Publications by authors named "Wang Ai-Hong"

33 Publications

Pharmacological rationale for antihypertensive drug choice on COVID-19-affected patients: ACEI/ARB might not increase their susceptibility.

J Cell Mol Med 2020 11 17;24(21):12879-12881. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

School of Medicine, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Ji'nan, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.15850DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7537110PMC
November 2020

MIR210HG promotes cell proliferation and invasion by regulating miR-503-5p/TRAF4 axis in cervical cancer.

Aging (Albany NY) 2020 02 21;12(4):3205-3217. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Department of Gynecologic and Obstetrics, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Clinical Medicine, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471000, Henan, China.

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in the progression of cervical cancer (CC). However, the roles and underlying molecular mechanisms of lncRNAs in CC remain unclear. In the current study, we discovered a new lncRNA MIR210HG which was upregulated in CC tissues through microarray. The upregulation of MIR210HG was associated with advanced FIGO stage, metastasis, and poor prognosis in CC patients. Function assays showed that MIR210HG inhibition significantly suppressed the proliferation, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) processes in CC and reduced tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, we identified that MIR210HG might serve as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) of miR-503-5p to relieve the repressive effect of miR-503-5p on TRAF4 expression in CC cells. In conclusion, we demonstrated that MIR210HG promoted CC progression through regulating the MIR210HG/miR-503-5p/TRAF4 axis, indicating that MIR210HG might act as a novel insight into CC treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/aging.102799DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066889PMC
February 2020

Effects of the health belief model following acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a hospital in China.

J Thorac Dis 2019 Aug;11(8):3593-3598

Department of Nursing, Taizhou People's Hospital, Taizhou 225300, China.

Background: This study aims to investigate the effects of education with health belief model (HBM) on anxiety and fatigue among patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD).

Methods: Patients with AECOPD admitted into Taizhou People's Hospital, Jiangsu, China between December 2012 and October 2013 were randomly selected for the present study according to random number table. A total of 99 cases with anxiety were included. These patients were divided into two groups: experimental group educated by HBM (n=47), and control group educated by conventional method (n=52). The scores for anxiety and fatigue were evaluated using the self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and multidimensional fatigue inventory (MFI-20).

Results: After educational intervention by HBM, patients achieved a significant decrease in anxiety and fatigue scores, when compared to patients in the control group, who were educated by the conventional method at the time of admission, discharge, and 6 weeks after discharge (P<0.05).

Conclusions: HBM program effectively may alleviate anxiety and fatigue, providing necessary information for symptom management among patients with AECOPD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2019.07.40DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6753467PMC
August 2019

Forkhead box P3 gene silencing inhibits the expression of chemokines and chemokine receptors associated with cell growth, migration, and apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma cells.

Exp Ther Med 2019 Aug 10;18(2):1091-1098. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518036, P.R. China.

The aberrant expression of forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) leads to the formation of malignant tumors. FOXP3 expression levels are also elevated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of FOXP3 silencing on cell proliferation, migration, apoptosis and chemokine/chemokine receptor expression in the MHCC-97H HCC cell line. Three FOXP3 short hairpin (sh)RNA constructs were designed: Sh-FOXP3-1-pGreenPuro, sh-FOXP3-2-pGreenPuro, and sh-FOXP3-3-pGreenPuro. MHCC-97H cells were transfected with shRNA-FOXP3, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of C-X-C motif chemokine (CXC) ligand 12 (CXCL12), CXCL11, CXC receptor 4 (CXCR4) and CXCR7 were measured. Cell Counting Kit-8, terminal deoxynucleotidyl-transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling and Transwell assays were used to evaluate cell proliferation, apoptosis and migration, respectively. Of the three FOXP3 lentivirus carriers constructed, sh-FOXP3-1 significantly reduced FOXP3 expression levels and was chosen for further experiments. sh-FOXP3-1 inhibited cell proliferation, promoted apoptosis and inhibited cell migration compared with the negative control. The mRNA and protein expression levels of CXCL12, CXCL11, CXCR4 and CXCR7 were decreased significantly in response to FOXP3 silencing. FOXP3 silencing may therefore inhibit cell growth, induce apoptosis and inhibit migration in HCC cells, possibly by impairing the chemokine/chemokine receptor axes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7658DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6601415PMC
August 2019

Sleep duration and patterns in Chinese patients with diabetes: A meta-analysis of comparative studies and epidemiological surveys.

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2019 Apr 29;55(2):344-353. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Unit of Psychiatry, Institute of Translational Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Macao SAR, China.

Purpose: A meta-analysis on sleep duration and patterns in patients with diabetes in China.

Design And Methods: Two investigators independently carried out a systematic literature search in both international and Chinese databases.

Findings: A total of 47 studies with 98 911 patients were included. The pooled mean sleep duration was 7.15 hours/day in patients with diabetes and 7.49 hours/day in healthy controls. The estimated percentage of short sleep duration of less than 6 hours/day was 23.0% in patients with diabetes and 12.3% in healthy controls, while the proportion of short sleep duration of less than 7 hours/day was 38.0% in patients with diabetes and 14.1% in healthy controls.

Practice Implications: Short sleep duration was common in Chinese patients with diabetes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12353DOI Listing
April 2019

Protective effects of beef decoction rich in carnosine on cerebral ischemia injury by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats.

Exp Ther Med 2018 Feb 17;15(2):1321-1329. Epub 2017 Nov 17.

Department of Chinese Medicine Nursing, Institute of Nursing, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, P.R. China.

Inflammation has a role in the cerebral injury induced by ischemia and the present study aimed to determine the mechanism of the protective effect of beef decoction (BD) with carnosine against it. A rat model of permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion was established using a suture method in the vehicle and each of the BD groups. In experiment 1, 72 Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into three groups: Sham, vehicle and BD-treated group. Rats in the BD group were given 600 mg/kg BD by oral gavage for 1, 3 and 7 days. The sham and vehicle group rats received an equivalent amount of normal saline. In experiment 2, 60 SD rats were randomly divided into six groups: Sham-operated I, sham-operated II, vehicle, low-dose BD, medium-dose BD and high-dose BD group. Rats in the low-, medium- and high-dose BD groups were given BD at the dose of 200, 400 and 600 mg/kg, respectively, by oral gavage for 7 days. Rats in the sham-operated II group were given 600 mg/kg BD. Rats in the sham-operated I group and vehicle group were given the same volume of normal saline by oral gavage. The body weight, neurological deficits and infarct volume were recorded at 1, 3 and 7 days after the operation. Furthermore, the effect of different doses of BD on interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) levels in peripheral blood was measured at 7 days. BD-treated rats showed less neurological deficits and a smaller infarct volume at 7 days. BD at 400 and 600 mg/kg significantly decreased the infarct volume in rats. At 600 mg/kg BD, a decline in IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ and an increase in IL-4 expression was observed in the BD groups, while no difference in body weight and neurological dysfunction was detected. In conclusion, BD is a neuroprotective agent that may be used as a supplement treatment of ischemic stroke.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5524DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5774539PMC
February 2018

Effect of calcium channels blockers and inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system on renal outcomes and mortality in patients suffering from chronic kidney disease: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ren Fail 2016 Jul 7;38(6):849-56. Epub 2016 Apr 7.

a Department of Cardiology , Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University , Ji'nan , P.R.China ;

Background: The renoprotective effect of inhibitors of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been identified through placebo-controlled trials. However, the effect of calcium-channel blockers (CCBs) on renal system is still controversial. Our current meta-analysis includes available evidences to compare the effect of dihydropyridine CCBs and ACEIs or ARBs on renal outcomes and mortality. We also further investigate whether CCBs can be used in combination with inhibitors of RAS to improve the prognosis of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Methods And Results: Electronic databases were searched up to July 2012, for clinical randomized controlled trials, assessing the effect of dihydropyridine CCBs on the incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and all-cause mortality in contrast to ACEIs or ARBs. Eight clinical trials were included containing 25,647 participants. ESRD showed significantly higher frequency with CCBs therapy compared with ACEIs or ARBs therapy, though blood pressure was decreased similarly in both groups in every trial (OR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.05-1.48; p = 0.01). In contrast, there was no significant difference in the incidence of all-cause mortality between these two groups, though ACEIs or ARBs exhibited better renoprotective effect compared to CCBs (OR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.89-1.03; p = 0.24).

Conclusions: CCBs did not increase all-cause mortality incidence in patients with CKD though they displayed weaker renoprotective, compared to ACEIs or ARBs therapy. Our results suggest the combination of a CCB and an ACEI or ARB should be a preferable antihypertensive therapy in patients with CKD, considering their higher effect in decreasing blood pressure and fewer adverse metabolic problems caused.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/0886022X.2016.1165065DOI Listing
July 2016

Apoptosis of human gastric carcinoma cells induced by Euphorbia esula latex.

World J Gastroenterol 2016 Apr;22(13):3564-72

Zhao-Ying Fu, Institute of Molecular Biology and Immunology, Yan'an University, Yan'an 716000, Shaanxi Province, China.

Aim: To investigate the effect of Euphorbia esula (E. esula) extract in inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis in SGC-7901 cells.

Methods: E. esula extract at different concentrations was used to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of human gastric carcinoma SGC-7901 cells. Inhibition of proliferation was detected with thiazolyl blue assay, and apoptosis was detected with fluorescence microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and flow cytometry. The mechanisms were studied by measurement of caspase-3 and caspase-8 activities and Bax and Bcl2 mRNA expression.

Results: The thiazolyl blue assay showed that SGC-7901 cell viability and proliferation were inhibited significantly by E. esula extract in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Fluorescence microscopy revealed that the cell nuclei showed the characteristic changes of apoptosis, such as uneven staining and chromatin marginalization. Some key features of apoptosis were also observed under transmission electron microscopy, which included cellular shrinkage and the foaming or bubbling phenomenon. When the cells were analyzed by flow cytometry, a sub-G1 peak could be seen clearly. Spectrophotometric assay of caspase-3 and caspase-8 activities in the treated cells showed an approximately two-fold increase. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction showed that Bax mRNA expression was upregulated, while Bcl2 mRNA expression was downregulated.

Conclusion: E. esula extract inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in SGC-7901 cells, in a caspase-dependent manner, involving upregulation of Bax and downregulation of Bcl2.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v22.i13.3564DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4814642PMC
April 2016

[Suitability of spatial pattern of camping sites in Langxiang Natural Reserve, Northeast Chi- na, based on GIS technology].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2015 Sep;26(9):2785-93

It is an effective way for natural reserves to enhance self-supportive ability and realize sustainable development by developing ecotourism. Taking the experimental zone of Langxiang Natural Reserve in Heilongjiang Province as research object, the forest sub-compartment as research unit, and spatial pattern of environmental suitability of camping sites as research content, an evaluation index system taking natural environment, geographical security, infrastructure and traffic as project levels was built. Delphi and AHP methods were used to determine index weights. A spatial distribution map of camping environmental suitability in Langxiang Natural Reserve was drawn using the GIS spatial information processing technology based on "3S" measurement and the survey data. The results showed that the highest score for quantification of environmental suitability was 90, while the lowest score was 78, and the average value was 83.66 in the 1067 forest sub-compartments for test. The area of forest sub-compartments which were suitable for camping was 1094.44 hm2, being 12.2% of the experimental zone. The forest sub-compartments which had high environmental suitability in the research area were distributed uniformly and centralized with low degree of fragmentation. It was suggested that the contiguous forest sub-compartments with high scores of environmental suitability could be integrated for camping tourism. Due to the high level of environmental suitability for camping, the experimental zone of Langxiang Natural Reserve is suitable for developing camping tourism. Based on "3S" technology, the land use conditions of ecotourism environment of a natural reserve could be evaluated quickly and quantitatively by mathematical model.
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September 2015

Protective Effect of Ethanol Extracts of Hericium erinaceus on Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Neuropathic Pain in Rats.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2015 16;2015:595480. Epub 2015 Apr 16.

Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Division, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, China.

We investigated the effects of Hericium erinaceus (HEE) on alloxan induced diabetic neuropathic pain in laboratory rats. Alloxan induced diabetic rats were administered orally HEE. After 6 weeks of treatments, treatment with HEE 40 mg/kg in diabetic animals showed significant increase in pain threshold and paw withdrawal threshold and significant decrease in serum glucose and urine glucose. We also observed a significant increase in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Lipid peroxidation (LPO), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity, glutathione reductase (GR) activity, catalase (CAT) activity, Na(+)K(+)ATPase activity, and glutathione S transferase (GST) activity along with significant decreased levels of glutathione (GSH) content in diabetic rats. The total antioxidant status (TAOS) in the HEE-treated groups was significantly lower than that in the alloxan-treated group. HEE can offer pain relief in diabetic neuropathic pain. The improvement in diabetic state after HEE treatment along with the antioxidant activity could be the probable way by which it had alleviated diabetic neuropathy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/595480DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4415746PMC
May 2015

Serum erythropoietin level predicts the prognosis of chronic heart failure with or without anemia.

Exp Ther Med 2013 Nov 18;6(5):1327-1331. Epub 2013 Sep 18.

Departments of Cardiology, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250021, P.R China.

The aim of this study was to explore the correlation of erythropoietin (EPO) with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) or CHF complicated with anemia, in addition to its correlation with the prognosis of the patient. A total of 217 CHF patients were enrolled in this study. The patients were graded according to the cardiac function criteria of the New York Heart Association (NYHA). The serum EPO, NT-proBNP and hs-CRP levels of the patients were determined. The patients were followed up for ≥24 months. The EPO expression level in patients with NYHA II-IV CHF was significantly higher compared with that in the control group (P<0.05). EPO expression increased with the aggravation of CHF, exhibiting significant differences amongst the various NYHA graded groups (P<0.05). The EPO expression level increased significantly with an increase in NHA grade in addition to the severity of the anemia in the patients with CHF complicated by anemia (P<0.05). In the patients who succumbed (mortality group), the expression level of EPO was significantly higher and the hemoglobin level was significantly lower compared with those of the survival group (P<0.05). The EPO expression levels were elevated in CHF patients and patients with CHF and anemia. The level of expression correlated positively with the severity of CHF as well as that of anemia. Serum EPO measurements were successful in predicting the mortality and re-hospitalization rates of CHF patients at the end point, within two years of follow-up.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2013.1307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3820832PMC
November 2013

Effect of polysaccharides extract of rhizoma atractylodis macrocephalae on thymus, spleen and cardiac indexes, caspase-3 activity ratio, Smac/DIABLO and HtrA2/Omi protein and mRNA expression levels in aged rats.

Mol Biol Rep 2012 Oct 10;39(10):9285-90. Epub 2012 Jul 10.

Department of Cardiology, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, 324# Jingwu-Weiqi Road, Jinan 250021, Shandong, People's Republic of China.

This study was designed to determine the possible protective effect of polysaccharides extract of rhizoma atractylodis macrocephalae on heart function in aged rats. Polysaccharides extract of rhizoma atractylodis macrocephalae was administered to aged rats. Results showed that thymus, spleen and cardiac indexs were significantly increased, whereas caspase-3 activity ratio, Smac/DIABLO and HtrA2/Omi protein expression, Smac/DIABLO and HtrA2/Omi mRNA expression levels were markedly reduced. It can be concluded that polysaccharides extract of rhizoma atractylodis macrocephalae may enhance immunity and improve heart function in aged rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-012-1677-xDOI Listing
October 2012

[Clinical characteristics and medical costs of diabetics with amputation at central urban hospitals in China].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2012 Jan;92(4):224-7

Department of Endocrinology, Peking University Hospital, Beijing 100044, China.

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics, medical costs and its influencing factors in diabetics with amputation.

Methods: The data of diabetic amputation for the whole year of 2010 at 39 central municipal Class 3A hospitals all across China were retrospectively analyzed according to a unified protocol, including demographic characteristics, diabetic complications, classification of diabetic foot disease, level and prognosis of amputation and medical costs at hospitals.

Results: Among them, 28.2% of all amputated patients or 39.5% of non-traumatic patients were diabetics. There were 313 males and 162 females. The average age and duration of diabetes were (66 ± 12) years and (130 ± 94) months. The level of HbA1c was 8.9% ± 2.4%. Among all amputated diabetics, the concurrent conditions included neuropathy (50.1%), peripheral artery disease (74.8%), nephropathy (28.4%) and retinopathy (25.9%). The patients with foot ulcer at Wagner 4 (50.3%) were more common. Among them, 67.5% had minor amputation with a median hospitalization stay of 33.0 (24.0 - 45.0) days and a medical cost of 26 138 (16 155 - 46 021) yuan RMB. The duration of diabetes, diabetic complications, severity and location of ulcers and amputation level influenced their hospitalization durations and medical costs.

Conclusion: The patients with diabetes and amputation are elder with more chronic diabetic complications and uncontrolled hyperglycemia. Most of them have complications of local gangrene and require minor amputation at admission. Their hospital stays are longer and medical costs higher significantly correlated with diabetic complications, severity and location of foot ulcers and level of amputations.
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January 2012

[Pharmacotherapy in diabetics with arterial occlusion of lower extremity].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2012 Jan;92(4):219-20

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January 2012

[Effects of benazepril and valsartan on erythropoietin levels in patients with essential hypertension].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2011 Oct;31(10):1761-3

Department of Cardiology, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Objective: To compare effects of valsartan and benazepril on erythropoietin (EPO) levels in essential hypertensive patients with normal renal function.

Methods: Sixty essential hypertensive patients were randomly divided into valsartan group (n=30, valsartan 80 mg/day) and benazepril group (n=30, benazepril 10 mg/day). Plasma EPO and hemoglobin (Hb) levels were measured at the start of and at 4 and 8 weeks during the treatments.

Results: EPO and Hb levels were all in normal range in the two groups. Valsartan decreased EPO levels from 14.179∓3.214 U/L (baseline) to 12.138∓2.926 U/L (P<0.05) and Hb levels from 144.32∓13.84 g/L (baseline) to 135.16∓14.78 U/L (P<0.05). Benazepril treatment did not resulted in any obvious changes in EPO or Hb levels (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Valsartan may lower EPO and Hb levels in patients with essential hypertension, while benazepril does not have such effects. The safety of valsartan in anemic hypertensive patients should be further investigated.
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October 2011

The addition of a pH-sensitive gel improves microemulsion stability for the targeted removal of colonic ammonia.

BMC Gastroenterol 2011 May 10;11:50. Epub 2011 May 10.

Department of Gastroenterology, First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 0086-116011, Liaoning Province, China.

Background: We prepared an oral W/O microemulsion for the removal of colonic ammonia (ME-RCA). The effect of this microemulsion was influenced by the digestion process in the gastrointestinal tract. In this paper, we aim to show that stability was improved by using a microemulsion-based gel for the removal of colonic ammonia (MBG-RCA).

Methods: MBG-RCA was prepared by adding sodium alginate to the ME-RCA. MBG-RCA and ME-RCA were passed through a simulated gastrointestinal environment, and the amount of colonic ammonia present was then determined by titration with a standard solution of hydrochloric acid. The pH of the gastrointestinal fluid was measured using a pH test paper and the size and form of the microemulsions were examined under the microscope. 18 healthy rats were randomly divided into three groups, fasted for 24 hours and allowed to drink normally. Three-way pipes were placed at the gastroduodenal junction in Group I, and at the terminal ileum in Group II. After the intragastric administration of ME-RCA, the stomach contents in Group I, the effluent from the terminal ileum in Group II and discharge from the anus in Group III were collected. The pH values of the gastrointestinal juice were measured by the pH test paper and those of the colon were determined by a universal indicator. These animal experiments were also used to test the effect of MBG-RCA.

Results: MBG-RCA showed a better removal rate of artificial colonic ammonia than ME-RCA (P < 0.05). The decrease in pH value of the artificial small intestinal fluid due to ME-RCA did not occur when MBG-RCA was used. In the simulated gastrointestinal process, MBG-RCA maintained greater stability and released the emulsion (ME-RCA) in the colonic fluid. In the gastrointestinal tract of normal SD rats, ME-RCA decreased in size and lost its stable form after entering the small intestine, while MBG-RCA remained stable and intact emulsion-drops were observed from the anus. Neither substance had any effect on the pH of the stomach or colon of normal rats (partly because normal rats were fasted for 24 hours and allowed to drink normally, which resulted in a low level of ammonia production in the colon). Unlike ME-RCA, MBG-RCA did not reduce the pH of the small intestine.

Conclusions: MBG-RCA was more stable in the gastrointestinal tract and more effective at removing colonic ammonia when a higher concentration of ammonia was present. This made it possible to achieve the targeted removal of colonic ammonia and is a promising method to prevent hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in future studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-230X-11-50DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3112116PMC
May 2011

Cross-talk reduction by correcting the subpixel position in a multiview autostereoscopic three-dimensional display based on a lenticular sheet.

Appl Opt 2011 Mar;50(7):B1-5

School of Electronics and Information Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science on Synthetic Vision, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China.

A method is proposed to alleviate the cross talk in multiview autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays based on a lenticular sheet. We analyze the positional relationship between subpixels on the image panel and the lenticular sheet. According to this relationship, optimal synthetic images are synthesized to minimize cross talk by correcting the positions of subpixels on the image panel. Experimental results show that the proposed method significantly reduces the cross talk of view images and improves the quality of stereoscopic images.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.50.0000B1DOI Listing
March 2011

Autostereoscopic display based on two-layer lenticular lenses.

Opt Lett 2010 Dec;35(24):4127-9

School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China.

An autostereoscopic display based on two-layer lenticular lenses is proposed. The two-layer lenticular lenses include one-layer conventional lenticular lenses and additional one-layer concentrating-light lenticular lenses. Two prototypes of the proposed and conventional autostereoscopic displays are developed. At the optimum three-dimensional view distance, the luminance distribution of the prototypes along the horizontal direction is measured. By calculating the luminance distribution, the crosstalk of the prototypes is obtained. Compared with the conventional autostereoscopic display, the proposed autostereoscopic display has less crosstalk, a wider view angle, and higher efficiency of light utilization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.35.004127DOI Listing
December 2010

[Genetic susceptibility of DNA damage induced by vinyl chloride monomer exposure].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2010 Jan;28(1):12-7

Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, Ministry of Education, Shanghai 200032, China.

Objective: To explore the association between DNA damage induced by vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) and polymorphisms of DNA repair genes and xenobiotic metabolism genes of VCM.

Methods: Comet assay was employed to detect DNA damage. Based on the status of DNA damage, the VCM exposure workers were divided into two groups: DNA damage group (75) and control group (75). Case-control design was used to investigate the association between the genetic polymorphisms and DNA damage induced by VCM. Genotypes of XRCC1 (Arg194Trp, Arg280His and Arg399Gln), XPD (Ile199Met, Asp312Asn and Lys751Gln) and CYP2E1 were identified by the PCR-RFLP. PCR assay was used to detect positive and null genotype of GSTT1 and GSTM1.

Results: Univariate analysis showed that the CYP2E1 c1c2/c2c2 and XPD751 Lys/Gln and Gln/Gln genotypes were significantly associated with the increased levels of DNA damage, XRCCI 339 Arg/Gln and Gln/Gln genotypes were significantly associated with the decreased levels of DNA damage (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that there was significant association between the genotypes of XRCC1 194, XRCC1 399, XPD 751, CYP2E1 and DNA damages. A prominent risk decreasing of DNA damage was observed for those individuals possessing XRCC1 399Arg/Gln + Gln/Gln genotypes (OR: 0.35, 95%CI: 0.12 approximately 1.01, respectively); The results also showed that there were significant associations between CYP2E1 c1c2/c2c2 and DNA damage both in high and low VCM-exposed groups (OR: 2.57, 95%CI: 1.01 approximately 6.59 and OR: 2.57, 95%CI: 0.99 approximately 6.87).

Conclusion: Cumulative exposure dose and genotypes of XRCC1 194, XRCC1 399, XPD 751 and CYP2E1 may modulate the DNA damage induced by VCM exposure.
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January 2010

Genetic polymorphisms of DNA repair genes and chromosomal damage in workers exposed to 1,3-butadiene.

Carcinogenesis 2010 May 11;31(5):858-63. Epub 2010 Mar 11.

Department of Occupational Health and Toxicology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Key Laboratory of Public Health and Safety of Ministry of Education of China, Shanghai 200032, China.

The base excision repair (BER) pathway is important in repairing DNA damage incurred from occupational exposure to 1,3-butadiene (BD). This study examines the relationship between inherited polymorphisms of the BER pathway (x-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) Arg194Trp, Arg280His, Arg399Gln, T-77C, ADPRT Val762Ala, MGMT Leu84Phe and APE1 Asp148Glu) and chromosomal damage in BD-exposed workers, using the cytokinesis-blocked (CB) micronucleus (MN) assay in peripheral lymphocytes of 166 workers occupationally exposed to BD and 41 non-exposed healthy individuals. The MN frequency of exposed workers (3.39 +/- 2.42) per thousand was higher than that of the non-exposed groups (1.48 +/- 1.26) per thousand (P < 0.01). Workers receiving greater than median annual BD exposures had higher MN values than lower exposed workers: frequency ratio (FR) of 1.30, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.14-1.53; P < 0.05. Workers who carried the following genotypes were associated with greater frequency of MN (P < 0.05 for each comparison, unless specified): XRCC1 -77 C/T genotype (FR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.04-1.57; reference C/C), ADPRT 762 Ala/Ala (FR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.17-2.03; P < 0.01), XRCC1 194 Arg/Trp (FR = 1.13, 95% CI: 0.87-1.27; reference, Arg/Arg), XRCC1 280 Arg/His (FR = 1.67, 95% CI: 1.10-2.42; reference, Arg/Arg), XRCC1 399 Arg/Gln and Gln/Gln genotypes (FR = 1.26, 95% CI: 1.03-1.53 and FR = 1.24, 95% CI 1.03-1.49; reference Arg/Arg, respectively). As XRCC1 polymorphisms were linked, workers carrying the XRCC1 (-77)-(194)-(280)-(399) diplotype, TCGA/TCGA, had a higher MN frequency compared with individuals carrying the wild-type CCGG/CCGG (FR = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.02-2.41; P < 0.05). In conclusion, CB-MN is a sensitive index of early damage among BD-exposed workers. In workers exposed to BD, multiple BER polymorphisms and a XRCC1 haplotype were associated with differential levels of chromosome damage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgq049DOI Listing
May 2010

Preparation and characteristics of chitosan microspheres in different acetylation as drug carrier system.

J Microencapsul 2009 Nov;26(7):593-602

College of Marine Life Science, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, PR China.

Chitosan microspheres (CM) and reacetylated chitosan microspheres (ACM) were successfully made by the methods of oil/water emulsification and acetic anhydride. The characteristics of the microspheres as a drug carrier system were investigated. Two microsphere samples had spherical shape with the mean diameter of 80.79 microm for CM and 81.25 microm for ACM. The in vitro degradation (pH 7.4) in the presence of lysozyme showed a slow mass loss and ACM was higher degradation compared to CM. The microspheres, especially ACM, had a high drug loading capacity of Adriamycin hydrochloride (ADM) (12.4%) and had sustained release. The cytotoxicity was evaluated in vitro via MTT assay, ACM with steadily continual adhesion to cells had no fibroblast cytotoxicity. The inhibitory rates of ADM-loading CM, ACM suspension to Tca 8113 cells were significantly outperformed that of ADM solution.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/02652040802586167DOI Listing
November 2009

Effect of epidermal growth factor and dexamethasone on fetal rat lung development.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2009 Sep;122(17):2013-6

Department of Pediatrics, Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong 515041, China.

Background: Epidermal growth factor (EGF), a mitogenic polypeptide that binds to cell surface receptors, is an important regulator of cell differentiation and fetal lung surfactant synthesis. We investigated the preventive and therapeutic effects of EGF in respiratory distress syndrome, by administering EGF and dexamethasone (Dex) to mother rat before delivery.

Methods: Six female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were assigned to three groups (2 rats each); EGF or Dex was given to pregnant rats (EGF group and Dex group, respectively) from gestational day 16 to day 18 by intraperitoneal injection, while the group with normal saline injection was used as negative controls. Fetal rats were taken out of womb by hysterotomy on day 19 of pregnancy, then 24 fetal rats were randomly chosen from each group. Their body weights were measured, and pulmonary surfactant protein-A and -B (SP-A and SP-B) antigens were determined by immunohistochemical staining in each group. The histologic structure was examined under a light microscope, a light microscopic image system or an electron microscope.

Results: The expressions of SP-A and SP-B could be detected in each group. A significant difference was observed for SP-A and SP-B in the EGF and Dex groups compared with the control group (P < 0.01). Image analysis showed that the relative values of air space area and interalveolar septa area in the EGF and Dex groups were significantly greater than those in the control group (P < 0.01), while no significant difference was found between the two groups (P > 0.05). The ultrastructural features of fetal lungs showed that the number of alveolar type II cells containing lamellar bodies in the EGF and Dex groups was apparently increased compared with that in the control group. The mean body weight of fetus from the Dex group was smaller than that from the control group ((1.3192 +/- 0.0533) g, (1.3863 +/- 0.0373) g), but there was no significant difference between the EGF group and the control group ((1.3986 +/- 0.0730) g, (1.3863 +/- 0.0373) g).

Conclusions: Maternal treatment with EGF and Dex on days 16 - 18 of gestation could promote morphogenesis and increase the surfactant levels in premature fetal lung. However, maternal treatment with Dex, not EGF, decreased the body weight.
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September 2009

Relationship of age-related concentrations of serum FSH and LH with bone mineral density, prevalence of osteoporosis in native Chinese women.

Clin Chim Acta 2009 Feb 7;400(1-2):8-13. Epub 2008 Oct 7.

Institute of Metabolism and Endocrinology, The Second Xiang-Ya Hospital, Central South University, 139 Renmin-Zhong Rd, Changsha, Hunan 410011, PR China.

Background: Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) may play an important role in bone mass regulation in postmenopausal women.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of 699 healthy Chinese women, aged 20 to 82 y, was conducted. Serum FSH and LH and BMD were measured at the posteroanterior (PA) spine, lateral spine, total hip, and distal forearm.

Results: The geometric mean values (+/-SD) of serum FSH and LH in premenopausal women were 3.94 +/- 2.08 and 7.51 +/- 2.58 IU/l, respectively, and in postmenopausal women were 28.8 +/- 1.88 and 25.6 +/- 1.95 IU/l, respectively. The correlation of FSH to BMD at different skeletal regions (r = -0.597 - -0.492, P = 0.000) was higher than that of LH to BMD (r = -0.452 - -0.332, P = 0.000). The prevalences of osteoporosis for the quartiles of FSH at various skeletal sites were 0.57%, 0.43%, 27.1%, and 30.9%, respectively; and of LH were 2.14%, 4.43%, 19.5%, and 26.0%, respectively. The prevalence of osteoporosis in 3rd and 4th quartile was more significantly increased than the 1st and 2nd quartile.

Conclusions: These data suggest that FSH and LH levels in circulation are associated with BMD changes and osteoporosis occurrence in Chinese women.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2008.09.027DOI Listing
February 2009

CYP2E1 mRNA expression, genetic polymorphisms in peripheral blood lymphocytes and liver abnormalities in Chinese VCM-exposed workers.

Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2008 ;21(2):141-6

School of Public Health, Department of Occupational Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Objective: To study the relationship between expression of cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) in human lymphocytes, variant CYP2E1 genotype, exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), and liver abnormalities in VCM-exposed workers.

Methods: A case-control study was performed on 90 male occupationally exposed workers and 42 matched male nonexposed controls. Data were collected based on health surveillance, workplace investigation and questionnaire Survey. Total RNA and DNA were isolated from peripheral blood lymphocytes, and CYP2E1 mRNA expression was determined using RT-PCR, and the presence of CYP2E1 polymorphisms was identified based on PCR-RFLP.

Results: The mRNA expression of CYP2E1 in exposed workers (0.89+/-0.46) was significantly higher than in nonexposed controls (0.61+/-0.35) (P < 0.01). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated a statistically significant association between CYP2E1 mRNA expression levels and liver abnormalities in the VCM-exposed workers (OR = 3.66, P < 0.05). The genotype frequency for CYP2E1 variants among VCM-exposed workers was not significantly different between workers with liver abnormalities and those without.

Conclusions: Liver abnormalities in subjects exposed to VCM are positively associated with expression of peripheral blood lymphocyte mRNA, which is significantly increased in exposed workers compared to nonexposed controls. Therefore, CYP2E1 mRNA levels may be useful for health surveillance and protection of VCM-exposed workers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10001-008-0016-xDOI Listing
November 2008

Polymorphisms and haplotypes of DNA repair and xenobiotic metabolism genes and risk of DNA damage in Chinese vinyl chloride monomer (VCM)-exposed workers.

Toxicol Lett 2008 May 4;178(2):88-94. Epub 2008 Mar 4.

Department of Occupational Health and Toxicology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

In this case-control study, we investigated the association between DNA damage and genetic susceptibility among vinyl chloride monomer (VCM)-exposed workers. The cumulative exposure dose of VCM was calculated based on the workers' duration of exposure and the geometric mean concentration of VCM in the workplace. DNA damage to peripheral blood lymphocytes was measured by single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assay, and single nucleotide-polymorphisms (SNPs) in xenobiotic metabolism and DNA repair genes were detected by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methods. Univariate analysis showed that the CYP2E1 c1c2/c2c2 and XPD751 Lys/Gln and Gln/Gln genotypes were significantly associated with the levels of DNA damage (P<0.01 and 0.05, respectively). Further logistic regression analysis showed a significant association between CYP2E1 c1c2/c2c2 and DNA damage, and risk of having increased levels of DNA damage was more pronounced in those individuals having XRCC1 194 mutant genotypes and/or XPD751 Lys/Gln and Gln/Gln genotypes. Although most of the XPD and XRCC1 haplotypes did not show any significant difference, the XRCC1 haplotype Trp194-Arg280 was significantly over-represented in the case group (P<0.05; OR 2.09; 95% CI: 1.07-4.06) than in controls. Overall, our data suggest that the genotypes of CYP2E1, XRCC1 194, and XPD 751 were associated with the level of DNA damage and may contribute to individual sensitivity to DNA damage induced by VCM in the workplace.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2008.02.009DOI Listing
May 2008

[Effect of lycopene on the proliferation of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells].

Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2007 Nov;38(6):958-60, 976

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Objective: To test the effect of lycopene on the proliferation and apoptosis of the estrogen receptor(ER)-positive MCF-7 and ER-negative MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell lines.

Methods: The cell proliferation was analyzed by the MTT and the H3-TdR incorporation. The effect of lycopene on the cell cycle and apoptosis of the synchronized cells was observed through flow cytometry.

Results: Lycopene inhibited the growth and DNA synthesis of both ER-positive MCF-7 and ER-negative MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-dependent pattern. The maximum inhibition effect appeared after 4 days of exposure to lycopene, with an inhibition rate of 52.6% and 61.9% for the MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells respectively. The flow cytometry analysis found more cells in the G0/G1 phase and less cells in the S and G2/M phase after 24 hours of exposure to lycopene. Lycopene induced apoptosis for the MDA-MB-231 cells, but not for the MCF-7 cells.

Conclusion: Lycopene inhibits the growth of ER-positive MCF-7 cells through the inhibition of the cell cycle progression. The inhibition of ER- negative MDA-MB-231 cells by lycopene is associated not only with the G1 phase cell cycle-arrest but also the induction of apoptosis.
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November 2007

[Differences in risk factors of diabetic foot in the patients in South and North China].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2007 Jul;87(26):1817-20

Department of Endocrinology, No 306 Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100101, China.

Objective: To investigate the differences on the diabetic foot problems and its risk factors in south and north of China.

Methods: Patients with foot problems were surveyed from January 1 to December 31, 2004 in 14 teaching hospitals located in different cities in China, including demographic data, present and past history of the foot problems and peripheral artery disease (PAD), the classification of the foot ulcers based on the Wagner' system, control of the hyperglycemia and lipids disorder, medical cost in hospital and the diabetic complications. All the patients were divided into two groups due to their geographical data, south and north.

Results: There were 285 and 349 patients for the group south and group north. No significant differences were found for duration of diabetes or foot problems, fasting or post-meal glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-C, and the numbers of patients with smoke, hypertension, nephropathy or neuropathy between the two groups. There were significant differences for the age (70 yrs vs 66 yrs), percentage of the patients with average person income with over RMB 1000 per month (57.7% vs 45.6%), coronary heart disease (42.6% vs 61.0%) and retinopathy (35.7% vs 49.5%), HbA1c (7.90% vs 8.80 %), LDL-C (2.75 mmol/L vs 2.98 mmol/L), WBC (6.70 x 10(9) vs 7.40 x 10(9)/L), HCT (0.37 vs 0.38), creatinine (87 micromol/L vs 76 micromol/L) and uric acid (333 mmol/L vs 271 mmol/L), and amputation rate (2.6% vs 9.7%) between south and north groups. Logistic analysis showed that severity of the foot problems was associated with ABI and WBC in south group, and with ABI, PLT and HCT in north group.

Conclusion: Diabetic foot problems were more severe, with more risk factors and with more medical cost in north patients.
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July 2007

[A multicenter survey on the diabetic foot and its neuropathy in China].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2007 May;87(18):1241-4

First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, China.

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of diabetic foot with neuropathy and its related factors.

Methods: 530 out- and in-patients in 14 grade A class 3 comprehensive hospitals in China with foot problems were surveyed. 337 of the 500 patients (63.58%) suffered from neuropathy, 172 (32.45%) with diabetic foot with simple neuropathy and 165 (31.13%) with simple neuropathy combined with peripheral artery disease (PAD). 193 of the 500 patients (36.42%) suffered from peripheral artery disease (PAD). 77.7% of ulcer were caused by physical factors. Questionnaire survey was conducted to collect the demographic data, present and past history, history of the hyperglycemia and lipid disorders, classification and phases of the foot ulcers based on Wagner' system and Texas system, characteristics of neuropathy and other diabetic complications, and relative risk factors. Detailed physical examination was performed, including 10 g nylon filament sensation examination.

Results: The duration of diabetic foot of the patients with simple neuropathy was 3 (1, 60) months, significantly shorter than that of the diabetic foot patients with PAD [5 (1, 96) months, P < 0.001]. The Wagner degree of ulcer was related to the duration of diabetes, economic income, foot deformity, nerve reflection, diapason vibration sensation of foot, sensation point of 10 g nylon filament, ankle/brachial index (ABI), foot artery pulse, fasting blood sugar (FBS) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Stepwise regression analysis revealed that ABI of left posterior tibial artery, vibration detection threshold and economic income were the most significant influencing factors of the degree of ulcer.

Conclusion: Neuropathy ulcer is common in diabetic foot patients. The prognosis of healing in diabetic foot with neuropathy is prior to that of diabetic foot with PAD. The neuropathy and PAD of foot influence each other and aggravate the condition of diabetic foot. The examinations of diapason vibration sensation of foot, sensation point of 10 g nylon filament, and Achilles tendon reflex are simple and practical, and are worth recommending.
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May 2007

[The medical cost of diabetic patients with foot problems due to peripheral artery disease].

Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2007 Jun;46(6):471-4

Diabetes Center, 306th Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100101, China.

Objective: To investigate the medical cost of diabetic patients with foot problems and peripheral artery disease.

Methods: Type 2 diabetic patients with foot problems admitted into the endocrinology departments of 14 teaching hospitals from Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 2004 were surveyed for their type and phase of foot ulcers, diabetic complications, medical cost and general personal characteristics.

Results: The average medical cost of the hospitalization of these patients was RMB yen 14,906 +/- 7072 (about US $ 1640 +/- 873); medication and examination cost was separately 56% and 19% of the total cost. There was obviously higher medical cost for these patients with longer diabetes duration of over 20 years and with the occupation of laborer and retired worker. Patients with kidney disease had significantly higher medical cost than those without (RMB yen 11 690.7 vs yen 9493.0; P = 0.0013), even if the hospital stay was nearly the same (21 days vs 20 days). The medical cost increase with the severity of diabetic foot problems based on the classification of Wagner System or Texas System. Patients with infection, ischemic foot and gangrene foot stayed in the hospitals longer and had much higher medical cost.

Conclusion: The medical cost is higher for diabetic patients with foot problems and is related with the presence of complicating kidney disease, infection and ischemia as well as the severity of foot ulcers.
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June 2007

[Study on the relationship between DNA damage and polymorphisms of metabolizing enzymes of vinyl chloride monomer-exposed workers].

Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 2005 Nov;34(6):655-7

School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

Objective: To explore the relationship between DNA damage induced by vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) and polymorphisms of metabolizing enzymes of VCM.

Methods: Comet assay was employed to detect DNA damage, the workers were divided into two groups based on the status of DNA damage. Case-control design was used to investigate the relationship between the genetic polymorphisms of metabolizing enzymes and DNA damage. Genotypes of CYP2E1 c1/c2 and mEH4 His139Arg were identified by the PCR-RFLP, null genotypes of GST T1 and GST M1 were detected by PCR.

Results: The genotypes of CYP2E1 c1c2 and c2c2 were significantly associated with DNA damages (P < 0.01). A prominent risk increasing of DNA damage was observed for those individuals having a high or low VCM exposure and possessing the CYP2E1 c1c2 and c2c2 genotypes (OR 4.92, 95% CI 1.35-13.85 and OR 2.57, 95% CI 1.01-6.59).

Conclusion: Cumulative exposure dose and polymorphism of metabolizing enzymes may modulate the DNA damage of VCM-exposed workers. possessing the CYP2E1 c1c2 and c2c2 genotypes (OR 4.92, 95% CI 1.35-13.85 and OR 2.57, 95% CI 1.01-6.59).

Conclusion: Cumulative exposure dose and polymorphism of metabolizing enzymes may modulate the DNA damage of VCM-exposed workers.
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November 2005
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