Publications by authors named "Wei-zhong Yuan"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Creation of lung-targeted dexamethasone immunoliposome and its therapeutic effect on bleomycin-induced lung injury in rats.

PLoS One 2013 14;8(3):e58275. Epub 2013 Mar 14.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Objective: Acute lung injury (ALI), is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, which is routinely treated with the administration of systemic glucocorticoids. The current study investigated the distribution and therapeutic effect of a dexamethasone(DXM)-loaded immunoliposome (NLP) functionalized with pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP-A) antibody (SPA-DXM-NLP) in an animal model.

Methods: DXM-NLP was prepared using film dispersion combined with extrusion techniques. SP-A antibody was used as the lung targeting agent. Tissue distribution of SPA-DXM-NLP was investigated in liver, spleen, kidney and lung tissue. The efficacy of SPA-DXM-NLP against lung injury was assessed in a rat model of bleomycin-induced acute lung injury.

Results: The SPA-DXM-NLP complex was successfully synthesized and the particles were stable at 4°C. Pulmonary dexamethasone levels were 40 times higher with SPA-DXM-NLP than conventional dexamethasone injection. Administration of SPA-DXM-NLP significantly attenuated lung injury and inflammation, decreased incidence of infection, and increased survival in animal models.

Conclusions: The administration of SPA-DXM-NLP to animal models resulted in increased levels of DXM in the lungs, indicating active targeting. The efficacy against ALI of the immunoliposomes was shown to be superior to conventional dexamethasone administration. These results demonstrate the potential of actively targeted glucocorticoid therapy in the treatment of lung disease in clinical practice.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0058275PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3597622PMC
September 2013

[High glucose regulates the expression of connective tissue growth factor and its receptor (low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein) in cultured podocytes].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2006 Jun;38(3):262-5

Division of Nephrology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China.

Objective: To observe the expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and its receptor-low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP), and the relevant signaling pathway for the regulation by long-term high glucose exposure in cultured podocytes.

Methods: The effects of high glucose on the expression of CTGF and its receptor LRP were analyzed by western blotting. The activation of mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPKS) signaling pathway by high glucose was also examined.

Results: Basal levels of CTGF were observed in cultured mouse podocytes, the levels of CTGF protein were increased by high glucose medium groups on the 2nd day, reached the peak on the 4th day (P< 0.05), began to decline on the 6th day, returned to the basal level on the 8th day (P>0.05). The levels of CTGF expression in normal glucose and mannitol glucose groups did not change markly. High glucose medium induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 at as early as minute 30, reached the peak at hour 6; maintained the activity at hours 12 and 24, and declined to the basal level at hour 48. However, phosphorylation of ERK1/2 was not detected in normal glucose and mannitol glucose groups. Blockade of phosphorylation of ERK1/2 with PD98059, a specific ERK1/2 activation inhibitor, did decrease the high glucose-triggered expression of CTGF protein in 4 days. High glucose had no effect on the expression of LRP protein at each time point.

Conclusion: Acute high glucose (2-4 days) stimulated the expression of CTGF protein via ERK1/2-dependent signaling pathway in cultured podocytes, while cultured in high glucose for 6-8 days, the podocytes did not increase its CTGF level. Long-term high glucose had no effect on the expression of LRP in podocytes.
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June 2006