Publications by authors named "Wei-Min Xu"

14 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Characteristics of gut microbiota and its association with the activity of β-glucuronidase in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2021 Jul;23(7):677-683

Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212000, China.

Objective: To study the characteristics of gut microbiota and its association with the activity of β-glucuronidase (β-GD) in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia.

Methods: A total of 50 neonates with hyperbilirubinemia who were admitted in January to December, 2018, were enrolled as the hyperbilirubinemia group, and 30 neonates without hyperbilirubinemia were enrolled as the control group. The 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing method was used to compare gut microbiota between the two groups. The phenolphthalein-glucuronic acid substrate method was used to measure the activity of β-GD in the intestinal tract of neonates with hyperbilirubinemia before and after treatment.

Results: The comparison of the distribution of gut microbiota at the genus level showed a significant difference in the abundance of 52 bacteria between the hyperbilirubinemia and control groups before treatment ( < 0.05), as well as a significant difference in the abundance of 42 bacteria between the hyperbilirubinemia group on day 3 after treatment and the control group on day 3 after enrollment ( < 0.05). After treatment, the hyperbilirubinemia group had significant reductions in the content of and in the intestinal tract ( < 0.05) and the activity of β-GD in feces ( < 0.05). The activity of β-GD in feces was positively correlated with the abundance of and before and after treatment in the neonates with hyperbilirubinemia (=0.5948-0.7245, < 0.01).

Conclusions: There are differences in gut microbiota between the neonates with hyperbilirubinemia and those without hyperbilirubinemia. The activity of β-GD in feces is positively correlated with the abundance of and in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia. Gut microbiota may affect the development of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia by regulating the activity of β-GD. The determination and analysis of gut microbiota and β-GD activity may have certain clinical significance for the early assessment of the development of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8292660PMC
July 2021

Expression of VEGF-A Signaling Pathway in Cartilage of ACLT-induced Osteoarthritis Mouse Model.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Jun 14;16(1):379. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Laboratory for New Techniques of Restoration & Reconstruction of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Anterior cruciate ligament transection surgery (ACLT)-induced OA model was often used to investigate the molecular mechanism of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Researches have shown that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) played an important role in OA. The present study aimed to investigate the pathological changes after ACLT surgery and reveal the expression characteristics of the VEGF-A/VEGFR2 signaling pathway in this model.

Methods: Moderate KOA model was established by ACLT, and 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after surgery, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Safranin-O(S-O) staining were used to detect the pathological changes in mouse knee cartilage, and the matrix biomarkers A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin Motifs 5(ADAMTS5), Collagen II (COL-II) were detected using immunohistochemistry (IHC), CD31 was detected by immunofluorescence (IF) to show the vascular invasion in cartilage, and proteins expression of VEGF-A pathway were detected by Western blot (WB). Meanwhile, the inflammatory biomarkers cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in cartilage were detected by WB.

Results: ACLT surgery can lead to degeneration of cartilage in mice, and the characteristics of the lesion were time-dependent. The ADAMTS5-positive cells increased while COL-II decreased in OA cartilage with time, and new blood vessels labeled by CD31 can be seen from 1 week in OA cartilage, and increased in 8 and 12 weeks. The expression of VEGF-A, VEGFR2, COX-2, and iNOS were higher than control groups, which were basically consistent with the degree of osteoarthritis.

Conclusions: The degenerative degree of articular cartilage was time-dependent; angiogenesis and inflammation were important pathological changes of cartilage in KOA. The expression of the VEGF-A/VEGFR2 signaling pathway was basically correlated with the degree of KOA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-021-02528-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8201729PMC
June 2021

[Effectiveness of Saccharomyces boulardii combined with phototherapy in the treatment of hyperbilirubinemia in neonates: a prospective randomized controlled trial].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2020 Nov;22(11):1149-1153

Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212000, China.

Objective: To study the effectiveness of Saccharomyces boulardii combined with phototherapy in the treatment of hyperbilirubinemia in neonates.

Methods: The neonates with hyperbilirubinemia who were hospitalized from January to December 2018 were enrolled and randomly divided into an observation group (n=61) and a control group (n=63). The neonates in the observation group were treated with phototherapy combined with Saccharomyces boulardii, and those in the control group were treated with phototherapy combined with placebo. Treatment outcomes were compared between the two groups. Fecal samples were collected 72 hours after treatment and 16s rRNA high-throughput sequencing was used to compare the features of gut microbiota between the two groups.

Results: There was no significant difference in the total serum bilirubin level between the two groups before treatment (P>0.05). At 24, 48, and 72 hours after treatment, the observation group had a significantly lower level of total serum bilirubin than the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had a significantly lower proportion of neonates requiring phototherapy again [20% (12/61) vs 75% (47/63), P<0.05]. Compared with the control group, the observation group had a significantly higher abundance of Bacteroides (P<0.05) and a significantly lower abundance of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus in the intestine at 72 hours after treatment (P<0.05).

Conclusions: In neonates with hyperbilirubinemia, phototherapy combined with Saccharomyces boulardii can effectively reduce bilirubin level and prevent the recurrence of jaundice. Saccharomyces boulardii can favour the treatment outcome by regulating the gut microbiota of neonates.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7666384PMC
November 2020

Molecular investigation of infection sources and transmission chains of brucellosis in Zhejiang, China.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2020 Dec;9(1):889-899

State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

In the present study, a total of 7793 samples from 5 different types of hosts were collected and tested, with a seroprevalence of 2.4% (184/7793). Although the seroprevalence of human and animal brucellosis is relatively low, numbers of human brucellosis cases reported have increased continuously from 2004 to 2018. A total of 118 strains containing 4 biotypes were obtained, including bv.1 ( = 8) and bv.3 ( = 106), bv.3 ( = 3) and bv.7 ( = 1). Twenty-one shared MLVA-16 genotypes, each composed of 2 to 19 strains obtained from different hosts, suggest the occurrence of a brucellosis outbreak epidemic with multiple source points and laboratory infection events. Moreover, 30 shared MLVA-16 genotypes were observed among 59.6% (68/114) isolates from Zhejiang and strains from other 21 different provinces, especially northern provinces, China. The analysis highlighted the imported nature of the strains from all over the northern provinces with a dominant part from the developed areas of animal husbandry. These data revealed a potential transmission pattern of brucellosis in this region, due to introduced infected sheep leading to a brucellosis outbreak epidemic, and eventually causing multiple laboratory infection events. It is urgent to strengthen the inspection and quarantine of the introduced animals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22221751.2020.1754137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7241503PMC
December 2020

The activation and function of IL-36γ in neutrophilic inflammation in chronic rhinosinusitis.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2018 05 21;141(5):1646-1658. Epub 2017 Dec 21.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: Although increased accumulation of neutrophils has been noted in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), the function and regulation of neutrophils in CRS are largely unknown. IL-36 family cytokines may play an important role in neutrophilic inflammation.

Objective: This study sought to investigate the expression and function of IL-36 cytokines in CRS.

Methods: Quantitative RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and ELISA were used to investigate the expression of IL-36 cytokines and IL-36 receptor (IL-36R) in sinonasal mucosa. The expression of IL-36R on neutrophils in polyps and blood was measured by flow cytometry. Purified blood neutrophils were cultured to investigate the regulation of IL-36R expression. The cleavage of IL-36γ was detected by Western blotting. Dispersed nasal polyp cells were treated with IL-36γ with or without elastase inhibitor and dexamethasone.

Results: Neutrophil infiltration and expression of IL-36 cytokines and IL-36R were upregulated in both CRS with and without nasal polyps. IL-36γ was the most abundant isoform and mainly expressed by epithelial cells in CRS. Neutrophils were the principal IL-36R cell type in polyps. IL-36R expression was almost absent in blood neutrophils and upregulated by IL-6, IL-1β, and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus group 1. Elastase activity was increased in polyps and degraded full-length IL-36γ. Consistently, the levels of cleaved IL-36γ were increased in polyps. Full-length IL-36γ promoted the production of matrix metalloproteinase 9; IL-17A; and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligands 1, 2, and 8 from dispersed nasal polyp cells, which was abolished by elastase inhibitor. The proinflammatory effect of IL-36γ was not suppressed by dexamethasone.

Conclusions: Increased production and activation of IL-36γ may act on neutrophils and further exaggerate neutrophilic inflammation in CRS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2017.12.972DOI Listing
May 2018

Transcriptome analysis reveals manifold mechanisms of cyst development in ADPKD.

Hum Genomics 2016 11 21;10(1):37. Epub 2016 Nov 21.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Richard Roudebush VAMC and Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.

Background: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) causes progressive loss of renal function in adults as a consequence of the accumulation of cysts. ADPKD is the most common genetic cause of end-stage renal disease. Mutations in polycystin-1 occur in 87% of cases of ADPKD and mutations in polycystin-2 are found in 12% of ADPKD patients. The complexity of ADPKD has hampered efforts to identify the mechanisms underlying its pathogenesis. No current FDA (Federal Drug Administration)-approved therapies ameliorate ADPKD progression.

Results: We used the de Almeida laboratory's sensitive new transcriptogram method for whole-genome gene expression data analysis to analyze microarray data from cell lines developed from cell isolates of normal kidney and of both non-cystic nephrons and cysts from the kidney of a patient with ADPKD. We compared results obtained using standard Ingenuity Volcano plot analysis, Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and transcriptogram analysis. Transcriptogram analysis confirmed the findings of Ingenuity, GSEA, and published analysis of ADPKD kidney data and also identified multiple new expression changes in KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathways related to cell growth, cell death, genetic information processing, nucleotide metabolism, signal transduction, immune response, response to stimulus, cellular processes, ion homeostasis and transport and cofactors, vitamins, amino acids, energy, carbohydrates, drugs, lipids, and glycans. Transcriptogram analysis also provides significance metrics which allow us to prioritize further study of these pathways.

Conclusions: Transcriptogram analysis identifies novel pathways altered in ADPKD, providing new avenues to identify both ADPKD's mechanisms of pathogenesis and pharmaceutical targets to ameliorate the progression of the disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40246-016-0095-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5117508PMC
November 2016

[Toxoplasma gondii infection in pet dogs and owners in Hangzhou].

Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 2014 Dec;32(6):485-6

Sixty pet feeding families were obtained by random sampling in Hangzhou. The positive rate of IgG antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in pet owners was 3.3% (4/120). The rate in males and females was 8.6% (3/35) and 1.2% (1/85) (χ2=4.207, P<0.05). The positive rate in pet dogs was 13.3% (8/60). The positive rate in dogs fed with a raw-meat diet (33.3%, 4/12) were significantly higher than that of others (4.2%, 2/48) (χ2=6.123, P<0.05).
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December 2014

A telomerase immortalized human proximal tubule cell line with a truncation mutation (Q4004X) in polycystin-1.

PLoS One 2013 28;8(1):e55191. Epub 2013 Jan 28.

Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America.

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is associated with a variety of cellular phenotypes in renal epithelial cells. Cystic epithelia are secretory as opposed to absorptive, have higher proliferation rates in cell culture and have some characteristics of epithelial to mesenchymal transitions. In this communication we describe a telomerase immortalized cell line that expresses proximal tubule markers and is derived from renal cysts of an ADPKD kidney. These cells have a single detectable truncating mutation (Q4004X) in polycystin-1. These cells make normal appearing but shorter cilia and fail to assemble polycystin-1 in the cilia, and less uncleaved polycystin-1 in membrane fractions. This cell line has been maintained in continuous passage for over 35 passages without going into senescence. Nephron segment specific markers suggest a proximal tubule origin for these cells and the cell line will be useful to study mechanistic details of cyst formation in proximal tubule cells.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0055191PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3557233PMC
July 2013

[The iodine status in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province 2010].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2011 Oct;32(10):1009-13

Hangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, China.

Objective: To explore the iodine level in the environment and the iodine status among the general population as well as the prevalence of thyroid nodules in Hangzhou city. Relationship between the prevalence of thyroid nodules and the policy of universal salt iodization in Hangzhou was also analyzed.

Methods: Questionnaire, a 3-day weighed dietary record method, and 3 days' 24-hour dietary recall method were used to understand the iodine nutrition status and dietary intake of iodine among the general population in the city. Drinking water, edible salt and morning urine were collected to determine iodine content. All objects under survey underwent the thyroid B ultrasonic examination. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS 13.0 and SAS 9.1.

Results: (1) In total, 12 620 effective questionnaires were available, with 221 water samples, 12 730 urine samples, and 3593 salt samples collected. 12 515 objects underwent B ultrasonic examination, and 1848 received dietary investigation. (2) Water iodine level of Hangzhou was in the range of 0.20 - 5.99 µg/L, with the median level as 2.58 µg/L. (3) Average daily dietary intake of iodine for adult males in Hangzhou was 289.2 µg/d. The contribution of iodine intake from iodized salt was 74.4%. (4) The median of Hangzhou residents' urinary iodine was 178.80 µg/L, with the urinary iodine levels at 100 µg/L-, 200 µg/L-, < 100 µg/L, and ≥ 300 µg/L groups were 37.14%, 23.11%, 21.05%, and 18.69% respectively. Urinary iodine of pregnant women was 141.0 µg/L. (5) Incidence of thyroid nodules in females (28.6%) was higher than that of males (20.1%). The detection rate increased with age (6.4% at group 6-, 10.9% at 12-, 12.0% at 18-, 24.4% at 40-, and 38.8% at 65-); with the highest in urban area (29.8%), followed by suburbs (23.3%) and in rural area it showed the least (20.3%). Urinary iodine level was found lower among the population who had been detected with thyroid nodules (160.36 µg/L) than those among the undetected population (182.00 µg/L).

Conclusion: Hangzhou appeared to be an area where the environmental was iodine deficient. Iodized salt was the major source of iodine intake. The iodine status among the general population seemed to be safe and suitable, but the iodine level for pregnant women was not sufficient. There was still no evidence indicating that the universal salt iodization policy in Hangzhou was associated with the prevalence of thyroid nodules.
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October 2011

[Combination effects of enhanced UV-B radiation and O3 stress on photosynthetic characteristics of winter wheat].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2011 Oct;32(10):3023-32

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Nanjing 210044, China.

Experiments were conducted under open-top-chambers conditions to assess the photosynthetic responses of wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L., YangMail6) to supplemental UV-B radiation (10%-10.9% higher then control group, T1) and enhanced ozone [(100 +/- 9) nmol x mol(-1), T2], separately and in combination (combination treatment, T3), making use of LCpro + Portable Photosynthesis System and DIVING-PAM Fluorometer to determine gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters. Results indicated that P(n), G(s), T(r), P(m) and I(k) of T1, T2 and T3 treatments decreased significantly compared to CK (control group, natural air and UV-B radiant intensity condition), while there were no differences between T3 and T1 or T2 or both in major growth stages. UV-B fiercely inhibited the stomatal conductance and transpiration of plants, while T1 stimulated stomata opening and transpiration in jointing stage. Dark respiration (R(d)) of T1 was increased, while no significance difference was found between T2 and CK or T3 and CK in most stages. T1 and T2 reduced F(v)/F(m) value only in booting stage, while T3 was significant lower than CK except jointing stage. qP value declined significantly in treatments of T1, T2 and T3 as Compared to CK, with decreasing amplitude occurring in the order T3 > T1 > T2. NPQ, Y (NPQ), Y (NO) value of T1, T2 and T3 treatments increased significantly compared to CK, with maximum increasing amplitude occurring in the order T3 > T1 > T2, of which NPQ of T1 and T2 turned to decrease since filling stage, and T3 turned to decrease since flowering stage to a greater degree than T1 and T2. T1, T2 and T3 also caused significance reduction in Y (II), with reducing amplitude occurring in the order T3 > T1 > T2. Obviously, supplemental UV-B radiation and enhanced ozone caused a significant decrease in gas exchange capacity, maximum photochemical capacity and photosynthetic activity of winter wheat, and the photoprotective mechanism was damage, leading to greater proportion of excitation energy dissipated in the form of non-regulated heat and fluorescence. The photosystems of winter wheat were damaged by both excess energy and UV-B or excess energy and O3, or excess energy, UV-B and O3 together. UV-B and O3 in combination enhanced the negative effects on photo-protective mechanisms and excitation energy distribution in PS II compared to UV-B or O3 alone, while the interactive effects were less than addition.
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October 2011

Ectopic expression of cadherin 8 is sufficient to cause cyst formation in a novel 3D collagen matrix renal tubule culture.

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2011 Jul 9;301(1):C99-C105. Epub 2011 Mar 9.

Division of Nephrology, Richard L. Roudebush Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

While a variety of genetic mutations have been shown to be associated with renal cyst formation, mechanisms of renal cyst formation are largely unknown. In prior communications we described alterations in E-cadherin assembly in cultured cystic epithelial cells (Charron AJ, Nakamura S, Bacallao R, Wandinger-Ness A. J Cell Biol 149: 111-124, 2000). Using the same cell line we assayed cadherin expression by RT-PCR using primer pairs that anneal to highly conserved sequences of cadherin genes but flank informative regions of cadherins. Using this approach we found that autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) cells express cadherin 8, a neuronal cadherin with limited expression in the kidney. Immunohistochemistry confirmed cadherin 8 expression in cystic epithelia. To test the functional significance of cadherin 8 expression in renal epithelial cells, we adapted a three-dimensional collagen culture method in which HK-2 cells form tubule structures and microinjected adenovirus into the matrix space surrounding tubule structures. Adenovirus expressing cadherin 8 under the control of a tet promoter caused cyst structures to grow out of the tubules when coinjected with adenovirus expressing a tet transactivator. Microinjection of single adenovirus expressing either tet transactivator or cadherin 8 failed to cause cyst formation. When doxycycline was added to the culture, following coinjection of adenovirus, there was a dose-response reduction in cadherin 8 expression and cyst formation. Similarly, HK-2 cells transfected with Flag-tagged cadherin 8 form cysts in addition to tubular structures. HK-2 cells transfected with Flag-tagged N-cadherin do not form cysts. These data suggest that ectopic expression of cadherin 8 in renal epithelial cells is sufficient to cause the morphogenic pattern of cyst formation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpcell.00151.2010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3129820PMC
July 2011

Probing the assembly of highly vinyl-functionalized periodic mesoporous organosilica materials with crystal-like frameworks.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2010 Sep 7;12(35):10569-76. Epub 2010 Jul 7.

Key Laboratory for Polymeric Composite and Functional Materials of Ministry of Education, OFCM Institute, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, PR China.

Vinyl-functionalized periodic mesoporous organosilica materials (PMOs) with a crystal-like wall structure were synthesized, for the first time, by direct co-condensation of 1,4-bis(triethoxysilyl)benzene (BTEB) and triethoxyvinylsilane (TEVS). The synthesis approach led to high loading of vinyl functional groups and controlled regular morphologies. The resultant materials with different TEVS contents (up to 60 molar percentage) consisted of well-ordered mesopores (2.82-3.29 nm) with molecular-scale periodicity (7.6 A) in the walls, so that the high thermal stability of phenylene-bridged organosilica and versatile functionality of vinyl groups are combined. By exploring the influence of TEVS loading and the second monomer, tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), on the molecular-scale regularities, the rule of synergetic assembling of functional monosilylated TEVS and bissilylated BTEB was revealed. That is, the PMOs framework was built up only by BTEB, while TEVS was always terminally bonded to the channels surface.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c003141kDOI Listing
September 2010

[Epidemiologic characters of diabetic mellitus in urban and rural community in 2003 in Hangzhou City].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2004 Aug;25(8):729

Hangzhou City Center for Disease Prevention and control , Hangzhou 310006, China

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August 2004

[Transmission-blocking vaccine candidate of Plasmodium vivax Pvs25 is highly conservative among Chinese isolates].

Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 2004 Feb;22(1):16-9

Department of Immunology, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China.

Objective: To investigate the genetic diversity of Plasmodium vivax transmission-blocking vaccine candidate antigen (TBV) Pvs25, with P. vivax isolates from Hubei and Zhejiang Provinces, and to compare the genetic polymorphism of Pvs25 with that from Bangladesh.

Methods: The parasite DNA used for the genetic polymorphism assay was obtained from dried filter paper blood spots. The genes were PCR amplified and the products were purified and sequenced directly.

Results: 45 complete new sequences were analyzed. Only 3 nucleotide changes were found that would result in amino acid substitutions in Pvs25 in comparison with the sequence from P. vivax Sal-I strain. The measurement of nucleotide diversity (pi) was remarkably similar for the two populations, indicating that DNA sequences and deduced amino acid sequences were highly homologous among the geographically dispersed isolates or isolates from the same geographical region.

Conclusion: The results suggest that Pvs25 has limited antigenic polymorphism, especially compared with candidate antigens expressed by hepatic and erythrocytic stage, which may support the development and application of Pvs25-based transmission-blocking vaccine in China.
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February 2004
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