with the HFa and HFr diets caused a decrease. SIRT4 was upregulated in the liver of rats treated with the HFa diet, but did not change with the CR diet treatment. These data suggest that SIRT1 and SIRT4 were both involved in the development of insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/O10-010DOI Listing
August 2010

Resveratrol inhibits the expression of SREBP1 in cell model of steatosis via Sirt1-FOXO1 signaling pathway.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2009 Mar 31;380(3):644-9. Epub 2009 Jan 31.

Department of Lemology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, 57 Changping Road, Shantou 515041, PR China.

Recent studies in mice have shown that resveratrol can protect the liver from fat accumulation induced by high fat diet. However, the exact mechanism is largely unknown. To explore the possible mechanism, we investigated the anti-lipogenic effect of resveratrol in vitro model. Oil Red O staining revealed that resveratrol could significantly ameliorate the excessive triglyceride accumulation in HepG2 cells induced by palmitate. The results of RT-PCR and Western blotting showed that resveratrol upregulated the expression of Sirt1 and forkhead box O1 (FOXO1), whereas downregulated the expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein1 (SREBP1). Moreover, resveratrol was shown to inhibit the activity of SREBP1, as evaluated by immunofluorescence assay. Our results suggest that resveratrol may attenuate fat deposition by inhibiting SREBP1 expression via Sirt1-FOXO1 pathway and thus may have application for the treatment of NAFLD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.01.163DOI Listing
March 2009
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