Publications by authors named "Wafa H K Cabrera"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Crotoxin:SBA-15 Complex Down-Regulates the Incidence and Intensity of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis Through Peripheral and Central Actions.

Front Immunol 2020 28;11:591563. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Laboratory of Pain and Signaling, Butantan Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Crotoxin (CTX), the main neurotoxin from snake venom, has anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and antinociceptive activities. However, the CTX-induced toxicity may compromise its use. Under this scenario, the use of nanoparticle such as nanostructured mesoporous silica (SBA-15) as a carrier might become a feasible approach to improve CTX safety. Here, we determined the benefits of SBA-15 on CTX-related neuroinflammatory and immunomodulatory properties during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis that replicates several histopathological and immunological features observed in humans. We showed that a single administration of CTX:SBA-15 (54 μg/kg) was more effective in reducing pain and ameliorated the clinical score (motor impairment) in EAE animals compared to the CTX-treated EAE group; therefore, improving the disease outcome. Of interest, CTX:SBA-15, but not unconjugated CTX, prevented EAE-induced atrophy and loss of muscle function. Further supporting an immune mechanism, CTX:SBA-15 treatment reduced both recruitment and proliferation of peripheral Th17 cells as well as diminished IL-17 expression and glial cells activation in the spinal cord in EAE animals when compared with CTX-treated EAE group. Finally, CTX:SBA-15, but not unconjugated CTX, prevented the EAE-induced cell infiltration in the CNS. These results provide evidence that SBA-15 maximizes the immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of CTX in an EAE model; therefore, suggesting that SBA-15 has the potential to improve CTX effectiveness in the treatment of MS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.591563DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7655790PMC
October 2020

Mice Selected for Acute Inflammation Present Altered Immune Response during Pristane-Induced Arthritis Progression.

Biomed Res Int 2018 8;2018:1267038. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.

Mouse lines selected for maximal (AIRmax) or minimal acute inflammatory reaction (AIRmin) were used to characterize the immune response and the influence of genetic background during pristane-induced arthritis (PIA). Susceptible AIRmax mice demonstrated exacerbated cellular profiles during PIA, with intense infiltration of lymphocytes, as well as monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils, producing higher levels of IL-1, IFN-, TNF-, IL-10, total IgG3, and chemokines. Resistant AIRmin mice controlled cell activation more efficiently than the AIRmax during arthritis progression. The weight alterations of the spleen and thymus in the course of PIA were observed. Our data suggest that selected AIRmax cellular and genetic immune mechanisms contribute to cartilage damage and arthritis severity, evidencing many targets for therapeutic actions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1267038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197000PMC
February 2019

Germline control of somatic Kras mutations in mouse lung tumors.

Mol Carcinog 2018 06 25;57(6):745-751. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Department of Research, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy.

Somatic KRAS mutations are common in human lung adenocarcinomas and are associated with worse prognosis. In mice, Kras is frequently mutated in both spontaneous and experimentally induced lung tumors, although the pattern of mutation varies among strains, suggesting that such mutations are not random events. We tested if the occurrence of Kras mutations is under genetic control in two mouse intercrosses. Codon 61 mutations were prevalent, but the patterns of nucleotide changes differed between the intercrosses. Whole genome analysis with SNPs in (A/J x C57BL/6)F4 mice revealed a significant linkage between a locus on chromosome 19 and 2 particular codon 61 variants (CTA and CGA). In (AIRmax × AIRmin) F2 mice, there was a significant linkage between SNPs located on distal chromosome 6 (around 135 Mbp) and the frequency of codon 61 mutation. These results reveal the presence of two loci, on chromosomes 6 and 19, that modulate Kras mutation frequency in different mouse intercrosses. These findings indicate that somatic mutation frequency and type are not simple random events, but are under genetic control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mc.22796DOI Listing
June 2018

Slc11a1 (Nramp-1) gene modulates immune-inflammation genes in macrophages during pristane-induced arthritis in mice.

Inflamm Res 2017 Nov 1;66(11):969-980. Epub 2017 Jul 1.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, Avenida Vital Brasil 1500, São Paulo, SP, 05503000, Brazil.

Objective And Design: Pristane-induced arthritis (PIA) in AIRmax mice homozygous for Slc11a1 R and S alleles was used to characterize the influence of Slc11a1 gene polymorphism on immune responses during disease manifestation. Previous reports demonstrated that the presence of the Slc11a1 S allele increased the incidence and severity of PIA in AIRmax , suggesting that this gene could interact with inflammatory loci to modulate PIA. We investigated the effects of Slc11a1 alleles on the activation of phagocytes during PIA.

Treatment: Mice were injected intraperitoneally with two doses of 0.5 mL of mineral oil pristane at 60-day intervals. Arthritis development was accompanied for 180 days.

Results: AIRmax mice showed differential peritoneal macrophage gene expression profiles during PIA, with higher expression and production of HO, NO, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and several chemokines. The presence of the Slc11a1 R allele, on the other hand, diminished the intensity of macrophage activation, restricting arthritis development.

Conclusion: Our data demonstrated the fine-tuning roles of Slc11a1 alleles modulating macrophage activation, and consequent PIA susceptibility, in those mouse lines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00011-017-1077-8DOI Listing
November 2017

Trypanosoma cruzi infection in genetically selected mouse lines: genetic linkage with quantitative trait locus controlling antibody response.

Mediators Inflamm 2014 13;2014:952857. Epub 2014 Aug 13.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, Avenida Vital Brasil 1500, 05503-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Trypanosoma cruzi infection was studied in mouse lines selected for maximal (AIRmax) or minimal (AIRmin) acute inflammatory reaction and for high (HIII) or low (LIII) antibody (Ab) responses to complex antigens. Resistance was associated with gender (females) and strain-the high responder lines AIRmax and HIII were resistant. The higher resistance of HIII as compared to LIII mice extended to higher infective doses and was correlated with enhanced production of IFN-γ and nitric oxide production by peritoneal and lymph node cells, in HIII males and females. We also analyzed the involvement of previously mapped Ab and T. cruzi response QTL with the survival of Selection III mice to T. cruzi infections in a segregating backcross [F1(HIII×LIII) ×LIII] population. An Ab production QTL marker mapping to mouse chromosome 1 (34.8 cM) significantly cosegregated with survival after acute T. cruzi infections, indicating that this region also harbors genes whose alleles modulate resistance to acute T. cruzi infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/952857DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4146349PMC
May 2015

Pristane-induced arthritis loci interact with the Slc11a1 gene to determine susceptibility in mice selected for high inflammation.

PLoS One 2014 5;9(2):e88302. Epub 2014 Feb 5.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.

AIRmax (maximal inflammation) and AIRmin (minimal inflammation) mice show distinct susceptibilities to pristane-induced arthritis (PIA). The Slc11a1 gene, which regulates macrophage and neutrophil activity, is involved in this infirmity. AIRmax (SS) mice homozygous for the non-functional Slc11a1 S (gly169asp) allele obtained by genotype-assisted crosses from AIRmax and AIRmin mice are more susceptible than mice homozygous for the Slc11a1 resistant (R) allele. The present work sought to identify the quantitative trait loci (QTL) regulating PIA and to examine the interactions of these QTL with Slc11a1 alleles in modulating PIA. Mice were given two ip injections of 0.5 mL pristane at 60 day intervals, and the incidence and severity of PIA was scored up to 160 days. Genome-wide linkage studies were performed to search for arthritis QTL in an F2 (AIRmax × AIRmin, n = 290) population. Significant arthritis QTL (LODscore>4) were detected on chromosomes 5 and 8, and suggestive QTL on chromosomes 7, 17 and 19. Global gene expression analyses performed on Affymetrix mouse 1.0 ST bioarrays (27k genes) using RNA from arthritic or control mice paws showed 419 differentially expressed genes between AIRmax and AIRmin mice and demonstrated significantly (P<0.001) over-represented genes related to inflammatory responses and chemotaxis. Up-regulation of the chemokine genes Cxcl1, Cxcl9, Cxcl5, Cxcl13 on chromosome 5 was higher in AIRmax(SS) than in the other lines. Macrophage scavenger receptor 1 and hemeoxigenase (decycling) 1 genes on chromosome 8 were also expressed at higher levels in AIRmax(SS) mice. Our results show that the gene expression profiles of the two arthritis QTL (on chromosomes 5 and 8) correlate with Slc11a1 alleles, resulting in enhanced AIRmax(SS) mice susceptibility to PIA.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0088302PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3914970PMC
September 2014

Gene expression profiles of bone marrow cells from mice phenotype-selected for maximal or minimal acute inflammations: searching for genes in acute inflammation modifier loci.

Immunology 2009 Sep 18;128(1 Suppl):e562-71. Epub 2008 Dec 18.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.

Two mouse lines were phenotype-selected for maximum (AIRmax) or minimum (AIRmin) acute inflammation responses to polyacrylamide bead (Biogel) injection. These lines differ in terms of bone marrow granulopoiesis, neutrophil resistance to apoptosis, and inflammatory cytokine production during acute inflammation responses. We compared gene expression profiles in bone marrow cells (BMC) of AIRmax and AIRmin mice during acute inflammatory reactions. The BMC from femurs were recovered 24 hr after subcutaneous injections of Biogel. Global gene expression analysis was performed on CodeLink Bioarrays (36K genes) using RNA pools of BMC from both control and treated AIRmax and AIRmin mice. Differentially expressed genes were statistically established and the over-represented gene ontology biological process categories were identified. Upregulations of about 136 and 198 genes were observed in the BMC of Biogel-treated AIRmax and AIRmin mice, respectively, but 740 genes were found to be downregulated in AIRmin mice compared with 94 genes in AIRmax mice. The over-represented biological themes of the differently expressed genes among AIRmax and AIRmin mice represent inflammatory response, signal transduction, cell proliferation and immune cell chemotaxis. We were able to demonstrate a broad downmodulation of gene transcripts in BMC from AIRmin mice during acute inflammation, and significant differentially expressed genes colocalized with previously mapped regions for inflammation-related phenotypes in chromosomes 1, 3, 6 and 11.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2567.2008.03032.xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2753958PMC
September 2009

Bothrops jararaca venom (BjV) induces differential leukocyte accumulation in mice genetically selected for acute inflammatory reaction: the role of host genetic background on expression of adhesion molecules and release of endogenous mediators.

Toxicon 2008 Oct 6;52(5):619-27. Epub 2008 Aug 6.

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, Av. Vital Brasil 1500 - cep 05503-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

The dynamics of the local inflammatory events induced by Bothrops jararaca venom (BjV) inoculation in footpad of mice genetically selected for maximal (AIRmax) and minimal (AIRmin) acute inflammatory reactivity (AIR) was investigated. The BjV injection induced a marked inflammatory cell infiltrate with predominance of neutrophils, with increased blood cell numbers before its accumulation, suggesting a stimulatory action of BjV on mechanisms of cell mobilization from bone marrow. The process of cell migration is regulated by different cell-adhesion molecules (CAM). Our results showed that neutrophil cells from both lines had the same pattern of response concerning CAMs expression, presenting the involvement of l-selectin, Mac-1 and PECAM-1 adhesion molecules in BjV-induced neutrophil accumulation. The effect of BjV on the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines related with cellular migration was also studied and IL-1beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha and MIP-2 levels could be detected after venom injection. The AIRmax mice were shown to be more responsive than AIRmin with respect to leukocyte influx, expression of MIP-2 and release of IL-1beta and IL-6. These results demonstrate the importance of host genetic background in the local response and the involvement of alleles accumulated in AIRmax mice in the inflammatory events induced by BjV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2008.07.012DOI Listing
October 2008

Immunomodulation and protection induced by DNA-hsp65 vaccination in an animal model of arthritis.

Hum Gene Ther 2005 Nov;16(11):1338-45

Centro de Pesquisas em Tuberculose, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, 14049-900, São Paulo, Brazil.

We described a prophylactic and therapeutic effect of a DNA vaccine encoding the Mycobacterium leprae 65-kDa heat shock protein (DNA-hsp65) in experimental murine tuberculosis. However, high homology of the vaccine to the corresponding mammalian hsp60, together with the CpG motifs in the plasmidial vector, could trigger or exacerbate an autoimmune disease. In the present study, we evaluate the potential of DNA-hsp65 vaccination to induce or modulate arthritis in mice genetically selected for acute inflammatory reaction (AIR), either maximal (AIRmax) or minimal (AIRmin). Mice immunized with DNA-hsp65 or injected with the corresponding DNA vector (DNAv) developed no arthritis, whereas pristane injection resulted in arthritis in 62% of AIRmax mice and 7.3% of AIRmin mice. Administered after pristane, DNA-hsp65 downregulated arthritis induction in AIRmax animals. Levels of interleukin (IL)-12 were significantly lower in mice receiving pristane plus DNA-hsp65 or DNAv than in mice receiving pristane alone. However, when mice previously injected with pristane were inoculated with DNA-hsp65 or DNAv, the protective effect was significantly correlated with lower IL-6 and IL-12 levels and higher IL-10 levels. Our results strongly suggest that DNA-hsp65 has no arthritogenic potential and is actually protective against experimentally induced arthritis in mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/hum.2005.16.1338DOI Listing
November 2005

Quantitative trait loci in Chromosomes 3, 8, and 9 regulate antibody production against Salmonella flagellar antigens in the mouse.

Mamm Genome 2004 Aug;15(8):630-6

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, Av. Vital Brazil, 1500, São Paulo, 05503900, SP.

Two mouse lines were produced by bidirectional selection according to the high (HIII) or low (LIII) antibody responsiveness against Salmonella flagellar antigens (Selection III). In the present work we conducted a genomewide scan to map the quantitative trait loci (QTL) involved in the antibody response regulation in these selected mice. HIII and LIII genomes were screened with microsatellite markers and those found polymorphic between the lines (146) were used for linkage analysis in F2 (HIII x LIII) intercross. Simple interval mapping analysis was performed using Mapmanager QTX software. Three highly significant QTL linked to antibody production against Salmonella flagellar antigens have been demonstrated in Chromosomes 3, 8, and 9. HIII and LIII lines differ in the resistance to several diseases, therefore, the relevance of these QTL with the genetic factors involved in infections, autoimmunity, and neoplastic disease progression is discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00335-004-2378-0DOI Listing
August 2004

Convergent alteration of granulopoiesis, chemotactic activity, and neutrophil apoptosis during mouse selection for high acute inflammatory response.

J Leukoc Biol 2003 Oct 15;74(4):497-506. Epub 2003 Jul 15.

Laboratoire d'Immunodifférenciation, EA 1556, Université Denis Diderot, Paris, France.

Neutrophil homeostasis was investigated in two mouse lines, AIRmax and AIRmin, genetically selected for high or low acute inflammatory response (AIR) and compared with unselected BALB/c mice. Mature neutrophil phenotype and functions appeared similar in the three mouse lines. However, an unprecedented phenotype was revealed in AIRmax animals characterized by a high neutrophil production in bone marrow (BM), a high number of neutrophils in blood, a high concentration of chemotactic agents in acrylamide-induced inflammatory exudates, and an increased resistance of locally infiltrated neutrophils to spontaneous apoptosis. In vitro, BM production of neutrophils and eosinophils was accompanied by an unusual high up-regulation of cytokine receptors as assessed by antibodies to CD131, which bind the common beta chain of receptors to interleukin (IL)-3, IL-5, and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor. An accelerated neutrophil maturation was also observed in response to all-trans retinoic acid. Several candidate genes can be proposed to explain this phenotype. Yet, more importantly, the results underline that genetic selection, based on the degree of AIR and starting from a founding population resulting from the intercross of eight inbred mouse lines, which display a continuous range of inflammatory responses, can lead to the convergent selection of alleles affecting neutrophil homeostasis. Similar gene combinations may occur in the human with important consequences in the susceptibility to inflammatory or infectious diseases and cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1189/jlb.0103039DOI Listing
October 2003

Local inflammatory reaction induced by Bothrops jararaca venom differs in mice selected for acute inflammatory response.

Toxicon 2002 Nov;40(11):1571-9

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Instituto Butantan, Av Vital Brasil 1500-cep 05503-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Bothrops jararaca venom (BjV) causes severe systemic and local reactions, characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction with accumulation of leukocytes and release of endogenous mediators. The systemic and local effects of BjV were compared in lines of mice genetically selected for maximal (AIR(max)) or minimal (AIR(min)) acute inflammatory reactivity (AIR). The systemic reaction was evaluated by LD(50) and the local reaction by edema formation, cellular influx, release of PGE(2), NO and H(2)O(2) and the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and IFN-gamma. Both mouse lines were equally susceptible to the lethal effects of the venom showing similar LD(50) but differed significantly in terms of the local inflammatory reaction. Footpad edema and leukocyte influx in the peritoneum after BjV inoculation was higher in AIR(max) compared to AIR(min), BALB/c or outbred Swiss mice. Coincidently, higher levels of the soluble mediators PGE(2), IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha were detected in the inflammatory exudate induced by BjV in AIR(max) mice. Cytokines levels were correlated to in vitro NO and H(2)O(2) production. The results demonstrate that the genetic factors selected in AIR(max) and AIR(min) lines of mice interfere in the control of the acute local reaction triggered by BjV venom.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0041-0101(02)00174-5DOI Listing
November 2002