Publications by authors named "Wei-Heng Su"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Low level of swiprosin-1/EFhd2 in vestibular nuclei of spontaneously hypersensitive motion sickness mice.

Sci Rep 2017 01 27;7:40986. Epub 2017 Jan 27.

Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Susceptibility to motion sickness (MS) varies considerably among humans. However, the cause of such variation is unclear. Here, we used a classical genetic approach to obtain mouse strains highly sensitive and resistant to MS (SMS and RMS). Proteomics analysis revealed substantially lower swiprosin-1 expression in SMS mouse brains. Inducing MS via rotary stimulation decreased swiprosin-1 in the mouse brains. Swiprosin-1 knockout mice were much more sensitive to motion disturbance. Immunohistochemistry revealed strong swiprosin-1 expression in the vestibular nuclei (VN). Over-expressing swiprosin-1 in the VN of SMS mice decreased MS susceptibility. Down-regulating swiprosin-1 in the VN of RMS mice by RNAi increased MS susceptibility. Additional in vivo experiments revealed decreased swiprosin-1 expression by glutamate via the NMDA receptor. Glutamate increased neuronal excitability in SMS or swiprosin-1 knockout mice more prominently than in RMS or wild-type mice. These results indicate that swiprosin-1 in the VN is a critical determinant of the susceptibility to MS.
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January 2017

NPA motifs play a key role in plasma membrane targeting of aquaporin-4.

IUBMB Life 2010 Mar;62(3):222-6

Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.

The two highly conserved NPA motifs (asparagine-proline-alanine, NPA) are the most important structural domains that play a crucial role in water-selective permeation in aquaporin water channels. However, the functions of NPA motifs in aquaporin (AQP) biogenesis remain largely unknown. Few AQP members with variations in NPA motifs such as AQP11 and AQP12 do not express in the plasma membrane, suggesting an important role of NPA motifs in AQP plasma membrane targeting. In this study, we examined the role of the two NPA motifs in AQP4 plasma membrane targeting by mutagenesis. We constructed a series of AQP4 mutants with NPA deletions or single amino acid substitutions in AQP4-M1 and AQP4-M23 isoforms and analyzed their expression patterns in transiently transfected FRT and COS-7 cells. Western blot analysis showed similar protein bands of all the AQP4 mutants and the wild-type AQP4. AQP4 immunofluorescence indicated that deletion of one or both NPA motifs resulted in defective plasma membrane targeting, with apparent retention in endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The A99T mutant mimicking AQP12 results in ER retention, whereas the A99C mutant mimicking AQP11 expresses normally in plasma membrane. Furthermore, the AQP4-M1 but not the M23 isoform with P98A substitution in the first NPA motif can target to the plasma membrane, indicating an interaction of N-terminal sequence of AQP4-M1 with the first NPA motif. These results suggest that NPA motifs play a key role in plasma membrane expression of AQP4 but are not involved in AQP4 protein synthesis and degradation. The NPA motifs may interact with other structural domains in the regulation of membrane trafficking during aquaporin biogenesis.
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March 2010