Publications by authors named "W Jerry Oakes"

503 Publications

Introduction to the Special Issue: Teacher Educators for Children with Behavioral Disorders (TECBD) Conference.

Educ Treat Children 2021 Sep 9:1-3. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Disability and Psychoeducational Studies, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ USA.

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September 2021

Project ENHANCE: Assessing Professional Learning Needs for Implementing Comprehensive, Integrated, Three-Tiered (Ci3T) Models of Prevention.

Educ Treat Children 2021 Aug 27:1-20. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Special Education, College of Education, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS USA.

We report findings from a multistate survey of 720 faculty and staff from 25 elementary schools in five districts across three states and geographic regions participating in an IES Network grant examining integrated tiered systems. In this preregistered study, we replicated and extended previous inquiry examining educators' views of (1) implementation of core components of their school's Comprehensive, Integrated, Three-Tiered (Ci3T) model of prevention; and (2) preference for professional learning (content and avenue). Results indicated more than half of respondents indicated high levels of implementation of core features of Ci3T across Tiers 1, 2, and 3. Educators reported high levels of implementation for 10 out of 19 research-based educational practices used within tiered systems with a statistically significant relation between ratings of implemented practices and the desire for support with most practices. Respondents identified their top three areas for professional development needed in the coming year as behavior deescalation techniques, small-group social skills instruction, and strategies for supporting students with internalizing behavior patterns. For potential professional learning avenues, respondents' top ratings were in-district, during-school workshops, course for college credit on-line, teacher collaboratives/networks, and one-to-one coaching or mentoring. There were many similarities among educators' ratings across implementation year and state. Low levels of implementation across many core Ci3T and common educational practices were reported by educators working within the most experienced schools. We conclude with a discussion of implications, limitations, and future directions.

Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s43494-021-00049-z.
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August 2021

Improving Educators' Knowledge, Confidence, and Usefulness of a Comprehensive, Integrated, Three-tiered (Ci3T) Model of Prevention: Outcomes of Professional Learning.

Educ Treat Children 2020 Sep 9;43(3):279-293. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

University of Kansas.

We examined shifts in educators' perceived knowledge, confidence, and usefulness and actual knowledge of concepts in the Comprehensive, Integrated, Three-tiered (Ci3T) model of prevention before and after participation in a practice-based professional learning series to design, implement, and evaluate a Ci3T model for their school. Participants completed the Knowledge, Confidence, and Use (KCU) survey prior to and at the conclusion of the year-long, six-part Ci3T Professional Learning Series. Results indicated participants demonstrated statistically significant increases in perceived and actual knowledge, perceived confidence, and perceived usefulness of concepts measured, with effect sizes suggesting large effects. Implications for supporting educators in designing a Ci3T model of prevention to meet students' educational needs using a practice-based professional learning series are discussed along with limitations and considerations for future research.
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September 2020

Extradural decompression versus duraplasty in Chiari malformation type I with syrinx: outcomes on scoliosis from the Park-Reeves Syringomyelia Research Consortium.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2021 Jun 18:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

25Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA.

Objective: Scoliosis is common in patients with Chiari malformation type I (CM-I)-associated syringomyelia. While it is known that treatment with posterior fossa decompression (PFD) may reduce the progression of scoliosis, it is unknown if decompression with duraplasty is superior to extradural decompression.

Methods: A large multicenter retrospective and prospective registry of 1257 pediatric patients with CM-I (tonsils ≥ 5 mm below the foramen magnum) and syrinx (≥ 3 mm in axial width) was reviewed for patients with scoliosis who underwent PFD with or without duraplasty.

Results: In total, 422 patients who underwent PFD had a clinical diagnosis of scoliosis. Of these patients, 346 underwent duraplasty, 51 received extradural decompression alone, and 25 were excluded because no data were available on the type of PFD. The mean clinical follow-up was 2.6 years. Overall, there was no difference in subsequent occurrence of fusion or proportion of patients with curve progression between those with and those without a duraplasty. However, after controlling for age, sex, preoperative curve magnitude, syrinx length, syrinx width, and holocord syrinx, extradural decompression was associated with curve progression > 10°, but not increased occurrence of fusion. Older age at PFD and larger preoperative curve magnitude were independently associated with subsequent occurrence of fusion. Greater syrinx reduction after PFD of either type was associated with decreased occurrence of fusion.

Conclusions: In patients with CM-I, syrinx, and scoliosis undergoing PFD, there was no difference in subsequent occurrence of surgical correction of scoliosis between those receiving a duraplasty and those with an extradural decompression. However, after controlling for preoperative factors including age, syrinx characteristics, and curve magnitude, patients treated with duraplasty were less likely to have curve progression than patients treated with extradural decompression. Further study is needed to evaluate the role of duraplasty in curve stabilization after PFD.
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June 2021