Publications by authors named "Weerachai Pipatrattanaseree"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effects of Various Preextraction Treatments of Leaf on Its Anti-Inflammatory Activity and Chemical Properties.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 28;2021:8850744. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Department of Agricultural Food and Nutritional Science, Faculty of Agricultural Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P5, Canada.

Linn. has been used in Thai traditional medicine to relieve inflammatory symptoms and treat osteoarthritis. There have been reports on its potent anti-inflammatory property but nothing on the effects of different pretreatments on its chemical properties and anti-inflammatory activity. Pretreatment of herbal raw materials is an important step which affects the overall quality of Thai traditional medicine. The objectives of this study were to investigate different treatments of leaves prior to ethanolic extraction and to compare the extracts for their anti-inflammatory activity and chemical properties. The treatments included hot air drying in an oven, microwave drying, traditional grilling on a charcoal stove before drying in an oven, and temperature shock in hot and cold water before hot air drying. The anti-inflammatory activity and chemical properties of the extracts were analyzed using the established methods. Results showed that 95% ethanolic extract of hot air oven-dried leaves had the highest anti-inflammatory activity and total phenolic and lycorine contents. We recommend hot air drying as a preextraction treatment for leaves for its simplicity, best retention of the herbal quality, and suitability for scaling up to an industrial process.
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January 2021

Cytotoxic Activity against Breast, Cervical, and Ovarian Cancer Cells and Flavonoid Content of Plant Ingredients Used in a Selected Thai Traditional Cancer Remedy: Correlation and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 17;2020:8884529. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Department of Agricultural Food and Nutritional Science, Faculty of Agricultural Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

This study aimed to investigate cytotoxic activity of selected plant ingredients from a traditional Thai remedy for the treatment of cancer patients against cancer cells occurring in women such as MCF-7 (breast cancer), SKOV3 (ovarian cancer), and HeLa (cervical cancer) cell lines. The plants and the remedy were macerated with 95% ethanol and boiled in water. Cytotoxic activity of the extracts was analyzed by SRB assay. Total flavonoid contents of the extracts were determined and their correlation with cytotoxic activity was evaluated. The hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) was used to classify the extracts by their cytotoxic characteristics. A total of 66.7% of the plants was active against the tested cancer cell lines. Among the 44 plants in the remedy used for cancer treatment, nine plants that are also used in Thai cuisine exerted significant cytotoxicity against tested cancer cell lines. Eleven plants in the remedy were active against at least one of the tested cancer cell lines. All extracts were grouped into three groups and illustrated as heat map and hierarchical dendrogram. Total flavonoid content showed weak or no correlation with cytotoxic activity. and selectively exerted potent cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 with SI value more than 6. , , and exerted moderate cytotoxicity to all tested cell with low toxicity to normal cells. The correlation and HCA performed in this study provided an alternative way to investigate biological activities of plant ingredients in polyherbal traditional remedies.
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November 2020

Potential in vitro anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activities of ethanolic extract of Baliospermum montanum root, its major components and a validated HPLC method.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2019 Feb 12;19(1):45. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Applied Thai Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Klongluang, Pathumthani, 12120, Thailand.

Background: The root of Baliospermum montanum has been used as an ingredient of traditional Thai medicines for the treatments of several diseases including itching eczema, muscle and joint inflammation, and cancer. Few studies have been done on phytochemical components of this root. In this study, we isolated major compounds of the crude ethanolic extract of B. montanum root and developed and validated a high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the determination of its major components. We then investigated anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activities of the extract.

Methods: The aims of this study were to investigate in vitro activities including inhibitory effect of β-hexosaminidase released from RBL-2H3 cells, inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) production from RAW 264.7 cells and cytotoxic activity against cancerous liver cell lines (HepG2 and KKU M156) by using sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay. Isolation of major components was conducted by using column chromatographic method. Isolated major compounds were analyzed by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).

Results: The crude extract exhibited the highest cytotoxic activity, with IC less than 1 μg/mL, while its anti-allergy and anti-inflammation were also potent with IC less than 6 μg/mL. Three propiophenones isolated from B. montanum root exhibited moderate cytotoxic activities (IC > 20 μg/mL). Two of the propiophenones found were major components that can be detected by HPLC. The developed and validated HPLC method showed good accuracy, precision, and linearity.

Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that ethanolic extract of of B.montanum root can be a potential source of anti-allergy, anti-inflammation, and anti-cancer compounds. The isolated compounds can serve as markers when B. montanum is used in herbal remedies but not as overall responsive markers. The HPLC method developed may be useful for quality control in the production of the extract and for further formulation developments. However, investigation of several associated biological activities is necessary before the development can proceed further. Minor active compounds should be isolated and a more sensitive analytical method should be developed to detail the key responsive components of the ethanolic extract of B. montanum root.
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February 2019

Relative bioavailability and pharmacokinetic comparison of two 2-mg risperidone tablet formulations: A single dose, randomized-sequence, double-blind, 2-way crossover study in healthy male volunteers in Thailand.

Clin Ther 2010 Sep;32(10):1842-53

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai, Thailand.

Background: Data regarding the pharmacokinetic properties of risperidone in the Thai population are limited. A new generic tablet formulation was recently developed, but bioequivalence research is necessary to obtain marketing authorization for it in Thailand.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the pharmacokinetic properties of risperidone and its active metabolite, 9-hydroxyrisperidone (which reportedly contributes to the drug's pharmacodynamic effects), in a newly developed generic tablet formulation (test) and a branded formulation (reference) in healthy, fasting, male Thai volunteers.

Methods: A single-dose, randomized-sequence, double-blind, 2-way crossover design was used in this study. The study took place from October 21 through November 28, 2007. After a ≥10-hour overnight fast, volunteers were orally administered one 2-mg risperidone tablet, either the test formulation (Condrug International Company, Ltd.) or the reference formulation-according to the randomization schedule-followed by a 14-day washout period and administration of the alternate formulation. Blood samples were collected over a period of 96 hours. Risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone plasma concentrations were simultaneously determined using a validated HPLC/ion trap mass spectrometry method. The plasma concentration-time curves of the active moiety, risperidone, and 9-hydroxyrisperidone were generated for each volunteer, from which the C(max), T(max), AUC₀₋(last), AUC₀₋(∞), and t(½) were determined using noncompartmental analysis. The effects of formulation, period, sequence, and subject (within sequence) on pharmacokinetic parameters were analyzed using ANOVA. According to regulatory requirements set forth by Thailand, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, and the US Food and Drug Administration, products meet the criteria for bioequivalence if the 90% CIs of the treatment ratios for C(max) and AUC are within the range of 0.80 to 1.25. Tolerability was assessed by patient interview, monitoring vital signs (ie, resting blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature), physical examination, and laboratory tests (ie, urinalysis, hematology, blood chemistry) before and after the study.

Results: A total of 22 Thai male volunteers (mean [SD] age, 28.18 [8.27] years [range, 20.62-44.19 years]; weight, 62.43 [4.76] kg [range, 55.03-76.02 kg]; and body mass index, 21.76 [2.07] kg/m² [range, 18.9924.91 kg/m²]) completed the study. The mean (SD) relative bioavailabilities of test to reference formulations determined from AUC of the active moiety, risperidone, and 9-hydroxyrisperidone were 1.06 (0.18), 1.07 (0.29), and 1.04 (0.17), respectively. The ANOVA suggested no statistically significant effect of formulation, period, or sequence on the studied pharmacokinetic parameters of the active moiety, risperidone, or 9-hydroxyrisperidone. The 90% CIs for the natural logarithm-transformed ratios of C(max), AUC₀₋(last), and AUC₀₋(∞) were as follows: for active moiety, 0.94 to 1.03, 0.98 to 1.11, and 0.98 to 1.10, respectively; for risperidone, 0.90 to 1.10, 0.96 to 1.13, and 0.96 to 1.14, respectively; and for 9-hydroxyrisperidone, 0.91 to 1.03, 0.97 to 1.10, and 0.96 to 1.09, respectively. All met the criteria for bioequivalence. The most commonly reported adverse events (AEs) were somnolence (100.0%), orthostatic hypotension (13.6%), headache (4.5%), and syncope (2.3%). AEs were mild and disappeared within 1 day. No volunteers withdrew from the study because of AEs.

Conclusions: The single-dose pharmacokinetic data in this small, all-male, selected sample of fasting, healthy volunteers met Thailand's regulatory criteria for assuming bioequivalence of the tested generic and reference 2-mg risperidone tablets. Both formulations were well tolerated.
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September 2010