Publications by authors named "Wan-Ru Yu"

5 Publications

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Voiding dysfunctions in patients with non-Hunner's ulcer interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome do not affect long-term treatment outcome.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 17:e14372. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Urology, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, and Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.

Purpose: The role of urodynamic study in the diagnosis and prognostication of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is still controversial. This study evaluated the correlation of the baseline voiding dysfunctions and long-term treatment outcome in patients with non-Hunner's ulcer IC (NHIC).

Materials And Methods: A total of 211 NHIC patients were enrolled. All patients underwent videourodynamic (VUDS) examination at baseline to identify their voiding conditions and received subsequent treatments. The primary endpoint was Global Response Assessment (GRA) at the interview. Secondary endpoints included O'Leary-Sant symptom score (OSS), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain and the rate of IC symptom flare-up.

Results: The mean age was 56.8 ± 12.8 years, and mean duration of IC was 16.0 ± 9.9 years. At baseline, 83 (39.3%) patients had a voiding dysfunction and 132 (62.7%) had 1 to 3 co-morbidities. The duration, co-morbidities, treatments, changes in OSS and VAS, maximum bladder capacity (MBC), glomerulations, GRA and flare-up rate showed no significant difference among different subgroups. When we divided patients by their storage and voiding conditions, patients with non-hypersensitivity bladder (HSB) (n = 32) had significantly greater MBC (P = .002) whereas those with HSB with (n = 76) or without (n = 103) voiding dysfunction had higher glomerulation (P = .021). When we analysed voiding dysfunction subgroups by GRA, patients with a GRA of ≥2 had a significantly shorter duration of disease (13.9 ± 8.6 years, P = .021). There were also significant associations between GRA and the changes of OSS (P < .001) and VAS (P < .001).

Conclusions: VUDS can disclose voiding dysfunction in 39.3% of NHIC patients. With adequate therapy, the voiding dysfunctions in NHIC patients do not affect long-term treatment outcome.
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May 2021

Cystoscopic hydrodistention characteristics provide clinical and long-term prognostic features of interstitial cystitis after treatment.

Sci Rep 2021 01 11;11(1):455. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Urology, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation and Tzu Chi University, 707, Section 3, Chung-Yang Road, Hualien, Taiwan.

To evaluate the correlations of clinical symptoms, urodynamic parameters, and long-term treatment outcomes with different findings of cystoscopic hydrodistention (HD) in patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). This retrospective analysis of 486 patients with IC/BPS investigated baseline clinical symptoms, disease duration, medical comorbidities, urodynamic findings, cystoscopic characteristics [including maximal bladder capacity (MBC) and the presence of glomerulations and Hunner's lesions], and outcomes according to the five IC/BPS HD subtypes based on the glomerulation grade, MBC, and the presence of Hunner's lesions. Receiver operation characteristic analysis identified an optimal cutoff value of MBC ≥ 760 ml as a predictor of satisfactory outcomes. Glomerulation grade and MBC were significantly correlated (r =  - 0.403, P < 0.001), and both were significantly associated with IC Symptom Index scores. The rate of satisfactory outcomes was better for the patients with low glomerulation grade and MBC ≥ 760 ml (64.2%), and significantly worse for those with Hunner's lesions (36.8%); no significant differences were noted among the other groups. The results suggested that IC/BPS patients can be classified into the following three distinct subgroups: (1) those with low glomerulation grade and MBC ≥ 760 ml; (2) those with low glomerulation grade and MBC < 760 ml, or with high glomerulation grade regardless of MBC; and (3) those with Hunner's lesions. The results showed that three IC/BPS subgroups had distinct bladder characteristics and treatment outcomes. The patients with high MBC and low glomerulation grade after HD had more medical comorbidities but a significantly higher rate of satisfactory treatment outcome.IRB: 105-25-B.
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January 2021

Therapeutic Effect of Botulinum Toxin A on Sensory Bladder Disorders-From Bench to Bedside.

Toxins (Basel) 2020 03 9;12(3). Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Department of Urology, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien 970, Taiwan.

Bladder oversensitivity arises from several different conditions involving the bladder, bladder outlet, systemic or central nervous system diseases. Increase of the bladder sensation results from activation of the sensory receptors in the urothelial cells or suburothelial tissues. Medical treatment targeting the overactive bladder (OAB) or interstitial cystitis (IC) might relieve oversensitive bladder symptoms (frequency, urgency and pain) in a portion of patients, but a certain percentage of patients still need active management. Botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects in bladder sensory disorders and has been shown effective in the reduction of bladder oversensitivity and the increase of functional bladder capacity. For patients with OAB, urgency and urinary incontinence improved, while in patients with IC, bladder pain could be relieved in association with reduction of bladder oversensitivity after BoNT-A intravesical injection. Histological evidence has confirmed the therapeutic mechanism and clinical efficacy of intravesical BoNT-A injection on patients with OAB or IC. Bladder oversensitivity can also be relieved with the instillation of liposome encapsulated BoNT-A or low energy show waves (LESWs), which enable the BoNT-A molecule to penetrate into the urothelium and suburothelial space without affecting the detrusor contractility. Liposome encapsulated BoNT-A or combined LESWs and BoNT-A instillation might be future treatment alternatives for bladder oversensitivity in sensory bladder disorders.
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March 2020

Predictive Factors for a Satisfactory Treatment Outcome with Intravesical Botulinum Toxin A Injection in Patients with Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome.

Toxins (Basel) 2019 11 19;11(11). Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department of Urology, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation and Tzu Chi University, Hualien 970, Taiwan.

A botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) intravesical injection can improve the symptoms of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). Patients with IC/BPS have different clinical characteristics, urodynamic features, and cystoscopic findings. This study assessed the treatment outcomes of a BoNT-A intravesical injection and aimed to identify the predictive factors of a satisfactory outcome. This retrospective study included IC/BPS patients treated with 100 U BoNT-A. The treatment outcomes were assessed by global response assessment (GRA) at 6 months. We classified patients according to different clinical, urodynamic, and cystoscopic characteristics and evaluated the treatment outcomes and predictive factors. A total of 238 patients were included. Among these patients, 113 (47.5%) had a satisfactory outcome (GRA ≥ 2) and 125 (52.5%) had an unsatisfactory outcome. Improvements in the IC symptom score, IC problem score, O'Leary-Sant symptom score, and visual analog scale score for pain were significantly greater in patients with a satisfactory outcome than in patients with an unsatisfactory outcome (all = 0.000). The IC disease duration and maximal bladder capacity (MBC) were significantly different between patients with and without a satisfactory outcome. Multivariate analysis revealed that only the MBC was a predictor for a satisfactory outcome. Patients with a MBC of ≥760 mL and glomerulations of 0/1 (58.7%) or glomerulations of 2/3 (75.0%) frequently had a satisfactory outcome. We found that BoNT-A intravesical injection can effectively improve symptoms among patients with IC/BPS, with a remarkable reduction in bladder pain. A MBC of ≥760 mL is a predictive factor for a satisfactory treatment outcome.
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November 2019

Anxiety severity does not influence treatment outcomes in patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome.

Neurourol Urodyn 2019 08 6;38(6):1602-1610. Epub 2019 May 6.

Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan.

Aims: Patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) typically experience anxiety mood status, which is closely connected with physical and psychological status and treatment outcome. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of anxiety severity on therapeutic results in IC/BPS patients.

Methods: We prospectively enrolled IC/BPS patients who had previously undergone any kind of treatment for their disease. The primary endpoint was a change in Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) scores at 3 months after treatment. Secondary endpoints included changes in the Global Response Assessment (GRA), O'Leary-Sant symptom score (OSS), and Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) at 3 months after treatment. Urodynamic studies were also compared with the clinical symptom scores.

Results: Overall, 85 IC/BPS patients (mean age, 53.1 ± 12.4 years) were included in the study. At 3 months, changes in the GRA were not significantly different among the different anxiety severity groups. At baseline, 55 (64.7%) patients had moderate or severe anxiety. We observed a significant positive correlation between the change in BAI and the change in OSS after treatment and a significantly negative correlation with GRA at 3 months. Moreover, improvements in OSS and NRS were associated with the change in GRA. Changes in IC symptoms, but not physiological outcomes, were associated with improved anxiety status after treatment. In addition, the change in BAI was significantly associated with age, baseline BAI, and changes in OSS and GRA after treatment.

Conclusions: Baseline anxiety severity does not influence treatment outcomes of IC/BPS. Patients should receive active treatment regardless of their baseline anxiety status.
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August 2019