Publications by authors named "Walter Hruby"

10 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Radiology is a whole body specialty].

Rofo 2011 Apr 5;183(4):397-8. Epub 2011 Apr 5.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0031-1274622DOI Listing
April 2011

Spinal cord lesions in patients with neuromyelitis optica: a retrospective long-term MRI follow-up study.

Eur Radiol 2009 Oct 5;19(10):2535-43. Epub 2009 May 5.

Department of Radiology, SMZ-Ost Donauspital, 1220, Langobardenstrasse 122, Vienna, Austria.

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is characterised by a particular pattern of the optic nerves and the spinal cord. Long-term MRI follow-up studies of spinal NMO lesions are rare, or limited by short observation periods. In nine patients with definite NMO or recurrent longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) with NMO-IgG serum antibodies, repeated MRI examinations of the spine were carried out over a period of up to 11 years and evaluated regarding the changes over time in this retrospective study. In eight patients spinal cord lesions were located centrally, involving the grey and white matter. In the first examination after clinical onset changes resembled a stroke of the anterior spinal artery in two patients. Symmetrical signal alterations within the grey matter were observed. In one patient this pattern was transient, but it remained in the other. During the chronic stage, either a variable degree of spinal cord atrophy and high signal alterations, or almost complete remission of the lesions, was observed. Spinal MRI of patients with NMO myelitis can resemble a stroke. MRI of acute NMO stages did not allow a prediction of the clinical outcome. To a variable degree, NMO left behind typical defects which correlated with the clinical outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-009-1425-3DOI Listing
October 2009

Changes on magnetic resonance tomography in the knee joints of marathon runners: a 10-year longitudinal study.

Skeletal Radiol 2008 Jul 16;37(7):619-26. Epub 2008 May 16.

Radiology Department, Danube Hospital, Langobardenstrasse 122, 1220 Vienna, Austria.

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate long-term damage in the internal structures of the knee joints of recreational long-distance runners.

Materials And Methods: Ten years after their participation in a baseline study concerning their knee joints, seven long-distance runners and one who had given up long-distance running were invited to participate in a repeat magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) investigation. The same evaluation criteria and the same technical equipment were used, and the results of the two investigations were compared.

Result: No adverse long-term consequences were observed in six of the seven active runners, regardless of pre-existing damage at the baseline investigation. In one case the arthrotic changes were progressive in nature. The person who had given up running presented with severe deterioration of the internal structures of the knee joint.

Conclusion: Non-physiological maximal loads secondary to the marathon race do not cause any permanent damage in the internal structures of the knee joint in individuals without significant pre-existing damage. A disposition for premature arthrosis was not registered in the population investigated. A protective value of long distance running on the internal structures of the knee joint is discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-008-0485-9DOI Listing
July 2008

A rare case of interstitial pneumonitis after tandem high-dose melphalan conditioning and autologous stem cell transplantation in multiple myeloma.

Eur J Haematol 2004 Aug;73(2):143-6

Second Department of Medicine, Danube Hospital, Vienna, Austria.

A 57-yr-old woman with multiple myeloma received an autologous tandem transplant at a 4-month interval. She was conditioned twice with 225 mg/m2 melphalan. After the second transplant, interstitial pneumonitis (IP) ensued. The clinical course was life threatening and mechanical ventilation was required for 32 d. All attempts to identify an infectious agent failed. A presumptive diagnosis of idiopathic IP, possibly related to melphalan toxicity, was made. High-dose methylprednisolone administration led to rapid and durable improvement. Melphalan was employed for conditioning in the tandem setting with an interval of only 3-4 months between two courses or a dose elevation to 225 instead of 200 mg/m2, may have induced IP which responded favorably to methylprednisolone.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0609.2004.00276.xDOI Listing
August 2004

Frequency and risk factors for meningioma in clinically healthy 75-year-old patients: results of the Transdanube Ageing Study (VITA).

Cancer 2004 Mar;100(6):1208-12

Department of Radiology, Danube Hospital, Vienna, Austria.

Background: The prevalence of clinically silent intracranial tumors in specific populations is poorly researched. It is known that, in advanced age groups, the number of clinically manifest meningiomas constitute a small proportion of the actual number of cases. The goals of the current study were to determine the frequency of asymptomatic patients with meningioma in advanced age and to identify risk factors for meningiomas in this population.

Methods: Between May 2000 and November 2002, 532 probands from a specifically defined geographic area of Vienna who were age 75 years underwent a magnetic resonance imaging scan of the brain and were evaluated for the presence of a space-occupying mass. All probands were examined clinically and neurologically as well as by a neuropsychiatrist. The patients' medical histories were carefully documented with regard to previous diseases, medication, and lifestyle, as were their laboratory reports. The collected data were correlated and similarities among subjects with meningioma were determined.

Results: Nine meningiomas that were unknown until the time of investigation were observed among the 318 women included in the trial (corresponding to a calculated prevalence of 2800/100,000 clinically silent meningiomas in 75-year-old women). No tumors were found among men. Associated clinical changes or deficits were not observed in any subject. Apart from advanced age and female gender, no other accepted or well known risk factors were observed in the tumor patients.

Conclusions: Clinically quiescent meningiomas in the elderly female population were more common than was believed to be the case to date. Known and influenceable risk factors were found to be less important than age and gender. The high frequency of this lesion should be considered when deciding on the treatment of patients with incidentally discovered, clinically quiescent meningiomas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.20088DOI Listing
March 2004

Diagnostic performance of liquid crystal and cathode-ray-tube monitors in brain computed tomography.

Eur Radiol 2003 Oct 19;13(10):2397-401. Epub 2003 Feb 19.

Department of Radiology, Danube Hospital, Langobardenstrasse 122, 1220 Vienna, Austria.

The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility of reporting brain CT examinations on liquid crystal display (LCD) flat-screen monitors vs state-of-the-art cathode-ray-tube (CRT) monitors. Ninety-five brain CT examinations of 95 patients were displayed on Picture archiving and communications system (PACS) workstations equipped either with a dedicated medical imaging LCD colour monitor or on a high-resolution CRT which is used for routine reporting of CT, MRI and digital radiography images in our institution. Fifty cases were negative and 45 cases were positive for early brain infarction (EBI), the latter being defined by a combination of one or more signs: dense artery; hypodensity of brain parenchyma; and local brain swelling verified by control scans. Ten radiologists had to rate presence or absence of EBI on a five-point scale. Ratings were evaluated by CORROC2 ROC software and areas under the ROC curve (A(z)) were computed. Significance of differences between the two viewing conditions were evaluated with Wilcoxon test. Mean A(z) of the ten observers was 0.7901 with LCD vs 0.7695 with CRT which did not show statistical significance (p=0.2030). In the setting investigated, reporting of CT studies from high-performance LCD monitors seems feasible without significant detriment to diagnostic performance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-003-1822-yDOI Listing
October 2003

Common tasks and problems in paediatric trauma radiology.

Eur J Radiol 2003 Oct;48(1):103-24

Radiology Department and Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Digital Radiography and Interventional Radiology, Danube Hospital, Langobardenstrasse 122, A-1220 Vienna, Austria.

Scope of this article is to give practical hints for the most common, typical and important topics of trauma radiology in children to those radiologists who are not exclusively occupied with paediatric imaging. Due to the increased radiation sensitivity of children compared with adults balancing radiation protection and necessary image quality is of utmost importance. Outlines for this optimisation process are given. Especially in imaging of the extremities perhaps the greatest difficulties are posed by the dynamically changing face of the immature, growing, only partially ossified skeleton. Lack of experience must be compensated by meticulous comparison with the normal skeletal development as shown in standard textbooks, and by knowledge of the radiological image of the developmental variants. Besides general remarks about paediatric trauma radiology, some important topics are discussed into more detail. Especially the elbow joint poses a challenge for those less experienced with its radiological appearance in children. More than in adults, ultrasound should remain the primary imaging modality of choice especially in the assessment of abdominal trauma, and CT be tailored to radiological and clinical findings. Imaging and diagnosis of non-accidental injury (NAI) may be a less common task for the general radiologist, however, the severe social implications of physical child abuse mandate a basic knowledge about the radiological symptoms and the imaging management of this problem for all physicians occupied with paediatric radiology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0720-048x(03)00199-2DOI Listing
October 2003

Magnetic resonance imaging predicts sphincter invasion of low rectal cancer and influences selection of operation.

Surgery 2003 Jun;133(6):656-61

Department of Surgery/Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Surgical Oncology, Danube Hospital/SMZ-Ost, Vienna, Austria.

Background: With the development of numerous sphincter-saving surgical techniques in the last 2 decades, the indication for abdominoperineal resection in radical-elective operations has been markedly reduced. The preoperative assessment of the extent of local tumor growth is essential for the planning of the optimal surgical procedure. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) proved to be a reliable method for local staging of low rectal carcinoma. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of sphincter invasion in an unselected population with low rectal cancer.

Methods: From 1997 to 1999, 40 patients with histologically verified adenocarcinoma of the lower rectum (+/-5 cm above the linea dentata) without evidence of metastases underwent a MRI with a body coil (no anal endocoil). The MRI results were compared with the operative situs and with pathohistologic findings.

Results: An infiltration of the sphincter ani internus was observed in 11 cases (28%), and a combined infiltration of the sphincter ani internus and externus was found in 2 patients (5%). The median distance of the lower tumor edge to the upper border of the anal canal was 2.0 cm (range, 0-4.5 cm). No infiltration of the external sphincter was observed in patients with cancers above the anal canal. Nine patients (22%) were treated with intersphincteric resection and coloanal anastomosis, 12 (30%) with ultralow resection, and 11 (28%) with low anterior resection of the rectum in conjunction with coloanal anastomosis or a stapled anastomosis. Eight (17%) of the patients were treated with abdominoperineal resection.

Conclusion: An infiltration of the internal sphincter occurs only in 28% of low rectal cancers; an infiltration of the external anal sphincter is extremely rare and occurred only in patients with cancers located in the anal canal. Pelvic MRI offers a precise preoperative visualization of sphincter infiltration in patients with low rectal cancers and is therefore a valuable tool for planning of rectal surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1067/msy.2003.150DOI Listing
June 2003

Sonographic versus magnetic resonance arthrographic evaluation of full-thickness rotator cuff tears in millimeters.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2003 Mar-Apr;12(2):110-6

Department of Orthopaedics, SMZOst Donauspital, Vienna, Austria.

Preoperative knowledge of full-thickness rotator cuff tear size is important in counseling patients because tear size affects the choice of surgical techniques and the functional outcome of surgery. Twenty-six shoulders of twenty-five consecutive patients were included in a prospective study that compared the preoperative accuracy of magnetic resonance arthrography and ultrasonography for tear size in millimeters with intraoperative findings. No significant differences were found between intraoperative, ultrasonographic, and magnetic resonance arthrographic data for the width of tears. Adoption of a "curved line measurement" for ultrasonographic evaluation of large tears eliminated the tendency of ultrasonography to underestimate tears greater than or equal to 35 mm in width. No significant differences were found between intraoperative, ultrasonographic, and magnetic resonancearthrographic data for retraction of tears. However, a limitation of ultrasonography to evaluate retractions of more than 30 mm was found. Therefore, ultrasound is of equal value for tears less than 30 mm, but magnetic resonance arthrography is more accurate for tears greater than 30 mm.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1067/mse.2003.10DOI Listing
August 2003

Efficacy of diagnosis of mechanical cholestasis by magnetic resonance cholangiography.

World J Surg 2002 Mar 15;26(3):353-8. Epub 2002 Jan 15.

Department of Radiology, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Digital Radiography and Interventional Radiology, Danube Hospital, Langobardenstrasse 122, Vienna A-1220, Austria.

The aims of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) in diagnosing patients with cholestasis and to compare these results to those obtained with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography(ERCP). From January 1996 to December 1998 a total of 85 consecutive patients who were candidates for ERCP because of a suspected diagnosis of mechanical cholestasis were included in this study. All patients underwent MRC and consecutive ERCP 24 to 48 hours later. The sensitivity for detecting common bile duct stones was 93%,specificity 74%, positive predictive value 89%, and negative predictive value 82%. For the determination of tumorous bile duct stenosis the sensitivity and specificity were both 100%. MRC might be an ideal method for evaluating patients with unclear laboratory or ultrasonography findings before laparoscopic cholecystectomy, thereby avoiding unnecessary invasive diagnostic tests with possible harmful complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-001-0232-zDOI Listing
March 2002