Publications by authors named "Wedad Q Al-Bukhaiti"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Structural and physicochemical characteristics of lyophilized Chinese sturgeon protein hydrolysates prepared by using two different enzymes.

J Food Sci 2020 Oct 22;85(10):3313-3322. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Food Safety and Quality Control in Jiangsu Province, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China.

The structural and physicochemical characteristics of protein hydrolysates prepared from Chinese sturgeon through the enzymatic hydrolysis process were evaluated. Two different enzymes including papain and alcalase 2.4L were used in the hydrolysis process. The papain enzyme significantly increased the degree of hydrolysis (20.62%) and decreased the ζ-potential (12.4 ± 1.31 mV) as compared to the alcalase enzyme, which represented 15.55% and 15.53 ± 0.77 mV, respectively. Alcalase 2.4L hydrolysate exhibited smaller particle size (822.047 ± 61.26 nm) than papain hydrolysate (1425.39 ± 44.82 nm). Hydrolysis by papain and alcalase 2.4L enzymes decreased the molecular weights (MW ≤ 1,000 Da) to 98.27% and 86.84%, respectively. The surface hydrophobicity and turbidity of the hydrolysates significantly affected by enzyme type and protein concentrations. By using the X-ray diffraction analysis, the papain hydrolysate showed a higher relative crystallinity degree (30.33%) than alcalase 2.4L hydrolysate (29.40%), whereas the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed more clearly peaks for the amide bands of alcalase hydrolysate. The thermal properties also affected by enzymatic hydrolysis conditions, since the melting temperatures were 159.17 and 149.58 °C, whereas the rate of mass loss was 67.04% and 62.8%, for papain and alcalase hydrolysates, respectively. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: The enzymatic hydrolysis process of proteins is employed to obtain the nutritionally and functionality important peptides that result during the preparation of fish protein hydrolysate. The objective of this study was to investigate the structural and physicochemical characteristics of protein hydrolysate prepared from Chinese sturgeon. This study showed that these characteristics were affected by enzymatic hydrolysis conditions especially enzyme type. The finding of this study may be useful in terms of providing new information on the properties of the protein hydrolysate and the structural changes resulting from controlled enzymatic hydrolysis conditions. Overall, these conditions could potentially alter the secondary structure of the protein hydrolysates or peptides and enhance their functional properties.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.15345DOI Listing
October 2020

Effects of ultrasonic, microwave, and combined ultrasonic-microwave pretreatments on the enzymatic hydrolysis process and protein hydrolysate properties obtained from Chinese sturgeon (Acipenser sinensis).

J Food Biochem 2020 08 19;44(8):e13292. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Food Safety and Quality Control in Jiangsu Province, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China.

Degree of hydrolysis (DH), yield, amino acid profile, protein solubility, and antioxidant activity of Chinese sturgeon protein hydrolysates, as influenced by thermal pretreatment, ultrasonic (US), microwave (MW), and combined US-microwave pretreatments were investigated. Initially, the samples were subjected to thermal pretreatments in order to measure their effect on DH, which increased at 55°C. The DH recorded 7.63, 5.55, and 6.02% for US, MW, and combined US-MW pretreatment (US + MW), respectively, at the optimal time (8 min). The enzymatic hydrolysis (EN) of pretreated samples increased the DH to 19.41, 14.18, and 16.91% for US + EN, MW + EN, and US + MW + EN, respectively. The US + EN treatment was most effective for obtaining higher DH and yield, which were 19.41% and 18.62%, respectively. The use of US + EN also resulted in an increase in the percentage of molecular weights (≤1,000 Da), amino acid content and protein solubility, which reached 89.24, 80.08, and 98.58%, respectively. While, US + MW + EN pretreatment has achieved the highest antioxidant activities by IC of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl and 2,2-Azinobis (3-ehtylbenzothiazoli- 6-sulfnic acid), which were 3.01 and 1.85 mg/ml, respectively, in addition to the reducing power assay, which was 0.528 at a protein concentration of 5 mg/ml. Therefore, US and combined US-MW techniques can play a promising role in the production of protein hydrolysates and the improvement of their antioxidant properties. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Nowadays, interest in Chinese sturgeon production has increased as a promising source of protein and antioxidant peptides. The optimal thermal pretreatment can be used to enhance the degree of hydrolysis. The results indicated that the use of ultrasound as a pretreatment enhanced the degree of hydrolysis, which could be useful in the preparation of protein hydrolysate with higher yields. The use of combined US-MW significantly improved the antioxidant properties of the protein hydrolysate. The combined US-MW technique is a novel method for obtaining valuable peptides and protein hydrolysates that can be applied as antioxidant constituents in the food products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfbc.13292DOI Listing
August 2020

Proximate composition, nutritional evaluation and functional properties of a promising food: Arabian wax Cissus ( Forssk) leaves.

J Food Sci Technol 2019 Nov 31;56(11):4844-4854. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

1State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122 China.

is a wild plant, extensively used during scarcity and famine; however, the information about its chemical and nutritional properties still limited. In this work, was evaluated for its chemical, nutritional and functional properties. The results revealed that mainly contained carbohydrates (72.54%), proteins (12.16%), ash (12.53%), dietary fiber (14.10%), in addition to adequate amounts of essential amino acids and minerals. Fructose, glucose, galactose, and arabinose were the major monosaccharides with a percentage of 23.32, 13.60, 1.24, and 0.25 g/100 g DW, respectively. Furthermore, it was found that contained important vitamins, including thiamin (5.37 mg/100 g DW), riboflavin (1.19 mg/100 g DW), pyridoxine (0.46 mg/100 g DW) and folic acid (0.20 mg/100 g DW). The findings of functional properties revealed good water and oil absorption capacities of 2.74 and 1.63 g/g, respectively. Foaming capacity and water solubility index were 14 and 18.74%, respectively. From these results, it can be stated that has high nutritional values, which could be used widely in food applications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03947-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6828857PMC
November 2019
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